China is a colossal country with a fantastic variety of landscapes, wildlife and people. It is the most populous nation on earth. More than 1.1 billion people live in China and so the Chinese make up roughly one-fifth of the world's population.
The east coast region is lined with bustling mega cities and ports. Jungles and tropical lowlands lie in southeast, while the Plateau of Tibet, which meets the Himalayas lies in the southwest. Two mighty rivers, the Yangtze and the Yellow River, cut across China and provide vital transport links.
For the last 4,000 years China has been the oldest continuous civilization on Earth. China's early warlords often fought each other and the country was not united as a single empire until 221 BCE with the birth of the Qin dynasty (221-207 BCE).
China's imperial system lasted until 1912, when China became a republic. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, the People's Republic of China was established in 1949 by the Communist leader Mao Zedong.
The communist leader Mao Zedong began a "cultural revolution" that banned religion and private wealth and reformed farming, business and education. He was ruler whose policies killed at least 30 million Chinese through famine in 1958 - 1961.
Today's Chinese flag was adopted in 1949 after the revolution in which the Communist party gained power.
The red background of the Chinese flag symbolizes the blood shed throughout the revolution and it's also the traditional color of the Chinese people.
The large gold star stands for leadership and the four smaller stars represent different classes of the society peasants, workers, bourgeoisie, and capitalists, all united under the Communist Party.
Many everyday objects and useful technologies were invented by the Chinese long before they were introduced to other countries.
Early Chinese inventions include paper, printing, silk, kites, umbrellas, the abacus, porcelain and gunpowder.
The Invention of Paper- Paper was invented in China in the second century BCE. People started to use plants,such as hemp, to make thin paper. Before this time, people wrote on pottery, bones, stone silk wood and bamboo. Cai Lun, an official of the Han court improved the technology of paper making and his name has been associated with paper making ever since. Eight centuries later, paper making spread to the Arab world and from there in Europe.
PRINTING- Before printing was invented, every book had to be copied by hand. In the 17th century, the Chinese invented wood block printing. The text was first written on a piece of thin paper, then glued face down on to a wooden plate. The characters, letters or words were carved out to make a wood block printing plate, which was used to print the text.
GUNPOWDER- Gunpowder is a mixture of saltpetre, sulphur and charcoal. In the 10th century, weapon-makers in China discovered that if they combined gunpowder and arrows they could create a new weapon. This new explosive crossbow destroyed their enemies. Thousand of workers produced several thousands of this weapons every day in the Song capital.
In the middle of 13th century, the Arabs learned how to make gunpowder from the Chinese and called it "China Snow" Europeans eventually found out about gunpowder from the Arabs.
In the 20th century, China earned a reputation as a workshop for mass-produced cheap goods. Today, some Chinese companies are becoming global brands, especially in chemicals, computers and manufacturing.
Food and Drink
China has one of the world's oldest and most varied cooking traditions. Every region, town and ethnic group has its own specialty dishes and different mealtime customs. Food plays an important part of every festival, family gathering and business meeting. Much of the basic diet in China is based on rice and noodles and the usual drink is tea.
People eat using chopsticks made of wood, bamboo or plastic and did you know that 45 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks are used in China each year.
TEAS - Dozens of different varieties of tea (cha) are grown in China, where tea drinking is part of healthy lifestyle. In ancient China, tea was used as a medicine. Today people drink tea to relax and chat with friends.
DIM SUM - Dim sum is Cantonese for "touch the heart". These light tasty Chinese snacks are traditionally served to accompany a bowl of tea.
DUMPLINGS - Cantonese cooking is famous for its dumplings, which are always a part of dim sum. These are made from rice flour and contain various fillings such as prawns, pork, chicken or vegetables. They are presented hot in a steamer.
RICE - Rice is a vital dietary staple in China and bowls of rice accompany almost every meal.
PANDA - Giant pandas are probably China's best loved animal and are regarded as a national treasure. They roam the remote forests of the mountains in southwest China, eating almost nothing but bamboo.
They are endangered in the wild but scientists have bred captive pandas successfully
GREAT WALL OF CHINA - During the third century BCE, the Qin emperors started to build a huge wall to stop smuggling. Later dynasties built walls against Mongolian tribes to the north.
The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks and packed-earth.
During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.
BEIJING (FORBIDDEN CITY) - The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia. It is north of Tiananmen Square. Rectangular in shape, it is the world's largest palace complex and covers 74 hectares.
The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
The Terracotta Army
In 1974, a peasant digging for water accidentally discovered an army made of terracotta a few miles away from the First Emperor of Qin's tomb. Thousands of clay soldiers, horses and chariots have now been excavated.
They are all life-sized and have different faces, hairstyles and expressions. Several pits containing clay soldiers surround the emperor's tomb because he believed that his terracotta army would protect his soul in the afterlife.
Today nearly million people visit this site annually. The Terracotta Army now serves as both a phenomenal archaeological discovery as well as an icon of China's distant past recognizable the world over.
Collection of Chinese Hubs
- Witty and Wise Chinese Proverbs - Here is a delightful collection of Chinese proverbs which gives us a fascinating glimpse into the lives of the Chinese people.
- Witty and Wise Chinese Proverbs II Chinese sayings are simple, short and witty but they give a direct message that will reach the heart and mind of the readers, they are condensed truth that are evident in our daily life.
- Sayings of Confucius - This collection of profound, thought-provoking, and wise thoughts about virtues, learning and life in general is compiled from the timeless wisdom of the great Chinese philospher Confucius.
Alston on January 25, 2015:
This will interest my teacher this is great
Eric on November 21, 2013:
I am chinese,and some of them i don't know.
Alissa zhu on July 02, 2013:
Thanks for the brilliant website!
Paul Perry from Los Angeles on April 29, 2013:
Great hub! China is so interesting and it's amazing that more westerners don't take the time to research and understand this great civilization both old and new. Thanks for the wonderful information, very fun to read.
keti on April 17, 2013:
very useful, helped me about my homework.
me on February 25, 2013:
thanks you told me a lot
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I wanna go to china ......NoW!~
katelen on August 29, 2012:
this is cool
Claudia Tello from Mexico on August 13, 2012:
I have backlinked to this hub from my latest hub on Chang Mai, using the anchor text "China". Thanks for publishing good quality hubs that enable me to use this Hubpages tool.
asgher on July 26, 2012:
this help my sister's work thank'x
parul on July 02, 2012:
thanks. wonderful mine of info on china. helped me formulate the background and decorations for a theme ladies club gathering
Ryan on May 30, 2012:
wow great information for my project
ISABEL on May 26, 2012:
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AyOo Cupcake Luvs Yhu on May 19, 2012:
Thanx for tHis web page It Helped Me oN mY reposrt
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What fo you eat
Matrix on April 23, 2012:
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This is a cool website hhaha it helped me alott with thwe facts ineeded for my project
Gregorious on April 12, 2012:
I enjoy reading well researched historical hubs and I have to say that China always fascinated me.
Good work, voted up and interesting.
a girl named ..... on April 10, 2012:
this helped for my homework thanx
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thnx for da info brilliant website
Nanc!#YMCMB on March 25, 2012:
THnx this really helped meh on my soc studiess project for china i like this page!! and i really didnt know that the panda was the most loved animal
louromano on March 20, 2012:
Excellent ! I Great hub ! Thanks.
Valkyria9956 on February 29, 2012:
Awsome facts and and really helped me alot
Parth Jagdish on February 26, 2012:
please add more photographs to understand the features
Banita on February 21, 2012:
This helped me finish my homework. Cool fact.
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connie on February 16, 2012:
like the food
kristen on February 15, 2012:
Omq Thanks Helped alot
june on February 13, 2012:
thanks for the help! this rilly helped me with a research report
prateelk shukla india on February 13, 2012:
thanks helped a lot
madison on February 10, 2012:
cool now i can submit trivia about china in my report
leialani on February 02, 2012:
great this will help me do my homework can you guys put more facts so i can get an A+ on my country report?????????????????????
melanie4 on January 29, 2012:
Yasmine on January 26, 2012:
This helped me finish my homework.
Thanx a lot.
Tommy gill on January 26, 2012:
It is intresting and it has great facts about China.I like all the facts about China.
Amma on January 24, 2012:
this really help thanx x
Liz on January 23, 2012:
These facts really helped me alot on my country project on China. Thanks
holly on January 15, 2012:
i ned more for a school thing
Elizabeth on January 13, 2012:
I realy enjoyed everything in it.
allioson white on January 10, 2012:
I think that you should put more coool fact about china thats really interresting
Matthew A on January 09, 2012:
pooploser69 on January 08, 2012:
thanks for the facts dude :)
Sarish on January 08, 2012:
Got my hw done on time
zelliac on January 04, 2012:
very interesting facts
Q on January 03, 2012:
I lOve china and these facts really helped
asiqur on January 02, 2012:
this is the best fact page in the whole wide wirld
Sweety:* on December 21, 2011:
Thank you! These are really good facts about China and that helped me at a school presentation :-)
Sharanee Johnson on December 19, 2011:
It helped me alot
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thank it helped me alot!!
Kooda on December 05, 2011:
Helped alot thanks
kjty on November 30, 2011:
Bethany Spencer on November 29, 2011:
these are some great ideas everyone and great comments keep up the great work in your other websites!
Hoop jack on November 29, 2011:
there is a lot of interesting facts thanks alot for the help.
saim on November 25, 2011:
i like this web site
really its a very informative page of history
ILOVEYOU on November 19, 2011:
THANKS!!! I WAS DOING A PROJECT ABOUT CHINA, AND I NEEDED INTERESTING FACTS. THIS HELPED ME A LOT.
whats up on November 18, 2011:
this is the awsomeest page ever in the historyof pages
unknown97 on November 16, 2011:
this website is awesome thaknks for the information is helped alot
mysterygirl on November 13, 2011:
This is GREAT but can you add quotes about the inventions or anything?
kevin on November 09, 2011:
this kind of cool i've got to say
great me on November 09, 2011:
i think this might help with my homework i am doing china and they asked me to wrirt 200 word about china thanks ever so much
yamkela on November 09, 2011:
didnt want my sister to get a 0% for her oral so i found this website thanks bra whoevers website this is.
Pop on November 04, 2011:
ericc on November 03, 2011: