China is a colossal country with a fantastic variety of landscapes, wildlife and people. It is the most populous nation on earth. More than 1.1 billion people live in China and so the Chinese make up roughly one-fifth of the world's population.
The east coast region is lined with bustling mega cities and ports. Jungles and tropical lowlands lie in southeast, while the Plateau of Tibet, which meets the Himalayas lies in the southwest. Two mighty rivers, the Yangtze and the Yellow River, cut across China and provide vital transport links.
For the last 4,000 years China has been the oldest continuous civilization on Earth. China's early warlords often fought each other and the country was not united as a single empire until 221 BCE with the birth of the Qin dynasty (221-207 BCE).
China's imperial system lasted until 1912, when China became a republic. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, the People's Republic of China was established in 1949 by the Communist leader Mao Zedong.
The communist leader Mao Zedong began a "cultural revolution" that banned religion and private wealth and reformed farming, business and education. He was ruler whose policies killed at least 30 million Chinese through famine in 1958 - 1961.
Today's Chinese flag was adopted in 1949 after the revolution in which the Communist party gained power.
The red background of the Chinese flag symbolizes the blood shed throughout the revolution and it's also the traditional color of the Chinese people.
The large gold star stands for leadership and the four smaller stars represent different classes of the society peasants, workers, bourgeoisie, and capitalists, all united under the Communist Party.
Many everyday objects and useful technologies were invented by the Chinese long before they were introduced to other countries.
Early Chinese inventions include paper, printing, silk, kites, umbrellas, the abacus, porcelain and gunpowder.
The Invention of Paper- Paper was invented in China in the second century BCE. People started to use plants,such as hemp, to make thin paper. Before this time, people wrote on pottery, bones, stone silk wood and bamboo. Cai Lun, an official of the Han court improved the technology of paper making and his name has been associated with paper making ever since. Eight centuries later, paper making spread to the Arab world and from there in Europe.
PRINTING- Before printing was invented, every book had to be copied by hand. In the 17th century, the Chinese invented wood block printing. The text was first written on a piece of thin paper, then glued face down on to a wooden plate. The characters, letters or words were carved out to make a wood block printing plate, which was used to print the text.
GUNPOWDER- Gunpowder is a mixture of saltpetre, sulphur and charcoal. In the 10th century, weapon-makers in China discovered that if they combined gunpowder and arrows they could create a new weapon. This new explosive crossbow destroyed their enemies. Thousand of workers produced several thousands of this weapons every day in the Song capital.
In the middle of 13th century, the Arabs learned how to make gunpowder from the Chinese and called it "China Snow" Europeans eventually found out about gunpowder from the Arabs.
In the 20th century, China earned a reputation as a workshop for mass-produced cheap goods. Today, some Chinese companies are becoming global brands, especially in chemicals, computers and manufacturing.
Food and Drink
China has one of the world's oldest and most varied cooking traditions. Every region, town and ethnic group has its own specialty dishes and different mealtime customs. Food plays an important part of every festival, family gathering and business meeting. Much of the basic diet in China is based on rice and noodles and the usual drink is tea.
People eat using chopsticks made of wood, bamboo or plastic and did you know that 45 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks are used in China each year.
TEAS - Dozens of different varieties of tea (cha) are grown in China, where tea drinking is part of healthy lifestyle. In ancient China, tea was used as a medicine. Today people drink tea to relax and chat with friends.
DIM SUM - Dim sum is Cantonese for "touch the heart". These light tasty Chinese snacks are traditionally served to accompany a bowl of tea.
DUMPLINGS - Cantonese cooking is famous for its dumplings, which are always a part of dim sum. These are made from rice flour and contain various fillings such as prawns, pork, chicken or vegetables. They are presented hot in a steamer.
RICE - Rice is a vital dietary staple in China and bowls of rice accompany almost every meal.
PANDA - Giant pandas are probably China's best loved animal and are regarded as a national treasure. They roam the remote forests of the mountains in southwest China, eating almost nothing but bamboo.
They are endangered in the wild but scientists have bred captive pandas successfully
GREAT WALL OF CHINA - During the third century BCE, the Qin emperors started to build a huge wall to stop smuggling. Later dynasties built walls against Mongolian tribes to the north.
The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks and packed-earth.
During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.
BEIJING (FORBIDDEN CITY) - The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia. It is north of Tiananmen Square. Rectangular in shape, it is the world's largest palace complex and covers 74 hectares.
The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
The Terracotta Army
In 1974, a peasant digging for water accidentally discovered an army made of terracotta a few miles away from the First Emperor of Qin's tomb. Thousands of clay soldiers, horses and chariots have now been excavated.
They are all life-sized and have different faces, hairstyles and expressions. Several pits containing clay soldiers surround the emperor's tomb because he believed that his terracotta army would protect his soul in the afterlife.
Today nearly million people visit this site annually. The Terracotta Army now serves as both a phenomenal archaeological discovery as well as an icon of China's distant past recognizable the world over.
Collection of Chinese Hubs
- Witty and Wise Chinese Proverbs - Here is a delightful collection of Chinese proverbs which gives us a fascinating glimpse into the lives of the Chinese people.
- Witty and Wise Chinese Proverbs II Chinese sayings are simple, short and witty but they give a direct message that will reach the heart and mind of the readers, they are condensed truth that are evident in our daily life.
- Sayings of Confucius - This collection of profound, thought-provoking, and wise thoughts about virtues, learning and life in general is compiled from the timeless wisdom of the great Chinese philospher Confucius.
Alston on January 25, 2015:
This will interest my teacher this is great
Eric on November 21, 2013:
I am chinese,and some of them i don't know.
Alissa zhu on July 02, 2013:
Thanks for the brilliant website!
Paul Perry from Los Angeles on April 29, 2013:
Great hub! China is so interesting and it's amazing that more westerners don't take the time to research and understand this great civilization both old and new. Thanks for the wonderful information, very fun to read.
keti on April 17, 2013:
very useful, helped me about my homework.
me on February 25, 2013:
thanks you told me a lot
Alice on October 23, 2012:
I wanna go to china ......NoW!~
katelen on August 29, 2012:
this is cool
Claudia Tello from Mexico on August 13, 2012:
I have backlinked to this hub from my latest hub on Chang Mai, using the anchor text "China". Thanks for publishing good quality hubs that enable me to use this Hubpages tool.
asgher on July 26, 2012:
this help my sister's work thank'x
parul on July 02, 2012:
thanks. wonderful mine of info on china. helped me formulate the background and decorations for a theme ladies club gathering
Ryan on May 30, 2012:
wow great information for my project
ISABEL on May 26, 2012:
I LOVE TO DO PRODJECTS SO I DID IT ON CHINA AND BOY WAS IT FUN
!! U GUYS REALLY HAVE ZIP COOL FACTS!!!
AyOo Cupcake Luvs Yhu on May 19, 2012:
Thanx for tHis web page It Helped Me oN mY reposrt
sandra on May 01, 2012:
What fo you eat
Matrix on April 23, 2012:
yheh i had to do this for my hw
AyoO nancy Loves yhu!!!!! on April 20, 2012:
This is a cool website hhaha it helped me alott with thwe facts ineeded for my project
Gregorious on April 12, 2012:
I enjoy reading well researched historical hubs and I have to say that China always fascinated me.
Good work, voted up and interesting.
a girl named ..... on April 10, 2012:
this helped for my homework thanx
keeva on April 08, 2012:
thnx for da info brilliant website
Nanc!#YMCMB on March 25, 2012:
THnx this really helped meh on my soc studiess project for china i like this page!! and i really didnt know that the panda was the most loved animal
louromano on March 20, 2012:
Excellent ! I Great hub ! Thanks.
Valkyria9956 on February 29, 2012:
Awsome facts and and really helped me alot
Parth Jagdish on February 26, 2012:
please add more photographs to understand the features
Banita on February 21, 2012:
This helped me finish my homework. Cool fact.
charlotte on February 19, 2012:
this is really helpfull to me
isabel9768 on February 17, 2012:
coooooooooooooooool facts :)
connie on February 16, 2012:
like the food
kristen on February 15, 2012:
Omq Thanks Helped alot
june on February 13, 2012:
thanks for the help! this rilly helped me with a research report
prateelk shukla india on February 13, 2012:
thanks helped a lot
madison on February 10, 2012:
cool now i can submit trivia about china in my report
leialani on February 02, 2012:
great this will help me do my homework can you guys put more facts so i can get an A+ on my country report?????????????????????
melanie4 on January 29, 2012:
Yasmine on January 26, 2012:
This helped me finish my homework.
Thanx a lot.
Tommy gill on January 26, 2012:
It is intresting and it has great facts about China.I like all the facts about China.
Amma on January 24, 2012:
this really help thanx x
Liz on January 23, 2012:
These facts really helped me alot on my country project on China. Thanks
holly on January 15, 2012:
i ned more for a school thing
Elizabeth on January 13, 2012:
I realy enjoyed everything in it.
allioson white on January 10, 2012:
I think that you should put more coool fact about china thats really interresting
Matthew A on January 09, 2012:
pooploser69 on January 08, 2012:
thanks for the facts dude :)
Sarish on January 08, 2012:
Got my hw done on time
zelliac on January 04, 2012:
very interesting facts
Q on January 03, 2012:
I lOve china and these facts really helped
asiqur on January 02, 2012:
this is the best fact page in the whole wide wirld
Sweety:* on December 21, 2011:
Thank you! These are really good facts about China and that helped me at a school presentation :-)
Sharanee Johnson on December 19, 2011:
It helped me alot
gowtham on December 16, 2011:
its reallllllllllllly amazing and interesting and helpful to me
Manirule123 on December 06, 2011:
Cool! I really got my homework done in time! :) Thanks alot readers and poster!! :)
nycole7 on December 06, 2011:
thank it helped me alot!!
Kooda on December 05, 2011:
Helped alot thanks
kjty on November 30, 2011:
Bethany Spencer on November 29, 2011:
these are some great ideas everyone and great comments keep up the great work in your other websites!
Hoop jack on November 29, 2011:
there is a lot of interesting facts thanks alot for the help.
saim on November 25, 2011:
i like this web site
really its a very informative page of history
ILOVEYOU on November 19, 2011:
THANKS!!! I WAS DOING A PROJECT ABOUT CHINA, AND I NEEDED INTERESTING FACTS. THIS HELPED ME A LOT.
whats up on November 18, 2011:
this is the awsomeest page ever in the historyof pages
unknown97 on November 16, 2011:
this website is awesome thaknks for the information is helped alot
mysterygirl on November 13, 2011:
This is GREAT but can you add quotes about the inventions or anything?
kevin on November 09, 2011:
this kind of cool i've got to say
great me on November 09, 2011:
i think this might help with my homework i am doing china and they asked me to wrirt 200 word about china thanks ever so much
yamkela on November 09, 2011:
didnt want my sister to get a 0% for her oral so i found this website thanks bra whoevers website this is.
Pop on November 04, 2011:
ericc on November 03, 2011:
this is an awesome page
lol !! on October 31, 2011:
Daisy Duck on October 30, 2011:
Thanx soooooooooooo much, helped me with an oral now that iv got the info im sure ill get an A++++++.lovies Taylor Ebersohn.
arianna on October 24, 2011:
yoshi101 on October 21, 2011:
eleanor joy on October 21, 2011:
thank you this has helped me so much with my homework that i got thx thx thx thx thx thx thx thx thank you thank you thank you thank you
Cheyrl Patterson on October 21, 2011:
OMG thank you so much! This got me an A+!! YAY!
negar on October 18, 2011:
thanks a lot for information
zan3 on October 10, 2011:
thanks helped with homewoork
annonomous on October 04, 2011:
great facts but what about the one child policy ??
anonymous on September 29, 2011:
i finally finished my project and had fun doing it too!
Masterknow on September 27, 2011:
THANK YOU SO MUCH!!! Finally got some info for my project.
P.S Could you please add stuff about the "major business and industry" if that makes any sense. THANK YOU!!!
LOL on September 26, 2011:
I am doing a China project and these interesting facts have help so much THANK YOU :)
mysteriousmaven from The Internet on September 26, 2011:
Awesome Hub! :)
Thanks for gathering this information on China.
I've been there once before, and it's a nice place.
ismini on September 08, 2011:
i think this is a realy good website
anonymous on September 08, 2011:
thx.i FINALLY got my homework finished.
awesome person on August 04, 2011:
it is awesome helped a lot for my assignment
Person on April 19, 2011:
Hmm...Yeah I think it worked out good,I got a 95 on my report thank yah! :D
evarlyne wanja on March 25, 2011:
nice country gotta admit its so sophisticated and its beauty is just amazing but i had a question can one get a job from kenya to china easily?other than that you guys are simply the best!
jcnasia on March 23, 2011:
Great post! But Cantonese food? I like Dim Sum and all, but dumplings are known as a northeastern food. And, where's my favorite type of Chinese food--Sichuan food? I like my Chinese food.
Overall, a good introduction to China. For anyone who has never been to China, consider this an invitation!
Robyyyn / bobz x on March 08, 2011:
heyyyy, iv'e been to china four times in the past two years. i have family there - my great aunt suuano and my uncle Lou Bin. shia shia = thankyou xxx
Bilalnr from Islamabad, Pakistan on March 06, 2011:
Great Hub MM Del Rosario!!!
kelly c on February 24, 2011:
ccool i want ti go to china now lol
awesome on February 10, 2011:
this is awesome facts
kelly on January 31, 2011:
china is cool
elio baz on January 20, 2011:
juan on January 07, 2011:
that is cool
kassy on January 02, 2011:
thanks i learned a lot,it's a great website
Emily on December 01, 2010:
Thank you so much I am going a China project and this is such a good website I will going to recomend it to my class mates who I know is doing the China projectalso this is alot better than books
cool kid on November 27, 2010:
tod on November 10, 2010:
this is a great website!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
i got all my homework done thanks to you
unknown on October 28, 2010:
that was so cool and awsome!!!
arielle on October 08, 2010:
it is nice to study china's history culture and even geography it really help me to discover the beauty of it, na........ i want to travel in china.....
yoyo on October 07, 2010:
JONNY POKO TONY on September 21, 2010: