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Off the Beaten Track: Some Historical Sites Visited on Our Holidays in England and Wales

My interest in historic events, nature and wildlife is reflected in our choice of destinations when planning our holidays and day trips.

Tewkesbury Bridge, Gloucestershire, England.

Tewkesbury Bridge, Gloucestershire, England.

Intro and Overview

Britain from Neolithic to Edwardian

British History and architecture in the making from Neolithic to Edwardian; great places worthy of a visit, many of which are off the beaten track or not so well known by tourists.

These interesting historical sites are places where I have either lived or visited on my travels around Britain over the years.

These sites include:

  • A Neolithic burial mound and Iron Age fort in Uley, Gloucestershire,
  • Roman castles, and
  • Victoriana architectural structures including railways and bridges.

This review article gives you an overview of these historical sites.

Castell Henllys Iron Age Fort, Pembrokeshire, Wales

Britannia

Historic and Nature Sites in Britain

Britain, steeped in history, is a rich source for Historical sites particularly castles, historical buildings through the ages and Victorian Architecture. And for people who love nature plenty of Nature Reserves and Wildlife Parks.

Two of my favourite sites are

  • Mountfitchet Castle, Essex as it successfully incorporates both the original castle built in 1066 and livestock roaming the grounds as they would have done during the Norman period.
  • Red Mill, a little known Victorian Windmill in the Norfolk Boards, now a holiday home, is also an incredible beauty spot surrounded by wildlife as it would have been during the Victorian Era; very isolated on the largest inland Island in England but well worth the visit for the tranquillity and to see nature at its best.

These and other historical sites of natural beauty are described in more detail below....

Some of the Places Mentioned or Featured in This Article

Uley from the Neolithic Era

Uley Bury and Hetty Pegler's Tump

I grew up in Uley, a small village in the Cotswolds, Gloucestershire, England. The village resides in the valley overlooked by the Bury. I didn't know it at the time but when I started doing my family tree years later (genealogy) I traced the Baglin's (my maternal family) back to Uley as their roots and in time learnt that they had come over from Normandy in the Norman Conquest of 1066 settling in the area where they stayed until their migration to Bristol (25 miles away) in the mid-19th century.

When I lived in Uley our house was just outside the village at the bottom of another local Cotswold hill called smallpox. From the top of the Bury, Uley village is easily visible, as is smallpox and on a fine day Wales can also be seen in the distance. It wasn't until recently that I learnt that the top of the Bury, which is flat, was in fact an Iron Age hill fort dating to around 300 BC.

Another frequent haunt of mine as a child growing up in Uley was Hetty Pegler's tump, a Neolithic burial mound 5500 years old; located on the opposite side of the Bury to smallpox hill and named after Hetty Pegler, who was the land owner of the site in the 17th century. It wasn't until years later, when doing my genealogy that one of my direct ancestors on the Baglin line married into the Uley Pegler family during this period.

So in more ways than one Uley has a special significance for me and my immediate family. Below are landscape views from Uley Bury on a misty day.

Chester Architecture and History

From the Roman Era

Chester, Northwest England, is an old city dating back to Roman times; as shown in this video which takes you on a tour of Chester and its Architecture.

Bristol

Brigstowe (Place by the Bridge)

Bristol, a place by the bridge, named after its origin; in old English 'Brycgstow' and middle English 'Brigstowe/Brigstow' , The name, as it suggests, describes the location of the original settlement on the river Avon.

The original bridge no longer exists but the current Bristol Bridge is close to where it originally was and overlooks the riverbanks where Bristol Castle once stood, now landmarked by a preserved church where the roof was destroyed during the Bristol Blitz in WWII.

Bristol is steeped in History and Architecture, as many cities, towns and villages across the country are. Some of its history and famous people associated with Bristol include John Cabot (1450-1498) who discovered Newfoundland on the Matthew which sailed from Bristol; the famous John Wesley, and Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859) who build the SS Great Britain, Temple Meads train station and most famous of all in Bristol the Bristol Suspension Bridge.

Bristol was granted county status in 1373, and apart from a brief 20 years from 1973 to 1993 has remained a county in its own right; one of the smallest counties in England.

Castle Green, location of the original Bristol Bridge, built over a thousand years ago.

Castle Green, location of the original Bristol Bridge, built over a thousand years ago.

Clifton suspension bridge, Bristol.  Built in 1864 by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Clifton suspension bridge, Bristol. Built in 1864 by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Artist impression by Tom Maloney of Staple Hill railway tunnel in the 1960s, Bristol, England.

Artist impression by Tom Maloney of Staple Hill railway tunnel in the 1960s, Bristol, England.

English Castles from the Medieval Period

With Medieval Festivals and Living Museums

The one thing that makes Britain British is I think our castles, built across the whole country during periods of conflict from Roman times, during the Norman Conquest of 1066, the Middle Ages and the English Civil War (1642-1651). And it didn't stop there, the Victorians built castles as 'folly's' and in the 20th century 'LEGOLAND' built one as part of their theme park.

Apart from Mountfitchet Castle 1066 (shown bellow) which includes a living museum of livestock as it would have been at that time my other favourite castles include:

  • Warwick Castle where medieval festivals are periodically held, and
  • Berkeley Castle where re-enactments of the 1645 civil war is regularly held.

Read on for further information on these and other notable English Castles....

Mountfichet Castle

Mountfichet Castle

Conwy Castle, Wales

13th Century Medieval Castle

Conwy Castle, which we visited when on holiday in North Wales, was built by King Edward I in the late 13th century to keep the Welsh in check; it was involved in a number of sieges and battles over the coming centuries.

Cardiff Castle (A Victorian Folly)

Built on the Site of a Norman Castle and Above a Roman Wall

The Cardiff Castle as seen from outside is a Victorian Folly, built around the original Norman Cardiff castle, and under the castle well preserved is an original and very long Roman wall, incredibly decorated with the most marvellous carvings; which can be viewed via the steps leading down from the courtyard within Cardiff Castle.

Tewkesbury to Twyning by River from the 12th Century

Tewkesbury is a great historic town with many old buildings and well worth a visit; and given the opportunity the boat trip up the river from Tewkesbury to Twyning is a great day out, stopping at a pub for a pub lunch before making the return journey.

Foxton Locks Built in 1814

Victorian Engineering of Ten Step Locks

This video follows one person's journey through these marvellous sets of Locks built by the Victorian's. The age of great engineering; ten locks in two stair cases on part of the Grand Union Canal at Foxton just outside Market Harborough in Leicestershire.

Red Mill (Victorian Water-Pump Windmill) in the Norfolk Broads

Great Example of Victorian Architecture and Engineering

Red Mill, a derelict Victorian Windmill built to power a water pump for draining water from Haddiscoe Island (the largest inland island in England) into the River Yare in the Norfolk Broads, is now rented out as a holiday flat; we hired it and spent a week there, and it was one of the most incredible weeks we've spent on holiday in Britain.

Horsey Windmill, Norfolk Broads, England

Horsey Windmill, Norfolk Broads, England

Beamish, a Living Museum from Georgian Britain to the Edwardian era

Early 20th Century Town and Village Life in Northern England

Beamish is a living Museum which we recently visited depicting life in North England from the late Georgian period to the early Edwardian era; the place is so large that you need to use the free public transport provided e.g. period trams and buses to move around the whole site.

All the public transport on site at Beamish is period, predominantly early Edwardian and the various themed sites to visit while at Beamish includes

  • The Town of 1913,
  • The Victorian Farm and,
  • The Pit Village of 1913 complete with original Victorian Pit houses and school.

This video depicts Edwardian life in 1913 England.

British History

History in the Making

Whether you're from England or not you might wish to leave you vote and views in this pole and see how others have voted.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2011 Arthur Russ

Leave Your Views Here - History in the Making

Arthur Russ (author) from England on June 13, 2017:

Thanks for all your feedback, and yes Colin there are certainly lots of lovely places in Britain to explore; although we spend two weeks each year on holiday in France and Belgium, we always make a point of also having a weeks holiday in Britain, and going on day trips to visit new places.

Colin323 on December 12, 2013:

I feel very lucky living in Britain - there is so much of historical interest to see and research. On the moors near me is much evidence of Bronze Age life, from burial cairns to the rock art that still survives 5000+ years of Yorkshire weather.

askformore lm on January 08, 2013:

Great lens! I enjoyed the read. Lots of information!

getstuffed on October 01, 2012:

interesting stuff on here