Khurram Shehzad is an educationist and writer. He writes on social issues and education.
Outline of the changes in the migration in the UK over the past five years.
There are several reasons of migration to UK, but at the forefront is work and next to it was study. In recent years, there is a significant increase in work-related immigrants both from EU and non-EU countries. Strong economy of UK implores large number of people from various countries who in search of better lifestyle migrate to UK. On the other hand, migrants who seek citizenship of UK have to pass the Life in UK test and are bringing down the “British Values”. Transcultural environment of UK is an attraction for people but the overall causing a decline in British lifestyle and culture (Arnett, 2014). UK received 31,400-asylum application in year 2014, which are increasing, and this boost in immigration has many adverse impacts on UK. These impacts are visible on all social fabrics of UK, starting from “British Values” (whatever they are) to country’s economic burden. In order to cope up with the emerging situation, UK government has brought many changes in the immigration rules which are discouraging for the new immigrants at large.
Major Reasons of migration to United Kingdom.
United Kingdom is a country with strong and stable economy which is the main attraction for the people from other countries to migrate UK. A large number of job seekers annually apply for visas in UK embassies. Such kinds of immigrants normally seek a job first and then decide to move to the new country but many are those who choose to try their luck after reaching in UK and become burden on the economy until they find a suitable job. Moreover, education is another big reason of migration to UK. A significantly large number of students annually migrates UK from all over the world. It is not only a major source of revenue for UK but most of them are also job seekers in order to meet their educational expenses and UK, although a strong economy, is unable to offer good jobs for all out siders. The change in immigration policies has impact on the overall business in the UK who offers jobs to foreign workers. There are many visible changes in UK immigration laws in recent years. Immigration Skill Charge has been introduced, multiple visa routes are closed, and for Tier-2 Workers the minimum salary requirement is also changed (Devlin, Bolt, Patel, Harding, Hussain, 2014).). The government has increased the costs of applying for visa multiple times in recent years and the eligibility criteria is also tighten for migrating workers and others. These changes discouraged immigrants significantly and it is expected that the new Government may take further actions in making the immigration more difficult in UK. These changing patterns of migration policies in UK have a basic reason of shedding unnecessary load from UK economy and the conservation of British Values.
Impacts of increasing immigration to UK
Increase in immigrants obviously impacts the society overall in many ways. In UK there are multiple adverse effects of multicultural immigrants. People who migrate for work purposes are a definite burden on economy which lessens the job opportunities for the locals and unemployment for the actual British people is increasing (Vargas-Silva, 2018). On the other hand, in UK the immigrants have to pass Life in UK test which shows that UK is conscious about the life style and values of the country and the people from other cultures and countries in such a large number are affecting it largely. A transcultural society is emerging where British Values are at stake. Further, since 2010 more than half jobs opportunities in UK were availed by the immigrants who reduced per head GDP for the British-born people overall and unemployment in particular. Increasing migrations to UK are affecting adversely not only British Society but also overall employment situations, particularly for British-born workers (Dustmann, Frattini, 2014).
Changes in UK immigration policy.
The impact of recent changes in UK immigration policies is visible on both EU and non-EU immigrants. Average wage level has decreased in UK due to high rate of availability of non UK workers. It is broadly felt that immigration of EU and non-EU workers and students has reduced the earnings of UK-born people largely. During last decade the fiscal cost of migrants in UK was totaling £160 billion, or over £9 billion (McGuinness, Hawkins, 2016). This situation compelled the Government to bring radical changes in immigration policies in order to discourage the heavy flow of immigrants in the country. Along with the impact on economy in UK there are significant cultural changes taking place which are, overall, affecting British Values (whatever they are). British life standard is falling rapidly due to large number of immigrants from various parts of the world. UK is currently facing acute housing problem which is main cause of lowering living standards. In many cities of UK it has become difficult to build new roads and construction sites in order to overcrowding and absence of space. Such all conditions are major problems faced by the UK and they are increasing day by day. It can be said that in order to preserve the British society and people it had become necessary to bring changes in immigration policies of the country (Pettinger, 2017). Changes in immigration policies over the past decade, overall has discouraged the trend of migration to UK but the British society has to do more in order to take control of the situation.
Due to rapid increase in immigrants in UK over last decade overall socioeconomic environment was affected adversely in terms of unemployment and decline of British values. Keeping in view the situation UK made certain changes in the immigration policies for EU and non-EU immigrants during last five years. These changes brought down the number of immigrants in all areas, but the multicultural society, that had prevailed in British society very deep still causing several issues which are needed to be controlled.
List of references:
- Arnett, G. (2014). Get the Data: How UK Migration Patterns Changed Over the Past Year. Immigration and asylum. The Guardian.
- Devlin, C., Bolt, O., Patel, D., Harding, D., and Hussain, I. (2014). Impacts of Migration on UK Native Employment: An Analytical review of the evidence. Department for Business Innovation and Skills, and Home Office.
- Dustmann, C., Frattini, T. (2014). The Fiscal Effects of the Migration to the UK. The Economic Journal, Doi: 10.1111/ecoj.12181
- McGuinness, F., Hawkins, O. (2016). Impacts of Immigration on Papulation and Economy. House of Commons, Library. UK Parliament.
- Pettinger, T. (2017). Impact of Immigration on UK Economy. Economics Help.
- Vargas-Silva, C. (2018). Long-Term International Migration Flows to and from the UK. The Migration Observatory, University of Oxford.
© 2018 Khurram Shehzad