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Visiting the Kaziranga World Heritage Forest Reserve in Indian Assam

MG is an ex-senior Air force officer who is a global traveler as well as a wildlife enthusiast



Kaziranga is a UNESCO world heritage wildlife preserve in the Indian state of Assam in Eastern India. It is spread over 450sq miles and is one of the premier wildlife reserves in the world. The Kaziranga wildlife park teems with animals and is home to the great one-horn Indian rhinoceroses and as well as tigers and elephants, not forgetting a galaxy of birds and other wildlife.

The game reserve came up in 1905, during the days of the Raj. Lady Mary Curzon, Baroness of Kedleston the wife of the Viceroy Lord Curzon of Kedleston visited Assam to see the fabled rhinoceros. Unfortunately, she saw only one after a two-day stay. This unnerved her and she mentioned to her husband, that perhaps there was indiscriminate poaching of rhinos and they need to be preserved. The Viceroy of India agreed and he set in motion a plan to have a wildlife park in Assam.

The efforts of Lord Curzon bore fruit and in 19o8 the wildlife reserve got official sanction. This became a protected area for wildlife. Indians now must thank Lord Curzon for taking this momentous step that has seen one of the finest wildlife parks in the world take shape.

After independence, the park got constitutional protection and became the home of the Indian elephant, great one horn rhinoceros, tigers, and other animals. The park now is spread over 450 sq. miles and is a treasure trove for the flora and fauna of India.

Animals in the park

Kaziranga is a boon for wildlife enthusiasts. It is the home for the breeding of 35 mammalian species. The park is home to the world's largest population of the Great One-Horned Rhinoceros, Wild Asiatic water buffalo, and Eastern Swamp Deer. In addition, there is a significant population of elephants, gaur, and sambar as well as smaller animals like wild boar, hog deer, wild water buffalo that abound here. Not to be left behind the Indian tiger the most ferocious animal in the world is also part of this habitat. Kaziranga also boasts the highest density of tigers among the protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006.

The game sanctuary teems with animals and it is not possible to make a catalog of all the species that have this jungle as their abode. Birdlife International has identified Kaziranga as one of the heritage sites as it is home to a variety of migratory birds, water birds, predators, scavengers, and game birds.

Kaziranga was once home to seven species of vulture, but now for some inexplicable reason, only the Indian vulture is available. This shows that somewhere greater efforts are called for in the preservation of wildlife in this park.

Basically, Kaziranga is an untouched forest area that has 4 rivers flowing through it including the mighty Brahmaputra. There are also many small ponds in the entire forest and thus conditions are conducive for the growth of wildlife. The forests have miles of grasslands with elephant grass and these form the natural habitat of the one horn rhino and the Indian elephant. No conflict has been reported between the 3 main species i.e. Tiger, elephant, and rhinoceros and each species lives within its limits. This is an excellent example of peaceful coexistence.

The park has its special species of reptiles with the viper and king cobra dominating. One must be careful when one ventures out in the elephant grass


Visiting Kaziranga

Kaziranga attracts thousands of visitors, many from the European nations where such animals do not exist. The park rivals the best of the African parks. Visitors can visit the park the year around and the point for departure for the park is Guwahati, the capital of Assam. Guwahati is well collected to all international airports in India and is also a railhead with direct AC superfast trains connecting to all major cities of India.

From Guwahati, one can hire a taxi or a luxury bus and travel to Kaziranga. On arrival, one can book an elephant for a romp through the jungle as the area is not suitable for road transport with miles of elephant grass. The elephants will take the tourist into the interior and one can witness the rhinoceroses in their natural habitat. It's great fun and a real experience and something that can be unforgettable.

Excellent accommodation is available at the Bonoshree Tourist lodge run by the Assam government as well as huts and lodges run privately. Food is not a problem, but the stress is on Indian food.

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A Living Dream

Kaziranga is the realization of the dream of that great Indian English writer Rudyard Kipling. His books on the Indian jungles and the character Mowgli come alive at this park. The park is a must for visitors to East India and most Europeans love to visit this park, which is the best in Asia. No other park can match the flora and fauna of this park. Indeed where can one see tigers, rhinos, and elephants in one place? I don’t think there is any such place in the world.

Kaziranga was for some time in the grip of the ULFA terrorist movement, but by and large, this movement is now crushed. A foreign tourist can fly direct to Calcutta and from there take a local flight to Guwahati. Tour operators will arrange an AC taxi or bus to Kaziranga. A minimum stay of at 2/3 days is recommended to savor the natural beauty of the park


Last word

No visit to India is complete without visiting Kaziranga. The wildlife resort is in my view the best in the world and will put many African parks in the shade. The airport at Gauhati has now got international status and it is easy to fly directly to Gauhati; The nearest air and railhead.

The menu has also been revamped and cuisine from all over the world is available. To drink peg of Chivas after a day of watching the rhinos and elephants in their natural habitat is "nirvana."

Kaziranga National Park is open daily from 1st November to 30th April i.e., for 6 (six) months. Park may remain open partially in the months of October and May subject to weather and road conditions. However, since the outbreak of the Wuhan virus, the tourist traffic is greatly decreased.

There is plenty of good accommodation including a 4-star hotel is available. Please note that since many places in North East India are not wheelchair-friendly, so do mail the type/category of disability to bookings@


MG Singh emge (author) from Singapore on May 17, 2021:

Jennifer, thank you for your comment. Hope you can visit again once the Wuhan virus subsides.

Jennifer on May 17, 2021:

i visited the game reserve 5 years back. The wildlife especially the Rhinos are beautiful. Thanks for reviving memories.

MG Singh emge (author) from Singapore on January 22, 2016:

Thank you Besaeien for your comment. Yes, Kaziranga is indeed a lovely forest with lots of wild life and wortha visit.

Besarien from South Florida on January 21, 2016:

Wow, Kazirranga looks like an amazing place! This is a beautiful, well-written hub that makes me want to run away to safari on an elephant. I hope I get to see it one day.

MG Singh emge (author) from Singapore on December 10, 2015:

Thank you Laurel for reading and appreciating. Yes, Kaziranga is a great place

Laurel Johnson from Washington KS on December 10, 2015:

I enjoyed this hub and pictures so much. Thank you for sharing this information. Knowing these wonderful creatures are protected is a blessing. Well done!!

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