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the Oldest Monastery in the world

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The walls of the monastery include a library and some other buildings such as the Lounge and Qalqali, while outside the old wall there are some modern buildings such as restrooms for visitors, a private house, and a palace for foreigners to rest.

Visit the oldest monastery in the east, the Monastery of Antony, in the Red Sea
Antony Monastery:

the Anban monastery of Antony is the first construction in the world and is named by Antony, the Anban of Antony, who is considered the first Egyptian monks in the world and the father of all monks.

his location:

Monastery Antony is located at the foot of Jabal al-Jaleh Tribal Desert in Egypt. It can be reached via Suez, from there to Ras Gharb, then west in the desert at al-Ain Sukhna or from Beni Suef to the east on the desert road, or it can be reached from Cairo by Helwan to al-Karemat and then al-Karemat al-Zafrana The monastery is located about 48 km (monastery Road) before the Zafrana
Established by Antony, the founder of the Coptic monastic order at the end of the 4th century AD, it is the first monastic monastery in the world, and the second largest after St. Catherine's monastery in Sinai..

The monastery of Anba Antiny includes one of the oldest churches

The monastery is home to one of the oldest churches, the 9th-century Anpa Antony Church, and on top of the mountain is the cavern of Saint Antony, a seven-meter-long crypt ending in a small chamber where the saint lived for most of his life, as well as a fortress consisting of a floor and three floors, accessed by an upper bridge between the fortress and the adjacent building, with a well and chambers used for various purposes.

The walls of the monastery include a library and some other buildings such as the Lounge and Qalqali, while outside the old wall there are some modern buildings such as restrooms for visitors, a private house, and a palace for foreigners to rest.

The most important place in the monastery

. It comprises several churches: the Church of the Four Incarnated Animals, the Church of the Archangel Michael, the Church of the Virgin Mary, the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul, the Church of the Apostles Mark Antony, the Church of Martyr Margges, the Church of the Martyr Abnupe, the Church of Saint Paul the Simple, and the Antiquarian Church of Antony, which is one of the most important and oldest parts of the monastery.

The monastery also houses a fortress which is one of the most important architectural parts within the monastery wall, for the safety of the monks and the safety of their enemies. The monastery's main lighthouse is attached to the Church of the Saints of Anba (Antony, Poula) dating back to the 20th century.

The monastery has some goads for observation on the pillars, basements, omissions, an archaeological table, some mills, contemporary, and water Wells, and a large library with many drawings, manuscripts and works of art
The important places in Antony Monastery are the 200 square meters, 15 meters high, three layers of fort, on top of which is the church in the form of a structure dedicated always to the name of the angel Mikhail, and the same as the Monastery of Anba Pula.

It was usually at the heart of every old monastery for the monks to take refuge if the nomads threatened to attack them in the desert and near mountainsides, where they stayed until the tide of danger passed. It is a bizarre, high, and high-shaped structure that cannot be reached if closed by monks. And the access door is open only on the second floor.

These forts are still present in the ancient monasteries even though they have not been used. They show the extent to which the monks were attacked by nomads and other thieves in those times.

When they felt the gravity of the situation, the monks entered the fort after collecting with them all the items they cared about that they needed, food, candles, fuel and oil. Then they hastened to lift the arch with a sling attached to the end of it and revolved around a pulley attached to the third floor of the fort.

Then the door is sealed and the fortress becomes more like an impenetrable fortress, and they were careful to provide their water by laying underground pottery pipes connecting the water eye to a tank in the fortress, so that they could get water while they were not in danger. They sometimes dug inside the area of the fortress to reach a well enough water while they were safe inside.

They often stayed for long periods inside the fort, praying to their god to remove the shellfish, as well as an important place in the granary, called the diksar, where the grain needed for the monastery's inhabitants was kept all year round and its place was located inside the monastery just below the watershed.


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