Ever wondered what are the most expensive places in the world to live? Everyone knows that it costs more to live in some places than others, but just what is the most expensive city in the world to live in. This is a list of the 10 cities in the world where it is most expensive to live in early 2009 as defined by the Economist, although this will most likely change in line with regional economic changes and currency fluctuations.
Singapore is both a city and country located in southeast Asia. The city of just under 5 million people takes up the majority of the country of 710km2, leading to an extremely high population density of almost 7000 people per km2. It is located on a small island, which lies in one of the busiest waterways in the world which connects east Asia with south Asia, Africa and Europe. The city first started to grow to prominence under European rule because of it's high strategic importance and the city has continued to grow in stature since independence. The city has an extremely strong economy based it's business friendly policies leading to many international corporations having a base here. There is also a thriving high-tech manufacturing part to the economy, and the Port of Singapore is one of the world's busiest ports, particularly in the transhipment of goods. This thriving economy combined with lack of space for expansion leads to Singapore being the tenth most expensive city in the world to live.
Geneva is a city nestled between Lake Geneva and The Alps in Switzerland. Although most of the city is in Switzerland, due to the high cost of living in the city proper many people commute in from nearby France. Geneva is famous for being the location where the Geneva Conventions were signed, which govern the handling of prisoners of war. Geneva is also home to the headquarters of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and many United Nations departments are also based here. In addition to being a major city in humanitarian terms, Geneva is also the 6th most important financial centre in the world. All of these factors, along with the fantastic location alongside Lake Geneva and a policy to preserve the city, leads to it having the ninth highest cost of living worldwide.
Frankfurt is joint seventh most expensive city to live in along with Helsinki. Frankfurt is a city in Germany, and is located on the Main River, which leads to it's full name Frankfurt am Main. When Germany was divided, it was located in west Germany, and so with berlin isolated became the economic powerhouse of west Germany, and upon re-unification it retained this position. It is the largest financial centre of mainland Europe, and both the European and German central banks are located here, as well as the Frankfurt stock exchange which is one of the biggest in the world. All of this wealth leads to Frankfurt being the joint seventh most expensive city in the world to live in.
In terms of the cost of living, Helsinki is joint seventh most expensive along with Frankfurt. Helsinki is the capital city of Finland, and is located in the far south of the country next to the Gulf of Finland. Despite being at the south of Finland, it is still a very northerly city and so can get very cold in the winter. Helsinki is the economic centre of the Finnish economy, and this partly explains the high cost of living. Helsinki has traditionally had a large shipbuilding industry and this continues to this day, although there are now also more hi-tech industries such as Nokia which is located just outside the city. Along with other Scandinavian countries, Finland has a relatively high tax rate, and this combined with the large amount of wealth generated is probably what results in Helsinki having the joint seventh highest cost of living in the world.
Located in Switzerland, Zurich comes sixth on the list of most expensive cities in the world by living costs. Zurich is to Switzerland like New York is to the USA, it is the commercial capital of the country but not the political one. Zurich is home to many top educational institutions, and this helps ensure that the top minds in Switzerland and further afield come to live in Zurich, and it is likely that many of these will spend at least some of their working lives here. A large proportion of the Swiss economy is based on financial services, and many multinational companies such as UBS, Zurich financial services and Credit Suisse are based here. In addition, the population of Zurich is very diverse, and this potentially explains why many international companies, such as IBM, Google and Microsoft have facilities here. All of these factors mean that Zurich has a very strong economy, and this results in the 6th highest cost of living worldwide.
The city in the world with the fifth highest cost of living is the Norwegian capital city of Oslo. Oslo is Norway's biggest city, both economically and by population. Norway is one of the most developed countries in the world, with a large income from a variety of sources. These include the large offshore oil and gas reserves, maritime engineering and insurance and tourism. Norway has one of the highest average wages for a country in the world, and Oslo has an average even higher than this national average. Due to the high average wage, linked to the fact that many basic commodities such as many foodstuffs are imported, leads to an extremely high cost of living. This is further exaggerated by the very high Norwegian tax rate. Finally there is large public opposition to both the development of the city itself with high-rise buildings and the surrounding areas, resulting in space becoming at a premium. All of these factors combine to make Oslo the fifth most expensive city in the world in which to live.
Copenhagen is the fourth most expensive city in the world in which to live. Like Helsinki and Oslo which also appear in the top 10 most expensive cities in terms of cost of living, it too is the capital city of a Scandinavian country. In Copenhagen's case the country is Denmark, and like both Oslo and Helsinki, it is not only the political capital city but the dominant city in the country economically and culturally as well. Copenhagen is the location for many international head and regional offices, such as Maersk which has head offices in Copenhagen and Microsoft, for which Copenhagen provides the regional headquarters. Recently Copenhagen, and Denmark as a whole has seen massive growth, both domestically and internationally. For example, the largest wind turbine manufacturer, Vestas, is a Danish company. All of these factors combined lead to Copenhagen having an extremely strong economy, with the corresponding high wages, which results in it being in fourth position on the list of most expensive cities in terms of cost of living.
Paris is the capital city of France, and comes in third on the list of most expensive cities in the world. The city of Paris is a rather compact area, although the metropolitan area is much larger and includes many satellite towns. The central area of Paris, and the area with which this cost of living list deals with, refers solely to the city of Paris. Paris is famous for tourism, and whilst this generates a large amount of money for the local economy, it does lead to demands for less development of the older parts of the city. As such this leads to less modern space for both commerce and residences than many other cities, and this pushes up the cost of living. Another factor in the high cost of living is the strong economy of the Paris region, and therefore high average wage. Major industries in Paris include the previously mentioned tourism, as well as finance and high-tech manufacturing. All of these factors combine to give the city of Paris the third highest cost of living worldwide.
The second highest cost of living is for two linked cities in Japan - Osaka and Kobe. As with many Japanese cities, both of these have an extremely high population density, which leads to expensive housing and other costs. Both cities are very large with populations in excess of 1 million. In each city there are a number of different industries, with many large multinational companies having their headquarters in the respective cities. Examples of these include Mitsubishi, Mizuno, Panasonic, Sanyo and Sharp. There is also a relatively large financial industry in both cities, leading to high wages. The high cost of land, as well as high wages, combine to make the Osaka-Kobe region the second most expensive region in the world in which to live.
The Japanese capital city of Tokyo comes first on the list of most expensive cities to live in. In addition to being the top of the list of cities with the highest living costs, it is also the centre of the world's largest metropolitan area by both population and economy. This is probably what makes it the most expensive city in the world in which to live. The Tokyo stock exchange is one of the world's largest, and is the largest one in Japan. Many international companies are based in Tokyo, and yet more have regional offices in the city which leads to a lot of highly paid jobs. In addition, the large size of the population leads to massive demand for space, and this is further exacerbated by the fact that Tokyo is surrounded by the Bay of Tokyo and a lot of steep hills and mountains. All of these factors combine to make Tokyo the most expensive city in the world in which to live.
- Top 10 Cheapest Cities In The World
Ever wondered where would be a cheap place to live? Wonder no more as this page lists the cheapest major cities in the world in which to live as of February 2009.
- The Economist
The original source for information for this page.
- Obesity epidemic : the ten countries with the fattest people
A list of the countries with the highest rates of obesity.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on April 11, 2015:
Mosajutt, whilst some cities in Pakistan may be expensive to you, relative to other major cities worldwide they are actually cheap!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on February 09, 2014:
K kiss, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and found it to be useful - Paris does appear to be very popular for some reason...
K Kiss from Newcastle upon Tyne, UK on February 08, 2014:
Wow..a great hub!!
Can I have a piece of Paris please with a side of romance lol
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on January 05, 2014:
Everyone thanks for your comments. Apologies if you disagree with the methodology and I suppose for all those saying New York or London should be on the list they are expensive places but also the local wages are also high to compensate so overall they aren't as expensive for locals as the other places on this list.
travelholidays from India on June 25, 2013:
From the points two from Switzerland and Two from Japan. Ok these cities are worth for expensive then what about United states of America ?
s on March 11, 2013:
you fools india is the most expensive country in the world.
Riviera Rose from South of France on February 08, 2013:
Another fascinating hub - I chose Geneva because I love to be near water, but I was possibly less enthused by this list than the cheapest cities! Voted up and awesome!
ali on June 27, 2012:
i wish i coul'd visit these places
AfricaResource from Dorking, Surrey, United Kingdom on May 11, 2012:
I surprised Monaco or London aren't on the list.
Ujwal and Tejaswi on April 23, 2012:
Tokyo is one of the best city.
Mitchell on April 04, 2012:
I think singapore!
Patrick on March 28, 2012:
Hi I am over from Sydney and wonder who is researching this stat because I found London to be way more expensive then Paris or Frankfurt when it came to buying property (some London appartment selling for £150 million in knightsbridge) and the public transport way more exp then anywhere I have ever been. So come on lets be honest about this and tell it as it is, not as this so called Ecomomist tells us bull.
sara on March 18, 2012:
anybody should accept the truth that tokyo,osaka is the most expensive cities in the world that was in the list and we never change that right ...?
Amrutha on March 16, 2012:
i feel singapore is the best as it is very safe a woman can go out alone at night not being worried safest place from natural disasters as well singapore u rock
birdslover from New Delhi, India on March 12, 2012:
I think New York city should have been listed here too.
Domaldel on March 05, 2012:
I would like to mention that Norway only belongs on the top of the list for non-norwegians.
Anyone actually living in this country will in most cases have an income more then matching the high expenses meaning that compared to the local income there's a lot of more expensive cities around the world.
pravin on March 01, 2012:
i like the paries
RetailRich on March 01, 2012:
Interesting. I would never have picked out half of the cities in your list, except probably the most obvious.
peter rokomo on February 21, 2012:
My friend Osaka-Kobe is the first city i like more, even to live.
jeanmarc on February 03, 2012:
tanks Bristolboy for information given it is very interestting to see Paris as one of the 10 top most expensive cities in the World includs in your list. Ufortunately, i had never visited it; but i think it is through to mention it in your list, beauce it is the first city tourist desdination in the world.
kumar on January 31, 2012:
why bangladesh and pakistan is not in the list. They should be listed as the most expensive cities in the world.
vaibhav saini on January 31, 2012:
i like to live Copenhagen. Its a beautyfull Denmark city full of natural landscape and fresh air...
laxmikanth Indian on January 08, 2012:
India is also underdeveloping country in the world
bullen on January 07, 2012:
i love geneva because of beaty its so beautiful
jay on December 22, 2011:
I live in copenhagen and it's bloody rediculous here, really. Those of you who think london should be on the list, I say no way. London is cheap compared to this crappy boring little norhtern outpost...
aboagye andrews on December 22, 2011:
was wondering is u.s.a and Australia not attractive enough?
nitesh g....re on December 06, 2011:
i like to live in frankfurt in my future.....
thirke on December 01, 2011:
paris is the best among the rest
klint! on November 26, 2011:
japan was really the best country!
john on November 11, 2011:
tokyo place so nice fuji mountain was so cool.
killy on November 09, 2011:
i like tokyo-japan i't was a great place so many buildings so nice place it's really cool.
Khan Ali on November 08, 2011:
I like all those cities but my favorate city is singapore because i live in
Karan on November 06, 2011:
Singapore is no surprise. There has been a steep rise in rents, HDB prices. I bet, in a newer survey, Singapore will beat some of the countries mentioned above SG in the list.
john on November 04, 2011:
i've been in japan so nice tokyo was really great place!
joshua on November 02, 2011:
i love japan it was the best country ever.!
shaukat on October 24, 2011:
Very informative, i want to visit paris.
vinod hv on October 04, 2011:
Exactly.. I have plan to visit all places..
HelloThere on October 04, 2011:
I'm actually astonished by the Japanese's willingness to spend despite the high cost of living. I recently went to Tokyo Disneyland where I felt obliged to buy something and I reaally felt the pinch while paying for a $20 hairband Yet, Japanese families in there purchase sets of Disney-themed clothing to dress up just for the day. If a single hairband costs $20, I guess an entire set of clothing would be $300. $300 for something you would wear for just a day?? And that's excluding the money spent on food and travel. Even though Singapore is ranked 10th on the list, I would say the food in Tokyo is 2-3 times more expensive than in Singapore. I really don't understand how the Japanese earn enough money not only to survive in Tokyo, but to also spend extravagantly on unnecessary stuff.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 15, 2011:
Thanks for commenting raja zaibi!
raja zaibi on September 15, 2011:
i really like paris as a place to live in
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 03, 2011:
soumit and u.k chaudary thanks for commenting - I am glad you like places on this article!
u.k chaudary on September 02, 2011:
i realy like paris as a place to live in
soumit on September 01, 2011:
Tokyo is a wonderful city and has skyscrapers and is the largest city in populatoin and very beautiful indeed with mount fuji
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 31, 2011:
I agree Paris is lovely, but then so is Osaka! johnmce thanks for stopping by to comment and that is a very good point - you quickly find the best place for good deals etc when you live in a big city!
johnmce from Brighton, UK on August 29, 2011:
great list. The thing to remember with any city thought is when you live there you find ways to do things for cheaper. When I was a tourist in Tokyo it cost a fortune but when I lived their for a few months I found loads of ways to save money
jan muhammad on August 25, 2011:
money have no problum then i will live in osaka japan
whatever on August 25, 2011:
paris is a truly a wonderfull city of,course it`s like the
city of heaven on Earth
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 21, 2011:
Sharad. I have had a look online and whilst it may seem that it is expensive to buy property in Mumbai, relative to other areas it is very cheap!
Sharad on August 19, 2011:
Speaking from experience of others, owning a house in Mumbai is as costly and difficult as it is to find a diamond among the millions in a room. I mean only owning a house in Mumbai, makes it one of the costly city in India if not in the world.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 16, 2011:
gdcats - I have heard that Luanda is very expensive, but then I guess there are many highly paid oil workers. Sydney isn't in the top 10 because it isn't expensive enough.
Vignesh Kanna M on August 11, 2011:
Nice to see the hub without USA cities, Anyway wish all the best to USA citizens to recover from AA+ problem, Soon USA will be back and will rockz......
Barack Obama on July 30, 2011:
Jokes, Im not Barack, but wondering why Sydney isn't in the top ten?
gdcats on July 29, 2011:
Luanda, Angola should be on top of the list (cost of living)
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on June 18, 2011:
Peter so why do you think that? Thanks for commenting kuntz.
Kuntz on June 05, 2011:
Wow but number1 was supposed to be South Korea because rents and payments are unbearable though... :)
peter so on June 02, 2011:
I think Sydney should be top 3 most expensive city in the world , Tokyo and Paris should behind Sydney.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on May 06, 2011:
Haris that is an interesting opinion - why do you think that Islamabad is the best city?
Haris on May 05, 2011:
Islamabad the best
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on May 04, 2011:
Howcurecancer thanks for commenting. Any special reason for choosing Frankfurt?
Elena@LessIsHealthy on May 03, 2011:
I would love to live in Frankfurt.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on May 02, 2011:
Ante thanks for adding that - it is interesting to know that Sweden is a more expensive country to live in.
Ante on April 27, 2011:
I live in Oslo. My large salary vs living costs makes me having more money at the end of the month than i had living in Sweden. So to me Sweden was a more expensive country to live in.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on April 02, 2011:
Thanks for commenting Abhishek!
Abhishek on April 02, 2011:
Even if I had money I'd like to stay where I was born 'INDIA' N I'd like to stay in Mumbai city
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 24, 2011:
Thanks for adding your opinions cbboom.
cbboom on March 23, 2011:
paris is the best !!!!!!!!!!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 22, 2011:
rabia tauseef I am sure Lahore is very nice. And fortunately it isn't one of the most expensive cities in the world!
rabia tauseef on March 22, 2011:
lahore is the best city in the world.....................
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 15, 2011:
That list makes a very good comparison. It is interesting that two well respected organisations can get things so different. I suppose it may be down to when the surveys were carried out (particularly thinking about currency swings) and then there is also the fact of what is included. At least in both cases Tokyo is the most expensive city!
Tony on March 14, 2011:
Thanks for replying BristolBoy. Then I guess The Economists must be using a different ranking system which I am not aware of. I can only tell from my own personal experience based on the basic things I spend for like transporation, food, groceries, apartment rentals, cinemas, internet subscriptions, phone subscriptions, etc. and I can say with confidence that these things costs more here in Sydney rather than Singapore. Maybe it is the price of land. Land is scarce in Singapore... so in many places, you can only lease it for a maximum of 99 years rather than owning it permanently. Cars are also much more expensive in Singapore though its a luxury item rather than neccessesity. Maybe that's what The Economists is using.
Anyway, the list by Bloomberg Businessweek slightly differs from your list. It uses prices of basic commodities like rice, eggs, beer, cinema, food, household appliance as basis for comparison. Unfortunately, they didn't take into consideration transportation costs and apartment rentals. For the benefit of your readers, the Bloomberg list is as follows:
1. Tokyo, Japan
2. Oslo, Norway
3. Luanda, Angola
4. Nagoya, Japan
5. Yokohama, Japan
6. Stavanger, Norway
7. Kobe, Japan
8. Copenhagen, Denmark
9. Geneva, Swtizerland
10. Zurich, Switzerland
11. Bern, Switzerland
12. Basel, Switzerland
13. Liberville, Gabon
14. Helsinki, Finland
15. Moscow, Russia
16. Paris, France
17. Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
18. Abuja, Nigeria
19. Tel Aviv, Israel
20. Seoul, South Korea
21. Stockholm, Sweden
22. Jerusalem, Israel
23. Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
24. Vienna, Austria
25. Brussels, Belgium
26. Berlin, Germany
27. Canberra, Australia
28. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
29. New York, US
30. Sydney, Australia
At least, your list and the Bloomberg list did agree on one city being the most expensive -> Tokyo. hehe...
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 14, 2011:
Hi Tony, the information comes from the link shown to The Economist article which is one of the most well respected business magazines in the world.
Tony on March 13, 2011:
Yeah, thats why I disagree with the list posted here since it does not even show the basis for the list rankings. I agree more with the list posted by Bloomberg Business Week where Sydney is rank 30th and Singapore is nowhere on the list. =)
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 09, 2011:
Thanks for replying Tony. It is interesting that you have the opinion that Sydney is much more expensive than Singapore, yet Singapore appears on this list and Sydney does not!
Tony on March 07, 2011:
You're welcome BristolBoy. Actually I am more surprised Singapore would be in this list rather than not finding Sydney in the list as I am aware there are many other cities more expensive than Sydney.
If you do have a chance to visit Singapore, you would probably be wondering the same thing. Singapore is the only first world country I've visited where you can get from airport to city via train for just under USD2.50. You could get a cup of coffee every morning for under USD1, or if you prefer a complete Singaporean breakfast with toast and eggs and coffee, you can get it for under USD3. Lunch/dinner would costs you around USD4 per meal. The list goes on. You dont need to be a local Singaporean to find these places. These affordable places are pratically everywhere. =)
As for London, I haven't had a chance to visit there yet. Do checkout the list posted by Bloomberg Business Week. This list may not be 100% accurate since it did not take into consideration apartment rentals and transporation costs... but at least it list out prices of basic commodities for comparison. Sydney rank 30. London is however, still not in the list. =)
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 07, 2011:
Tony thanks for following it up. I guess everyone is different, and you may have found Sydney to be more expensive. Personally I have found London to be more expensive than some of the cities included in this list (and London didn't even make the Top 10!).
Tony on March 06, 2011:
Hmm... if wages are taken into consideration... then developing third world countries where majority of the population are barely earning enough wages just to get by would be on the top of the list.
Anyway, for my particular case... as an IT professional having lived and worked both in Singapore and Sydney, my take home pay is roughly the same. Taxes in Singapore is about 12%, while my taxes here in Sydney is around 32%. Rental here in Sydney is a killer and takes a substantial amount of my wage. And since Singapore is easy to find cheap food everywhere, I dont have to bring my own lunch to work compared to here in Sydney where I often have to cook my own food to save more. The only thing that is expensive in Singapore are cars which costs about 3x as much. But cars are not a neccessity in Singapore since their public transportation are relatively cheap and very efficient.
Thanks for responding and posting this list. I manage to find the list I was looking for listed by Bloomberg.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 04, 2011:
Hi Farhan, Mumbai is actually quite cheap relatively speaking! Tony, you may think Singapore is cheaper than Sydney, but this is more than made up for in wages.
Tony on March 03, 2011:
I dont think this list is correct. I've live in both Singapore and Sydney Australia and I can definitely say that living in Sydney is way way more expensive than living in Singapore. For example.. a short bus ride (4 stops) in Sydney costs AUD2, in Singapore, it costs SGD0.69 (4 times cheaper). Movies in Sydney costs AUD18, in Singapore, it costs SGD10 (twice cheaper). You can easily find food to eat in Singapore for around SGD5. Here in Sydney, it costs around AUD10 per meal (costs more than twice as much). Food items in groceries and supermarket costs about double as well. Room rentals in Singapore is around SGD1000 per month in the city centre. Room rentals in Sydney costs around AUD400 per week in the city centre. Etc.
Farhan on February 28, 2011:
WhereZ Mumbai ???
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on February 09, 2011:
Hi everyone who has posted replies since I have last commented. Due to the number of replies I can't hope to reply to you all individually but thanks for taking the time to comment - I am glad you found this list of the most expensive cities in the world interesting.
Barbara on February 04, 2011:
Paris is a place i will love to live
mumtaz khan on January 28, 2011:
(lahore) city is also expensive city lahore is very beautiful city
an (skardu) city is very beautiful city in the world it is the city of pakistan
jfjfjf on January 16, 2011:
WHERE IS TORONTO
Lake Mary Hotels on January 05, 2011:
From your list, I have been to Paris, Oslo, Zurich and Geneva. All of these cities are amazing, but if I had one to choose where I would rather live in, it would be Paris. Though it's very expensive, its beauties compensate!
ella on December 30, 2010:
i think dubai is the expensivest place to live. it may be tax free but it is very expensive.
SGguy on December 26, 2010:
i don't think being on the list is a good thing. bw, i live in singapore.
international guy on December 21, 2010:
why to live in that kind of cities if it is much nicer to live in smaller ones...less crowded ones...
anyway thanks for making japan number 1 and 2...
i prefer better climate areas than those areas where 1 and 2 are located...
therussianlad on December 08, 2010:
Great hub here! If you guys consider Oslo, check my hub for tips! https://hubpages.com/travel/Going-To-Oslo-In-The-O...
tahir on December 02, 2010:
We really enjoyed after seeing the ranking of different countries and it was intresting to see the place of cheapest and most poulated countries in the world and i am really thankfull to share such an intresting information.
Seunghae on December 01, 2010:
My dad told me it was Seoul!!!!!
But Tokyo is cool :H
adam on November 29, 2010:
there is mistake in no. 7 and 8. you should have to write it properly, thanks
AIR-TRAINSANDMOONSTARS on November 29, 2010:
applejuic3 from San Diego, CA on November 28, 2010:
The pictures that you have put together for these cities make each and everyone of them look AMAZING! I will definitely be saving this and going through the list to see where I want to go in the near future.
vernalyn on November 19, 2010:
i just came back from japan...it's really awesome..people are very polite and they have very good custonmer service every i go....though it's expensive city..i still want to visit japan for their lovely sceneries...
jenna haze on November 17, 2010:
I've been to singapore, its a nice place and food items are relatively cheap.
Apurba on October 26, 2010:
I would love to stay at Oslo. Norway is a land of Midnight Sun. I just want to experience that.
mb on October 14, 2010:
Copenhagen is not the capital of scandinavia!
RyanWhiting on October 03, 2010:
Actually, Bermuda Girl, try $3300+ (average) for a modest (1 bed) apartment in Bermuda. You slightly underestimated!
Yes, Bermuda is pricey, but the mean wage (at just about 100,000) is one of the highest in the world.
Shona on October 02, 2010:
i think tokyo is the best city!!!!
pairs isn't develop than tokyo
that's the true!!!
Work in Spain on September 30, 2010:
Surprised by some of these places. I thought London would be in there too. Glad to see that none of the places in Spain gets in....yet!