The following is a list of the top 10 countries in the world by population. The United Nations has been the source for all data mentioned, unless otherwise stated and the figures were correct at the time of writing.
10. Japan (127,156,000)
At just over 127 million Japan is the country with the tenth biggest total population. It is an island nation off of the east coast of Asia, and is one of the most developed nations on the planet. As a result the population growth rate is now negative, meaning that the Japanese population is now shrinking in size due to low births and a relatively high death rate due to an elderly population.
9. Russia (140,874,000)
Russia is a relatively new nation, having been formed in 1991 after the break up of the Soviet Union (USSR). It is a vast country, spreading across much of northern Europe and Asia. It is the biggest country in the world in terms of landmass. Like Japan, the population of Russia is falling. However this does not prevent the United Nations estimating it had a population of almost 141 million in 2009. This level leads to Russia being the country with the 9th largest population in the world.
8. Nigeria (154,729,000)
Nigeria is the 8th most populous nation in the world, and the only African nation to make it into the top 10. The country is one of extremes. In the north of Nigeria the Sahel can be found, wehereas in the south there are rainforests and the Niger delta. The population is also split into two, with the northern half being predominantly Muslim and the southern half being predominantly Christian and civil disturbances along religious lines can sometimes happen. However, Nigeria is also considered to be a country with great economic prospects. At present the population growth rate is still relatively high at 1.999%, and so the population of Nigeria will be even larger in the future.
7. Bangladesh (162,221,000)
With a population of over 162 million Bangladesh has the 7th highest population of any country on the planet. Bangladesh is in southern Asia, and has land borders with India and Burma. The country is one of the most densely populated in the world. This is possible due to the majority of the country being located on extremely fertile floodplains. However this does lead to periodic devastating floods. The population of Bangladesh continues to grow at well over 1% per year.
6. Pakistan (180,808,000)
Pakistan is another south Asian country, which has a large population. In the north and west there are mountains, whereas in the east there are fertile plains. A country which has had many problems since independence and yet has continued to develop despite a relatively high population growth rate of almost 2%, although once again this is falling. Another land of many extremes, Paskistan is the country with the sixth largest population at over 180 million.
5. Brazil (193,734,000)
Brazil is the country with the largest landmass in South America, and also the only South American country to make it onto this list of the top 10 countries with the largest population. The country is dominated by the Amazon rainforest and the associated rivers which are located in the north, west and central areas of the country. However, the majority of the population is situated in the southeast of the country, around cities such as Rio de Janiero and Sao Paulo. With a population of in excess of 190 million, Brazil is the country with the fifth largest population.
4. Indonesia (229,965,00)
Indonesia is a nation of thousands of islands in south-east Asia. It has the highest population of any predominantly Muslim state. However, there are sizable minorities of non-Islamic groups. Over half of the population lives on the island of Java, despite it accounting for less than 10% of the total land area of Indonesia. This makes Java the most populous island in the world, and in fact with it's population of 130 million were it to be an independent nation it would be the tenth most populous in the world. Most islands of Indonesia are volcanic and are covered in rainforest. With a population of almost 230 million Indonesia is fourth on the list of countries with the largest population.
3. United States of America (314,659,000)
The United States of America is the country with the 3rd largest population in the world. The United States is a vast country, with the 3rd largest land area of all the world's countries. The United States of America, also known as United States, US or USA is at present the only true superpower in the world, both economically, culturally and militarily. However, the country is not without it's critics and whilst 'the land of the free' as America is known is considered a beacon of hope, for others the United States of America stand for everything bad in the world. However, at present the United States is 3rd on the list of top 10 countries with the largest population, and it is likely to stay that way for a while due to a growing indigenous population and large levels of immigration.
2. India (1,198,003,000)
India is one of only two countries in the world with a population in excess of 1 billion. Located in south Asia, it has borders with six other countries - Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and Bangladesh. The Indian population is diverse, with a large variety of religions, living styles and ethnicities. For example, whilst Hinduism is the predominant religion with over 80% of the population adherents, significant numbers of people follow other religions due to the large total population of the country. This has sometimes led to inter-community strife. India's population continues to grow, along with the economy and many people perceive it to be a future superpower. With a population of almost 1.2 billion, India is the largest democracy in the world and the country with the second biggest population.
1. China (1,345,751,000)
China, or People's Republic of China to give it it's formal name, is the country with the largest population in the world. If the population of the special autonomous regions of Hong Kong and Macau are also taken into account, the population of China is even higher. It would also have been higher were it not for the famous one child policy which China has undertaken since 1979, with the specific aim of curtailing the population. This has had a considerable effect, and it has been estimated by the Chinese government that the policy prevented over 250 million extra births in the period 1980-2000 and so by the present day it can be assumed that the policy has had an even greater effect and China's population would be well in excess of 1.5 billion. However, as it is China has a population of almost 1.35 billion, which results in it being the country with the largest population.
- The United Nations PDF
This is the source document for all populations.
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BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 08, 2013:
Thanks for your comment sunilkunnoth2012!
Sunil Kumar Kunnoth from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India) on July 22, 2013:
Fantastic! You have taught us some General knowledge. Thank you for sharing. On India, I may add that The largest population of Hindus are here and it has also the second largest Muslim population in the world.
anonymus on March 23, 2013:
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on January 31, 2013:
Thanks for all your comments everyone!
Khalil on February 22, 2012:
It is really usefull, because I got to know about the top ten countries in population
Clasdo on January 24, 2012:
Very informative, the population growth is overwhelming.
cecilia hong on January 10, 2012:
helps me a lot!!! thanks!!!
ritik on January 04, 2012:
amna on December 25, 2011:
it is interesting
latavia on November 08, 2011:
unknown on November 07, 2011:
Akash ramdin on October 11, 2011:
Why are people shocked India has the highest population? Are you forgetting its the oldest living civilisation. They outlasted the mayans and egyptions. Study the history of India and you will be shocked how far back the culture, tradition and history goes.
Roxychic on October 10, 2011:
Wow that was soo useful thanks for the hub, now I dont need to worry about the country with the most population! thanks I found it amazing and very use now I can just go here and i will know the population. well done BristoBoy! PS thanks for the info!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 13, 2011:
Hi j.o.. Thanks for commenting - I am glad you found this info on the most populous countries in the world to be so good!
j.o. on September 13, 2011:
best info ive seen in weeks
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 21, 2011:
yuri partol the Philippines is highly populated however the population is currently under 100 million and so it doesn't appear on the top 1 most populated countries in the world.
yuri partol on March 20, 2011:
Isn't philippines populated?
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on March 09, 2011:
Hi Kamran100. I am glad you found it useful!
Kamran100 on March 09, 2011:
such a great informative hub..i vote up this hub, well done!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on February 09, 2011:
Mezie, I believe Nigeria does have great strengths, including it's wide educated work force and if it could utilise them properly it could become one of the world's most powerful countries. Shanmugan, I think India has a chance to be the world's main superpower, but it will take many years to overtake the US and China, despite it's obvious population advantages.
Prabhu7 on January 14, 2011:
Fentastic Hub I really enjoyed it
shanmugam on November 06, 2010:
INDIA is world first and best counrty on future because indian economic crow going more then 9% and indian airforce world 4 th one,
indian navy world no 3,
indian millitary power and population world no 2 place,
its has no 1 best country of world so union is strength
Mezie on September 18, 2010:
I just hope my Country Nigeria can take advantage of HER population and make a positive impact in wealth creation for the citizenry.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 08, 2010:
Ms Funnyblue the population of the world is very large. I also hope that the leaders of the countries above find ways to stop the population growing further or at least reduce it's growth.
Ms. Funnyblue on August 07, 2010:
oh!! our world having a big populations!!!!
I wish that our president Noynoy Aquino have a good
idea to stop the growing of population in the philippines..
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 18, 2010:
Hi Jesse 25. Hopefully other people find it as useful as you!
jesse 25 on July 18, 2010:
well, i find it helpful to ny assignments in class and also in my quizzes! thanks for making this page. it helps everyone . thanks!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 18, 2010:
Thanks for taking the time to comment Harry!
HARRY FROM INDIA on July 18, 2010:
GREAT INFORMATON TRUSTME.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on June 29, 2010:
I am glad you found this page to be of some use honey!
honey on June 25, 2010:
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on October 25, 2009:
Thanks for the compliment JHOLLO74, I am glad you found it to be of use!
JHOLLO74 from USA on October 18, 2009:
Good job my friend.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 20, 2009:
Thanks for commenting tksensei. Not sure why global agreements on a range of issues, such as the Kyoto Protocol (and the Copenhagen follow up) are meaningless because of the economic growth of India and China. Whilst this makes it harder, it is possible to include both (look at the global agreements on CFCs to help stop the hole in the ozone layer).
tksensei on September 18, 2009:
The economic growth of China and India are why things like the Kyoto protocol are all but meaningless.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 03, 2009:
I am glad you found it to be of use Mdmumtazmehdi.
Mdmumtazmehdi from patna on September 03, 2009:
Great work.thanks.knowledge full hub.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on September 01, 2009:
I agree that the population of Bangladesh is growing at a high rate upal19. I agree that the level of growth could be called alarming, but it is nothing compared with some countries (such as Pakistan) which have growth rates double that of Bangladesh. I also agree that Bangladesh has the highest population density for such a large country (those countries which have a higher population density than Bangladesh are small eg Singapore, Malta etc) and with the growing population and decrease in land due to global warming this density is only going to increase further.
Ashraf Mir from Dhaka on September 01, 2009:
The population of Bangladesh is growing at an alarming rate. it is having the largest density now in the world.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 30, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to comment H P Roychoudhury! I am glad you found the article to be interesting!
H P Roychoudhury from Guwahati, India on August 30, 2009:
It is an informative article. Thanks for sharing
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 29, 2009:
Thanks for the kind words Lili. I am glad you found this article on the top 10 countries with the largest population interesting!
Lili on August 29, 2009:
Great info love the pix also
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 29, 2009:
I'm guessing by your name and comment that you come from China, Yangtze. It is interesting to note that at present growth rates China will not be the most populous country in a few years time and will be overtaken by India.
Yangtze on August 26, 2009:
Large countries!Ours has been the first!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 22, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to comment Santoion!
santoion on August 22, 2009:
very good info !
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 17, 2009:
Thanks for commenting V.C. I agree it is quite amazing that the populations of India and China are so high, especially when compared with the other countries.
V.C on August 17, 2009:
Look, China and India are over 1 billion when the 3rd place is USA which have just 300 mil.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on August 16, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to comment Moona Hayat!
moona hayat on August 09, 2009:
thanks for taking me noledge thank you v.v.v. much(").......
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 24, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to commengt Sani!
Sani on July 23, 2009:
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 20, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to comment davesie! I am glad you found it useful!
davesie on July 20, 2009:
learn something about it!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 15, 2009:
Thanks for the compliment LondonGirl. I am planning on doing some more top ten geographic hubs in the near future.
LondonGirl from London on July 15, 2009:
fantastic hub, I'm loving this series of world geography articles.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 15, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to comment febriedethan. I agree that the picture of Jakarta looks very impressive, and possibly the most impressive of all of teh pictures on the page of the top 10 countries with the largest population.
febriedethan from Indonesia on July 15, 2009:
Hi, this is fantastic. I never know that the sunset sky over Jakarta is so beautiful..thank's. You're right that most of the islands in Indonesia are volcanic, we call it the ring of fire.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 10, 2009:
Thanks for commenting JonTutor. India is a land of great contrasts I will agree. Still it is always good to broaden the mind and learn about new cultures.
JonTutor from USA on July 10, 2009:
Cool snaps... I might visit India next year... I work in a motel owned by Indians....they have offered me to travel with them...One has to be mentally prepared for the challenge... India with its spiritual richness alongside extreme poverty... land of contrasts.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 06, 2009:
Thanks for the comments!
It is quite sad that the Indian population is growing so fast as it means that there is the potential for environmental problems. Also due to the growth in the country's population it makes it harder for the government to correctly care for their civilians, particularly in terms of education etc.
Shalini Kagal from India on July 06, 2009:
Great info - love the pics you've chosen. India is fast catching up with China and it's really sad that we've let our population get out of control!
02SmithA from Ohio on July 05, 2009:
Very surprised to see Indonesia so high on the list... learned something new... thanks for the post!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on July 01, 2009:
Thanks for taking the time to comment Sunesra! I am glad you found it to be useful information!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on June 26, 2009:
Thansk for commenting Iasmina26. There are many different levels of estimates for the population of the world and individual countries,none of which are ever 100% accurate. I chose the UN data above since it is for mid 2009, as well being probably the most respected potential source of data, and certainly better than most websites.
iasmina26 on June 26, 2009:
Let me help you a bit and give you a fresh list updated for 2009, source:www.world-gazetteer.com
I hope this (new) top helps you and the readers!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on June 25, 2009:
Thanks for commenting iasmina26. As I clearly said in the top of the document
"The following is a list of the top 10 countries in the world by population. The United Nations has been the source for all data mentioned, unless otherwise stated."
And then in the links section:
The United Nations PDFThis is the source document for all populations.
iasmina26 on June 25, 2009:
Good, but you should say the source(s) for the population counters!
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on June 17, 2009:
Thanks for commenting Kiwi91. In China they do still have the one child policy. However there are exceptions to the rule which include rural and ethnic minority families being allowed more than one child and those who have a girl for a first child or are both only childs are allowed a second child. However, it still means that a large proportion of the Chinese population is subject to the one child policy and as a result there is a low birth rate (per head of population) which should help the Chinese population level off.
kiwi91 from USA on June 17, 2009:
Excellent hub. No shocker that India and China are on the top of the list. Their population just blows everyone out of the water. Do they still mandate the "one child per couple" rule?
I was actually surprised to see the USA at #3. I thought that we were much lower on the totem pole in terms of population.
BristolBoy (author) from Bristol on June 16, 2009:
Thanks for the comments of support. I hoped this hub would be as informative for people as my hubs on the top 10 cheapest cities and top 10 most expensive cities which seemed to be extremely well received by the majority of people.
Gypsy Willow from Lake Tahoe Nevada USA , Wales UK and Taupo New Zealand on June 16, 2009:
Wow, really enjoyed this. Thanks for this informative hub. Two thumbs up!
R Burow from Florida, United States on June 16, 2009:
Informative hub, and the choice of photos was great !