World's Fair, Paris 1889
The World's Fair was scheduled for 1889 in Paris, France and the city wanted something unique to impress the expected visitors from around the world. Several designs were submitted to the organizers, and in the end, selected the design of Alexander Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel was a renowned architect, a metals expert, and a bridge-builder. His credits included the Garabit Viaduct, the Massif Bridge, and his work on the Statue of Liberty.
Built in 1889 as the gateway to the World's Fair, the Tower stands today in all its glory as the Magic of Paris. It has hosted the Olympics in 1900, 1924 and will again in 2024.
The construction began in 1887 with 300 steelworkers working non-stop dangerously high in the air. They handled, carried, welded some 18,000 metal parts, all according to Eiffel's plans. Over 2.5 million rivets were drilled into the steel, and over forty tons of paint were used. All of the building and painting was done by hand. Over 20,000 light bulbs were set into the Tower. It now stood 985 feet high, but at times the weather could 'shrink' it about six inches.
The original EiffelTower was painted red, then ochre, then yellow, and today three shades of brown. But with the 2024 Olympics scheduled, it will be painted gold. The painting has to be done every seven years to attempt to halt rust.
The first level is 189 feet with an observation deck, reception room, a souvenir shop, an art show, and a restaurant. The second level is up another 379 feet with another restaurant.
The light shows of the Tower are extraordinary and spectacular.
For forty-one years, the Tower was the tallest building in the year. That is until the Chrysler Building in New York towered at 1046 feet. Soon, that was eclipsed by the Empire State Building of 1454 feet.
There are over seven million visitors annually, and it is the most valued monument in Europe and worth an estimated 545 billion. And to think it was never built to be permanent! Since the opening in 1889, over 300 million have visited the Eiffel Tower.
Unusual Happenings of Eiffel Tower
Victor Lustig, born in Hungry (1890-1947), became famous as the Man Who Sold The Eiffel Tower. Victor had long been a card shark and con man. Settling in Paris, Victor posed as an official and counterfeit documents to a group of metal scrappers of Paris. He singled out the weakest of the men and settled on Andre Poisson, convincing him to pay $70,000 cash for the scrap metal. After collecting the cash, Victor fled to Austria, eventually to America, where he thrived in his con games. Now he believed he could make counterfeit money so real he'd never get caught.
But, federal agents did catch up with him in 1935. He was found guilty and sentenced to twenty years in Alcatraz Prison. Since he was a chronic complainer while in prison, often his pleas went unnoticed. But, he was finally diagnosed with pneumonia and sent to the MedicalbCenter for federal prisoners in Springfield, Missouri, where he died on March 9, 1947.
An inventor, Franz Reichert, known as the "Flying Tailor" (1878-1912), was convinced he could design a parachute for pilots to assist them if they needed to bale out of their airplanes. He did design a model and used dummies to test it out but was convinced he needed to test it himself.
He received permission from the officials of the EiffelTower to test his model. On February 4,bv1912, Franze climbed to the first level, stepped on the ledge as his friends begged him not to do the jump. Franze leaped from the ledge and plunged 187 feet to this death. Newspapers all splashed the leap on their front pages and said how he was "a reckless inventor."
The Olympics, 2024 in Paris
The 2024 Olympics is set for July 26 through August 11, 2024, and already major preparations have begun in Paris.
The Eiffel Tower will be painted an exceptional color of gold for this Olympics. In addition, renovations and upgrades are being spent on the iconic Eiffel Tower, with the City of Paris making improvements and beautifying their city as they are so famous for.
Paris will be only the second city in the modern Olympics to host the games three times. Previously, Paris hosted the Games 1900, 1924 and set for 2024. New for the upcoming 2024 Olympic Games will be
- Sport Climbing
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 31, 2021:
Joanne, thanks for your visit. I hope you get to see the Tower in its gold color. Thanks again for visiting.
Joanne Hayle from Wiltshire, U.K. on May 31, 2021:
An excellent article, thanks Fran. Having seen the Eiffel Tower in its normal colour it will be interesting to see it turned gold in 2024. Looking forward to your next piece:-)
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 30, 2021:
Rosina, so good to hear from you. I am glad for your visit and comments. Thanks again.
Rosina S Khan on May 29, 2021:
It was good to know the history about the impressive monument of Paris: The Eiffel Tower. I am glad that Paris will host Olympics in 2024 and has already started renovating the monument. Altogether a good article. Thanks for sharing, Fran.
Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on May 29, 2021:
I think this is a very interesting article. I liked learning all this information about this gorgeous structure. I would love to see it in person, which I don't think will ever happen. You have some great pictures also. Thank you for all this information.
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 29, 2021:
The article on Eyam, the church, the museum,. and the Saxon Cross. I loved the article. We sure could have used their lessons early on with the virus.
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 29, 2021:
Thank you for visiting. How lucky you are to have seen the Tower in person!. I just read your latest article but can't seem to comment on it? But, it was great.
Liz Westwood from UK on May 29, 2021:
The Eiffel Tower is an iconic structure. I recall several visits there. It has become symbolic of the French capital. This is a fascinating article.
BRENDA ARLEDGE from Washington Court House on May 29, 2021:
It's interesting to know the Eiffel Tower wasn't suppose to be permanent.
It's like the major attraction where people swarm with hopes of a love like Sleepless in Seattle.
I've always been told it's the city of love.
I would love to visit it in person to see that spectacular light display.
I always fear watching those daredevils who do magic like Houdini.
I guess this Franz Reichart, even though he was an inventor, had a bit of daredevil in him.
Or just the desire to prove his invention and get rich.
But he lost his life while in his young 40's.
If you've never attended a world's fair, you should try.
I went to one once, quite by accident. Just because I was in the right place at the right time.
It was in Tennessee back in 1982.
The one in Paris in 2024 should be awesome.
Thanks for sharing.