The Civic Arena in Pittsburgh PA
The Civic Arena
Located in Downtown Pittsburgh, PA, the Civic Arena was in the area known as the Lower Hill District. It was officially known as the Civic Auditorium Amphitheater, but only during its construction. The Civic Arena became its official name in 1961. (Pittsburgh sign makers had decided that the name Civic Arena fit better on street signs. Wikipedia) Constructed mainly for use by the Civic Light Opera, this prestigious theatre group called the arena home from 1961 to 1968.
Pittsburgh's hockey team, the Pittsburgh Penguins, home from 1967 to 2010. The locals nicknamed the arena “The Igloo”, because of its domed shape. (The Penguins moved across the street to the new Consol Energy Center, as did all other events, playing their first game there on October 7th, 2010 ).
Origin Of The Building
In 1949, Edgar J. Kaufmann (head of the former Kaufmann's Department Stores) first proposed the new auditorium as home for the Civic Light Opera. The CLO performed in the open-aired Pitt Stadium at the time--a closed venue was needed. He offered Pittsburgh Mayor David Lawrence $500,000 for a new closed roof arena and $1,000,000 if it had a retractable roof (to enjoy the performances under the stars). In addition, the it was to serve as a multi-purpose arena for sports and as a convention center.
Civic Arena Location - Zoom for Surprise Views
It housed the world's first retractable, stainless steel dome. Costing $22 million, a combination of public and private money were used, including grants from Allegheny County and the City of Pittsburgh (in addition to Kaufmann's offer). The plans were the design of architects Mitchell & Ritchey with structural engineers Ammann & Whitney.
The stainless steel dome reflected the sun in a blinding glimmer. This was the first major-sports venue to have a dome covering which stretched over 170,000 sq. feet. Supported by a 260-foot-long cantilevered arm on the outside. (A projecting structure, such as a beam, that is supported at one end and carries a load at the other end or along its length. TheFreeDictionary) It was made with almost 3,000 tons of steel. The steel was from Pittsburgh, the "Steel City". The roof had 8 sections: two fixed and six movable. The hydraulic jacks system never functioned consistently and the roof permanently closed after 1994. The auditorium seated up 14,000 people. Through improvements, seating increased steadily, reaching a 16,940 capacity in 2010.
Mellon Arena April 30, 2010
Re-Named Mellon Arena
The building was renamed Mellon Arena in 1999 when the Mellon Financial Group purchased the naming rights (the team was looking for new ways to raise revenue). The naming rights expired in 2010 and the name reverted back to the Civic Arena. The original address was 300 Auditorium Place and renamed “66 Mario Lemieux Place” in a ceremony with Mayor Tom Murphy, on May 13, 1997. This was done to honor the Pittsburgh Penguins' hockey legend, Mario Lemieux, because of his tremendous achievements. The Civic Arena closed on June 26, 2010. Demolition began Monday, September 26, 2011 and was completed on March 31st, 2012.
Demolition of the Civic Arena
The Final Days - Demolition
The Civic Arena closed on June 26, 2010. The Penguins and all other events moved to the new Consol Energy Center. The Sports & Exhibition Authority of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County, (the arena's owner) initially voted in September 2010 to begin demolition in 2011. In November 2010, the arena was nominated for Pittsburgh historic status, and was delayed. The Pittsburgh Historic Review Commission met on March 2, 2011 to hear this plea.
In the end, the commission rejected the arena for historic status. The City Planning and Pittsburgh City Council also refused a request. A federal lawsuit was filed by those who wish to save the arena. Finally, the 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals denied the lawsuit. The demolition on the arena began on September 26, 2011 and completed March 31, 2012. (Numerous videos have been posted on youtube, including time-lapse videos.)
Le Magnifique - Number 66
Career - Part One
Mario Lemieux played his first game for the Pittsburgh Penguins on October 11, 1984. On his first shift, he stole the puck from defense-man Ray Bourque and scored a goal on his first NHL shot. This started an incredible, almost unbelievable career. The record of his achievements would take pages to ennumerate. It is said that he saved the Pittsburgh Penguins twice--once as a player and once as an owner. He is the only person to have won Stanley Cup Championships as a player (1991 and 1992) and an owner (2009).
Lemieux‘s astounding career was interrupted several times. He battled a life threatening illness, Hodgkin's lymphoma in 1993. He underwent two back operations, the second on July 23, 1993. A lockout in 1994-95 reduced the season from 84 games to just 48. Without these situations, who knows how much more he could have achieved. On April 26, 1997 Lemieux played in his final NHL game, for the first time. On November 17, 1997, he was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame--only the ninth player in history to have the mandatory three-year waiting period waived.
Over the years, the Penguins had asked Lemieux and other prominent players to defer their salaries because of financial difficulties. In the end, the Penguins were forced to declare bankruptcy in November 1998. It looked like the Penguins would either move out of town or fold the team. Lemieux stepped in with an unusual proposal. Years of deferred salaries, added up to $30 million. He proposed that this debt be converted to equity and he would buy the team. He promised to keep the team in Pittsburgh.
“The NHL's Board of Governors approved his application for ownership on September 1, 1999. Two days later, a U.S. Bankruptcy Court approved Lemieux's reorganization plan, allowing him to formally assume control. Lemieux assumed the position of chairman of the board, president, and chief executive officer of the Penguins.”
Lemieux's Career - Part Two
Lemieux ended his retirement and he played in his first game in 44 months on December 27, 2000. Continuing to pile up the goals assists and records, he endured another hockey strike in 2003-4. Lemieux missed all but ten games during the 2003–04 season. He plays in his final game, Dec. 16, 2006. On Jan. 24, 2006 Lemieux retires for the second time, suffering from atrial fibrillation.
A statue in his honor was erected in Pittsburgh in March, 2012, outside of the Consol Energy Center.
Career Timeline: http://sports.espn.go.com/nhl/news/story?id=2304706
A Hockey Night in Pittsburgh
The Pens Score!
Hockey milestones at The Igloo:
- The first game: The Pittsburgh Hornets played in a 2-1 loss to the Buffalo Bisons. (October 14, 1961 - 9,317 fans)
- The Pittshurgh Hornets, a minor league team, (American Hockey League) beat Buffalo in the Calder Cup Final at their last game in the arena. (April 30, 1967)
- The Pittsburgh Penguins were one of a six-team expansion franchise selected by the National Hockey League. (February 1967)
- The Penguins played their first game at the Civic Arena losing to the Montreal Canadiens, 2-1. (October 11, 1967)
- During the 1990 NHL All-Star Game, Mario Lemieux scored four goals and was named MVP. (January 21, 1990)
- In the first Stanley Cup Finals game, the Pens lost 5-4 to the Minnesota North Stars. (May 15, 1991)
- Jordan Staal scored the last goal for the Pens in the Civic Arena. (May 12, 2010)
Inside Civic Arena - Mellon Arena
Michael Jackson's Bad Tour
Concerts of Note
- The Beatles (1964)
- The Doors (1970)
- Elvis Presley (1973, 1976)
- The Jacksons (1981)
- Michael Jackson (1988)
- The Grateful Dead (1989)
- Christina Aguilera (2007)
American Idols Live Tour (2009)
Major political rallies were part of arena history.
- Former President Dwight Eisenhower (October 12, 1962)
- President Lyndon B. Johnson (October 27, 1964)
- Senator Barry Goldwater (October 29, 1964)
- Vice President Nixon (October 28, 1968)
- Senator Barack Obama (October 27, 2008)
Major Hollywood Films
- The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh (1979)
- Grateful Dead Download Series Volume 9 (1989)
- Sudden Death (1995)
- Rock Star (2001)
- Zach and Miri Make a Porno (2008)
- She's Out of My League (2010)
- Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera entertained with many shows at the Civic Arena. (1961-68)
- The Ice Capades performed at the Civic Arena's grand opening on September 19th, 1961.
- The Pittsburgh Hornets, a minor league hockey team (American Hockey League) called the arena home. (1961-1967)
- The Pittsburgh Penguins scored here. (National Hockey League). (1967 - 2010)
- During a July 4, 1962 Carol Burnett show, the first full roof opening occurred, to which she exclaimed "Ladies and Gentleman . . . I present the sky!"(Pittsburgh Post-Gazette March 29, 2012
- A professional tennis team, the Pittsburgh Triangles of the World Team Tennis (WTT) played here. (1974-76)
- The Civic Arena roof opened to the "2001: A Space Odyssey" theme song when the Pittsburgh Phantoms (a professional roller hockey team) played the Minnesota Arctic Blast. It was the first time the arena roof was opened for a professional hockey game. (August 25, 1994)
- In addition, there were roller derbies, circuses, professional wrestling, professional basketball, the Harlem Globetrotters, boxing, lacrosse, football, ice skating championships, kennel shows, monster truck shows, and soccer.
Champion Wrestler - Bruno Sammartino
The Civic Arena
For many, the Civic Arena (Mellon Arena) was an exciting, fun-filled place that now evokes fond, nostalgic, memories. If you search the web, you will find many websites that mention concerts, sports events (especially Penguins hockey games), political rallies and many more events. Arena fans have recorded their memories with great joy.
Personally, I remember watching Studio Wrestling, which aired on Saturday nights on WIIC (a Pittsburgh TV station-now named WPXI). Hosted by Bill Cardille, the show was held at the Civic Arena from 1961 until 1972. Bruno Sammartino, Bobby "Hurricane" Hunt, Jumping Johnny De Fazio, and Dominic DeNucci were among my favorite wrestlers.
Bruno Samartino, the wrestler that sold out Madison Square Garden 187 times, was inducted into The Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame on April 9th 2103. Fellow wrestler Dominic Denucci had the same honor in 2012.
I also attended a few hockey games: once in the early 1970s and in 2008. Concerts, religious rallies, and circuses are remembered fondly by all attendees. I took a relative to the circus when he was very little. He got to ride an elephant at the circus in the Civic Arena. These memories are part of my past and bring me great pleasure.
For almost 50 years, the Civic Arena (Mellon Arena) played a major part in the history of our city, Pittsburgh, PA. For some, this major entertainment venue will remembered for the joy and pleasure it provided. For others, the Civic Arena is a painful memory of a dislocated population and loss of identity. For those people, the loss of the arena may give them pleasure for different reasons.
© 2013 ajwrites57
Visiting the Civic Arena
Pittsburgh Skyline - March 7, 2001 - Click Link Under Photo
- Tribune-Review/Pittsburgh Tribune-Review February 3, 2011
© 2013 AJ Long
AJ Long (author) from Pennsylvania on March 03, 2013:
Yes, LauraD093, it was a great place! I found a shot of the Arena in an unexpected place where I was reading and it gave me a shock to see it! I thought it was a recent photo and confused me for a second (I was half asleep!) Thanks for reading and commenting! :o)
Laura Tykarski from Pittsburgh PA on March 03, 2013:
Loved this hub as a Pittsburgh girl this brought back so many great memories for me. When they showed the "igloo" coming down on T.V. I almost cried. Thanks.
AJ Long (author) from Pennsylvania on February 24, 2013:
dahoglund thanks for reading and commenting. The three rivers make it an intereting place to live. There are almost 500 bridges in and around Pittsburgh and getting anywhere means you need to cross some to get there. And yes, Pittsburghers love their sports teams. Everyone in Pittsburgh was in the Civic Arena at least once. We already miss this entertainment venue.
I've been to Kenosha before. It was along time ago, but I enjoyed riding through Wisconsin. Thanks for sharing! :o)
Don A. Hoglund from Wisconsin Rapids on February 24, 2013:
This is an interesting insight into Pittsburgh. I've never been there and I am not very familiar with the area. I may never get there but now I know something about the an aspect of the city and its sports interest. sharing.
AJ Long (author) from Pennsylvania on January 28, 2013:
Yes--the Civic Arena was an amazing place! In a few movies, the arena was just a backdrop, in Sudden Death it was a part of the movie. I find it hard to watch the time-lapse video of it's demolition. Thanks for stopping by!
Christopher Wanamaker from Arizona on January 28, 2013:
There's a lot of useful factoids in this hub. I had no idea that seven movies had scenes filmed at the Civic Arena. That's awesome!