Are there any venomous snakes in Singapore ? Yes, there are many.
Exotic Singapore is a phenomenal city state situated on the Southern tip of Malaysia. The tropical climate ensures heat, sunshine and an abundance of snakes, spiders and biting insects ready to ruin any vacation.
Mainland Malaysia is a gateway for many poisonous and venomous creatures from Cambodia, Thailand and Burma. All these countries are also known for dangerous man killers from the animal, reptilian and insect worlds.
Most of the snakes in Singapore would be found in the rural areas away from human habitats. They can be seen on roads, in forests, and usually close to a water supply.
Due to snake anti - venom, there have been no reported deaths in Singapore in recent years. But people do get bitten, and in some cases have become blind or had limbs amputated.
Please also note that during holiday seaon, snake anti-venom may lso be in short supply.
Black Spitting Cobra
Renowned as one of the worlds most dangerous snakes. The Black Spitting Cobra in Singapore is a very versatile, agile, and formidable foe.
Growing to a mere avergae 5 feet ( 1.5m ) in length, the Spitting Cobra is more deadly than a snake which bites.
Not aggressive by nature, but will attack quite readily If agitated or frightened. Its usual habitats are forests and rural areas, but can now be found occasionally in outbuildings and garages.
The Cobra will spit its' venom at great speed and to a distance of almost 2 meters. The snakes prey is blinded by the venom making it easier to catch.
The venom is neurotoxic, which attacks the nervous system.
If the spitted venom enters the eyes, human victims may be temporarily or permanently blinded.
Victims whom are bitten will initially feel pain and the bitten area may begin to swell. Heart palpitations, headaches and nausea may rapidly follow soon after the bite is received.
As the venom spreads through the body, breathing may become difficult an the victim may sweat profusely.
Organ failure could lead to coma then death if anti venom is not administered quickly.
Blue Malaysian Coral Snakes
All Coral snakes are highly venomous. Singapore is home to the Banded, Spotted and the Blue Coral snakes.
Averaging a little over 4 feet in length, the Blue Malaysian Coral snake can kill. There are recorded deaths in Singapore due to the victim not receiving anti venom in time.
A shortage of anti venom for this snakes venom makes victims even more at danger.
The elusive behaviour of this species usually means that tourists will not see them to often. Terrestrial, living and feeding on the ground, this snake is usually found in moist to wet areas.
Can be found under leaves and fallen logs and rock piles. May enter garages and out buildings.
Venom and Bites.
A Singaporean man reportedly died within five minutes of being bitten by a Blue Coral Snake.
The neurotoxin venom contains its own type of anaesthetic, which means that victims may not even know if they have been bitten.
The wounded area will become numb and swell as well as the facial lips. As the venom spreads, cramps and muscle spasms may occur as well as headaches.
Breathing becomes difficult as the venom continues to shut down all body muscles. Renal failure and cardiac arrest may follow resulting in death from respiratory failure.
TOURIST WARNING: Human Organ traffickers can operate in Singapore.
Deadly snakes in Singapore include the Reticulated Python. Growing to over 7 meters ( 22 feet ) in length these snakes do pose a deadly threat to humans.
Although only averaging 5 meters in length in Singapore, the Python can be found in drains, swimming pools, and almost anywhere where close to human habitats.
With so much human waste attracting vermin, the snakes have found an abundant food source.
Pythons are the most common snake in Singapore. Typically shy, they can turn nasty quite quickly.
They constrict around their prey, breaking bones and crushing internal organs ready to be swallowed whole.
This snake can give a very nasty bite, but it is illegal to kill a Python in Singapore. There are approximately 100 species of snake in Singapore.
- In 1995, a farm worker was found with his head inside a Pythons mouth. The 7m long snake was coiled around the dead mans body.
- A very large Python ate a whole cow in Indonesia.
Spiders in Singapore.
Of the approximate 170,00 species of spider in the world, only 27 species have been known to cause human fatalities.
There are no highly venomous spiders in Singapore which can kill. Many spiders' fangs are to short to penetrate clothing.
Occasionally tarantulas can be seen, especially within the forested areas. The ultra modern urban areas of Singapore are usually so clean that any spiders that do get into buildings are normally cleaned away.
Brown House Spider
More commonly referred to as the Brown Recluse or Violin spider. Very common throughout the world, this spider can leave nasty gaping wounds in the skin if the bite is left untreated.
This species of spider usually lives in harmony with man, and can be found hiding in airing cupboards, drawers, and even in garages and amongst bedding and towels.
This cousin of the European and American Brown Recluse spider has never been reported to of caused any human fatalities.
Most bites occur when the spider is in the attire that a victim is putting on. The spider bites as a last resort and injects its venom, although most bites are considered 'dry'.
The venom is hemotoxic, which destroys living skin tissue. The initial bite may not even be felt by the victim for several hours.
As the venom spreads in the worst cases, necrosis may begin as the healthy skin cells begins to break down.
Gaping wounds can form and lesions can appear if the bite is not treated.
There are two main species of scorpion on Singapore, the Black and the Spotted House scorpion. The Spotted House scorpion is the more venomous of the two.
Although neither species cause fatalities amongst humans, they can both give a nasty nip from their pincers and can also inject venom into their victim.
Bites can result in localised swelling and slight necrosis with blistering around the infected area.
Scorpions can be found in most rural areas. Always check footwear and discarded clothes prior to putting them on, even whilst on the beach.
Hornets are renowned throughout the world for their aggressive behaviour when agitated. Swarms of up to 500 hornets have been known to attack large animals and humans when they have been disturbed.
Average size for worker hornets are 2.5 cm, with he queen being 30mm.
There are three main species of hornets in Singapore, with the 'Lesser Banded Hornet' being the most dangerous.
This breed of hornet usually build their nests high up in trees and in forested areas. If encountering a hornets nest in any area, it is advisable to calmly walk away.
These hornets have no barbs in their stings, allowing each one to sting up to 20 times per minute.
Although the stings are not usually life threatening, multiple stings from a swarm have been known to kill fully grown men.
- Hornets killed 42 people and seriously injured 1,675 in 6 months in China 2013