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All You Want to Know About Ras Mohammad (the Head Land of Mohammad), Protected Area, Sinai, Egypt

Eman is living in Egypt. She loves to write about natural parks in Egypt.

Ras Mohammad (the Head Land of Mohammad) Reserve, South Sinai, Egypt

ras-mohammad-natural-park-red-sea

Ras Mohammad is a natural park located in South Sinai, 12 km from Sharm Al-Sheikh, 446 km from the capital of Egypt, Cairo. It covers an area of 480 km2, including 135 km2 of land, 345 km2 of coral reefs and aquatic environments. Ras Mohammad is located at the confluence of the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Ras Mohammad is characterized by coral reefs, colorful fish, endangered sea turtles, and rare aquatic habitats. It was declared by the Egyptian government as a natural park in 1983.

Ras Mohammad Natural Park South of Sinai, Egypt

Ras Mohammad Protected Area

Ras Mohamed submerged trees, it is one of the unique around the world for the tree grow inside the sea water of its high salinity.

Ras Mohamed submerged trees, it is one of the unique around the world for the tree grow inside the sea water of its high salinity.

Ras Mohammad Natural Park

A water bird at the mangrove channel in Ras Mohamed National Park, South Sinai, Egypt.

A water bird at the mangrove channel in Ras Mohamed National Park, South Sinai, Egypt.

Its Importance

  • Ras Mohammad is located at the junction of the water currents coming from the Gulf of Suez and Aqaba which making it a fertile area of food for marine life. More than 200 species of coral reefs and 1000 species of fish have been documented.
  • the depth of the diving area in Ras Mohammad ranges between a few meters and up to 800 meters, interspersed with hillsides, slides, and spectacular views. As a result of the changes that have swept the coast over thousands of years, 70,000 large areas of rare coral reefs hang to a depth of 100 meters below water.
  • The location of Ras Mohammad at the confluence of the water of the Gulf of Suez and Aqaba led to the mixing of the water of the two regions with varying degrees of salinity and consequently to the emergence of different forms of coral reefs, rock chains, and rare fish. Ras Mohammad reserve characterized by no estuaries of rivers or valleys on its shores, thus, beaches maintain their privacy and stability.
  • The eastern edge of Ras Mohammad protected is a rock wall with the water of the Gulf of Aqaba, with coral reefs, as well as the mangrove canal, that separate the headland of Mohammad and the mangrove island with a length of 250 meters.
  • Ras Mohammad is characterized by the presence of endangered sea turtles such as Green_sea_turtle. Rare fish such as sea stars, feather stars, sea cucumber, Nudibranch, shells, shrimps, Red_lionfish, moray eels, octopus, and Spanish dancer fish, along with dolphins. There are 150 species of coral reefs that blew the island.
  • The reserve contains rare birds such as falcons, storks, and herons. Thousands of white storks go to the south in September to return back to the north in April and May.
  • The protected area also includes rare mammals such as red foxes, hybrids, mountain rabbits, deer, mountain goat, dorsal deer, and Nubian_ibex.
  • In the reserve, there are 85 species of plants, the most important of them are mangrove trees.

Mangrove Trees in Ras Mohammad Reserve

Mangroves in the Ras Mohammed National Park, Sinai, Egypt.

Mangroves in the Ras Mohammed National Park, Sinai, Egypt.

Ras Mohammad Reserve

Ras Mohamed Surgeonfish type Acanthurus sohal fish, its strips looks like zebra.

Ras Mohamed Surgeonfish type Acanthurus sohal fish, its strips looks like zebra.

Wreckage of the SS Thistlegorm Ship in Ras Mohammad Reserve

 A Winch and associated parts sitting on the deck of the SS Thistlegorm. The Thistlegorm, a transport ship, was sunk by a German bomber, during the Second World War, on 5 October 1941 near Ras Muhammad in the Red Sea. The wreck was originally located

A Winch and associated parts sitting on the deck of the SS Thistlegorm. The Thistlegorm, a transport ship, was sunk by a German bomber, during the Second World War, on 5 October 1941 near Ras Muhammad in the Red Sea. The wreck was originally located

The Most Attractive Places in Ras Mohammad

  • Shark Reef&Yolanda Ship: Where all kinds of fish available in the Red Sea, especially in the summer months, where Scorpionfish are rarely seen in other dive sites, along with the wreckage of the Yolanda ship where an abundance of coral reefs, tuna, barracuda, and sharks.
  • Anemone City: Which contains the corridors and paths of the solid and soft reefs. the fertile anemone region hides a large number of anemones with many other species of fish. This area is truly a "cosmopolitan fish town".
  • Eel Garden: Its bottom is sandy and large, with many eels gardens along with a coral garden.
  • Ras Za'atar (Head Land of Za'atar): A beautiful wall covered with soft coral and lots of cracks.
  • Ras Ghozlany (Head Land of Ghozlany): A small rocky chain with large coral reefs. It has three dive sites along with lots of coral reefs and marine fish life.
  • Shark's Observatory: The observatory can be accessed and exited through a narrow cave with one diver, then access to a magnificent rocky wall filled with Gorgonian, lots of Anthia's, Scorpionfish, and sometimes Turtle.
  • Hidden Bay or the lake of wishful thinking as the nomads call it: The Bedouins used to swim there long ago, throwing stones, wishing some wishes, believing them to be achieved.

Red Sea Diving, Ras Mohammad, South Sinai, Egypt

The Head Land of Mohammad Natural Park

Underground water groove in Ras Muhammad National Park

Underground water groove in Ras Muhammad National Park

  • The Seismic Fissure: It is important for visitors and geologists. The fault was caused by the earthquake that struck the region in 1968, and its epicenter was on Shadwan Island near the entrance to the Gulf of Suez. The seismic fissure is linked to the marine environment through small channels. The fissure is characterized by the presence of some marine creatures, such as the blind red shrimp.

How to Go?

Tourists can go to Sharm Al-Sheikh tourist offices where you can choose between two courses to either go by sea or by safari. The best way is a safari to be able to identify and visit its landmarks.

The journey takes 20 minutes from Sharm Al-Sheikh by land to reach the entrance gate of Ras Mohammad reserve.

From Cairo, one can go to Ras Mohammad by booked a car or bus which booked through the tourist offices. This trip takes nearly half a day.

For the visitors

  1. According to official instructions, an official visa must be provided to Ras Mohammad is different from that granted to Sinai.
  2. Many recommended visiting the headland of Mohammad as a boat or yacht as this provides many diving opportunities during the visit.
  3. The headland of Mohammad receives divers throughout the year while the temperature reaches the maximum in the summer (June to August). Those who like cold water, in particular, should go to the reserve in winter.
  4. The best time to watch the Barracuda fish is from mid-July until September.
  5. To access diving places from the beach, use Open-Heel Fans and boots. These objects can be rented from the dive center.

© 2018 Eman Abdallah Kamel

Comments

Eman Abdallah Kamel (author) from Egypt on March 01, 2019:

Thank you very much, Linda. Indeed Ras Mohammad Reserve has unique properties and is very beautiful.

Linda Chechar from Arizona on February 28, 2019:

What an incredible natural reserve with a huge variety of flora and fauna and gorgeous underwater diving.

Eman Abdallah Kamel (author) from Egypt on April 20, 2018:

Thank you very much, Mohamed.

Mohamed on April 20, 2018:

Fantastic.

Eman Abdallah Kamel (author) from Egypt on April 15, 2018:

Thank you very much, Mary. Ras Mohammed is a very beautiful nature reserve and it is truly a unique place worth visiting, in fact, it is much more beautiful than the description.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on April 14, 2018:

I've heard of this place when we were in Egypt and I wished we had time to visit it. I heard about the diving there. I wish we can go back to see this place.

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