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Nepal Travel Information

I've been an active Search & Rescue volunteer since 2007 with the Coconino County Sheriff's SAR Team in northern Arizona.

The flag of Nepal

The flag of Nepal

Traveling To The Land Of The Himalaya

Since I'll be going from the United States (Arizona, to be specific) to Nepal for three months beginning in early May, I thought I'd keep track of my travel plans and information here, in case it might be of help to anyone else planning a trip. I'll also update the information when I return. (Edited to add: which I have.)

If you have any questions or suggestions for me about Nepal travel, please leave them in the guestbook below.

There's also a 10-question, multiple choice quiz to test your knowledge of Nepal. See how you do!

A Map Of Nepal [I'll be flying into Kathmandu and then traveling to the town of Pokhara and beyond.]

Map of Nepal

Map of Nepal



A New Passport for Nepal

My first order of business

I needed a passport for my Nepal trip, since mine had expired years ago. And the prices have gone up quite a bit since I was a teenager. Now it costs $75 for the passbook and another $25 for the application fee paid to the post office.

First, I downloaded and printed the application form from the U.S. Department of State website. I filled it out but didn't sign it, as instructed. That I had to do in front of the lady at the post office.

Before going to the post office to submit the application, I went to a local Walgreens store to get a passport photo taken. Passport photos have to be 2 inches square and show a full face view from the shoulders up. You need to submit two copies with the application.

I then pulled out my birth certificate and old, expired passport, both of which were damaged from a flash flood several years ago. (It's not necessary to have your old passport to obtain a new one, but do bring it along if you have it.) When I gave these items to the lady at the post office, she said that they may be a little too damaged to be acceptable, but she'd send them in, she said, and if the birth certificate in particular comes back denied, she said it's easy enough to get a new one on (My birth certificate will be returned by mail.) She also made a copy of my drivers license to submit with the application.

For more information on obtaining a passport and where to apply in your area, see the U.S Department of State Passports information page.

1/11 Update: Got my passport! No new birth certificate was necessary, and they returned the original, along with my old, expired passport and the new one. On to the next order of business I go: a travel visa.

Nepal Travel - A great overview of the country (photos and video footage)

A Lonely Planet Guide to Nepal

A Travel Visa For Nepal

Required for any length of stay

Now that my new passport has arrived, I'm looking into getting a 3-month travel visa. I know you can get one upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or at a number of land border points of entry, but I'd like to be able to take care of this ahead of time if possible. So I called the Embassy of Nepal in Washington, D.C. at 202-667-4550 and left a message, since no one was available at the time. I'll try calling again in a couple of hours.

You can visit the Department of State website to learn more about Nepal's entry and exit requirements, including information about the fluctuating airport exit tax collected from all foreigners, regardless of their length of stay, by the airlines or travel agents. (It's advised to retain 1100 rupees for airport tax when departing Nepal by air.)


1/13: Okay, I got right through to the embassy the second time I called, and I was instructed to go to the Embassy of Nepal website, where I can download a visa application. Off to do that now....

2/10: I just mailed off my visa application, the $100 fee for a 3-month, multi-entry visa (cashier's check or money orders only), and my passport, along with return postage. The man at the post office suggested I send the material Priority with delivery confirmation. Return will be Priority as well.

2/15: Got my 90-day visa! So my passport is back, and now it's time to buy my airline ticket.

Pokhara, Nepal -- Where I'll Be Spending A Lot Of Time - Considered Nepal's Second City

Although it's really more of a town, located at the foot of the Anapurna range about 200 kilometers (124 miles) west of Nepal's capital, Kathmandu.

Scroll to Continue

Immunizations For Nepal

Shots ... my least favorite part of this whole travel thing

According to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention's Health Information for Nepal page, the following vaccines are recommended for those traveling to the country, in addition to being up-to-date on regular immunizations (ie. the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, polio virus vaccine, etc.):

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Typhoid
  • Rabies
  • Japanese encephalitis (if visiting rural farming areas)
  • Polio (or an adult booster if necessary)

I'm going to feel like a pincushion! But I'll be discussing all of this with my family doctor well before the trip.

Antimalarial medications are also recommended for certain areas of Nepal below 4,000 feet.

See the CDC website for up-to-date health and immunization information and travel notices.

Note: A friend of mine suggested I request Thimeserol-free shots (Thimeserol = mercury preservative). I'd not heard of that before, but it sounds like good advice.

My Nepal Immunization Log

2/25: I made an appointment with the County Health Department to get my shots. The lady said I'll be on the "accelerated" schedule for the Hepatitis immunizations, because I leave in just two months, and usually the shots are more spread out. She said the Hep A and B are combined into one shot (good, fewer pokes!). I'll get one next week, one the following week, and one two weeks later.

I'll also get an adult Polio booster. She advised me to get prescriptions for Malaria and Typhoid pills from my family doctor, which I take two weeks before leaving. I have an appointment with my family doctor for April 2nd, so that will be plenty of time.

The lady at the Health Department advised against getting the Japanese encephalitis shot. She said that the chances of getting it are so low that it's not worth the possible "complications." Yikes.

3/30: After getting my first in a series of Hepatitis A and B vaccines at the County Health Department, I contacted Ingo about the rest of the immunizations and medications recommended by the CDC for travel to Nepal.

And this is what he told me....

Ingo says I "absolutely do not need malaria medication since we are not planning to go to the Terai-Low-Lands at the Indian border. There is no Malaria anywhere else in Nepal.The altitude is too high for that. A booster for tetanus is recommended if you have been vaccinated longer than 10 years ago."

As far as rabies goes, he says that all of their dogs are up to date on their vaccines and that "it is not recommended to take such vaccine before as protection. ... It is very rare that a visitor is bitten and needs treatment. Happens of course to locals and therefore every health post and clinic that is in reach of a larger population has the vaccine."

Regarding Typhoid, he tells me that "if you do not drink any water from unknown sources (which we will not allow anyway as long as we are together with you) and if you do not fall to the temptation to eat greens or raw stuff like lettuce, slices of radish, cucumber and tomatoes etc. in any restaurant or munch unwashed unpeeled fruit," there is no need for Typhoid pills either.

Hmm, I'll have to think about that one. There were "ifs" in there.

Ingo advises that I should not eat food from street vendors and no ice cream or fresh-pressed juice except in "real good restaurants" that he and the team recommend. The food "their guys" cook is safe, meaning the meals that will be provided to me by the HRDSN.

Ingo says, "Lately, there are also all the medicines thinkable against anything that can befall a visitor to Nepal simply available in the local pharmacies. And as for Nepal, no prescription by a doctor is needed, because there are not enough doctors in Nepal anyway. I am a pharmacist for tropical disease by first profession, so do not worry; you are in good hands. You should more worry about Giardia and amoebas. That is the most common illness that tourists catch in Nepal while going out eating in restaurants."

He goes on to recommend....

"Having a pack of Tinidazole 2000 mg with you is the best you can keep for just in case. Amoebas and Giardia can also get to you if you eat clean food and well cooked food with unwashed hands or touch a toilet doorknob, a dirty restaurant garden chair, a table and then touch your sandwich with the same unwashed hands. Tinidazole 2000... is cheaper to buy it here though. Every street corner pharmacy has it. The package costs between 1 and 2 Dollars."

Some things to think about there.

Lukla Airport, Nepal

Lukla Airport, Nepal

Airline Tickets To Nepal

I'm currently in contact with a travel agent, who's researching fares for me. So far, they seem to be hovering around U.S $1,600, round-trip. I'll update this information, including the route (these long flights all have significant stopovers in at least one other country, such as Thailand), the travel time, and which airline/s I'll be flying once I settle on a ticket.


3/14: I bought a ticket! I'll be flying from Phoenix to LAX to Hong Kong to Kathmandu. 23 hours and 17 minutes of flying time and 14 hours, 48 minutes of waiting in between those flights, and I'll be in Nepal. The airlines will be U.S. Air and Cathay Pacific, and I signed up for Frequent Flier programs with both.

I'll have a long layover in Hong Kong, so there will be time to walk around AND get a hotel room for the night ... and there is actually a hotel in the airport terminal as well as at least one next to the airport.

My round-trip airline ticket was $1,197 including taxes and fees, but I'm also purchasing travel insurance, which adds another $379! But that's because I'll be in the country for so long. I'm purchasing the insurance through

Flying From Kathmandu To Pokhara

The two main tourist centers in Nepal

While one can take a bus from Kathmandu to Pokhara, I was advised to avoid the long, rough, and uncertain bus trip and instead take a short plane ride--a half-hour compared to a six- to eight-hour (or longer!) bus ride. And that's if there hasn't been an accident or landslide along the often narrow road.

So, I looked up flight schedules and costs. The fare was just US$67 at most. And, at 1580 Nepalese rupees, it's even cheaper if you pay in the national currency. (Less than $22 according to the currency calculator I'm using. Hm, if that's the case, I'm paying everything in rupees!)

I'm told that I can get a plane ticket from Kathmandu to Pokhara once I arrive, which I'll do because I'm not sure how long I'll want to stay in Kathmandu.


5/8: Actually, it doesn't matter if you pay for a plane ticket in rupees or foreign currency; there is a certain price for foreigners, another price for foreigners who live in Nepal and yet another price for Nepalis. I ended up paying U.S. $92. It was extra because the ticket was obtained by the guest house manager via an agent.



Exchanging Foreign Currency For Nepalese Rupees

I've learned that major hotels, stores and restaurants in Nepal accept most foreign currencies as well as credit cards such as American Express, Visa and Master Card, but I'll need rupees for taxis and smaller vendors. It's recommended that travelers carry small bills, as many shops aren't able to make change for the large denominations.

As far as exchanging foreign currencies for rupees, travelers must do so through a bank exchange counter or authorized agent, such as those located in some major hotels. And it's advised to ask for a receipt when changing money, because when you leave the country via Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, if you have leftover Nepalese rupees, you can exchange at least part of that money back to about 10 or 12 different foreign currencies.

US dollar traveler's checks can be purchased from American Express major banks in Kathmandu, including Durbar Marg. There is usually a charge of 1% of the face value to cash traveler's checks.

See Traveler's Guide for more information on money and banking in Nepal.


As of 1/13/10, the exchange rate is 72.6 Nepalese rupees per U.S. dollar. (See Exchange Rates Table for the American Dollar on for the current rate.)

And here's a handy currency calculator you can use. Besides how inexpensive things seem to be in Nepal in U.S. dollars, I'm finding that they're even cheaper if you pay in rupees rather than U.S. dollars (or other foreign currency), where U.S. dollars are accepted in the first place.

Use a Travel Belt in Nepal to Keep Your Money, Passport and Other Valuables Safe

Nepal, as with many other countries and certainly some places here in the U.S. are known for having a pick-pocket here and there, so using a travel belt is always a good idea, especially in the cities. I've used mine on a number of trips, regardless of the chance of being robbed. The belt is great because I always knows where these important items are, keeps them close at hand and prevents me from dropping or misplacing them.

Take The Nepal Quiz Challenge

How much do you know about this little country?

Here are 10 questions to test your Nepal knowledge.


For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. What is the total area of Nepal in square kilometers (and miles)?
    • 100,200km2 (38,687mi2)
    • 140,800km2 (54,363mi2)
    • 165,020km2 (63,715mi2)
    • 190,440km2 (73,529mi2)
    • 210,668km2 (81,339mi2)
  2. What is the capital of Nepal?
    • Pokhara
    • Dhawalagiri
    • Bangkok
    • Kathmandu
    • Langtang
  3. What is the approximate population of Nepal (2009)
    • 18 million
    • 22 million
    • 30 million
    • 42 million
    • 56 million
  4. What is the most practiced religion in Nepal?
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Islam
    • Mundhum
    • Hinduism
  5. In the middle of which month does the Nepal year begin?
    • April
    • January
    • September
    • June
    • December
  6. Which statement about Nepal is FALSE?
    • Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world with nearly half of its population living below th
    • The agriculture sector in Nepal contributes 41% of the GDP and employs an estimated 81.2% of labor.
    • Nepal has a climate that ranges from subtropical summers with mild winters in the southern lowlands to an alpine climate
    • Nepal has no reserves of oil or gas, and only small coal reserves.
    • All of the statements above are true.
  7. What is Nepal's national flower?
    • buttercup
    • magnoli
    • orchid
    • rose
    • rhododendron
  8. Nepal is landlocked between which two countries?
    • India and Thailand
    • China and India
    • China and Burma
    • India and Pakistan
    • Thailand and Bhutan
  9. Which mountain is not at least partly located in Nepal?
    • Manaslu
    • Everest
    • Lhotse
    • Annapurna
    • K2
  10. What type of goverment does Nepal currently have? (2010)
    • Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy
    • Communist
    • Dictatorship
    • Theocracy
    • Socialist

Answer Key

  1. 140,800km2 (54,363mi2)
  2. Kathmandu
  3. 30 million
  4. Hinduism
  5. April
  6. All of the statements above are true.
  7. rhododendron
  8. China and India
  9. K2
  10. Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy

More Information About Travel To Nepal

A Nepali Photo Montage

How To Dress in Nepal [Added after my trip]

When I packed my suitcases for my trip to Nepal, I included lots of shorts and a couple of pairs of jeans, but I rarely used any of them, instead buying inexpensive and more appropriate clothing during my stay. The shorts I'd packed were too short for what's considered acceptable, especially for women, in Nepal, and the jeans were often too warm and, again, not the best choice if you want to follow local custom more closely.

Your best bets for traveling in Nepal are long, synthetic or cotton pants, mid-calf skirts, and, if you're going to wear shorts, make them long shorts that come down to just above the knee or, better yet, those short pants (like capri pants) that reach to just below the knee. I also recommend easy-fitting convertible pants, with zippers just above the knee. T-shirts are fine, but I'd leave the "muscle shirts" at home.

Nepalis are conservative when it comes to clothing, so keep that in mind when packing for your trip, especially if you'll be visiting small villages.


Have you been to Nepal?

If so, please share any advice or travel tips you have. Add your comments to the guestbook below.

© 2009 Deb Kingsbury

Comments Or Questions About Traveling To And Within Nepal? Share them here.

Alexsander on July 24, 2017:

Thank you! Interesting!

gillesdeleuze on February 03, 2017:

Excellent! This is all-round great information. But maybe it could use some earthquake update.

TravelTourist on January 14, 2014:

Travel tip number one would be to get good insurance, I haven't been to Nepal but Tibet is very similar and health care is pretty basic by our standards in a lot of places and the altitude sure takes some getting used to if you are a coastal dweller :). Travel light and be prepared to enjoy the people and the country and you will have a ball especially if you make an effort to meet the locals.

VineetBhandari on March 23, 2013:

Thanks for this information

julieannbrady on February 24, 2012:

Fabulous trip Deb! I'm glad you got to experience Nepal and have those memories to last a lifetime.

SayGuddaycom on February 20, 2012:

Fantastic. I love that you include prices and resources you used to help you plan your trip.

marsha32 on January 26, 2012:

Looks like you have everything in order for a great trip. My daughter has yet to get her passport in the mail. Just under 2 months before her trip.

Johann The Dog from Northeast Georgia on December 21, 2011:

Great, great info! Hope you had an amazing adventure.

indiavacationplans on November 17, 2011:

Another great lens, something kind of fishy on this lens. Great job

sujaysen on May 28, 2011:

Nice to know about Nepal.

tssfacts on February 16, 2011:

Sounds like you had a great trip. Thank you for sharing it with us.

nepaltraveltrekking on October 01, 2010:

That's great to know . I hope you got a great travel experience in Nepal. T

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on April 22, 2010:

We were just in Nepal for work and enjoyed it thoroughly. We loved Pokhara but also the other places closer to Kathmandu.

Bellezza-Decor from Canada on April 16, 2010:

I've never been to Nepal. I think it takes quite an adventurous and physically strong woman to travel to Nepal. I am glad you are living life to the fullest! Take lots of great photos of Nepal for your next lens.

NC Shepherd on March 05, 2010:

This gives me goosebumps just reading about it. It's so exciting!

Wednesday-Elf from Savannah, Georgia on February 14, 2010:

I thought about you during the Opening Ceremonies of the 2010 Winter Olympics Sunday night when the athletes from Nepal passed by. Nepal is such a beautiful country. You are very fortunate to have the opportunity to travel there.

JoyfulPamela2 from Pennsylvania, USA on January 19, 2010:

Wow ~ what an exciting trip you have planned! It will be fun reading about all your adventures. Thanks for sharing them. :)

Wednesday-Elf from Savannah, Georgia on January 15, 2010:

Hey, Ramkitten, I'd forgotten you were the one going to Nepal. I'd read about your project for the Himalaya Rescue Dog Squad a few weeks ago. It's about 10:30 AM tomorrow as I write this ... in Kathmandu (according to the World Clock time change converter). Thanks for the update on your trip preparations. Will look forward to reading more as the time draws nearer for your departure.

Bambi Watson on January 15, 2010:

Great lens!


Linda Hoxie from Idaho on January 13, 2010:

What an interesting lens. I only got 40% on the test for Nepal knowledge and honestly I was guessing on them all. Know a little more now though! Great lens!

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