Greatest Forts of Rajasthan - The land of historical monuments
Land of Royals, Rajasthan bears the blessings of several marvelous Forts which are symbols of Culture, heritage, and storyteller of this land. Forts are the left behind signs of victory and Wars. Here are some of the forts described shortly.
Bhangarh fort of Alwar, Junagarh of Bikaner and Gangore fort, Ranthambore fort are some of the other creations which are not listed below but should be paid attention to if you are about to explore the history and Royalness of Rajasthan.
Mehrangarh Fort - Jodhpur
Mehrangarh is located in Jodhpur city popularly known as Sun City. The Fort is built on a majestic rock like a crown approximately 410 feet above the city by Rao Jodha Ji, the twelfth ruler of Marwar in around 1459. Mehran means Sun and Garh stand for the fort, the Fort of Sun. It has seven entry gates. Ded Durga pol gate yet has scares of bombardment by cannonballs. It bears several other attractions points like Desert rock park, museum, Chamunda Mataji Temple, Jaswant Thada, and a national geological monument. standing on the wall of Fort gives a beautiful view of the city in which houses painted with blue color can be significantly observed. Fort has been picturized in many Bollywood movies like Veer, Sudh desi romance, and Hollywood movies like Dark knight rises.
Amer fort- Jaipur
Amer fort is located near about 11 Km away from Jaipur in Amer town. It was basically built by Meenas but later on, was ruled by Raja Maan Singh. It has the inclusion of Dewan e aam ( Hall for common public )or Diwan-e-Khas ( hall for the special or private audience ), Sheesh Mahal( Mirror Palace ), Jai Mandir, and Maota lake. The Fort is divided into 6 courtyards with their own entrance individually. The main entrance gate from the city is called Suraj Pol where we can see a temple dedicated to Maa Shila Devi. The light and sound show is also a point of attraction here which shows the history of the fort using special effects. Elephant ride is also available here grom car parking zone to Jalebi Chauk.
Nahargarh was initially built by Maharaja Sawai Jai sing in1734 is located near Jaipur popularly known as the pink city, Fort holds a stand on Aravali mountain hill, hold a major pillar in making a protection ring around the city along with Anmer fort and Jaigarh fort. Its original name was Sudarshan Garh which later on evolved into Nahargarh, Nahar stands for tiger and Garh for residential place hence it stands for a place of Tigers. Its name is coined behind the name of Naharsingh Bhomia, whose spirit haunted this place and was creating an obstruction in construction work of the fort which was being pacified by constructing a separate temple for him. Nearby attraction include Kanak Vrindavan, Jantar Mantar, Jaigarh fort, Amer fort, Jal Mahal, and Hawa mahal
Jaigarh is also located in Jaipur and was built by Jai Singh II in 1726. It was mainly built to protect Amer Fort so it a protective structure rather than a fort. It is located on Aravali hill popularly known as Cheel ka Tilla ( Hills of Eagle ) 400 meter above the Amer Fort so gives a clear view of Aravali hills and Amer Fort. It is holding a tag of the world largest cannon on wheels of the early modern era - Jaivana whose barrel is approx 6 meters long and can fire 100 kg gunpowder for the distance od 35 KM, however, it was never used in battle but can be seen in the displays of Fort.
It is initially known as Chitrakuta and is build by King Chitranga which was then invaded by Guhila in 728 CE. In 1303 Alauddin Khilji Defeated Guhila king Ratansingh and captured the fort. It is concerned with various greatest worries; like Gora, Badal, Rana Kumbha, Maharana Pratap Jasiamal, etc. Further, it was ruled by Mughals till the early modern era of British rule. It is located in the Chitor city, considered as the largest fort in India. Attractions nearby include Kalika Mata temple, Vijay Stambh, Kirti Stambh, Rana Kumbha Palace, Rani Padmini Palace, and apart from this Meera Mahotsav, Maharana Pratap Jayanti, Teej, Ganagor, Jauhar Mela, and rang teras is some to festive celebrated to raised the glory Mewar region.
Build in the 15th century by Rana Kumbha, located almost 82 Km away from Udaipur. The location of this Fort divides Mewar and Marwar. It has seven entry gateways with 15 feet frontal wall. Its circumferential area houses almost more than 350 temples of Hindu and Jain religion. It's built on the top of Aravali hills with the highest palace named Badal Mahal from where earlier desert was visible clearly. Badal stands for cloud and Mahal is for fort so in folklore it is commonly known as the palace almost touching cloud. It is also a place of birth of great warrior Maharana Pratap. Every evening light and sound show is there visualizing the glory of Mewar and the Fort.
Sonar Fort - Jaisalmer
Built around 1156 AD by Rajput Ruler Jaisal. It is one of the fewest forts that houses the population inside its boundaries hence it is also known as the last living fort, in the 18th century only due to the rapidly growing population first-time public was shifted outside the fort. It is built by yellow sandstones in the Jaisalmer which camouflage it with the desert, color like gold so-known as Sonar Quila or Golden fort It has four big entrance with Raj mahal ( Place of the king ) in the center, Temples of Lord Vishnu and Laxmi, Temples of Jains, and some Royal Havelis.
UNSECO World heritage
Among these Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Gagron Fort, Amer, and Jaisalmer Fort are recognized as under the heading of Hills Forts of Rajasthan by UNESCO world heritage in 2013.
Dr Shiv on October 24, 2020:
Fantastic effort dr . Poona nath
Dr Poona nath chouhan (author) from Mahesana on October 23, 2020:
Always welcome to the land of royals
MG Singh emge from Singapore on October 23, 2020:
This is a very nice article on forts. I have visited most of them during my tenure in the air bases in Jaisalmer Jodhpur and Barmer.Thanks a lot revived memories.
Liz Westwood from UK on October 23, 2020:
This is an interesting and well-illustrated article.