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The ancient city of Mohenjo Daro was the 1st urban centre of human history. In the Southern Pakistan, Indus river valley, Mohenjo daro is the best preserved city of the Indus civilization.
They Were Smarter Than You Think
Mohenjo Daro were built in 2500 BC, about the same time the Ancient Pyramids were built in Egypt.It spanned the area nearly 500 acres, which is the 5 times more in size than Vatican city.
The civilization was much developed and ahead of their time.
Mohenjo Daro is a Sindhi language word, which literally means 'The city of Dead'. The city was destroyed and due to the remains of a large number of dead people found there, it was called the city of dead or The Mohenjo Daro.
City's Structural Layout
The city's structural layout was beautifully designed, it can even easily inspire today's modern engineers. The city had about 700 water wells and was mainly devided into two parts or districts;
- Lower part
- Citadel was the upper part and built on raised platforms. It was a fortified structure, designed to provide protection during battles.
- This part included monuments, public buildings, granaries, the great bath and workshops.
- Whereas the lower part was a public resedential area, where people lived and caried out everyday life. Whenever the city was threatend the people found refuge in the citadel.
- The streets were designed straight, and perfectly aligned. Unlike any urban areas of its time it was layed out on grid system, similar to modern day city blocks.
Proper Drainage System
If you think we are the most sophisticated civilization who have toilets and perfect drainage system, then you are wrong. The people of Mohenjo Daro were quite civilized and had toilets in homes and proper drainage system, which carried out all the waste out of the city, millions of years ago.
The Great Bath
If you think bathing pools are modern constructions or Romans are the one who introduced these big baths, then you might be surprised to know that the people of Mohenjo Daro were quite sophisticated who introduced this bathing system millions of years ago even long before the Romans. They had a big bath called The Great Bath in the Citadel which was 12m long, 7m wide and 3m deep and was filled with water from the Indus river.
The People of Anarchy
Mohenjo Daro had no place of governance or ruling king or queen, which means the society was not built on state interest like The Egyptians or Mesopotamian, people lived freely and were treated equally. No palaces or royal tombs were found there. They also had no place to worship like temples etc.
The Dressing of Its People
Unlike even modern day times, the people of Mohenjo Daro dressed quite bold. A statue of a minimal dressed dancing girl was found in ruins of the city, whereas mostly people used to wear robes.
The people of Mohenjo Daro had a good aesthetic sense even millions of years ago. A big variety of ornaments, like necklaces, earings, bracelets etc were found in the ruins of the city.
Use of Wheel
They used wheel carts and bull carts for their transportation purposes, which also indicate that they had already invented wheel and also used it in their everyday life. A large number of bull cart toys made of mud were excavated from the ruins.
History shows that the people of Mohenjo Daro used to trade with other nations too, as their dressing style also bear a resemblance to the Mesopotamian civilazation of that time. The city also had a market place right in the centre of the city, where people could buy things in exchange of coins. They also had a proper coinage system and used a big variety of different coins.
Cause of Destruction
After 600 years the city collapsed, the exact cause is unknown but it could be possibly due to change within the culture or change in the path of Indus river. Without its crucial source of water, the city's residents may have moved away, leaving Mohenjo Daro nearly abandoned, and left people may have died there, making it The City of Dead.
But there is still much to discover about this city, as the city is full of mysteries.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Amy Hassan