This article highlights the exceptional beauty of Deosai national park and describes the different characteristics of this majestic land.
Deosai National Park is a land of beautiful experiences and a truly real
example of heaven on earth. No one can express that feeling when you find
yourself on the world’s second-highest plateau big magical landscape. which
is surrounded by way of massive mountains roof and cover-up by heavenly
alpine flowers on the ground. This magical land journey is always, be a wish
of all tourists and nature lovers. who knows that, if someone wishes to visit
some fantasy dreamland where raw beauty is at its absolute best, The name
of this most excellent wonderland is Deosai national park.
Why Deosai is called the Land of the Giants?
The name Deosai is the mixture of two words from the local Balti language “ Deo”
means (giant) and “ Sai “ means ( shadow ). Local peoples describe it means “The
Land of Giants” and behind this meaning, nearby is an old myth in local peoples.
That this land was once populated by huge giants who lived here and “planted crop
and churned butter” hence, the name ‘The Land of the Giants’ came into being.
Geography of Deosai
Deosai national park is the second-highest plateau in the world after the
Changtang Tibetan plateau. This unique and beautiful alpine plateau’s average
elevation is 4,114 meters means 13,497 ft above sea level and it covered an area of
843 Kilometers ( 325 sq mi ).
This land of exceptional natural beauty is located at the intersection of three
important Mountain ranges. The western Himalayas, the Ladakh, and Zanskar in
Gilgit Baltistan ( GB ) Pakistan. This beautiful alpine plateau is in the east of the
great Nanga Parbat Peak and near the Central Karakoram Range.
The Weather of Deosai
Deosai continues covered in snow for almost 8 months of the year. The rest of the
year in summer, it presents a variety of beautiful flowers of all shades and colors.
Its natural atmosphere is freezing cold with low atmospheric pressure combined
with minimal oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. Further aridity, intense and rapid
solar ultraviolet radiation.
The Deosai park gets a higher rain ratio than adjacent northern and northeastern
vales of Baltistan . This is due to its ecological location in front of the monsoon
which impacts the outward Himalayas. Yearly precipitation changes from 350 to 550
mm., mostly expected in winter as snow.
Deosai National Park Temperatures during the Year
Deosai National Park Precipitation During the Year
The Wonders of Deosai Park
After the end of winter, the real beauty of Deosai comes out. When this fascinating
valley is covered with wildflowers, rare butterflies, and a big landscape. There is no
single tree available in the large adjacent area. This creates a unique contrast along
with the surrounding landscape of narrow valleys between steep mountains.
This proved the name “Summer’s Palace” by locals, who enjoy the wildlife when
the snow melts after winter spells. Deosai, in the vicinity known as “Ghbiarsa” by
local Balti folks stating it as “Summer’s Place”, means it is the best excellent place
to explore in summer.
DEOSAI - The Last Sanctuary
The flowers land of Deosai is influenced by many unique flowers and plants types
like Borneo-alpine, Euro-Siberian, Circumpolar, etc.
Further, it’s also home to several species of medicinal and aromatic plants. In
Spring, it is covered by many wildflowers and a large variety of rare butterflies.
Wildlife of Deosai Park
Deosai national park is the home of various rare species like Himalayan Brown
Bears and Himalayan ibex. Further Tibetan red fox, golden marmot, Tibetan wolf,
snow leopard, and several local and migratory birds are available here.
The waters of the Deosai offer a home to the local snow trout which turn up a
massive size. The Park is placed in the Western Himalayas Endemic Bird Area of
International Birdlife. It is valuable as a lying and production place for important
domestic and migratory birds.
Govt of Pakistan has converted Deosai into a “National Park” in 1993. The reason
behind this step is the safety of rare and unique species like the Himalayan Brown
Bear and other rare species. Now, these animals can live here as a homeland.
Deosai - Wilderness in Peril (Conservation of Himalayan Brown Bear)
Following that step, all these species and particularly Himalayan Brown Bears are
now legally covered. Their growth and safety are now chosen in IUCN’s Red List of
rare Mammals of Pakistan. Further, in 2016 Deosai national park is also selected as
a world heritage sites status of UNESCO.
Sheosar Lake is a Gem of Deosai Park
Sheosar lake is one more beautiful gem of Deosai park. Sheosar meaning in the
local language is ‘andhi’ (blind)….Sheosar Lake length is 2.3 km long, 1.8 km wide,
and has an approx. of 40 meters, which presents an exceptional impact in size,
elevation, and depth.
Sheosar height is 4,250 m , which included its name in one of the highest lakes in
the world. This also indicates a unique kind of mountain wetlands that is kept to the
Himalayas, Hindukush, and Karakoram Mountain ranges.
In winters when Deosai are isolated from the rest of the world, this lake
remains frozen from November to May. After the end of winter and the start of
spring, colorful flowers of broad ranges and butterflies make Sheosar Lake more
In summer, when the sun sets, the deep blue water of the lake with snow-covered
mountains in the background, and greenery with wildflowers in the center present
such a beautiful view that no one forgets for the rest of his life.
Sheosar Lake is the homeland of more than 114 plant species. Many flowers
decorate the lake, like Robin’s eye, Ragworts, Sedum ewersii, Camanula
(bellflower), and Thistle.
How to reach Deosai ?
The ideal period to explore and enjoy Deosai beauty is from the middle of June to
August when Deosai is full of colors. Deosai is situated 30 kilometers from Skardu
city, and it is the quickest path to go to Deosai. foreigners and local travelers usually
explore Deosai from Skardu route. This route safe the time and energy of visitors
before reaching their main point of deosai plains.
Deosai travel trip via Shardu , will start through by Air ( PIA ) flight from Islamabad
to Skardu. Another way of traveling is by road via Karakoram Highway. It gets 45
minutes air flight from Islamabad to Skardu. From Skardu city, it takes almost a 1-
hour road journey to approach Deosai top via Sadpara.
The other way of Deosai is from Astore valley through Chilim.. For that route,
visitors first will go to Astore from Islamabad and then will reach Deosai via Chilim.
This is a long tiring route and takes more time to visit Deosai.
Although there are various places of natural beauty and wildlife shelters are placed
in different parts of the world, Deosai National Park has its own exceptional
outstanding universal value due to its biodiversity conservation role,
representatives of its high altitude, unique alpine flowers, majestic Lake, wetland
environment, and critical importance in efforts to preserve the Himalayan Brown
Bear and other species in their natural habitat.
All references are given below :
UNDP in Pakistan
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 S M Asim Saeed