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A Country where Tropical Fruits Never Out of Season.


Tropical Fruits.

Countries located in equatorial areas have wet and dry seasons which take place years long. This condition is favorable to the growth of trees and eventually affects the continuous supply of various fruits . There are many kinds of tropical fruits which have been famous all over the world, this hub shares information about some of them. These fruits are considered as table fruits and are native to Indonesia (which can originate from other countries in the same region as well).

Arum manis mango tree in front of my house.

Arum manis mango tree in front of my house.

Gedong gincu

Gedong gincu

M a n g g o

Mango is one of the most popular fruits in Indonesia. Mango comes in season when climate reaches its hottest and driest period of the year which is around August, September and October. Mangoes can be found in different types, sizes, tastes and colors. The most popular one is Arum Manis, as the name implies this manggo smells nice (Arum) and tastes sweet (manis) (although a bit sour too when it's not very ripe), and it has dark green color and the color becomes light yellow when it's ripe.

Another popular type is Gedong Gincu, this mango is the most expensive one since there is smaller supply in the market and taste sweeter than Arum manis, not to mention its attractive bright red, like lipstick (Gincu), appearance when it's ripe. A kilo or Arum manis costs around 5000 to7000 rupiah while Gedong gincu costs 15,000 to 24,000 rupiah at supermarkets.

There are other types of mangoes like Indramayu, kwini, and golek which can also be enjoyed although they are mostly sold in traditional markets.

Durian's just been splitted.

Durian's just been splitted.



D u r i an (Durio sp).

We call this as A King of Fruits regarding its tempting taste and just from sniffing its aroma it can really make durian lovers mouthwatering. Even The 19th-century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallacedescribed its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds" (Wikipedia). The popularity of Durian as the most demanded fruit in the market has made it more expensive than other fruits, and again it confirms the fruit's nick name as A King of Fruits.

In Indonesia durian is grown up to corners of the country and fruit stalls seen mushrooming offering the best durians in around December until May. Borneo is the island where edible durians of different species are cultivated and has made it the center of durian ecological diversity.

Types of Durians which have made good names because of their quality (based on taste, flesh thickness, size and color) are durian Petruk , Sitokong, and durian Monthong (this cultivar comes from Thailand).


The rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is another native fruit of Indonesia. As the name it takes this fruit is covered with "hair" (rambut) and has white, soft, juicy flesh and a brown core inside. Rambutan grows well in areas at 1600 up to 1800 above sea level and the harvest time takes place around months Desember to February when the dry season is about to end. People like this fruit because of its exotic look, sweet taste when it's ripe ( the hairy cover has turned bright red) and the vit C it contains. In addition to those reasons, rambutan's affordable price is another factor of its popularity, they only need to spend Rp. 10,000 (around US 1$) to get 3 bunches.

Rambutan Lebak Bulus

Rambutan Lebak Bulus

Rambutan Binjai. Credit: Sentra Informasi IPTEK.

Rambutan Binjai. Credit: Sentra Informasi IPTEK.

Rambutan Rapiah. Credit: Sentral Informasi IPTEK.

Rambutan Rapiah. Credit: Sentral Informasi IPTEK.

Kinds Of Rambutans.

There are three kinds of rambutans which are widely known and dominate the market in my country, they are :

1. Lebak bulus. Rambutan of Lebak Bulus type has yellowish to light red color when it's ripe. Among varieties of rambutan family, Lebak Bulus is the most prevalent in the market, the taste is mostly sour sweet. Because of it abundant supply the price of Lebak Bulus is cheaper than the other types. Rambutans are normally sold in bunches and a bunch of rambutan Lebak Bulus costs around Rp. 3000.

2. Binjai. This type of rambutan has bright or dark red color with longer and sturdier hairy cover. There are two things that rambutan of Binjai type is mor favorable. First, it tastes very sweet and the white, translucent flesh is not so soggy and not rigidly stick to the seed so that rambutan lovers don't need to make much effort to eat it. This favorite rambutan costs around Rp 5000 per bunch.

3. Rapiah. Rapiah is obviously different from the two types mentioned above, either in its physical appearance, taste or the selling price. Rapiah looks "crew cut" due to its very short hair, even people prefer calling it "bald rambutan" refering to its almost hairless characteristic. Unlike the other two rambutan types which taste sour when they are not ripe, unripe Rapiah (the color is green to yellowish) tastes sweet although the ripe one (colors red) tastes much sweeter. The flesh of Rapiah is not so moist and easy to be peeled off from its seed, another reason that makes it the most wanted one among rambutan cultivars. A bunch of Rapiah may cost around Rp 8000 to 10,000.

D u k u (Lansium domesticum)

Duku, another native fruit of Indonesia, is always in seasons twice a year. This fruit has beige outer color with white translucent, juicy flesh which tastes sour to sweet. The flesh of Duku consists of 4 or 5 segments and there is always a biggest segment with green seed inside. Eating the juicy flesh is very enjoyable and gives fresh sensation but the seed is not edible because of its bitter taste. The best duku in Indonesia comes from Palembang, a city located in Sumatra island. Duku from Palembang is the most sought-after since it has bigger size and taste sweeter than the other kinds, that reason also makes it more expensive , around Rp 20,000 (more or less 2 US$) a kilo.

Salak (credit: Wikipedia)

Salak (credit: Wikipedia)

Here we had our picture taken while taking a rest  at a Salak Pondoh plantation in Yogjakarta.

Here we had our picture taken while taking a rest at a Salak Pondoh plantation in Yogjakarta.

S a l a k/ Snake Fruit (Salacca zalacca).

In english term we call it Snake fruit because of its scaled outer texture resembling snakeskin. Some local people analogize this fruit like building structures : the brown scaled skin looks like a house roof, then when you peel it off you'll see the thin translucent layer looks like glass, after you rid of the thin layer you'll see the flesh of salak which resembles white wall of a house, finally after you eat the flesh you'll find the seed which looks like rocks constituting the wall.

This is another favorite tropical fruit which has specific taste and aroma. Two places which supply excellent salaks are Pondoh and Bali. Salaks from those places are well known with their sweetness and quality. Pondoh is an area near Yogjakarta. Salak from this place tastes sweet and dry. Bali produces two superior salaks, the regular salak Bali and salak Bali Gula Pasir (gula pasir = cane sugar) which tastes not only sweeter but also crunchier, than the regular one.

Manggis/mangosteen (credit: Wikipedia)

Manggis/mangosteen (credit: Wikipedia)

Manggis /Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).

Manggis is also called the queen of fruits or in Indonesia it's also called 'The black sweet" due to its black look and (acidic) sweet taste. The flesh of manggis is segmented into some parts. Jutted sections outside manggis' husk indicate the same numbers of flesh segments inside the fruit. Manggis grows fruitfully in Borneo island, it is not only the flesh which is useful but the husk also contains certain substances which are utilized for medication and rust proof material.

Srikaya (credit: Sentra IPTEK)

Srikaya (credit: Sentra IPTEK)

Srikaya (Annona squamosa),

Another tropical fruit which has particularly sweet flavor with bumpy, light green look . Besides its pleasant taste can be eaten without prior treatment, this fruit can be processed into jam, syrup, and ice cream flavor. Unripe green fruit and seeds from Srikaya are also beneficial as vermicide and insecticide. Although Srikaya can be found all year long, the peak seasons happen two times in a year.

M a t o a .

Matoa (Pometia pinnata) is a plant typically related with Western Papua, although this tree also grows in other islands. Because of the relationship, Matoa has chosen as identity plant of Western Papua Province.

Matoa fruit has something unique that other fruits don't have, this fruit has taste which combines rambutan, durian and longan. So, the taste is predominantly sweet with combination of those 3 flavors.

Matoa grows at 900 - 1700 m above see level, and starts blooming in July - august, then the flower becomes fruits around November until February. This reproduction cycle of matoa shows that the fruit can be found in season all year long.

A Matoa tree.

A Matoa tree.

A Matoa fruit.

A Matoa fruit.


Abhaque Supanjang from Kumango - Batusangkar - Sumatera Barat - Indonesia on March 01, 2018:

Nice to read your hub, Agusfanani..! Simple but fair detail. We still have more fruits to introduce to the world....!

Consolacion Miravite from Philippines on May 19, 2014:

I commented about an article on durian, when I saw this posts. I though it was a fellow Filipino writing about the fruits in the country. I am not surprised that this came from a fellow Asian, Indonesia. We have all the fruits mentioned except two, which we may have locally but are named differently. This is one thing good about the tropics, we have all kinds of fruits all year round. Good post! Thumbs up! :D

Anoop Aravind A from Nilambur, Kerala, India on April 10, 2012:

hi friend... mango is one of my favourate fruit, in my state kerala this is season for mangoes. you can see mango tree in each and every home.

hhahhahahha on April 01, 2012:

wow! all things you said are true! i live in indonesia and eat maost of the fruits you said and their seasons are all so true!

hiit on March 24, 2012:

This is a fantastic hub!

Ron from http://www.intervalstraining.net

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on October 25, 2011:

@Katrinasui: Thank you very much for dropping by.

@Freya Cesare: I have a matoa tree which hasn't born any fruit yet. I've tried matoa fruit and it tasted very nice,sweet and fresh.

Freya Cesare from Borneo Island, Indonesia on June 04, 2011:

As Indonesian myself, I never taste Matoa before. Soooo curious! :(

katrinasui on March 28, 2011:

Great hub on tropical fruits.

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on December 01, 2010:

Why don't you change it with mango, it's also nice for cocktail. Thank you for your visit.

DOMINGO on November 29, 2010:


Tayeb Husain on August 03, 2010:

Beautiful pictures

babes18 on January 24, 2010:

tama ka dyan.daming old houses na hunted house.they are good in cuisin.try to go in lebak,sultan kudarat.hehe,grabi.daming masasarap na food dun.

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on November 30, 2009:

Thank you for your comment Gorgeously, Those fruits are basically sweet with typical flavor.

April Treme from United States on November 26, 2009:

Great hub on tropical fruits.. Those mangoes must be sweet.. and duku looks great... Thanks for sharing.

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on November 19, 2009:

@myownworld: Thank you myownworld, they're all typically taste good, so you should try fruits other than mangoes and salak.

febriedethan from Indonesia on November 19, 2009:

Those are all my favorite fruits even durian! I can find them abundance in my town, thank you for sharing!

myownworld from uk on November 18, 2009:

a fruity delight this was! Having lived in south asia, I really believe the fruit tastes way better than any you can find here in the UK. I esp. love mangoes and salak! thanks for posting this!

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on November 16, 2009:

Thank you Peggy W, just let me know when you visit my country, I'll buy some for you.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on November 16, 2009:

I will if I ever get the chance. You have made them all sound so tasty and delicious.

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on November 15, 2009:

Hi Peggy W, yes you should try them all, they are nice and tasty.

agusfanani (author) from Indonesia on November 15, 2009:

Yes, I saw them in Philippines when I visited your country, Snake fruits from Bali (like the one on the picture) and from Pondoh are sweet and tasty, they are different from common snake fruit. You should try them to prove it.

Swaradila Weesy from Cirebon, Indonesia on November 15, 2009:

Hi all, my hometown is the center plantation of mango ...and now,on november,the fruits are available in every corner of the market. Would you come to there ? ha...ha....

Bbudoyono on November 14, 2009:

I like all of them except srikaya. what i like best is duku.

Gener Geminiano from Land of Salt, Philippines on November 14, 2009:

All of your fruits are also present in the Philippines... and they are all yummy especially the durian, nice pix too. Wow great hub here eh... The snake fruit is so sour and hard to eat I think...

Gener Geminiano from Land of Salt, Philippines on November 14, 2009:

All of your fruits are also present in the Philippines... and they are all yummy especially the durian, nice pix too. Wow great hub here eh... The snake fruit is so sour and hard to eat I think...

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on November 13, 2009:

Wow! Amazing! The only fruit that I regularly consume is the mango...and not that bright red one you talked about in this hub. I have not seen many of these fruits in supermarkets over here. I would surely like to try them and would if given a chance. Thanks for this informative hub including the photos. I will know what to look for in stores if they decide to sell these fruits.