Marajo is located at the opening of the Amazon river in Brazil. The island is known for the pororoca, a tidal bore phenomenon in the river that creates large waves reaching 4 meters in height. It is the 2nd largest island among all islands in South America. Also, it is the largest freshwater island in the world. The most amazing aspect of Marajo island is the water buffaloes. Today almost 450000 water buffaloes are present on this island, which is approximately the size of Switzerland. The most amazing feature of the island is that it is located almost directly on the equator.
World’s most remote island is Bouvet island, which lies in the South Atlantic. It is located 1700km north of Antarctica, which is the nearest landmass. The island lies in the middle just like a speck of ice. We can draw a circle of a 1600 km radius around Bouvet island having an area of 8148102.6 square km. Bouvet Island is named after the earliest of all polar explorers, Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier who discovered it in 1739. The island is covered by a glacier and the heavy seas, and the absence of any coves or inlets makes it too dangerous to approach Bouvet island by boat in any, but the calmest weather.
The 27th largest island in the world is Canada's Devon Island. It was discovered by Robert Bylot and William Baffin in 1616. Due to the changing climate, not a single person lives on the island year-round. Devon island contains many small mountain ranges, but due to the climatic conditions, animals are very few. Many scientists say that the surface of this island is similar to that of the Red Planet, Mars. So basically when you visit Devon island it will give you a glimpse of what the surface of Mars looks like.
Borneo island is a big island covering 743326.58 square km. It is the largest island in Asia and the 3rd largest in the world. It is administrated by three different countries- Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Many wildlife species can be seen here that are found nowhere else on earth. These include the Borneo elephant, the eastern Sumatran rhinoceros, the Bornean clouded leopard, the Hose's palm civet, and the Dayak fruit bat. Borneo is also famous for its caves and the world's longest underground river flows through Clearwater caves. This network is very vast with more than 200 km of underground passages. World's largest flower known as Rafflesia arnoldii is found here. So it is an amazing place to visit for adventure lovers. Exploring such a wonderful island can be a great experience.
The Indonesian island of Java is the most thickly populated in the world. It is home to 57% of the Indonesian population and was the center for Hindu-Buddhist empires. The formation of Java island was mainly by volcanic eruptions and has an east-west chain of volcanoes. The cultivation of commercial plants in Java-like sugar cane, rubber, tea, and coffee was introduced by the Dutch. Javanese coffee gained popularity in the 19th and 20th centuries. There are more than 450 different bird species. For wildlife lovers and photographers, this is a must-visit place and can be considered a top tourist place to visit.
Bananal island is a large island in Brazil that is 56 km wide. It is located in the two sections of the Araguaia River. It is the second-largest island in the world which is surrounded by natural waterways and without an ocean coastline. If you explore this island, it has a variety of palms, tropical birds, and freshwater fish. The only way to reach this island is by boat, there are no bridges to the island from the mainland. The Araguaia National park lies in the north of Bananal, and to the south lies two Red Indian reservations.
Mauna Kea Island
Mauna Kea island is a dormant volcano. It is the highest island mountain in the world. The process of volcanic eruptions on the seafloor started millions of years ago and the volcanic mountain was created. The current height of the mountain is 4207 meters above sea level, its peak is the highest point in the state of Hawaii. Due to the eruptions, the mountain continued to grow, until it reached its present height. It is said that this mountain is taller than Mount Everest, but since much of Mauna Kea is underwater, Mount Everest is still considered to be the world's tallest mountain. The current age of this mountain is around 6000 years and it is considered one the oldest mountain.
1. Why is Greenland an island, but Australia a continent?
Greenland and Australia both are land masses that are surrounded by water still, Greenland is considered an island while Australia is a continent. Australia is three times bigger than Greenland in terms of population as well as area. Australia is separated geologically from all other continents and rests on its tectonic plate, while Greenland is geologically part of North America. Australia has unique, ancient cultures, whereas Greenland's Arctic cultures are part of the larger North American Arctic culture. So Greenland is the world’s biggest island and Australia is the smallest continent.
2. Which are the world’s five largest islands?
GREENLAND - the world’s largest island, best known for the huge ice sheet that covers it.
NEW GUINEA - located in the Western Pacific Ocean is the second largest island. BORNEO - is located in the South China Sea. It is famous for its primates, especially the orang-utan.
MADAGASCAR - lies off the coast of Africa. Around 90% of the island’s species are found nowhere else on earth.
3. Why is Sri Lanka called ‘the teardrop of India’?
Sri Lanka lies in the Indian Ocean and is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Straits. Sri Lanka, an emerald island off the tip of the Indian peninsula was formerly known as Ceylon. Ceylon was under European control for around 450 years. It won independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 and changes its name to Sri Lanka in 1972. From the coast, the land rises to a central plateau, where tea plantations are found. Sri Lankan tea is world-famous. Incredible wildlife, lush greenery, and ancient ruins make Sri Lanka a popular tourist destination. Sri Lanka is often referred to as both the 'pearl of the Indian Ocean' and the 'teardrop of India', due to its shape.
4. What is a private island?
A private island is owned by just one individual. Naturally, only the rich and famous can afford to have their private island. Many people rent out their islands to rich travelers. Actor Johnny Depp owns a 45-acre tropical island called Little Hall's Pond Cay in the Caribbean. A sense of freedom and privacy can be obtained if you own an island. However, even if the island is private property the owner has to follow the laws and regulations of the country of which it is a part.
5. How do humans harm islands?
According to the latest research human beings are considered the biggest threat to islands. The main reason is the overusing of resources of islands. When people settle on a particular island they destroy the environment, and natural vegetation to build houses, roads, and townships. Hunting of animals is carried out on a large scale, either for food or because they destroy crops until many species become extinct.
6. Why is the future of islands uncertain?
The future of islands is a cause for many reasons. As more and more people settle on islands, overpopulation causes a rapid decline in the natural resources of the islands. Also because of climate change, the earth is becoming warmer. Global sea levels are rising as the ice caps are melting. Sea levels have risen 6 to 8 meters in the past 100 years, and Antarctica has been losing more than 100 cubic km of ice per year since 2002. Five tiny Pacific islands have already disappeared due to rising seas and erosion. These rising levels pose the greatest threat to the islands.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2023 Omkar Mhatre