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10 Biggest Countries in the World

The world's largest countries can be grouped by various benchmarks, ranging from population to area.

1. Russia

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Based on its area, Russia is the largest country in the world with a total area of ​​17.1 million square km. The territory of Russia includes the waters and lakes of Baikal, the largest freshwater lake in the world by volume. Meanwhile, Russia's total land area even reaches 11% of the world's total land area.

Spread over the northern part of the Eurasian continent, 77% of Russia's territory is in Asia and another 23% is in Europe. Russia's landscapes are diverse, from deserts to frozen coastlines, high mountains, to huge swamps.

Russia's main landscapes include Mount Elbrus, the Caucasus Mountains, the Altai Mountains, the Ural Mountains, the Stanovoy Mountains, the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Siberian Plain, to the Siberian Highlands.

2. Canada

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Canada is the second largest country in the world by area. The country has a total area of ​​9.985 million sq km or 6.1% of the world's total land area.

Located in North America, Canada occupies about two-fifths of the northern half of the North American continent. Canada has about 31.7 thousand lakes with about 500 of them covering more than 100 sq km.

Surrounded by the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with a length of 243,977 kilometers. Canada's landscape also varies, from majestic mountains to forested valleys.

3. United States of America

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The United States occupies the third largest country in the world with an area of ​​9,834 million square km. When compared, the area of ​​the United States is about 4 times the area of ​​Indonesia.

The landscape of the United States varies, from tropical beaches in Florida to peaks in the Rocky Mountains. There are also grasslands and barren deserts in the West to dense wilderness areas in the Northeast and Northwest.

4. China

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China is entrenched in the fourth largest country in the world with a total area of ​​9.597 million square km. China's area is smaller than the US because this country has less territorial waters.

However, China is bigger than the US when measured by land area. China's land area is 9.3 million square kilometers or 2.2% larger than the US land area of ​​only 9.1 million square kilometers.

China's geographical conditions include mountains, highlands, deserts, and dense forests. In fact, a third of mainland China consists of mountains, including Mount Everest as the highest mountain in the world on the border of China and Nepal.

5. Brazil

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With a country area of ​​8,516 million sq km, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world by area. Brazil is also one of the countries with the most lakes, which is about 20 thousand small and large lakes.

In addition, about 519,522,000 hectares of land in Brazil is forest. There are also rugged hills, pine forests, vast highlands and long beaches in Brazil.

6. Australia

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Next is Australia, which ranks the 6th largest country in the world by area. Australia has a total area of ​​7.69 million sq km. Mainland Australia includes mainland Australia, the island of Tasmania and various small islands in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

A third of Australia's landmass is desert. The other third is steppe or semi-desert. Only the north, east, southeast and southwest regions have sufficient rainfall to support vegetation.

7. India

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India is the seventh largest country in the world with an area of ​​3,287 million sq km. Although not as big as Russia, India is a country with the second largest population after China, which is around 1.38 billion people or almost 10 times the population of Russia.

8. Argentina

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Argentina is in the position of the 8th largest country in the world by area. The country of birth of Lionel Messi has an area of ​​2.78 million square kilometers. Although quite large, this country which has the uniqueness of the Andes mountains only has a population of 45.38 million people.

9. Kazakhstan

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Next is Kazakhstan. This Central Asian country ranks as the 9th largest country in the world by area. Kazakhstan has an area of ​​2.725 million km². More than three-quarters of Kazakhstan's territory consists of semi-deserts (33.2%) or deserts (44%).

10. Algeria

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Finally there is Algeria or Algeria which is also the largest country in Africa. The country has an area of ​​2.382 million sq km. Although larger than Indonesia, the country has a much smaller population. Algeria's population in 2020 is 43.85 people, while Indonesia's is 273 million people.

List of 10 Largest Countries in the World by Area :

1. Russia (17.1 million km²)
2. Canada (9.985 million km²)
3. United States (9.834 million km²)
4. China (9.597 million km²)
5. Brazil (8,516 million km²)
6. Australia (7.692 million km²)
7. India (3.287 million km²)
8. Argentina (2.78 million km²)
9. Kazakhstan (2.725 million km²)
10. Algeria (2.382 million km²)

There are approximately 200 countries in the world with various regions. The area in this case is the land area and also the water area which includes rivers, lakes, bays and so on. Of the five continents in the world, there are several countries that are recorded to have an area of ​​​​up to millions and even tens of millions of square kilometers.

The total area of ​​the world is about 510 million km2 which consists of 148.94 million km2 (70.9%) of water and 361,132 million km2 (29.1%) of land. For the mainland, we know 6 continents, namely Asia, Africa, America, Europe, Australia and Antarctica. While the waters (Ocean) consists of 5 oceans, namely the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Antarctic Ocean (Southern Ocean) and the Arctic Ocean.

The data above is from the CIA World Factbook and ranks countries by total area, which is the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines. However, keep in mind that the ranking of the world's largest countries changes when countries are ordered by land area only. For example, Canada has the highest number of lakes in the world and when the area of ​​the country occupied by a body of water is subtracted from its total area, it ranks as the fourth largest country, while China and the United States rank above it. The largest country in the world is also not necessarily the most populous country in the world. For example, in countries like Russia and Canada, although they have larger landmasses, extreme climates and terrain limit human habitation in most of their territories. The three most populous countries in the world, China, India and the US are fourth, third, and seventh in the list above.

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