Many years ago, science fiction warned against the development of artificial intelligence systems, to become a threat to the very existence of humanity, in a serie of function science "Westworld", presented fictional events of what could be the development of machine intelligence, which may surpass the minds of its human creators, It becomes able to read information, link between it, identify the tendencies and trends of its users and others, to become later able to make decisions on its own, and here its presence becomes a direct threat to the survival of the human race.
Day after day, the presence of artificial intelligence systems is increasing in human life, due to its adoption of facial recognition systems, sounds and shapes, which made its use widespread in daily life, and in many different fields, as it is used in industry, automatic control, expert systems, medicine, biology, and education, And even games.
In the field of medicine, there are many programs for diagnosing diseases, based on known disease symptoms, with the use of logic, probabilities and inference, so that the robotic expert possesses skills that approach the human element.
In the linguistic, smart systems are used for proofreading, morphing, and addressing people, but although machine translation has made great progress, it has not reached the same quality that a human translator provides, and most programs have failed to achieve this, given their inability to understand the context of speech.
The great intrusion of artificial intelligence systems into our lives was one of the most important reasons for the growing fear of its effects in the future of humanity, due to the ambition of scientists and researchers, which culminated in talking about the possibility of manufacturing a mind with supernatural intelligence, which exceeds the intelligence of humans, and many of them have reached to the furthest extent, when thinking about innovation Artificial intelligence evolves into artificial consciousness, prompting Professor Stephen Hawking, the most famous astrophysicist, to say that creating computers with brains of their own could herald the end of humans.
Elon Musk, founder of Tesla and SpaceX, considered artificial intelligence the biggest threat to human existence.
Artificial intelligence refers to the abilities shown by machines and programs that simulate the mental abilities of humans, such as learning, reasoning and reaction, to situations that were not programmed in the machine.
The world knew “artificial intelligence” for the first time, after the American computer scientist John McCarthy formulated it, in 1956, during the Dartmouth College conference on the possibility of designing an intelligent machine capable of imitating and simulating the work of humans, during which it announced generous financial support campaigns to reach an invention similar to the human mind. It enables machines to operate on their own without the need for human intervention. In 1958, McCarthy published a scientific paper entitled "programs with commn sence", in which he described his "Advica Taker" program as the first learnable artificial intelligence system.
There are two trends in the field of “artificial intelligence”, one of which studies the nature of human behavior and attempts to invent similar systems, and the second is to develop intelligent systems regardless of their similarity with human behavior and intelligence
Predicting the future
In his article in the New Scientist magazine, Nello Christiani, an expert on artificial intelligence at the University of Bristol in England, drew attention to the fact that the real problem is not in the development of artificial intelligence systems, but rather in the development of systems capable of self-learning. He stressed that most of the systems available now are able to benefit from experiences, and thus predict the future.