Dan earned his CompTIA (CIOS) certification in 2010 and worked in the computer repair/networking industry for several years.
After unboxing a new laptop with Microsoft Windows installed, you’re a little disheartened by the way it’s running. Ads are popping up all over the place and the performance is on the slow side.
Manufacturers will shove programs and apps down our throats any way possible, it seems. New computers including desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones all come pre-installed with trialware or trial software in the hopes it will be purchased and used.
If not checked, they will slow the computer and dull the experience. Not only do unneeded programs use hardware resources other programs could be using, but they can also glitch up at times and cause crashes.
What to Do
- Uninstall unneeded programs
Open up the control panel inside Windows. If unsure how to access the control panel, google it. Once inside, make sure the “Category” view is selected.
Under the programs category below, select uninstall a program. A menu will be displayed of all currently installed programs. Select one to uninstall by right-clicking it, then select the uninstall option. Take note, it can take a while for Windows to finish uninstalling some programs.
Do the same for all other unneeded programs. Leave at least one internet browser installed so the internet can be accessed, e.g., Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Firefox. If unsure what a program does, it’s generally better to leave it installed for the time being, although it’s usually obvious which programs need to go.
- Disable Startup Programs
Accessing the interface for this can be done in various ways. One is to right-click on the taskbar (grey bar across the bottom of the screen) and select task manager. Once inside the task manager, select the startup tab.
Every program seen in the list is either enabled or disabled when the computer is powered on. In general, some of the programs don’t need to run when the computer is powered, so they should be disabled. Disable any program with a status of “enabled” by clicking on it, and then click disable at the bottom of the menu.
- Disable Antivirus Features
Microsoft Windows comes with built-in antivirus software. Real-time protection is a more specific feature that consistently monitors the computer. Depending on how the computer is being used, it can help to keep it disabled— in general, conflicts can sometimes occur when it is running. Open the Start Menu and type Windows Security into the search box. Open the app when it appears in the menu. Under Virus & Threat Protection Settings, click manage settings. Here, real-time protection can be turned off by clicking the button to make it slide off.
Enjoying the New Computer
With the inconveniences out of the way, begin using the computer with relative ease. Keep in mind also, adding RAM memory can boost performance a great deal depending on what the computer is being used for.
Manufacturers always specify hardware requirements for optimal performance with certain programs. Computer gaming is especially a paradigm in which more installed RAM is generally better.
Video streaming on the internet is one of the more popular uses of computers that can benefit from installing more RAM memory. This is generally done by upgrading the graphics card which contains VRAM or video ram as a component, however. Some computers have features in their BIOS that enable the allocation of more RAM memory to be used as video memory.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 Dan Martino