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What Is Metal Fabrication and How Is It Done?


Whenever you pick up your phone, get in your car, turn an electric appliance on, or handle any tool, you are using the results of metal fabrication. Some fabricated products include pipe fittings, screws and bolts, cutlery, hand tools, and car parts. Here is a comprehensive guide on what metal fabrication is and how it is done.

What is Metal Fabrication?

Metal fabrication is cutting, shaping, joining, and finishing metal parts to form finished products. It is also known as metalworking.

To fabricate a product, a metalworker must first make a part by cutting it from a piece of metal. Then the part is shaped by filing, grinding, and drilling. Finally, the part is joined with other parts to create the finished product.

Why Is Metal Fabrication Important?

The ability to shape metal into any desired design has given humans an advantage since prehistoric times. Metalworking allowed humans to create weapons and superior tools, and now

metal fabrication allows manufacturers to create all sorts of products, from scews to cans to pans. Anything that could be used in the process of manufacturing, construction, and much more. For example, cars have been produced using aluminum and steel because they are lighter than their wooden counterparts. This means that cars will be able to go faster and travel further, but in order to make the parts and panels you need metal fabrication to form them.

How Is Metal Fabrication Done?

You can use many different techniques for metal fabrication. The techniques used depend on the type of product that is being created. For example, a car is made up of thousands of parts. These parts are all fabricated using different techniques. Some parts are cut out of a flat sheet of metal, while others are welded together.

Types of Metal Fabrication

There are three basic types of metal fabrication: casting, machining, and forging.

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Casting is when molten metal is poured into a mold to create an object or component. Most castings are iron, aluminum, or bronze and often have decorative features such as patterns or reliefs. You can find castings in various industries, including food processing, medical equipment, and cosmetics manufacturing. Castings can also be used in the automobile industry, where they serve several purposes, including making steering wheels and pedals.


Machining is when parts are cut from a flat sheet of metal using a CNC (computer numerical controlled) machine. The process involves cutting the metal using specialized tools such as a drill, saw, or punch. This type of fabrication is used for making automotive parts such as door panels and computer components. Machined parts are often made from aluminum or steel, then painted to give them their final appearance.


Forging involves heating metal until it becomes malleable and then putting it under pressure to squeeze out the desired shape. Forging can be done using either air or water-based techniques depending on the product that is being created. The main purpose of forging is to bend metal into shapes that you cannot achieve through other fabrication methods such as machining, casting, or hot working. Forged products can include hinges, pins, and screws used in a range of industries.

In conclusion, metal fabrication is a complex process with many different techniques. The process can involve many different materials such as steel, aluminum, brass, and copper. The products made from these metals include automotive parts such as door panels and computer components. The final products of metal fabrication can be forged or machined depending on the part being created.

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