Kebsi is an expert Full-Stack Websites & Games Developer. He worked with all aspects of programming for more than 5+ years.
In this article, I want to cover many aspects of websites development, and the main skills websites developers need to learn. While building websites become more popular in the last 10 years, many jobs become incredibly available. People couldn't handle making the entire website, so they separated the job into two main sides, which are described below. But even these days, there are some people able to make the website from zero until publishing(and I am, personally, one of them). If you are interested to learn more about websites, keep on reading and discover more.
What Is a Website?
Websites or network sites are a piece of code translated inside your browser to export some great visualization to give the user a special experience. You are right now viewing a website that gives you information about things that you might never have a knowledge about. A website can deliver clear ideas using simple user interface(UI), valuable links, plain texts, rich media like photos and videos, VR & AR, audio files, and many other useful simplification for different ages. As we all know, these days, a two-years-old child is holding a mobile phone and reaching the Internet easily, so websites should be customized even for them. Anyhow, adults and teenagers will not accept children content, but a website will change its style to fit the age of the user. All this is a simple definition of the website, but how can a web developer change the content once an adult or a child enters. It's kind of complex process, but it will be easy once you get deep into it.
Front-End & Back-End Technologies
Those are the two main aspects of website development. A developer should understand both of them but not always master them. They should master one, whether front-end or back-end.
What Front-End Is?
Front-End development is every thing a client (browser) can display. This includes texts, images, navigation bars, dropdown buttons, videos, etc. A Front-End developer should learn what a user interface (UI) means and how to design them, and what is the difference between UI and UX (User Experience). They all work to gather to form a stylish site that looks incredibly attractive. Every developer in this area should learn some skills and programming languages to reach such great style. Those skills are just three main languages:
- HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language): which is defined as the main skeleton or any website worldwide. It's the language responsible for viewing texts, photos, videos, tables, lists, and, of course, hyper-links.
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets): after adding the HTML, you need to reorder them and give them special style. Here CSS comes. It manages the fonts, colors, and shapes.
What Back-End Is?
Back-End is the hidden process happening behind the scenes. Do you remember the example above of changing the site once a user enters. This happens because of the databases stored inside the servers. Once a user enters, something called "Sessions" activates and searches for past informations a user applied. The most important data the server/session looks for is the sign up information. Once he finds it, it gives the server instructions to display the best thing for the user. Even more, it can display your name and writes "Hello ....", as Amazon was doing in the past. Some voice apps also did the same thing. Google Assistant usually says my name once I call it.
Developers in this area have to know the Front-End technologies (mentioned above) without the obligation to master them, and some extra programming languages, and, additionally, hard data storing systems. The main things they need to learn are:
- PHP/Python/ASP/Node.js/etc: as the main thing, developers need a high-level programming language which will allow them to control the entire process efficiently and effectively. Those mentioned above are the widely used languages, and I preferred PHP the most since it is nearly available in every host online (online hosts are the servers that accept the website in it and publish it to the Internet).
- MySQL/SQL Server/Oracle/etc: while programming, developers need a place to store the user data/information in a save place, here databases come. Learning one of them will allow you to save, delete, copy or paste, add, and sort/order any of the data inserted by a user. I think that MySQL did the best for me because I am working on a server/host accepting it amazingly.
- No SQL Database: sometimes, you find difficulties using SQL databases in some servers. If you have learned any of the Non-SQL databases language, you will manage to have your job done easily. I used MongoDB once, but I had many challenges since I wasn't, and actually still, not good at those database systems.
Full-Stack Website Development
This is the most critical section. If someone told his interviewer at a job that he/she is a Full-Stack website developer, the interviewer will mostly feel that you are lying. Full-Stack developers are the ones who had the ability to learn both technologies mentioned above. They are able to build the entire website form scratch till the the publishing moment. Expert developers used to say that a person can't have the cake and eat it at the same time, if so, they can work with both sides while its impossible. The ones who believed this speech are now working with a limited world while some others, and I am one of them, didn't listen and learned both. If you proved that you are capable to work with both, you may become the best one your company hired ever. Trust me, if you have a great willing to code, study, and fight for it, you'll absolutely manage to work with both and create your own site without depending on a colleague. This is just a personal experience and my opinion about what is Full-Stack developers are while others have theirs.
At the end, I can now tell you that you are knowledgeable enough to learn more and start your journey on website development. I hope you remember me once you become a great adept developer. I am sure that any one can achieve more than what he/shy can imagine, but they need a small motivation to incite them to jump their biggest jump ever. Here is a kickstart book that I recommend you to start with from today as I did 5 years ago.