Water Problems in India
If we have to name one common problem that affects both the cities as well as the villages in India then it has to be water. The worst part of it is that none of the main stream political parties have found it important enough to chalk out a long term and sustainable plan. Most parties are engaged in luring rural voters by offering loan waivers to the farmers and the poor. But nobody ever bothered to address the root causes. One of the major reasons of the farmer suicides is complete dependence on rain water for farming. Plenty of budget is allocated on the name of irrigation projects but such projects never show any visible results on ground. Political parties are busy making personal attacks on each other when it is high time that they sit together, keep all their differences aside and collectively work in solving this crisis. We will today discuss what can be done by the State Government, the individuals and the farmers.
What Can The Government Do To Solve The Water Problems
- Please appoint your best people in the irrigation department. This may sound trivial for the people outside India but this department has long been neglected by the State Governments in India.
- Use every penny allocated for the irrigation in building infrastructures and framing policies that will sustain at least for next 15-20 years.
- Fix the drainage system especially in the cities. The drainage system in India is one of the worst in the world. A huge amount of drainage water can be recycled and reused. India need to invest more money on water treatment plants and countries like Israel and Australia can be role model for this.
- There is a lot of hype created around smart city projects but the fact is most cities today don't get even 5% of water from municipal bodies and people are heavily dependent on tankers from external sources. If tankers can provide water, it means there is a big problem with distribution mechanism which is creating this artificial crisis. So municipal bodies should sit and chalk out plans to stop tanker mafias from using ground water resources like their private property.
- Rain water harvesting is talked about a lot in newspapers but there are very few housing societies and individuals who have actually implemented such projects on ground. Main challenge faced by these housing societies is to reach a common consensus. This is where the government should step in. Government should enforce this by law instead of leaving the decision to the managing committees of these societies.
What The Individuals and The Charity Institutions Can Do?
The institutions like Paani Foundation are doing excellent work in the state of Maharashtra which is severely affected by drought.Their initiatives like building soak pits, water sheds and related infrastructure in rural areas in Maharashtra is indeed showing visible changes on the ground. If a small independent charity organisation can do such a impact with donations and volunteers, imagine if the governments of respective states invest same amount of time, energy and resources, it would almost solve the problem in next five years. Farmers and villagers should also show active participation in these projects and reduce their dependency on the local government bodies.Thousands of watershed structures that can harvest hundreds of thousands of liters of water were built across 4,706 villages of Maharashtra in 50 days in the year 2019 just before the start of monsoon. Below some of the pictures of these structures built to arrest water and percolate it.
Specially For The Farmers
The farmers can use techniques suggested in below video by the Paani Foundation to recharge their dried wells by making efficient use of the rain water:
The Hiware Bazar village is an ideal model of irrigation and other villages should also take lessons from their success. Details in video below:
Hiware Bazar Go Green Initiative , Ideal Model Of Irrigation
A Video Explaining How To Recharge Wells. It Is Targeted For The People In Maharashtra
Water is life and life cannot thrive without water. So every drop of water is important and each and every one of us should do his/her part to save it. I would encourage more people from the cities to take up volunteering work in rural India and help the institutes like Paani Foundation in their noble cause. You can visit their official website and contribute either by volunteering for work or by donating some money. Any suggestions from people around the globe are welcome. This is a serious man made crisis and need a serious effort from mankind to solve it.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2019 Shrikant Jadhav