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Impacts of Technology on Mental Health

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Introduction


The study deals with the role of technology in cybercrimes or cyberbullying which impacts the mind. The industrial world entered into an age of vulnerability. It is also known as a technological attack. No doubt, technology has made life progressive. At the same time, it has put life into darker zones that lead to cybercrimes or cyberbullying.

Technology has developed a layer of threat that affects the development of individuals. Technology plays a crucial role in a digital world without which modern life is incomplete, but the increasing demand for technology has imminent threats to personal life; as a result, cybercrimes or cyberbullying emerge that is putting lives at risk.

Technology plays a crucial role in providing information. It contains free-floating data that gives red signals to humanity. Technology is challenging the socioeconomic conditions of society and morals and ethics. It further makes associations with cybercrimes and cyberbullying. The article published by Gale, a Cengage Company, in 2020 states that “Cyberbullying creates a challenging set of ethical and legal issues” (1). Technology is a challenging part of life. It has made people isolated. People value social media as compared to physical connections. Society enjoys the social life of media. Technological media only reduce the physical distance but has alienated the self. It fails to manage interpersonal conflicts.

Technology is influencing the personal life of an individual. An individual has to compromise privacy for the sake of technological success. This compromise leads to the risk factors of cybercrimes or cyberbullying. Giving complete information to social media leads to challenges. This information does use to tackle the behavior of an individual. The cyber person exerts power through this information which connects cyberbullying attacks. It also causes shame by disclosing the banned contents (Coburn et al. 568). Thus, technology is not a safe place for personal life.

Psychological research studies show that young people are more vulnerable to technological threats. It is because of social media involvement. They have surrendered themselves to technology via social media accounts. It is causing the rise of cybercrime and cyberbullying. Technology acts as a medium to threaten people, which makes people ill. The research on youth adolescents shows that cyberbullying changes emotions and behavior. So, technology is not only affecting physical health but also mental health. It is causing dire trauma because of its widespread use, hidden identity, and reproducibility (Kim et al. 662).

Technology is affecting young males and females that are shattering mental health. Research studies show that cybercrimes are disproportionately affected the youth. According to a National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) report published in 2019, more than 15 percent of students in grades nine through twelve who reported being bullied experienced cyberbullying during the 2016–2017 school year.

According to a 2018 Pew Research Center survey, 60 percent of girls and 59 percent of boys had experienced at least one of six specific abusive online Behaviors” (1). So, cyberbullying is not only affecting teenage boys but also among girls. It is damaging the mental health of adolescents. It increases anxiety and depression, which leads to suicidal attempts. The Jansen study shows that cyberbullying links to “psychological indicators” (Duarte et al. 39). The results show that Cybercrimes have victimized young individuals. It also challenges the self-esteem of males, and females, thus making no gender differences.

Barlett and Coyne 2014 state that “females use more features associated with social relationships in cyberspace than males” which gives more exposure to cybercrimes (Kim et al. 3). The statistical analysis of behavior, mental, and sexual health helps to undermine the cyber victimized. River and Noret claim that “Technology has transformed the lives of many teenagers as it has become an integral part of their lives, they use the internet to play games, listen to music, or gather information for school work but overall socializing is one of the primary reasons for working online" (Kaur 1067).

No doubt, technology is a source of connection and helps in socialization. At the same time, it is putting an individual at risk. Journal of Medical Internet Research has published a report in 2018 that shows the ratio of cyber victimization. According to this: technological users are “repeatedly victimized by cyberbullying…and likely to attempt suicide or commit acts of self-harm than their non-bullied peers” (Gale 2). Canada has issued a report on suicidal attempts, which shows that larger cases are associated with online media. To control this ratio, “Justice Minister Peter McKay introduced Bill C-13 (the Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act) to criminalize certain online behavior” (Coburn et al. 567).

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Technology is a good source of information. People sometimes feel jealous of an opponent's success. They are using this information to harass individuals online especially youth. The results of the “Cyberbullying and Federal Criminal Legislation” show that the victim feels “frustrated”, “angry”, “confused”, “guilty”, and “upset” (Coburn et al. 568). The reason is that they trust technology and give personal information. Later on, technology becomes the source of their failure.

Technology gives them the power to rule over all types of minorities. It supervises the individual via digital media and inhibits the personal life. Furthermore, technology provides security but fails to secure personal information. It is due to data roaming, which becomes the source of cybercrimes or cyberbullying. Excessive data makes people vulnerable to technological attacks. The only to get rid of this is to criminalize this behavior. “Criminalizing this behavior is likely to discourage disclosure” (Coburn et al. 567). It will help to reduce suicidal attempts. The failure to cope with the data information will affect the development. For this purpose, digital media should provide a safe environment for the youth.

To conclude, it states that technology acts as a medium for cyberbullying or cybercrimes. Every individual thinks that without technological links - life is useless. Unconsciously, they fall into the pit of technology attacks. These attacks are not only limited to males but are affecting females. The use of technology changes the patterns of an individual that determines cyber-victimization.

Works Cited

Álvarez-García, David, et al. “Risk Factors Associated with Cybervictimization in Adolescence.” International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, vol. 15, no. 3, 2015, pp. 226–35. Crossref, doi:10.1016/j.ijchp.2015.03.002.

Coburn, Patricia I., et al. “Cyberbullying: Is Federal Criminal Legislation the Solution?” Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, vol. 57, no. 4, 2015, pp. 566–79. Crossref, doi:10.3138/cjccj.2014.e43.

“Cyberbullying” Gale Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2020. Gale In Context: Opposing Viewpoints, link.gale.com/apps/doc/PC3010999103/OVIC?u=colo86472&sid=OVIC&xid=c05a5bcf.

Duarte, Cassandra, et al. “Correlation of Minority Status, Cyberbullying, and Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study of 1031 Adolescents.” Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, vol. 11, no. 1, 2018, pp. 39–48. Crossref, doi:10.1007/s40653-018-0201-4.

El Asam, Aiman, and Adrienne Katz. “Vulnerable Young People and Their Experience of Online Risks.” Human-Computer Interaction, vol. 33, no. 4, 2018, pp. 281–304. Crossref, doi:10.1080/07370024.2018.1437544.

Kim, Soyeon, et al. “Cyberbullying Victimization and Adolescent Mental Health: Evidence of Differential Effects by Sex and Mental Health Problem Type.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 47, no. 3, 2017, pp. 661–72. Crossref, doi:10.1007/s10964-017-0678-4.

Kaur, Mandee, and Inderpreet Kaur. “Cyber victimization: Dark side of the virtual world”,

Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 2016.

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