We are celebrating 15th September Engineer's Day in the memory of M. Visvesvaraya. Today we will review their work in this article.
Celebration As Engineer's Day
15th September is celebrated as Engineer's Day in the memory of M. Visvesvaraya. Visvesvaraya started the great tradition of engineering in India. The tremendous achievements he has made in the field of engineering without any tools should inspire and guide today's generation as well.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was a great Indian engineer. It is safe to say that he laid the foundation of engineering in the country. He was born on 15th September 1860 in the village of Mudenhalli in the present day Chikballur district of Karnataka. He was the son of Srinivas Shastri and Venkatalakshma. His father was a Sanskrit scholar, commentator on Hindu scriptures and an Ayurvedic physician. He passed the most difficult engineering final exam in the first class and became the first engineer in the country. The condition of their home was very poor.
He had no money for education. Under such adverse circumstances, Visvesvaraya completed his early education in Bangalore on his own scholarship due to the good manners of his mother. At the age of 23, he was appointed as an Assistant Engineer in the Public Works Department of in the Mumbai District. In 1904, he was promoted to become the first engineer in the entire country.
It was a village in the state of Mysore at that time. His father died when Visvesvaraya was fifteen years old. Visvesvaraya's primary education was at Chikballur. His secondary education was done in Bangalore. He obtained his B. A. from Madras University in 1881 and later graduated from the College of Science, Pune with a degree in Civil Engineering.
He then got a job in the Public Works Department in Mumbai. He was later invited to join the Irrigation Commission of India. His invention was to install gates that would automatically open and close the dam. He had also taken a patent for it. The first dam with such gates was built in 1903 on Khadakwasla reservoir near Pune. After the successful design of Visvesvaraya's dam at Khadakwasla, similar dams were constructed at Tigra in Gwalior and Krishnaraj Sagar Dam at Mandya.
His Great Work For Mysore
When Visvesvaraya designed the flood protection system to protect the city of Hyderabad from floods, it came to prominence. Visvesvaraya controlled the Krishnaraj Sagar Dam built on the river Kaveri from its very inception to its inauguration. Visvesvaraya started Mysore Soap Factory, Persitoid Laboratory, Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works, Shri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, Bangalore Agricultural University, State Bank of Mysore, Century Club, Mysore Chamber of Commerce and many more.
After retiring from government service in 1908, he traveled abroad to study industrialized countries. On his return from there, he worked for some time with the Nizam of Hyderabad. In November 1909, he was appointed Chief Engineer of Mysore. In 1912, he became the Diwan of Mysore. King Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV of Mysore had great faith in Visvesvaraya and he proved it.
Visvesvaraya worked hard for the overall development of Mysore state. In 1917, through his efforts, Government Engineering College was started in Bangalore. It is one of the first educational institutions in the country. He also started several railways in Mysore. Visvesvaraya also received many honors. In 1915, while he was the Diwan of Mysore for his contribution to the public interest, he was awarded the Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire by the British Government.
His Important Experience In The Train
This is an important experience in his life. He was once traveling by train. It was night time. All the passengers were asleep. There was peace everywhere. The train was going to the next station. In that train, Visvesvaraya was sleeping with her head on the window of the coach. Suddenly he woke up. After a while he got up and pulled the chain of danger.
As soon as the chain was pulled, the train slowed down and stopped after a short distance. Railway staff and other passengers questioned Visvesvaraya. Then Visvesvaraya quietly replied that there is a crack on the railway track one meter ahead. If the train had gone from there, a big accident could have happened. The people were amazed.
People thought this guy was joking. Railway staff then got down and inspected the railway tracks. In fact, there was a huge crack in the railway tracks. The reason he understood this was that in his sleep he was hearing the sound of a train and suddenly his voice changed. The vibration of the train made me realize that there is definitely a big gap in the front train. This saved the lives of many passengers. His understanding was also remarkable.
His Lifestyle And Awards
Vishweshwara's life was very simple. He wore a Mysore style feta and a simple dress till the end. His personality was also charming. No one had the courage to speak in front of him. He was simple-minded but difficult in some respects. He did not accept superstition which was going on in the society at that time.
He sincerely believed that the service of God and man is the service of God in every man. At the age of 94, when the country gained independence, Visvesvaraya was honored with the country's most prestigious Bharat Ratna in 1955. He was awarded an honorary membership of the International Institute of Civil Engineers in London. He had this membership for fifty years. He was also an honorary member of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He was the President of the Indian Science Congress convened in 1923.
Visvesvaraya also did many development works in his hometown of Mudenhalli. He started many educational institutions here. Therefore, Mudenhalli has become an important center in the field of education. The work done by Visvesvaraya in the field of engineering is incomparable. His work was glorified not only in India but also in the world. For the same reason, his birthday is celebrated as International Engineer's Day. Visvesvaraya lived a medical life for centuries. He died on 14th April 1962 at the age of 101 and passed away. But his work is still heard all over the country.
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