This article is based on crude oil crisis. Every country is faced such a problem. But what is the solution on it?
Technology Needs To Be Developed
India is currently paying a heavy price for relying on other countries for basic products or technology. Due to the shortage of crude oil, the country is suffering from rising fuel prices. With a 20 per cent blending of ethanol in petrol and biodiesel, the country will move towards fuel self-sufficiency and reduce crude oil imports.
To reduce pollution and reduce dependence on imports, the target of blending 20 per cent ethanol in petrol has now been reduced to five years by 2025. Earlier, this goal was set by 2030. A report was submitted last month by a committee of experts drafting an ethanol blend.
Ethanol is currently the top priority in 21st century India. Last year, the government had decided to add 10 per cent ethanol to petrol by 2022. India is currently paying a heavy price for relying on other countries for any infrastructure product or technology. India is suffering from rising fuel prices due to shortage of crude oil. The steady rise in petrol and diesel prices has broken the backbone of the common man. Crude oil prices continue to fluctuate internationally. As a result, the economy of a country producing limited amounts of petroleum products is adversely affected.
Ethanol Is Made From Sugarcane
How is ethanol used?
In fact, today we import three-quarters of our demand, or 75 per cent. So billions of dollars in foreign exchange have to be counted every year. This is further enhanced by the depreciation of the rupee. This is increasing the pressure on the Indian treasury. Oil imports have widened the deficit in foreign markets. We will have to come up with a permanent solution. In order to become self-reliant, concrete and positive measures have to be considered.
After the Green Revolution and the White Revolution in the field of agriculture, now is the time of the Black Revolution i.e. the Black Revolution. It can be said that the 'Krishna Revolution' will be important in terms of making India self-reliant in the field of petroleum products. The aim of this revolution is to become self-sufficient in petrol and diesel. This revolution will be extraordinary in the years to come and once it starts, India will be in constant need of it. For this, we will have to produce petrol and diesel in another way and we will have to come up with alternatives.
Till 2014, an average of one to one and a half per cent ethanol was being blended in India. Today, that proportion has risen to about eight and a half percent. While 38 crore liters of ethanol was procured in the country in 2013-14, it has now increased by more than eight per cent to 320 crore liters. Last year, petroleum companies bought ethanol worth Rs 21,000 crore, which benefited farmers, especially sugarcane growers. Ethanol is mainly made from sugarcane, maize, potatoes, sunflower, beet. Ethanol is separated from spoiled substances such as sugarcane, wheat or rice husks. It also reduces pollution and provides farmers with an alternative source of income.
Ethanol comes from sludge from a sugar factory. In the past, this sludge was wasted. But, ethanol reduces the pollutants of petrol. Ethanol is also used in vehicles in Brazil. Increasing the prevalence of ethanol in India will also save foreign exchange along with petrol. Millions of hectares of land in the country are deserted. If one crore hectares are planted with ethanol producing crops, it can be largely self-sufficient in terms of fuel. Thus jatropha can be produced for biodiesel.
The Production Of Jatropha Plant Is Beneficial
Experiments with biodiesel have been successful in many developed countries. It has been tested by Indian oil company Indian Oil. At present it is possible to use biodiesel without any modification in the vehicle. Jatropha is a plant that grows in temperate climates. The plant can grow in any part of the country. It does not require much water. It can easily come to a desolate orchard. The land adjacent to the railway can also be used for Jatropha farming. Jatropha cultivation can produce quality biofuels. One liter of biodiesel can be made from three and a half kg of Jatropha seeds. The government has earmarked 37 million hectares of land in the country for the production of Jatropha. If biodiesel is taken from various plants, then India can produce 10 per cent of its fuel in the country and its savings could be around Rs. 20,000 crore. Accordingly, foreign exchange can save a lot.
After the blending of ethanol in petrol, the use of biodiesel will reduce the carbon emissions in the country. Over the past 18 years, the use of biodiesel has increased carbon dioxide emissions by 40 percent and the Earth's temperature has risen by 0.7 degrees Celsius. If this continues, carbon dioxide levels in the Earth's atmosphere could rise by 90 percent by 2030. Of course, the Indo-Paris Agreement is working towards reducing carbon emissions. In such cases, reliance on fossil fuels (petrol-diesel) will have to be reduced while working on new energy sources. It has been given the pace at which petroleum products are being used around the world, there are enough reserves in the world for the next 40 years.
Serious efforts should be made from now on to reduce oil scarcity in the future. With a 20 per cent blending of ethanol in petrol and biodiesel, the country will move towards fuel self-sufficiency and reduce crude oil imports. This revolution strengthens India's goal of sustainable development. The government is expected to make efforts in this regard. The government will succeed in this endeavor and help keep the economy strong.
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