As the technology is expanding day to day, we need to be aware of the evolving technologies. This article will give a brief of the evolving
IoT Technologies Emerging In 2019
IoT technology Trends-What we expect in 2019
The last five years, have seen the most innovations in terms of technologies and adaptations of IoT. The future holds still holds the larger impact on the current running business models, risk managements, security challenges and network accessibility.
By the year 2020, more than 20.4 billions of devices will be connected through IoT technologies, said by Nick Jones, vice president and distinguished analyst at Gartner.
In 2018, many new innovations evolved beyond the hype and new technologies were launched.
So, what we expect in 2019?
Yes, there is no set back for the IoT in 2019. This year holds the refinements of the technologies evolved and to bring them in practical field. More industries, organizations, and business will implement the new technologies to make the best of out it.
The potentials and practical usage of technology are being tested in every field which will transform the response rate, reliable and cost-effective solutions.
So, let's see what the 2019 brings in the future of IoT and what we can expect.
IoT Data Analysis and AI
As Artificial intelligence, Machine learning and data analysis are the integral aspects of IoT in terms of enterprises. So, there will be more expansion in these technologies to unfold its applications. With the help of AI and data analysis, it will help the business to analyse the real-time data and get the insights. The deep learning concepts are being invoked to a broader sense to bring them to operate the data and make smart decisions.
Through Machine learning the anomalies of computing system and self-operating machine can better to understood. They will help expand the knowledge base of the computers and devices, so that they can be able to take decisions on their own.
In short, the IoT together with these technologies will reach greater milestones at all levels.
Innovation of Silicon-based chips
With the expanding landscape of IoT, the hardware, processors and sensors within any IoT devices are also moving towards low-cost and easy maintenance chips. The Silicon-based chips are designed for special purposes that will consume less power for DNN(Deep Neural Networks). This is a new-edge architecture and will have embedded DNN that even functions in low-power endpoints.
The Silicons chips are capable to support data analytics with sensors to recognize speech. Such chips also works well in low-cost and battery-powered devices. In near future, more and more IoT devices will deploy silicon-based chips. This will help organizations to create highly functional products in low-power consumption.
Deployment IoT in 5G networks
A robust network technology is a challenging factor for any IoT, as it needs to maintain a balance between the set of competing devices. The deciding factors for this are power consumption, bandwidth, computing devices, latency, quality of products, services involved, connection density and endpoint costs so on.
It is not possible for a single networking technology to optimize all the above things together. Among the various features of 5G, extreme high-speed, more connection density, low-latency are most highlighted ones. Thus, there is a need for extreme high-bandwidth networks that will efficiently support the technologies either it is AI, big data, Edge computing and so on.
The implementation of 5G network, will provide more reliable and faster connections. that is going to affect the other fields of management, IoT business, governance, smart cities and smart devices.
Sensor Innovation For IoT
As the business models are changing, the current sensors will need to be redefined. In recent years there prices has also been declined due to the demand of innovations. Now the new sensors are being packaged in a way that it can meet the functional requirement of the new applications and IoT devices.
The new sensors in the market will be capable to monitor wide-range of events and situations. CIOs and IoT teams will be working to ensure that the new sensors will be able to detect and identify the events so as to assist the IoT based business models.
This brings a surprise comeback as, the IoT experts and companies have realized that the computing can be efficiently run locally than the cloud. Due to the massive amount of data being shared among the devices, the transition model of storing and processing the data within the cloud often fail to meet the requirements and is not cost-effective.
Thus, more devices in IoT models are moving towards the edge computing and bringing the devices closer to the storage. This strategy not only helps to overcome security challenges, but also facilitates the easy access of data. Bringing computing closer to the devices will help devices communicate locally even if there is a network failure.
Security is the most challenging factor for any technology to be successful. Edge will pity much solve the issue of security, as the data is processed locally. So, there is less risk of the private and sensitive data stored within the constrained devices to be tampered.
Thus, new intelligent cloud-independent structure will be more cost-effective, intelligent, latency, flexible and form a responsive systems.
But Cloud still play an important role within the IoT arena, as it will help collect and consolidate the data from the remote outposts processing. Well this is to see how the new edge computing is going to impact the IoT business models.
Smart cities and smart devices
Due to the massive potential of humans to respond to any technology, there will be more enhancements of the infrastructure, appliances, traffic monitoring and so.
Smart parking will help the real-time monitoring of traffic and assist people with driving. Pertaining to the power consumption, there are various smart lighting systems already out in the market that consumes low-power and gives the full-control to change the lighting according to the requirement. Worth to mention the smart appliances like smart home camera and smart firewall that will monitor your house when you are not at home. IoT has been dominated the daily chores like closing and opening of doors, pet monitoring, water heaters and floor cleaning can all be controlled automatically.
These innovations has helped people to improve their living, increase security, reduce costs and interact more with their smart home.
Security issues in businesses always existed even before the evolution of IoT. The Businesses, organizations and medical fields adapting the new IoT models are concerned about the security. As there are many hidden layers within a model that requires additional surveillance.
The are various connected devices, sensors, applications and data sharing within the cloud. As we know the hackers and cyber criminals adopt sophisticated approach to break the security. Thus, there needs to be a comprehensive security and robust management that can quickly address any loophole and solve it.
So, in 2019, there will be more focus to implement end-to-end security like robust device authentication, bio-metrics, digital certificates, firewall embedded to the devices. Also, there is a major change to the traditional approach of machine authentication were employees within the company used to feed the credentials, but know there will be machine-to-machine authentication by the deployment of sensors.
The innovation of technology unfolds vast potentials, digital engineering is again a field which adopted the principles of IoT. Advanced 3D models, automatic design testing, simulations and digital twining are the game changer. This helped to reduce to the time as well as improve the quality-check and validation of digital products.
In addition to that, there is integration of PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) software program. This program manages the overall process of a product including design, manufacturing, inception and testing. It will help in addressing any manufacturing defects, supply chain and compliance issues.
There will be a large-scale adoption of eSIMs to the cellular carriers in 2019. This will help them to increase the interoperability and lessen the security issues as related to the traditional SIM cards. Apple has already started implementing the eSIMs to its new launches of iPhones, iPads and its iWatches.
With the use of eSIMs, the customers can easily access the network on all of their devices without switching the SIM cards. They are designed simple and virtual cards that will help users to reach the full potential and also choose the best carrier based on their location and requirement.
eSIMs will dramatically help the carrier vendors to manage the data and allow the users to access them whenever they need. It also increases the security as it will have strong encryption, authentication and also reliable.
With eSIMS, it will lessen the cost of logistics, manufacturing and easy to deploy. The new IoT enabled eSIMs will have simplified and easy-to-use features that users will benefit the users.
Despite of continuous progress to bring the autonomous cars in reality, but still we are far away to this. However, what we can expect in 2019, is the more powerful and automatic car services. Including the smart navigation, safety measures, network connectivity, entertainment services so on. Again this is only possible with the launch of 5G networks.
The automobile companies are working to make the communication stronger between car-to-car as concerned to the road and traffic conditions.
But still the hype for autonomous cars will be expected till 2025. So you may not expect to soon leave your car itself on the road. But yet the automakers are working hard to implement the IoT, which will transform the driving experience in coming years.
Since the industries and organizations in various fields have seen the potential of IoT and its capabilities to transform the business. It is very important for people, enterprises and organizations to be informed of the upcoming trends. This knowledge will help them achieve and sustain their business models for long-term.
It is always better to adapt a technology and innovation, it broadens the scope for any businesses and help overcome the challenges.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2019 Nupur Das