Acne is a very frustrating, embarrassing and irritating problem
Acne is a very common problem among teens and it is very frustrating, embarrassing and irritating. Adult people may also suffer from this irritating problem and lose their beauty. There are many factors associated with acne occurrence but the main culprit behind this problem is 'Hormone'. Due to hormonal changes in puberty, many teens suffer from acne. Besides, sufferers may experience depression and a decrease in their confidence level and self- esteem. However, this article will explain - what is acne, causes of acne, how to get rid of acne and its possible treatments, etc. according to the information given by the Dermatologists.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin disease which is medically known as 'Acne Vulgaris' (common acne). It involves overactive sebaceous gland situated at the base of the hair follicles. Acne commonly happens in puberty because of hormones produced by the adrenal gland in both men and women.
Acne is the most common problem among the teenage people and usually treatable. Besides, adult people may suffer from this problem. However, you need proper treatment to prevent the acne (most cases of bad acne) and inflamed acne needs to be treated early to prevent the scar
Causes of acne
1. Hormonal changes (mostly a Person's adolescent years)
2. Hormonal changes during pregnancy
3. Excess sebum (oil) secretion of sebaceous gland (overactive)
4. Clogging up the skin pores from trapped oils, dirt, dust, cosmetics and makeup products.
5. Greasy cosmetics may cause acne
6. Poor hygiene and unclean skin can lead to bacterial infections
7. Dead skin cell accumulation and grime build up
8. Unhealthy dietary habits and lifestyle
9. Not drinking enough water
Formation of skin pimples and acnes
What causes acne?
How to get rid of acne?
1. Keep your face clean:
It is important to wash your face twice daily whether or not you have acne. It removes dead skin cells, extra oil and other impurities from your skin's surface.However,using a harsh soap can further worsen the inflamed skin and cause irritation. Alternatively use lukewarm water (not hot) and a mild face cleanser (oil free acne cleanser). Besides,avoid scrubbing your skin harshly with a washcloth or exfoliating glove. Simply wash your face with your clean hands or a very soft cloth, rinse well and dry it with a soft and clean towel.
Oil-Free Acne Wash
2. Use a retinoid cleanser:
You may use a retinoid cleanser which contains ultra- high level of vitamin A and helps to dissolve away the grimes and clean out the clogged pores of the skin. You may purchase an over- the- counter retinoid cleanser or get a prescribed one from your dermatologist.
3. Choose right moisturizer:
Acne prone skin needs hydration and moisturizing. If you deprive your skin from moisturizing, it will further encourage the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum (oil) and increase the chances of getting more acne. However, look for a "noncomedogenic" product which means it won't cause acne. There are different good moisturizing products specially for oily, dry or sensitive skin available in the market.
4. Try OTC product:
You can try an over the counter (OTC) product and it doesn't need any prescription. These products have Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic Acid, which restrain the bacteria and dry your skin. At first use in small amount and then you can understand how much and how often to use depending on your peeling and dryness of the skin. Remember to use these products with caution if you have sensitive skin.
5. Use noncomedogenic makeup sparingly:
If you do wear makeup choose the product cautiously. Avoid foundation, blush , or powder during a breakout. Some makeup products tend to make the skin oily and block the pores of the skin. However, Choose your makeup product that is labeled "noncomedogenic" which means it won't cause acne (don't block the skin's pores) and try to select oil-free cosmetics. Before buying any makeup product must see the ingredients list labeled on the product.
6. Don't pick or squeeze the acne:
Don't pick or squeeze acne with your fingers as it can lead to infection and scarring. Moreover, avoid touching your face or prop your cheek on the hand as it can further worsen the inflamed skin.
Don't squeeze acne
7. Be careful about what you put on your hair:
Avoid using oils, pomades, fragrances and gels on your hair because when they get on your face, they can irritate your skin and block the skin's pores, Which stimulate acne occurrence. For this reason you should use a gentle shampoo and conditioner which make your hair clean and oil free.
8. Change your eating habit:
Avoid junk and sugary foods especially fried foods. You must sure that you are drinking lots of water as it flushes out the impurities from the blood stream and toxins from your system. Try to eat fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, nuts and foods rich in vitamin A and vitamin C. These foods will regulate the oil production of your skin and help you to reduce acne occurrence.
9. Limit your sun exposure time:
Ultraviolet ray's of the sun can increase the inflammation and redness of your skin. Besides, some medications used for acne can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. However, limit your sun exposure time especially between 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. as in this time sun ray's are the strongest which is bad for your acne.
10. Do exercise regularly:
Exercise is very good for our body as well as our skin. Daily exercise can reduce the stress (one of the causes of acne), maintain the hormone level and clean the pores of the skin by sweating. After a vigorous workout session wipe your perspiration off by a clean towel or you can take a shower.
11. Chemical peels:
Chemical peel, is a concentrated acid solution, can be effective for acne patients but does not cover by assurance. The application of this acid to the skin once in four weeks. It causes rapid turnover of the skin and prevents clogging of the skin pores.
Microdermabrasion is an another treatment in which skin is sanded away to produce new skin. Dermatologists recommend to get microdarmabrasion once a week for several months to achieve the best result and in this treatment only outermost layer of the skin is affected.
DR. Tess Mauricio,M.D. treating teen acne
Use prescribed medications: (very effective)
There are several treatments for cleaning up the acne and it varies from person to person. If you suffer from a bad case of acne you must consult with your dermatologist, he or she will diagnose your problem and prescribe you the required medicine. It may consist of a topical medication like 'Tretinoin' (such as Retin A, Renova,Tretin-X , Atralin etc.) with a systemic medication like 'antibiotic'(such as tetracycline, minocycline,doxycycline, erythromycin etc.). However, if these drugs don't work, a specialized drug called 'Accutane' can be prescribed.It is a special drug which has shown to completely remove all the acnes in patients.Remember, it must be prescribed by your dermatologist as it has side effects.
DR. Barry Lycka Talking about adult acne and its solution
Laser acne treatment: (very effective)
Laser acne treatment can be very useful as it has no pill associated internal complications. This treatment may be different for every user. The most effective therapies are Red/Blue light Therapy, Photodynamic Therapy and Isolaz Acne Therapy. Each therapy works in a unique manner and kills the acne causing bacteria and treats active acne. Most patients require five to seven (approx) session treatment to get the desired result with periodic re-treatments as acne flare
Blue light acne treatment
Blue light treatment for acne by plastic surgeon Scott Greenberg, M.D.
People who are suffering from acne know what they are feeling about as it is very embarrassing,frustrating and irritating. However, if you feel that your acne problem gets worse day by day, you must consult with a good Dermatologist as he or she will help you to get rid of this problem.
Thanks for reading.
1. DR.Mary Lupe, MD (New Orleans Dermatologist)
2. DR.Neil Sadick, MD (Manhattan Dermatologic Surgeon)
3. DR.David Goldberg, MD (New York Dermatologic Surgeon)
4. DR.Eric Schweiger, MD (New York Dermatologic Surgeon)