Cristale Adams is an online author and publisher. Her articles vary in topics and focus on real life. She always enjoys learning new things.
The Anatomy of Skin
Many living things are covered by skin including animals, humans, and sea life. The anatomy of human skin is very complex with many different components and layers, all having their own important function and purpose. Skin is mainly composed of connective tissue that joins together and also epidermal cells that are knitted together. The color tone of the skin is influenced by a number of pigments, including melanin, carotene, and hemoglobin. The three main layers of human skin are the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis.
The epidermis consists of the most outwards layers and is found to be "thick" or "thin" skin. For example, thick skin is usually found on the feet and sometimes hands like calluses.
The dermis is the middle part of the skin or also known as the core. It is comprised of two different layers of an interconnected mesh of elastin and collagenous fibers.
The hypodermis is the most underlying layer of the skin that actually connects the skin to tissue surrounding the muscle.
An Inside Look
Different Types of Skin
There is not a "one size fits all" or even a "one size fits most". Skin comes in different types of textures, appearances, and tones. For example, a person who has prolonged sun exposure will have different skin from a person who does not go into the sun regularly. The texture, appearance, and health of a person's skin depend on multiple factors, including environment, diet, habits, and care. The type of skin a person has can also dependent on genetics. The most common types of skin:
- Dry - contains less sebum; lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture; tight, rough, and dull.
- Oily - heightened sebum; many lipids that retain too much moisture; glossy with visible pores.
- Combination - average sebum; average lipids but can be clustered into one concentrated area; t-zone oil with dry cheeks.
- Normal - well-balanced skin; the scientific term for healthy skin is endemic.
Your Skin Type
7 Best Skin Care Facts
This article is to help inform not just women but also men, with all different skin types, about skincare and to increase awareness about how important skincare is. There are many things that can be said about skincare, but not all concepts are accurate or true. Many factual tips can provide many benefits to anyone to aid in avoiding certain health problems like skin cancer or even dry, flaky skin.
1. Water is a Firm Foundation.
Consuming 8 8ounce glasses of water per day will keep skin hydrated, plump, and glowing. Water is the starting point before product usage or any other remedy because it can also get rid of acne, lighten some darker spots, definitely reduce wrinkles. Plenty of water is also a firm foundation for a healthy body and metabolism as well.
2. Always Moisturize, Even Men!
Skin will become dry, wrinkle faster, and also become tighter and itchier if not moisturized after washing. After showering, bathing, or handwashing always apply a moisturizer such as lotion or butter. During the washing process, the skin's natural oils that are best are washed away. Applying a moisturizer can replenish what was lost. This, combined with plenty of water, will always help the skin to look more healthy, vibrant, and glowing.
3. Do Not Use Body Products on the Face.
Facial and body skin are much different. Facial skin is usually more sensitive and delicate than the skin on the body. Skin pores on the face are also different than pores on the body. Products that are for use on the body are not meant for use on the face, and vice versa. For example, the body lotion is much thicker and heavier than a facial moisturizer. This fact also pertains to cleansers, scrubs, moisturizers, and treatments. Always use products as directed.
4. Do Not Sleep in Makeup.
This is serious because it can cause constant and increasing acne. As a person sleeps, a person's face will soak up certain elements from the environment. This can include makeup mixed with sweat, dirt, and oil, which becomes layered on the face. Makeup traps all of the harmful stuff and keeps it on the face. Always cleanse face in the morning and before bed. No more than that or skin will become dry and wrinkley.
5. Properly Wash Skin Daily.
Washing the skin properly means using the correct soap, the best water temperature, and the best technique. Use a gentle face wash and body wash so that it will not clog pores or cause irritation. The best water temperature to wash skin is lukewarm to cool. The hotter the water is, the more natural moisture is sucked out of the skin. Do not scrub skin in any way because it can cause micro-tearing and abrasions.
Also washing the skin daily will remove dead skin cells, reduce acne and blemishes, and change skin from dull to glowing. Scrubs and exfoliants are good to use but only in moderation, as in once a week. Always be sure to moisturize right after, face and body separately with the proper products.
How To Wash Face Properly
6. Refrain From Touching Skin Often.
Dirt, oil, and other impurities are on fingers and hands. Then touching the skin with those same hands, including the face, can only clog pores and increase breakouts. This can also spread sickness and diseases. Personally, it has happened to me. I will rub or wipe my face and the next day there is a pimple in that exact spot. That's because whatever is on the hands will be transferred to the skin. Also rubbing and pulling on the skin is not advised because it will cause wrinkles and sagging. If you must touch your face or skin, wash your hands with warm water and mild soap first.
7. Eat Your Way to Healthy Skin.
This skincare fact will not take place immediately but over time and gradually. There are certain foods that, when consumed regularly for a longer time span, will increase the texture, appearance, and health of the skin from the inside out. The best foods to consume are:
- Dark Chocolate
- EVOO (extra virgin olive oil)
- Green Tea
These foods contain high amounts of antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Skin thrives on the nutrients from these foods to rebuild, heal, and retain moisture. Just making a few small diet changes, skin can improve drastically. For example, whenever preparing pasta, always add extra virgin olive oil to the pot of boiling water.
More Skin Care Articles
- How to Use Clay for Skincare (With Recipes)
Mineral clays are a valuable skincare ingredient due to their oil and dirt absorbing abilities and toxin eliminating properties. They also deliver important minerals into the skin.
- Your Guide to Sulfate-Free Skincare Products
If you have problem skin, you may be sensitive to an ingredient found in 90% of cleansers: sodium lauryl sulfate, aka sulfates. These are my favorite sulfate-free shampoos, cleansers, and toothpastes.
- 4 Easy Skincare Hacks for Getting Rid of Blackheads
This article will share my favorite tips and tricks for removing blackheads and minimizing pores to leave your face looking flawless—even without makeup!
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2012 Cristale Adams
Cristale Adams (author) from Florida on July 16, 2012:
Lotion with SPF contained in it is the best before beginning your day outside!
CrisSp from Sky Is The Limit Adventure on July 15, 2012:
Good informative hub! I should have known about sunscreen in my earlier days. I've learned my lesson after getting some hyperpigmentation on my face when I went to Dubai sometime back and it was boiling hot. Sun never seems to come down in that part of the world. I love it but not what it did to my face. Now, I never go out without sunscreen with the highest SPF. :(