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Preparation for Successful Handgun Hunting

Smith & Wesson Model 16 .32 H&R Magnum Revolver - A good choice for small game.

Smith & Wesson Model 16 .32 H&R Magnum Revolver - A good choice for small game.

In areas where it's permitted and environments in which it’s practical, many shooters have responded to the challenge of handgunning for small and medium game. For many hunters, the handgun does not replace the rifle, but it presents a challenging alternative for those who are confident with a handgun. The initial challenge is to develop sufficient skill and proficiency with a sidearm to ethically choose it as an option. The shooter must master the basics of handgunning under difficult conditions, often in physically demanding circumstances.

Special equipment is not a requirement, but accuracy is an unavoidable prerequisite. Revolver, autoloader or single-shot, if the handgun is capable of accuracy in your hands, it is suitable for use in the field. It need not be equipped with optical sights, nor must it be expensively accessorized. When I began hunting small game with a handgun more than 45 years ago, I used a S&W K-22 revolver with 6-inch barrel. Having had fun shooting at pine cones, balloons and clay targets, I began using the .22 rimfire revolver for pest control, carrying it in a Tom Threepersons holster, made by S.D. Myres, that rode high on my right hip. I also used a Ruger Blackhawk .357 Magnum revolver in those early days, but the K-22 did the greater share of the field work. Both sidearms had adjustable rear sights and both proved well-suited to the task. My targets of opportunity for the K-22 were ground squirrels and marmots. When you’re on foot and make an effort to be quiet and still, your patience will often be rewarded.

Mature Yellow-bellied Marmot

Mature Yellow-bellied Marmot

We must consider, are YOU ready for handgun hunting? No matter how competitive a shooter may have been in the past, it is unreasonable to assume he (or she) can perform as accurately or effectively months or years later without having practiced in the interim. Be realistic, because a small error in sight alignment or poor trigger control will result in a complete miss or wounded game. If you cannot hit the vital area of the game you hope to hunt, you must improve or opt for a rifle. The margin of sighting error with a handgun is relatively narrow.

S&W Model 14-5 .38 Special Revolver

S&W Model 14-5 .38 Special Revolver

On the pistol range, accuracy is an exercise in concentration and adherence to basics of good shooting technique. Conditions in the field may differ, and accuracy is difficult when your respiratory rate increases and your heart is pounding after an uphill hike. Practice at the range would establish a baseline, a performance level under low stress and optimum conditions but, having done so, it's time to take it to the field and practice more realistically.

Ruger's Stainless Mk II Government Target .22 Auto

Ruger's Stainless Mk II Government Target .22 Auto

Determine your maximum effective distance by firing at increasing distances until you can no longer keep your shots on a 6” or 8” paper plate, brightly colored party balloons or clay targets. Practice shooting at these, starting at relatively close range, what you regard as an “easy shot”, and extend the distance to target until you find the distance at which you cannot consistently hit those targets. The distance you determine is the maximum at which you can ethically take the shot. If it's 20-25-50 yards, accept that limit. With practice, proper equipment and accessorization (a dot or telescopic sight), you can extend that distance to 50-75-100 yards. Over time, I confess my lights have noticeably dimmed and I am not capable of the visual gymnastics that yielded the accuracy I enjoyed as a young man, so I rely more heavily on scopes and dot sights these days.

The first handgun scope I recall was a Bushnell Phantom, a 1.3X scope (and, later, a 2.5X scope) that initially met with lukewarm enthusiasm; however, the Remington XP-100, a single-shot, bolt action handgun chambered for the .222 Rem and .221 Fireball (introduced in 1963 or ’64) revised the thought process of many who thought a handgun was a good choice for self-defense but inappropriate for hunting. The XP-100 was so inherently accurate that the single sighting plane of a scope was an obvious asset, but it was so unconventional that it met with mixed reception by handgunners who either swore by it or swore at it. I should add, those who objectively tried the XP-100 usually proved to be the most enthusiastic proponents, and their proven accuracy and demonstrated results eventually overcame many of the critics.

Practice session at 105 yards with a T-C Contender in .41 Magnum

Practice session at 105 yards with a T-C Contender in .41 Magnum

If credit must be given to handgun developments for fueling interest in handgun hunting, the Remington XP-100 must share that credit with the Thompson-Center Contender, a single-shot, break-open handgun introduced in 1967.

In choosing a handgun with which to hunt, your selection must be accurate. More specifically, YOU must be accurate when you use it. Your practice sessions should include shots that will challenge you and define your limits.

Small game with well-supported T-C Contender in .22 Hornet

Small game with well-supported T-C Contender in .22 Hornet

I frequently carry a case, daypack or backpack, depending how much time I plan to spend afield, and I have "sandbags" filled with rice or thermoplastic beads, light and portable, to provide a rest for the firearm and a protection for the handgun. If you rest the handgun directly on a hard surface, you can damage the finish or ruin a set of custom grips when the piece recoils.

Similarly, don't position the front sight or barrel UNDER a hard surface, like the crossmember of a fence. The piece will rise on recoil and you can ruin the finish or damage the sights, so I rely on the bag or a cupped hand to protect the wood grip or blueing. Don't place the thumb of your firing hand against a solid vertical surface (such as a tree of fencepost) as you fire because you'll develop a new appreciation for your cartridge's recoil.

When you've practiced sufficiently to develop a good level of proficiency and confidence, use everything you've learned and all the skill you've developed to hunt. Remember, it's a process of continual development and improvement.

Ed uses the fallen tree and sandbag as a steadying support for his handgun.

Ed uses the fallen tree and sandbag as a steadying support for his handgun.

Riflemen appreciate the prone position as a relatively solid one but, I must admit, I rarely get a chance to use the prone position because the terrain or vegetation seldom favors it, so I use the sitting, kneeling or standing position and I practice each of them. I also practice in different positions with my handguns. We can choose what we believe is a promising firing point but, when opportunity presents itself, we may have to adapt and be creative, so exercise forethought and provide yourself with the best support you can find or exploit, whether it's a rock, a tree stump, a fence post.

Make a serious effort to duplicate the conditions you’ll probably encounter. If you have convenient access to your preferred hunting area, study it from a different perspective. How dense is the vegetation? At what range can you expect your shots to be taken? What positions or terrain features can you use to your advantage? You may find a clearing with a 75-yard diameter, and rocks or trees that will provide good cover and concealment. You must practice to extend your abilities to cover the diameter of that 75-yard clearing, but if you find accurate placement difficult beyond 50 yards, you must exercise self-discipline and fire only on game that falls within your demonstrated capability. It’s a good incentive to practice! I leave the amazing shots to amazing shooters, and limit myself to shots with which I can deal with confidently.

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Thompson-Center Contender with 14-inch accessory barrel chambered for .41 Magnum.

Thompson-Center Contender with 14-inch accessory barrel chambered for .41 Magnum.

Practice as often as possible with the loads you intend to use on the hunt. If you’ve decided to use your .44 Magnum to harvest your venison, practice with the jacketed bullets you will use for the hunt, not the .44 Special ammo or reduced loads that are less punishing and economical. It is not intelligent to change loads on the morning the season opens. Change ammunition to higher performance loads and you may expect a change in the point of impact at distance.

Let us assume you’ve practiced diligently, and you’re confident that you are ready to use your sidearm for the hunt. You’ve practiced for months on the range and in the field and you’ve found the load that performs consistently for you. Before you take to the field, a “dress rehearsal” is often a good idea. For example, your belt holster may be well suited to a summer or autumn afternoon but, if you’re hunting in winter’s worst weather, there are a few factors to consider.

Your gunbelt may not encompass your increased girth over a parka or coat. Your weapon may not be accessible with reasonable speed or convenience while encumbered with winter clothing that limits your range of motion. You may have to reposition your holster or choose another, especially if your natural draw allows a hammer or rear sight to catch on a garment. The best way to avoid potential problems is to wear the weapon with the same clothing you intend to wear when the mercury drops.

Use the same loads in practice as you will use in the hunt.

Use the same loads in practice as you will use in the hunt.

A great many quality holsters fit your sidearm well and may seem ideal when you purchase them or wear them on the range, but they prove impractical or useless while actually hunting. Have you tried hiking with your holstered handgun? I don’t mean a few steps across the living room or a short stroll from the minivan; I mean a brisk hike over irregular terrain. Does the belt or holster shift position or require frequent repositioning or adjustment? Is it comfortable? Can you lift your legs to clamber over fallen trees or rocks? How securely does the holster hold your weapon? How much protection does the holster offer your weapon if you trip or fall against a boulder? If you damage a sidearm, it will ruin your trip. If your sights are damaged, it will spoil your hunt. Good holsters are admittedly expensive, but a good handgun justifies that expense.

Some of my wool trousers, though warm and comfortable, are worn with varying thicknesses of shirts or undershirts, as layering dictates, and I often wear suspenders or braces when I use a belt holster. When the temperature drops further, a belt holster is impractical because a parka or coat will be worn as my outermost garment. I must choose a different holster, and a shoulder holster (depending on the sidearm) is often a good option. Handguns equipped with scopes or dot sights may not lend themselves well to holsters, though I’ve seen some intelligently designed holsters for large handguns like the scoped N-frame S&W revolvers and the Ruger Super Blackhawk. As illustrated, I often rely on a padded case carried in or attached to my backpack. That doesn’t permit quick access, but it makes better sense when firing from a decently prepared position.

Do you expect to wear gloves while you hunt? You’d be wise to include gloves in your dress rehearsal. I’m reminded of an occasion when I fired at jackrabbits with a S&W Model 28 revolver and the seam of my gloved finger caught between the trigger and trigger guard as I cocked for single-action fire, which kept the revolver from reaching full cock, so that opportunity was missed. I have other gloves, just as warm, without a similarly placed seam, but I should have tried those gloves earlier.

Taurus Model 94 .22LR revolver with 4-inch barrel

Taurus Model 94 .22LR revolver with 4-inch barrel

When I’m asked if I consider a revolver more accurate than an autoloader, I have to respond that I’ve experienced praiseworthy accuracy from a great variety of handguns. I often use a revolver because I handload my centerfire ammunition, and expended brass is easier to control and retrieve with a revolver or single-shot handgun. The S&W K-22 revolver and Colt New Frontier .22 revolver that I relied upon years ago (and mistakenly sold both) have been supplanted in the past several years by a Taurus Model 94 revolver in .22LR (photo above) and a Ruger Government Target Mark II with a 6-7/8” barrel, equipped with a Burris 2X pistol scope, which has proven every bit as accurate as a .22 rifle up to 50 yards, under the right circumstances. The Taurus revolver reminds me very much of the S&W Kit Gun, a good choice for plinking.

Ruger Super Blackhawk .41 Magnum Revolver

Ruger Super Blackhawk .41 Magnum Revolver

I’ve used my .45 ACP for varminting. I’m aware that seems excessive and probably wouldn’t be the first choice of most of my colleagues, but it keeps me in practice with that trusted sidearm.

Any rest or support is better than none, unless it takes too long to exploit. A friend injured his knee and, for some time after knee surgery, he used a cane or walking staff on our field trips. We were beside a dirt road on his property, shooting at distant targets that I’d set up. There were a few fenceposts we relied on at roadside as a steady rest but, beyond those, there were no boulders or trees we could use for support and the vegetation was tall enough to render the prone position pointless. My friend used his cane as a monopod support in the sitting and kneeling positions, and that was a practical and effective approach.

Pest control with the .45 ACP, using a boulder as support for the pistol.

Pest control with the .45 ACP, using a boulder as support for the pistol.

When we embark on a hunting trip, we do more than compete against the game animals in their environment; we assume a responsibility to the wildlife. I actively practice because I owe it to the creatures I hunt to be mercifully accurate. None of us hunt to wound a game animal. The objective is to drop the creature with one well-placed and instantly effective shot. If we assume that we can accomplish this without preparation, practice and self-application, then we are underestimating the required level of skill.

If you are not capable of the required skill, if your equipment is not up to the task, if you do not operate within your limitations, then you do a disservice to the animals you hunt and to your fellow sportsmen and sportswomen. It evidences a lack of respect for the life of the game you seek, and a failure to understand your role and responsibility as an outdoorsman. We owe the game animals the best effort, accuracy and precision of which we are capable.

Jackrabbit taken with the stainless Ruger .22 autoloader.

Jackrabbit taken with the stainless Ruger .22 autoloader.

We hunt because we’re psychologically adapted to it and because it fits into the larger picture of game management and conservation. As hunters, we are closer to nature than others who participate in many other sports and hobbies. We receive a great deal from this relationship, and we are obligated to give a great deal of ourselves to it. A part of that entails obeying the laws and hunting regulations, respecting private property, and using safety-oriented judgment in the field. Our right to hunt in the public lands of this great nation, and our privilege to be permitted to hunt on private properties is more vulnerable than ever. Let us conduct ourselves responsibly, and pass that legacy to the next generation.

Edward J. Palumbo © 2015


Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on March 04, 2021:

Derek Vince,

Enjoy your practice sessions, then take your handgun afield and enjoy every opportunity that develops. I miss a great many, and I take those as "educational opportunities" or a reminder to adjust my sights for that distance, but the times you connect are reasons for personal celebration and satisfaction. Pest control with a rifle is a challenge, but that challenge is greater with a sidearm!

Derek Vince from United States on February 27, 2021:

Great article man! I've never thought of hunting with a handgun but I might as well go practice and give it a whirl.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on February 09, 2021:


Thank you for reading and commenting. Enjoy your time on the range and in the field with the .22 rimfire and the .38 Special, two excellent choices for small game. I've had good results with .38 wadcutters and .22 Long Rifle ammunition and I trust you will too. I'm glad you're pleased with this Hub article and I'd like to hear your results in future comments here. My thanks to you and and your son for your careers as police officers!

SaltyDawg on February 07, 2021:

I have a few .22 and .38 Special handguns, but I haven't really considered them for the ground squirrels here. You remind me that I ought to put them to use. I retired as a LEO but my son is on the job now and we can keep each other up-to-speed with some friendly (and inexpensive) .22 competition. I don't reload my brass so the .22 seems like a good way to go. I like what you've written.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on March 25, 2020:

Fresno Shooter,

Thank you for reading and commenting. By all means, use that Ruger Single Six and enjoy your practice sessions. I wish you many hours of solid shooting enjoyment in the field!

Fresno Shooter on December 26, 2019:

I guess I better dust off my Ruger Single Six and practice! Thank you for good information!

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on June 29, 2019:

ColeBee, Thank you for reading and commenting. I have had good experiences with the .41 Magnum and I continue to work with the cartridge, but I don't recommend it for "everything". Unless you reload and your pockets are relatively deep, I certainly wouldn't recommend it as a primary choice for small game, but it is possible to get excellent accuracy with the .41 Magnum and you can employ that benefit for small or medium game as you wish.

I use the .38 Special often and I'm very pleased with that cartridge. It's an accurate and economical choice when loaded with cast or swaged bullets. There are no minimum/maximum choices when handgunning for game. Use what will accomplish the task and what performs accurately in your hands.

The .41 Magnum is a great steel cartridge, hammering distant steel targets with a satisfying ring. I'm fortunate to have a place where I can set these targets up. On small game at reasonable distances, the .38 Special will prove 100% deadly on small game, so I don't expect better performance with a .41 Mag. Indeed, there are times I'd prefer to avoid the concussive blast of the .41 and .44 Magnum and I prefer the .38, the .22 Mag or .22 Long rifle for the task, especially when noise will disturb neighbors on adjacent properties.

I employ larger cartridges because I want to stay in practice with them, but they are much more than required. Use whatever you're confident with and whatever does the job. Stay in practice and enjoy your time afield. Best wishes,


ColeBee on June 29, 2019:

Judging from the photos you've provided, you seem to rely on or recommend the .41 Magnum cartridge. I consider that a bit too much for small game. I've never owned a .41 Mag, though a friend dropped a mule deer with his S&W Model 57. Would you use a .41 on small game? What results would you expect that a .38 Specia lwouldn't provide?

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on October 08, 2018:

No practice session goes to waste!

Robertstants on October 08, 2018:

Well said. When we are away from practice. We still know the technique but practice will bring it into focus again.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on June 04, 2017:

Mr. Porter, I thank you for reading and commenting. I've lived in areas with laws and population density made it difficult to hunt or target-shoot. If you currently own a handgun (any cartridge), I'd suggest any indoor/outdoor opportunity to develop proficiency. If you have no option but an indoor range and 50-ft distance, work with that. Inquire of game wardens and law enforcement about the legality of hunting in the national forest. You may have to be 250-500 yards from a campsite, or may be limited on what cartridges you may use. Obtain the State game laws, read and abide by them. Developing a rapport or getting permission from a rancher or farmer may be difficult because they face risk or liability. You may want to network a bit, write a brief letter to specific landowners expressing your intent or present yourself to request permission. You didn't mention the county or community in which you live, but an ad in a local newspaper may help or a 1-page flyer with your photo and request can be distributed to mailboxes. Understand, we live in a very litigious environment and many are concerned about problems. Some may have had a bad experience (e.g., a hunter/shooter who was careless about a backstop and punctured a fuel tank). If you are given access, whether you have a productive day or not, be generous to the owner who gave you permission so that you may return or be recommended to others. I understand this seems like a slow campaign but it was productive for my colleagues and I. Your practice will not go to waste, and your efforts will eventually be rewarded. I look forward to seeing your experiences recorded here!

Donald L. Parker on June 03, 2017:

Most of the outdoor photos don't resemble any terrain or environment that's accessible to me in my area of California. I'd like to develop skills with a pistol, but I have no idea where to train or practice. I think you're very fortunate to live where you do. Any suggestions for a northern Californian?

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on February 13, 2017:

Mr. Lewis, Thank you for your support. My interest in handgunning predates my first enlistment as a Marine, but the Corps provided great incentive to practice and excel. Familiarization and training in the '60s addressed the basics, but those basics are the cornerstone of proficiency. The lessons were clear that proficiency with a sidearm would provide its own reward. I pursued handgunning aggressively (and competitively) for years, but I readily admit that I am not as proficient or as fast as I was as a young shooter. I continue to practice regularly to maintain a decent level of proficiency, and that's all it takes to enjoy a measure of success. Briefly, military training is not a prerequisite to long-term proficiency. Your own initiative and drive will propel you, and seeking excellent training from qualified instructors will be a great benefit. Enjoy, and I wish you great success!

Bob Lewis on February 12, 2017:

Sir, I read your profile and thank you for your service. I don't have military experience and don't have the experience with firearms that you do, but I enjoyed reading this. I always thought of a pistol as a tool for self-defense, but hadn't thought to hunt with one. Do you trace your accuracy with a pistol to your time in the Marines? Good writer!

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on April 21, 2014:

RoadRanger, I've noticed a new assortment of "reactive targets" in sporting goods stores that tumble or spin when hit, and I can't think of a better incentive to practice! Thank you for your comment. I hope to have more to report soon.

RoadRanger on April 19, 2014:

I have hunted with a rifle since I was a boy but have not hunted with a pistol. I like the idea of practicing on balloons and paper plates. I liked this, and I'll look for more information.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on March 29, 2014:

PoppaPete, I live just south of Portland, Oregon, and spend some time in the Deschutes NF, among others. If your .22 rimfire revolver has a barrel length of 4-inches or longer, and especially if it has adjustable sights, it is all you'll need to thoroughly enjoy and benefit from your practice sessions. A .22RF revolver or autoloader provides all the challenge needed to make a practice session affordable and interesting. Best of luck afield!

PoppaPete on March 29, 2014:

I live near the Deschutes National Forest in Oregon and I get plenty of opportunities to practice with my .22 revolver, but I haven't thought to use it and usually leave it behind. I can't afford some of the sidearms you photographed, but maybe I need to start with my .22 and practice with that.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on December 27, 2013:

Thank you for reading this. Your response is precisely what I hope to accomplish as a writer. Before I invested in very accurate rifles and higher magnification telescopic sights, a .22 rimfire rifle with iron sights, a pocket full of .22LR ammo and a few hours was all I needed for a good day in the field. I miss that simplicity. Best wishes.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on December 27, 2013:

I appreciate your comments and hope to continue researching my topic(s). Specialized equipment is not a requirement, nor is match-grade accuracy; we need only conduct ourselves safely and responsibly and enjoy the opportunities with which we're provided. Enjoy your time afield and share it in good company. Best wishes.

RiverRat on December 23, 2013:

This author seems to know what he's writing about. I'm going to practice as he recommends and see how it goes. I'm not a good shot, but I would like to be better. These suggestions make sense to me.

Rusty W. on December 05, 2013:

I am encouraged to practice until I'm ready to take it to the field, but I'm glad I don't have to invest in more specialized equipment. A friend directed me to your article, and I'm glad he did.

Gunnar N. Carlson on October 12, 2013:

I found this to be an very complete, interesting, and well thought out post. The information, suggestions, and ideas form a rather complete view of the preparation and thought that should go into the handgun hunt. My hat is off with a "well done" for Mr. Palumbo. I look forward to more from this gentleman.

Ed Palumbo (author) from Tualatin, OR on October 08, 2013:

I see this is going to be a difficult act to follow! Another is planned, and I have an outline for an article about "Varminting on a Budget" that needs additional photo support. Thank you for your kind comments.

Tom Zingalis on October 08, 2013:

As with all Ed's writings, this was outstanding. His clear and concise text is one to be admired. I wish I could write this well. Excellent explanation and the flow was so smooth and easy to follow. I was anticipating and looking forward to the next segment as I was completing the one I was reading. The pictures complimented the text perfectly. All articles should be this easy and informative as this one was. I'm looking forward to the next writing from Ed.

Misplacedcountryboy on October 07, 2013:

Great post Mr. Palumbo, it brought a lot of aspects into view that I hadn't even thought about (i.e. positioning your hand when shooting using a solid object as a rest). This is a great and very informative article that I will now recommend to any and all new handgun shooters, not just hunters.

jhjimbo on October 07, 2013:

Wise words and good suggestions every handgun hunter should contemplate. jhjimbo

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