Photography, hunting, skiing, and spending time with my family and church are what trip my trigger.
My #1 Pick for Coyote Calls is from Primos
Hunting the Wily Coyote
Coyotes are a close cousin to the beloved dog and the fearsome wolf. However, they certainly don't enjoy the same admiration and respect. Coyote populations are growing very quickly and they are typically considered a nuisance.
For example, in the eastern US, there are more coyotes than ever before. Record numbers of coyotes have invaded the areas where many hunt. With so many coyotes and so many hunters, there is bound to be friction between the hunter and this wily predator.
In many other parts of US, drought has affected the feeding and watering areas of many animals forcing typical hunting game and coyotes to be in closer proximity.There are countless stories of game being poached by coyotes within a half hour of the kill!
In order to try to stop the spread, may states, like Utah, have instituted an open season year around on these predators. They even offer a fifty dollar reward if you turn in both the ears. This has lessened the coyote nuisance for hunters as well as ranchers.
Many people now have started hunting coyotes in the off-season for deer and turkey. Hunting coyotes can be a fun activity and a good way to keep up your hunting skills. It really isn’t very different from hunting a deer.
The best times of day are the early morning or late at night. Coyotes have very good senses of smell and hearing so they will need to be ambushed. Unfortunately, sitting next to a truck out in the open won't work. The best time for hunting coyotes is wintertime when food is scarce. Almost any call will drive them in.
5 Factors to Consider when Buying Coyote Calls
User friendliness: the quicker it is to get familiar with a call the faster it can be used effectively. Mouth fatigue often plays a part in this— the least amount of energy that it takes to blow through a call, the more effective you will be in the field.
Sound quality: No animal in pain makes a pleasant sound, but hunters with some experience can tell a real sound from a fake. The wily coyote may discern the difference as well.
Volume: A loud call may mean the difference between going home empty-handed and bagging your prey when the wind is loudly competing with your call.
Versatility: A call that can make multiple tones ensures that you don't need to switch to a different call. As any good hunter knows, the less you have to move around (changing calls etc.) the more stealthy you can be.
Freeze factor: Freezing is a real concern in colder regions, and more than one call was slung into the brush because it froze up in the thick of the hunt...not good!
My 2nd Pick is a Turkey Call also from Primos
The 3 Types of Non-Electronic Calls
There are many, many electronic calls that can be used for coyote hunting on the market today, but non-electronic calls also have a loyal following. The 3 types of calls that fall outside the line of electronic predator calls are as follows:
1. Tube Calls
2. Turkey Friction Calls
3. Mouth/Hand Calls
Read on as we talk about each type of call in detail.
The Coyote Tube Call
One of the first and less frequent calls discussed in-depth is the coyote hand call and its different variations. Each variation has its pro and cons for coyote hunting. Hand calls are defined by if you have to use your hands to produce vocalizations with the call.
The first type of hand call is called a coyote tube call. These types of coyote call are usually made of a hard plastic tube with both ends open. This is where the diaphragm is securely seated. On the other end of the call is soft molded rubber that slips over the edge of the hard plastic. As you push up and down on the soft rubber it will force air over the diaphragm to produce different sound variations.
These types of calls were first seen on what you call gobble shock tubes and later incorporated into predator hand calls. These types of calls do not require the hunter to blow into the tube to produce the sound.
The Turkey Friction Call
The second type of hand call is a turkey friction call. Although the different variations of turkey calls is beyond the scope of this article, it is safe to say many hunters have called in many non-target species like foxes and coyotes with a turkey call. The most luck is often had with lost hen yelps. So turkey friction calls should be counted as a useful coyote calling method.
A concise detailed explanation of the different types of hand calls on the market is as follows. Mouth calls are defined by the use of your mouth to produce vocalizations with the call.
The first type is a reed diaphragm mouth call. The call fits loosely between your tongue and the roof of your mouth. To produce sound slightly blow air across the diaphragm. The air properly blown across the reed will produce vocalizations. This is one of the hardest calls to master. When you do master it your friends will envy you in how realistic sound these calls can produce. Hands are not necessary to use this call so it is the best call for when your quarry is close and can movement easily.
The howling call has a bull horn shape. At the small end of the horn a reed sits. You blow through the reed at different angles to produce many tone variations. This type of call is great when trying to cover a lot of terrain with a low coyote population. They are very useful for pinpointing the direction of the answering coyotes. The big end of the horn magnifies the vocalization over a long distance. This call is not recommended when coyotes are in close range.
My 3rd pick comes from Knight and Hale
The Knight & Hale Ultimate Predator (Distress Call) is my top pick in this category. Simplicity and reliability make this an irrefutable hit in its category. K and H consistently produce winners in the calling arena, this one is no different. It can be blown very loud or very soft...still the tone is clear and crisp.
- Consistently produces results when most other calls are being ignored
- Thread locker barrel threads into shortened end piece for ease of disassembly
- New wedge, sound board and locking reed allow for "factory condition" reassembly
- Ergonomic and easy to use, producing excellent volume
Beginners will struggle to mess this one up. It must be noted that temperatures below 20 degrees may adversely affect the tone, so you may need to keep it in a warm place prior to using.
Calls using Hand and Mouth
This last type of call in the mouth-calling category is a variation between a mouth and hand call. You need both mouth and hand to produce the vocalizations. This type of coyote call stemmed from the typical duck call, so they are either wood or hard plastic with a reed in the end of them.
You hold the call up to your mouth and blow through the call at different angles to produce specific tones. The downside to these calls in predator hunting is the hand movement required to use the call. Any quick movement can tip off a wary predator.
Closed Reed Calls: A closed reed call is the best mouth call type to understand. The reed is mounted in the "call frame" and you don't contact either the reed or the "tone plate." All you need to do is blast air through the tube.. There's no unique trick or hidden sequence of sounds you need to learn, but most good callers may speak of "raspy" noises, "whines" or "cries." Note that you're not just trying to mimic a frightened object, you're trying to evoke an emotion in a predator.
Open Reed Calls: It's more difficult to master open reed calls. They need a little practice. Watching something first is the best way to learn (see Tom Austin Video below). Then keep an open reed call in the vehicle you drive the most. You should practice perfecting your calling skills driving to and from work etc. Doing this alone is also best, as you will retain more friends that way. At first, you're going to sound pretty pathetic. Be patient with yourself and take heart, you can't be a pro overnight. I haven't yet perfected all the vocals I'd like to use, but I'm getting better and I'm not scared to let out a yelp while hunting my stand.
Call Coyotes like the Pros do it
A Final Word
My hope is that you found this information helpful in learning the various types of non-electronic coyote calls to add to your coyote hunting gear. Please feel free to leave your feedback below. Happy hunting!
Always remember: Whether you are hunting coyotes for income or to simply thin down the population, always use common sense mixed with humane hunting practices.