Skip to main content

A Guide to Competitive Gymnastics

Stephanie's daughter has been competing in artistic gymnastics since she was 6 years old. She is now a Level 10 gymnast.

What is Competitive Gymnastics?

Its hard to believe that just a year ago, I had my evenings and weekends to spend at home and the rest of my family. Now that my daughter is on a team, competitive gymnastics takes between 12 and 36 hours per week. And this is just the beginning!

Gymnastics is a wonderful sport for your child (or yourself) to gain strength and flexibility, while having a ton of fun. When you move from recreational to competitive gymnastics, your skills can then performed at gym meets before judges.

Depending on level and scores, your gymnast may earn ribbons, medals, trophies... and perhaps one day a scholarship or trip to the Olympic Games!

But first, let's go over the fundamentals of gymnastics. The sport remains one of the most popular events at the Olympics. In fact, it has been part of the games since their inception many years ago.

Gymnastics originated in Greece; the original gymnasts trained in a special arena in which they would also receive instruction on the arts, literature and philosophy. The word "gymnastics" comes from the Greek word, "gymnos," which means naked. Of course, today's athletes train and compete in form-fitting attire.

Of the three categories of gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline), the one with which most people are most familiar is "artistic gymnastics."

Winning is just part of the fun in competitive gymnastics

Winning is just part of the fun in competitive gymnastics

Girls Gymnastics Primer

Being on a Gymnastics Team

If your child is interested in being on a gymnastics team, be ready for two things: (1) time and (2) expense. Depending on age and level, weekly practices can range from 10-20 hours per week.

Depending on your gym and level of your child, tuition may range from $150-800 a month. This does not include USAG registration, leotards, warmups and meet fees. Once you advance to optional levels (7-10), expect to pay extra for choreography, as well. Gymnasts at all levels may be required to, or may wish to invest in private lessons and/or ballet, too.

At the age of 6, my daughter already practices 3 times per week, with each practice lasting 3.5 hours. She is a "Level 4," which means that she competes several times a month in the fall and spring seasons.

At practice, children will work on a number of skills. Generally speaking, you can expect gymnastics practices to involve the following:

1. Strength training

2. Flexibility

3. Core strength

4. Tumbling

5. Dance

While gymnasts may start at a very young age, the minimum age for competitive gymnastics in the U.S. is 6. Let me tell you that even then, that still seems young. But you'll be surprised the number of 1st graders that can really tumble and show off the perfected routines.

At our gym, the coaches work very hard to help the girls connect. Although gymnastics is a team sport, it truly feels more of an individual event. Overall scores help your team, but each score on each event is a competition with yourself. And, only you can advance to sectionals or state. That is, each gymnast's score is a unique opportunity to qualify for more competitive events.

Kids flip for gymnastics!

Kids flip for gymnastics!

Scroll to Continue

Gymnastics Competitions

In most areas of the U.S., girls compete by performing compulsory routines in Levels 4-6. This means that the skills demonstrated on each of the events: floor, bars, beam and vault, are exactly the same.

Only on the floor exercise is music played. And the music is the same for every competitor. The routines are also exactly the same on beam and bars. Vault is also consistent.

When gymnasts move into levels 7 and above, they are free to compose their own routines, which means they can use their own selection of music. At these levels, the skills are more complex and dangerous, from twisting flips to daring uneven bars releases.

As a parent and/or spectator, it is very exciting to watch your child progress through the USGA levels of competition.

For levels 1-6, there are helpful books that describe not only the compulsory routines, but standard deductions. On a scale of 1-10, most gymnasts score at least a 6 and the most successful competitors can consistently score an 8.5 or better on each event.

Bars routine for Level 4 gymnastics

Bars routine for Level 4 gymnastics

Gabby Douglas 2012 All-Around Women's Artistic Gymanstics Gold Medalist

Olympic Gymnasts

The dream of many young gymnasts is to qualify for the Olympic Team. Of course, the games only occur once every 4 years. The minimum age for competition is 15. There is no maximum age, although many consider that to be 18-20 years old.

Many years ago, I was a gymnast. I watched Nadia Comanchi in the 1976 Olympics. I wanted to be her! The sport is graceful and strong, yet the talented athletes make it look a lot easier than it actually is. Many sacrifices are made along the way for both parent and child.

By the time you are an Olympic Athlete, you are spending the majority of your waking hours of each day practicing and training. No wonder so many of these children are home schooled!

Competitive gymnastics at all ages

Competitive gymnastics at all ages

Celebrate your gymnast's success at every meet

Celebrate your gymnast's success at every meet

Support Your Child in Competitive Gymnastics

As with any sports or other interest, your child will flourish with your support and interest. They will look to you to make sure that they get to practices and meets in the proper attire. You will need to help them rest and practice per their coaches' instructions. Perhaps most importantly, you should help them balance gymnastics with their other interests and school work.

The skills and discipline learned as a gymnast will last an entire lifetime. At over age 40, I cannot do a back flip any longer. Yet, I am tenacious as ever. Is that just my personality, or the result of 8 years of gymnastics years ago?

Kerri Strug's 1996 Gold Medal Vault

© 2009 Stephanie Marshall


rexy12345 on December 29, 2010:

that's cool but no affence cause i can do better

Stephanie Marshall (author) from Bend, Oregon on April 27, 2010:

Hi Lamme - My daughter does love it, and wants more gym. We are keeping her at 3X a week until she gets older. I agree that you have to have some balance and also carefully watch to make sure your child does not burn out due to the demands of practice, etc. of competitive gymnastics. ;-)

Lamme on April 26, 2010:

Great hub. My 6 year old was competing level 5 and it finally got to be too much. Our entire life seemed to revolve around gymnastics. It was hard to pull her out, but we finally feel like we have our lives back. I hope your daughter is enjoying her gymnastics.

mandy on March 21, 2010:

so if we are 15 then we cant compete anymore?

Stephanie Marshall (author) from Bend, Oregon on January 28, 2010:

Hi revybaby - thanks! We both love the life skills and lessons that my daughter is getting as part of a gymnastics team. She is becoming mentally and physically stronger each day!

revybaby from On the Road on January 28, 2010:

Not everyone can go to the olympics, but the fun and dedication to gymnastics creates a focused student who learns to get her work done.

Love how you included videos and put the site together. I'll need to work on that!

Hope your daughter has a great gym career!

gymnastkv on January 13, 2010:

This is totally awesome... I compete myself... Isn't it fun???? This is cool......

look at my gymnastics hub.... its called GymnasticsWorld!!!



Stephanie Marshall (author) from Bend, Oregon on October 07, 2009:

Wonderful! Cailin, let me know how she likes it! My daughter is obsessed with gymnastics. :-)

Cailin Gallagher from New England on October 07, 2009:

Great hub! My youngest is starting gymnastics this Winter.

Stephanie Marshall (author) from Bend, Oregon on October 07, 2009:

That is truly one of the most important things! Being a parent requires quite a bit of sacrifice - both time and money, but being there to witness their progress and triumphs is simply priceless.

Nancy's Niche on October 07, 2009:

Nothing equals being a part of your child achieving her/his dream. You are her support system and that is the most important element; you were there!

Stephanie Marshall (author) from Bend, Oregon on October 07, 2009:

Thanks everyone! I so enjoy watching my daughter in competitive gymnastics... I think she got a bit of it from me! I truly enjoyed putting together this hub. And I'm looking forward to the months and years ahead!

Roberta Kyle from Central New Jersey on October 07, 2009:

wow this is quite a commitment for both parent and child-- but the look on your daughter's face in the photo where she is holding the blue ribbon says it all..... good luck and congratulations. Looks like the time money and hard work are worth it in the end.

amy jane from Connecticut on October 07, 2009:

Wonderful hub! Really gives a parent a clear sense of what to expect when getting in to competitive gymnastics.

Your daughter is beautiful! Terrific pictures. :)

Philipo from Nigeria on October 07, 2009:

Very nice and educative with good quality pictures. Thanks for sharing.

artrush73 on October 06, 2009:

Great hub. that's what they say about the age for gymnasts, is up to 16 year of age. The girls could be gold medalists :)

thanks for sharing :)

hopefully on October 06, 2009:


What a great hub and very accurate. I have one competitive gymnast and one competitive swimmer, so I know exactly what you mean about weeknights and weekends.

Brilliantly put together hub that pretty much sums it all up. Well done.


Related Articles