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God and Goddesses

Gods of Tamil Nadu

Gods of Tamil Nadu

Gods of Tamil Nadu

Each and everyone do myths, and myths are not peculiar to Tamil way of life. Tamil Nadu has preserved an ethic of tradition on God and Goddesses.

Lot of currents flow collectively to enhance the Tamil Mythological way about Gods and Goddesses.

Straight into the mass of mythological gods and goddesses further into the alcoves of under the surface (Pathalam), location of the Snake Gods and Goddesses. Numerous temples, which can be spotted all along Tamil Nadu, are archived as the chief cores of Tamil mythology.

By which differs from specially designed Hindu Shrines to traditional vacant area shrines, admitted markers of different village Gods and Goddesses of Tamils. No region in Tamil Nadu is totally incapable of holiness, and no theology is not having account or conceivably a song.

The listed below paragraphs are to describe certain information about gathered scope of God and Goddesses of Tamil Nadu and connected myths.

Temple Sculpture

Temple Sculpture

Tamil Mythology

It is not safe to explain mysteries on mythology using logic and reason. For instance, how can anyone figure out Lord Ganesha using a small mouse as his vehicle?

No one can assign a value to the 10 heads of Ravana and one thousand heads of the snake Adhiseshan. We know that, by no means, we are going to get any reasonable explanation on that secret but still there are many faultfinding of mythology lingers on.

Mythological purposes but, unfortunately with, our extremely limited knowledge, we cannot be aware of them. Non-violence is the greatest ethical conduct for an ordinary man.

But Gods appear on a strange level by and large. Their performances are not driven by hatred, lust or greed. They stand on in a rigorous mathematical and natural way.

Here, we have to think of law of Karma. They could change the mind of the demon, on the other hand, they like more kill them due to the demon's activities vouch for pain for his body on this earth.

Keep in mind, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. He, who can give seven loaves of bread to thousands could have certainly changed the mind of all his foes. Still Jesus opt for to endure the pain on the cross.

Why? To act on the Law of Karma which needs pleasure and pain for the mortal remains. Of course, all the below Tamil Mythological stories are considerations, and as such we are all warranted using mythology for surely appreciate the generally accepted laws of the universe.

Tamil Nadu

A Short - Bio

The Tamil culture is among the ancientest on the earth. Now the territory of Tamil Nadu is one of the parts of Republic of India

The prehistorical time of life, all along this palaeolithic settlement, had been inside the Tamil Nadu region estimated to close the age from about 500,000 BCE until 3000 BCE.

Different classical Tamil regimes of Chera, Chola, Pandya and Pallava governed over Tamil Kingdoms, which has an excellent lifestyle and lingo.

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The Sangam literary works exhibits a firm accordance of the glorifying, social and financial conditions of the era.

Hindu Gods and Goddess

Supreme Gods

Supreme Gods: Shiva and Vishnu

Supreme Gods: Shiva and Vishnu

Photo Credit: Lord_Shiva, Maha_Vishnu from Flickr under creative commons license.

In Many village temples of Tamil Nadu, the village gods Ayyanar, Karuppu Swamy and Muneeswaran are the Grama Devatas. Bhairava, Madurai veeran, Madasamy, Sangili karuppan, Veeran Irulan, Nodi, Kateri, Sadayan and many other gods are also worshipped as Grama Devathas in many other villages.

Sastha or Ayyanar has a leading place among the village gods of Tamil Nadu. Its origins are as old as its Dravidian inhabitants.

The accurate scenario of village life were assessed of all way of life and footprints of the Dravidian communities in their cultivation settlements.

The Tamil people were curious habitually about the Aryans life and fresh look. But, Aryans were actively trying to launch their religious ideas.

To accomplishing a secure place in some of their trans-migratory systematic approach was a driving force for the prayer. Which means that Shiva, Vishnu, as well as Brahma or Trimoorthy, seize the throne in fixed form.

Reputation of Tamil Mythology

The true status of Tamil Mythology consists in make know full well all the gods and goddesses with their endurance, natural law as well as logical theory.

The Tamils have attributed to any of the village deities a two fold character one a character of mercy and the other a cruel bloodthirsty character with a horrific form.

They have resorted to the practice of giving bloody sacrifices to any of these gods on the dark side of his personality.

In that extent, they have executed homage to the native demon and borrowed its spirit either from a wish to appease of as is more likely from their having imbibed a considerable share of fear and gloom of their predecessors or neighbors.

Plainly discoursing, Tamil Mythology must be specified form mythology as a worldly organization.

Village Gods and Goddesses

Village Gods and Goddesses of Tamil Nadu

Village Gods and Goddesses of Tamil Nadu

The Villagers of Tamil Nadu worship very extensively a set of divinities called Grama Devadhas or village gods. These with two exclusions, Ayyanar and Veerabadhra, are all women and take the name Amma or mother.

The principal of them are Mariamma, Ankalamma, Ellamma, Kaliamma etc. as well named mother. The modest temples associating to these idols are discovered almost here and there.

The guests, in the inner part of Tamil land, will usually have notified near such little temples an odd collection of artificial statues of horses elephants, demons constructed of burnt clay and then glaringly painted. These idols are contributions made by thankful worshipers who assume themselves to have been protected from the menace of death by the god.

The Tamil Shrines make certain realities yet more real. It externalizes an inside awareness in instant, noticeable images. Still the pretty much visible parts the landscape-trees, hills, rivers or tanks, stones and rocks become designated as foci of divinity.

They have linked with the deeper reaches of a specific unseen. Each single thing of that concept has become larger than itself, passes across its physical boundaries, specifies beyond which is just nevertheless understood, indeed sheltered in place, throughout here so far.

Saivaite and Vaishnavite Tradition

Later the Vedic religion change into a prevailing religion of the Tamil people, through the bhakthi movement. Saivaite and Vaishnavavaite movements were interjected to the Tamil people as Tamil religions.

This was made achievable by religious synchronism. Like Tamil God Murugan matched distinguished with Skanda and Karthikeya and associated to Siva as a son.

This can be a conventional prototype of the myths of innovation. The god's prevalence turn out to be recognized by violence. Many myths suggested the reverse procedure - they made known becoming has secluded.

Here, again we found out self-sacrifice. That is why Maduraiveeran - a typical Tamil Nadu's old heroic ideal-is observed in folk poetry as a smart, violent, strong warrior usually smashing the bounds of tradition.

In the end, he discharged in the presence of divinity by slicing of his own head near the feet of the goddess Meenakshi. In addition, the loyal widow transforms into a goddess by her hazardous self-sacrifice on the funeral pyre of her husband.

The screen accompanied to the scene world besides the unseen is holy. A line persistently crossed in each direction but rarely without give up.

In fact, these are merely the most prominent feature amongst the Tamil mythology, whether merged within the practices of many prominent Saivites or Vaishnavite shrines, and also many folk vehicles that these types of sacrifices are traditional and keenly rejoiced.

Tamil mythology about Gods and Goddesses, quotes passionate love of life, strength consisting of an attentive accommodation with the real world of limitation and death.

Lord Murugan

The sensitive side of Tamil Culture is very simple throughout the myths and belief. One of the highly celebrated Tamil Gods inside this area of the world is Murugan. He is already popular by most early Tamil Sources.

Murugan is cherished as an incredible red god in color and he is in comparison to the rising sun and also its setting. His redness also alludes the key force lives in the blood-the blood shed in sacrifice, or at the warfield.

Murugan is known as a good fighter. He had saved the world from the darkness of a typical monster Surapadma, who was an asura from the ancient city Veera Mahendrapuri.

Color of Murugan is also tells about his great strength, his emotions, the passion towards war; the sensual desire of his love life. Devayani and most exclusively Valli are his wives, his second wife Valli was born in a lowly considered Kuravar caste.

Inside this myth of Murugan's love with Valli, we consider from the early Tamil poetry, the god is an ultimate lover. Their premarital love affairs in the mount slopes inferred the unplanned, occasionally antinomian love of man and good.

Murugan Temple - Vid - Palani Murugan Temple


Ganesha or Vinayaga

Among the Popular Gods have relations with Lord Shiva, first place has allocated to elephant headed Pillayar (Ganapathy or Vinayaga). Worship of Pillayar in Tamil Nadu was in practice from 6th or 7th centenary BC.

In Tamil Nadu house of worship honored to Pillayar are not limited. The image of Pillayar cannot, by any of man like shapes, be termed as well-proportioned.

He has a small head, enormous belly and uncomfortable form. But yet we are captivated by his look and rejoice in scrutinize him more and more and venerate him.

The place of Pillayar is at the approach of villages and citadels, at the base of banyan trees, at the entry of the house of prayer and the south west edge of Saivite house of worship.

There are figures of Pillayar in the poses of standing as well as dancing. Some of the icons are with the trunk loop aside to the right and some others to the left. Pillayar is as well the wrecker of self-glorification, selfishness and vanity.

Pillayar Temple - Vid - Pillayarpatti Vinayagar Temple, near Karaikudi


Mariamman is a Tamil Dravidian goddess, and the supreme deity in temples at Samayapuram near Trichy, Thanjavur, as well as some other places in Tamil Nadu. Her power is more cruel and committed, and she may want to impose disease.

In larger villages, a slab of stone could be carved which has a tough frame of an adult female, who may have the four, six, or eight arms and also the arms hold different things for example, a knife, a shell, a drum, a gong, a monster's head, plus a three-pronged fork.

She is apprehended, and must be propitiated by animal sacrifice, to keep things right in the village. Sheep and chicken blood with rice is put in the four corners of her shrine.

The Temple Pujari walks on burning coal (Fire Walk) before her image. A blood sacrifice at her festival can soothe the goddess to withdraw her anger, and it can denote the defeat of a typical invading monster. Traditionally a buffalo or sheep were offered.

Mariamman - Vid - Samayapuram Mariyamman Temple near Trichy

Goddess Kali -Statue

Goddess Kali -Statue


The Mother Goddess

Kali is the atrocious and dangerous form of the mother deity. She believed the form of a predominant goddess and evolved into admired with the writing of the Devi Mahatmya.

The name Kali is from the Sanskrit term kala, denoting one or the other "black" or "time", depending on the circumstances.

Kali has been the wife of Lord Shiva. She is Goddess of protection, change, origination, and demolition.

She believed to revitalize longevity and take away obstructions in a human being's life path. Kali is a complicated Goddess with numerous demeanor portraying some different aspects.

She often depicted as black with a red outstretched tongue and manifold arms holding weaponry. Kali, the mother God, sanctify darned notable in Bengal as well as all over India, consist of Tamil Nadu.

Kali -Vid - Vekkaliamman Temple Woraiyur, Trichy

Madurai Veeran

Madurai Veeran honored as a heroic figure from Tamil Nadu, and his name derived because of his association with the southern City of Madurai as a Protector of the City. Madurai Veeran regarded as a Kaval Deivam or guardian spirit. Very long time ago, there was an impregnable thief by name Sangili Karuppan who was terrorize the people of Madurai.

At that time, Madurai ruled by the king Thirumalai Nayakkar. Madurai veeran finally beaten Sangili Karuppan. After defeating Sangili Karuppan, Madurai Veeran assigned as one of many generals under Thirumalai Nayakkar.

Madurai Veeran began to love with one of the dancers of the royal court, " Vellaiyammal ";. Madurai Veeran married her despite contention that came from the king. The king could not allow someone coming from the Cobbler community, to get married with a girl from a high caste.

The king ordered the limbs of Madurai Veeran be severed. Veeran taken away to the gallows, and the alternate limps chopped off.

Veeran brought back alive, and it absolved by way of the presence of Gods. Veeran, thenceforth retires into a cave under the well known Meenakshi Temple. Later a temple constructed by Thirumalai Nayakar at the southern gate of Meenakshi Temple.

Madurai Veeran - Vid - Madurai Veeran Song

Tamil Nadu Temples

Ayyanar Horses

Ayyanar Horses

Ayyanar Horses

The terracotta horse will possibly be the most frequent and expansively used motif located at the village shrine in Tamil Nadu. The clay horses presented by the village donors is, in a sense of sacrifice.

They think the clay horse being a terrific reflection of a classic demon warrior's armored powers for comfort and safety of the village. Horses could have given to the goddess of the shrine or some time to male deities.

Most the shrines with horses are near the water tank at the outskirts of a village, which is certainly a powerful resource that requires watching as it is also a source of fertility. The horses may be mounted by the captains of Ayyanar, the commander of the demon hosts, a heavenly body, who appears to save the village from the evil demons.

Sometimes the goddess rides a horse but more often they are for the male deities or spirits attending her. Usually the offerings of horses by a villager is to gain some celestial luck.

Ayyanar - Village God

Ayyanar - Village God


Ayyanar is also a village god of Tamil Nadu. He worshiped as a caretaker deity who guards the village villages. Ayyanar System is the foundation for constructing large family clan links and keeping family values in countrified areas.