Yohan12 holds a bachelor's degree in Islamic guidance & counseling, master's degree in education and Doctor Cand. in Islamic Studies
In the name of Allah, the Most Entirely Compassionate, the Most Especially Merciful (Quran, 1: 1)., we begin this simple article to discuss.
The fundamental keynotes of Surah al-Fatihah is actually only two phrases, namely 'Ar-Rahman' and 'Ar-Rahim' or 'The Most Entirely Compassionate' and 'The Most Especially Merciful'.
Quran entirely contains 30 parts, 114 chapters, 6666 verses, and about 340.740 words. It concisely contains eight essential points. The main gist is clearly abstracted on the early opening session of the first chapter, it is so-called al-Fatihah.
It essentially strongly confirms the Entire Majesty of Allah from the first to the fourth verse. Besides, it also strengthens itself as the heart of Quran containing helpful guide between both good and bad ways of life for all people from the fifth to the seventh verse as will simply be discussed below.
1. The Entire Majesty Belongs to Allah
The only praise to Allah is one of the best range of practices to worship.
Probably you have a question, is it true that Allah requires our praise even though He’s the Entire Source of adoration?
The answer is yes, of course. We’re required to deify Him, but basically that's not the main thing that He needs. He fundamentally only needs our full awareness that the Supreme Majesty only Belongs to Him, nothing and nobody else.
The main goal is so that we could be protected from taking and giving fake honor both from or to something and somebody else but from or to Him only.
Don't be mad about commends or be mad of gaining laud because it will lead you to be really mad and strange in front of many humans and all creatures, even in front of Allah.
It’s not properly straight for us to pursue all forms of temporal glory from human beings because they’re all the same like us.
All Praises Be to Allah, the Entirely Absolute Lord of the worlds (Quran, 1: 2).
We’re always required by Him to always deify His Greatness and Majesty. Then we follow His honored actions. We do and give our goodness to others so that His Love can significantly be realized in our daily life.
If you really need praises, just beseech to Allah. That’s your best pursuit to gain true glory.
How do we know that He praises you as His good creatures? Of course, that’s the best secret between you and Him along with you give your purest and best admiration to Him will be your best belief.
In short, nothing and nobody was really deserve to be praised except Allah. He’s the Owner of Entire Glorification.
2. The Entirely Compassion and Especially Mercy of Allah
Allah creates all creatures aiming to build good compassionate and merciful relationship among them including all of us, between you and me, as well as with Himself.
Allah is the Most Entirely Compassionate, the Most Especially Merciful (Quran, 1: 3).
Let’s take a look at Allah’s Most Entirely Benevolent and Especially Gracious as being exemplified below:
Allah especially protects us from various dangers such as the strike of all space objects and the puncture of the scorching sunshine by covering earth with the most powerful atmosphere.
We can also take a look at other examples:
Without love that Allah entrusts to both dad and mom, a baby is not successfully born.
A dad warmly gives the seeds of his life (sperm). That's one of the best examples of compassionate power of Ar-Rahman. Then a mom graciously accepts and keeps the seeds in her womb, it’s the great example of gracious love of Ar-Rahim. Throughout an amazing process, then a beloved baby is born.
You might also take a look at the nature of atmosphere (we often say as sky) that can be analogized as a father’s (dad’s) love who safely protects his kids (humans) from heat (filters sunlight and moves of the wind) through fresh air and other supported elements.
Then Allah benevolently drops off water from the sky, not in the form of a fierce and frightening pour like the size of a human head or a big ball, but smooth and soft raindrops.
He also graciously grows plantations and animals through softly processes with All of His Love that nothing else can do except Him.
So, through the sky (atmosphere) and earth as well as sun compassionately and mercifully Allah distributes His Love to all of us.
Then the earth can be analogically as a mother (mom) who is especially gracious to accommodate all of the raindrops from the sky, the gusts of wind and rays of the sun. Besides, it’s also graciously ready to bear all of the burdens and sufferings in all kinds of climate and weather conditions.
Allah has modeled of how orderly He manages and organizes the natural processes which are compassionately and mercifully occur.
His Most Entirely Compassionate and Most Especially Merciful are established through a strong and close relationship among all elements of the universe.
3. The Entirely Absolute Sovereignty of Allah
Unfortunately there will not be an absolute ruler in this world. At a certain time a temporal power will usually change, only four to tens or perhaps hundreds of years at most. There will no be an exact single authority except the balance maker will then take over as being planned by Allah.
Every moment has a ruler and every ruler contextually takes the time. That’s the temporal sovereignty of the world.
Allah is the only Absolute Ruler over everything in all life dimensions of the worlds. He takes the world’s leadership then give it back to others as He wants. It has been alternately turned and proceeded from time to time based on His universal scenario.
The Entirely Sovereign of the Day of Recompense (Quran, 1: 4).
Temporal power and glory of this world will be constantly proceeded by Him then replaced by other temporal leaders at the next stage. It's the world, the history of worldly pseudo-power must repeatedly be replaced many times.
Allah is absolutely the only Supreme Ruler. And later, in the hereafter, He will constantly Be the Single Rulers. Ultimately, He governs all powers in all kinds of life dimensions.
4. Worship and Ask Everything only to Allah
Whatever your beliefs, just worship to Allah and beseech everything to Him, He will surely grant you. Never surrendering your adoration to anyone or anything else except Him.
It Is only You (Allah) we worship and only You (Allah) we ask for help (Quran, 1: 5).
Do you still remember how a prophet Joseph was once slandered and imprisoned by the Egyptian rulers in his time? So what did he do then?
Quran has perpetuated that he only prayed and surrendered to Allah’s help. That's all he did. What happened then?
Historically Quran has recorded that he finally became one of the most significant rulers of Egypt. He’d a considerable influence on the prosperity of the Egyptian empire at that time because he succeeded in implementing Allah’s instructions to rule a country with compassion and mercy.
In short, the prophet of Joseph only asked for the help of Allah and surrendered the whole of his life to Him.
5. Asking for Correct Guidance only to Allah
We’re are demanded to purely get the straight guidance from Allah. His helps will be the rightest and clearest way for our life.
O Allah, guide us to the straight path (way) of life (Quran, 1: 6).
That’s the best invokes as exemplified by all prophets and apostles in their best times. As being shown by the sixth verse of al-Fatihah above, we are required to follow that way of how to invoke to Allah to get the rightest guide for our eternal salvation.
6. Set the Way of Your Life in the Favor of Allah
We should follow the favored path of Allah that will fortunately save us both in this world and hereafter.
The path (way) of those upon whom You (Allah) have Bestowed favor ... (Quran, 1: 7).
Several example of the straight path on the blessed ways of life that accordance with the favor of Allah are as follows:
- compassion with high sympathy and empathy
- solidarity and brotherhood
- patience, sincerity, and generosity
- knowledgeable and intelligible
- honesty, sacrifice, and respect to others
- wisdom and Justice
7. The Ways of Those Who Allah Dislikes
We’re required by Allah to clearly follow His straight way as being exemplified by the prophets and apostles. We are obviously prohibited by Him to follow the way of those who evoke (evoked) His anger.
Thus, through the Surah al-Fatihah, He reminds us to avoid all of the paths that He dislikes.
... not of those who have evoked of Your (Allah) Anger ... (Quran, 1: 7)
The path (ways of life) that Allah dislikes, for example:
- greedy with worldly matters and materials
- ignorance and pettiness
- lies and cunning
- arrogance, over egoistic and belittling others
- hatred, slander, hostility, and conflict
- go on the spree in the plight of the common people
- Injustice, despotism, and inhumane domination and colonialism
- wrongly mix Islamic teachings with irrelevant sources
- wrongly change and twist the verses of the Quran according to and individual or group preference as they like.
8. The Ways of Those Who Are Astray
In addition to avoiding the path of those who’ve evoke (evoked) of Allah’s Anger, all people are required to protect themselves from the path of those who are (were) in astray as being described below:
- excessive exaggeration in implementing religious activities
- oversimplify the religious rules freely without right limits
- forbid what Allah allows (makes lawful) and justify what He forbids
... or of those who are astray (Quran, 1: 7).
Note: Surah al-Fatihah is simply the easiest collection of straight verses and clearly not complicated to understand because it is absolutely universal to all kinds of life dimensions, all people, and is helpfully intended for all ages.
That’s a short explanation about Surah al-Fatihah as the heart of the Quran with its straight and helpfully indispensable characters.
If you would like to to find other alternative interpretations, please refer to the respective book of your own Quranic exegesis.
In the name of Allah, the Most Entirely Compassionate and the Most Especially Merciful. This is the indispensable characters of al-Fatihah in particular and Quran in the whole. It's also the first and earliest powerful phrases for all.
Then we eventually conclude this article by respectfully saying: All Praises Be to Allah, the Entirely Absolute Lord of the worlds (Quran, 1: 2).
If you have different thoughts regarding Surah al-Fatihah as the fundamental essence of Quran, please share your idea and comments with us below.
© 2022 Yohan Nur Yahya