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How to Make a Brigid's Cross

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The Brigid's cross is a traditional craft made at Imbolc and Candlemas by Pagans and Christians alike. Named for the Celtic goddess and the Catholic saint, it is hung in the home for protection or given as an offering to the goddess. Others keep the cross hung up all year round for protection and as part of their devotion to Brigid. Learn how to make your own Brigid's cross below.

Brigid's Cross Poll

Origins and Components of Brigid's Cross

The equal-armed cross is derivative of the Celtic sun wheel symbol. Traditionally, the cross is made from rushes, wheat stalks, or other natural grasses. The cross pictured above is made using flat basket weaving reed that is 1/4-inch wide. It has been soaked in warm water for approximately two hours to make it pliable enough to work with. Dried grasses will need to be soaked also. A kid-friendly version can be made with craft pipe cleaners or straws.

The exact materials used for the pictured cross are:

  • 14 reeds cut to 12-inch lengths and soaked for 2 hours
  • Four 6-inch lengths of cotton string
  • 1 tablespoon instant tea for staining (optional - this was used due to the reed having been bleached)

Instructions for the Cross - Step 1

Take two reeds and place them together in a cross pattern. Take another reed and fold it in half over the far right half of the horizontal reed (see Figure 1). Keep the reed snug to the center cross.

Step 2

Turn the entire piece 90 degrees to the left. Fold another reed in the same fashion over the far right half the current horizontal reed (see Figure 2). Keep working snugly.


Step 3

Continue on this way until you have one reed left to use. Start folding this reed over in the manner described above but tuck the ends into the front and back of the reed below to secure the piece together (see close-up of this below).

Step 4

Tie string around the four arms of the cross to secure. Mix the 1 tablespoon instant tea with 1/2 cup water and paint the cross with it. I let this dry and applied a second coat to get the stain I wanted.

Alternative Methods

As mentioned, if you have young kids, use pipe cleaners or straws to make this a fun project for them. Add whatever embellishments you like including paint or fancy flourishes on the ends by twisting the pipe cleaner into curls.

Plan ahead and harvest your own natural grasses for the project. Basket weaving materials also come in a large variety of sizes, types, and colors.

Buy Supplies Online

It may not always be possible for you to harvest your own grasses for weaving. You can buy weaving supplies and pipe cleaners at your local craft store or online.

© 2009 PatriciaJoy

Have you made a Brigid's Cross?

anonymous on February 19, 2010:

As a priestess and a teacher of many crafts,including wheat weaving,Brigid's Cross is a traditional "beginner" wheat weaving technique we like to do at Imbolc.I especially like your comment on prayer and blessing (INTENT) while crafting these. When we give honor to The great Mother when working these crafts with natural materials,we are keeping alive the ancient links between us and our ancestors!

Brightest Blessings

Earthcraftyr / Marie the Ditchwitch

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