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Where Is God in Science and Its Activity?

Chukwuemeka Chinedu is an ongoing Student Pastor at Nigeria Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomosho, with BSc in Economics, HR, and CIPM

Where is God in Science and its Activities?


Where is God in Science and its Activities?

Who is God?

God is the supreme being that created heaven and earth and all that dwell therein and receives worship from His creation.

The Bible tells us that God was initially in the beginning, and he was the very existence of life, for He was the one that created heaven and the earth and everyone in it, as recorded in John 1:1-2 and Genesis 1.

God has always had a plan from the beginning, involving the creation of man in the image of God reveals that He has a divine plan. God intention was to have worshippers of His glory, splendour and majesty, beings that will worship him for who he is. We can never conclude that we all know God perfectly, for He is a mysterious God, except that He reveals to us through His word. There are many characteristics and virtues about God that we can find through the Holy Scriptures pages that give us a satisfying understanding of who God is. He is sometimes regarded as Jehovah, Yahweh, Elohim, the Creator, the Mighty Judge, the Commander of the army of heaven, and so much more.

God as the Creator of the heavens and earth is important to us, for as he is the Creator of the universe, science has come to play a significant part in God's mysterious work.


What is Science

As updated by Erik Gregersen, Science is any system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena, which entails unbiased observations and systematic experimentation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica. From this definition, science has a standpoint to man by what he can perceive and have acquired knowledge about due to his engagements with living and non-living things on earth. Science covers majorly three branches of studies:

the physical sciences, which consist of physics, astronomy, chemistry and earth sciences

the biological sciences, biology and medicine

the social sciences, which comprises economics and anthropology

The physical sciences study the inorganic elements of earth and the universe; the biological sciences study the organic aspects of life; while the social sciences study the human culture, relationship, behaviour and interaction with his available resources.

Science is a field rich in knowledge because there are always new things to learn, new findings and innovations that will always spring up like some gold mined from the earth. Some might think that everything we need to know about science is over; that is impossible, for there is still an incredible amount of knowledge about the universe hidden from man. The universe and science have provided us resources and opportunities to research to improve our knowledge and living standards for man.


The Effect of Science on Humanity

Science has a significant impact on the life of man and his environment.

Because of the study of science, various spheres of knowledge, innovations and all kinds of technology have come to light. The Holy Bible (KJV), in the book of Daniel 12:4, indeed testify of how knowledge will increase, saying "that many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased", implying that many shall engage in various works of life, thereby, bringing about an increase in knowledge. Moreover, this message was revealed over two thousand years ago, even before the period of the dark ages. At that time, technology was never near the reach of any scholar, and they had a form of rudimentary knowledge. Nevertheless, there is an incredible increase in knowledge and civilisation in this contemporary time. Science has positively served and affected man's life from different works of life and has given society a better living standard. Some of these positive impacts include:

1. Eradication of different kinds of diseases, thereby lengthening one's life.

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2. Science has brought about the discovery and increase in research with the outside world.

3. Science has brought about the emergence of IT and ICT resources, thereby increasing communication and flow of information.

4. Science and technology have developed agriculture and its services by increasing the production of food.

5. It has led to the discovery and development of medicines and better treatment of human health.

6. Science through research has brought about innovations, technologies and machines in all sectors of the economy of a society.

7. Science has created diverse fields of learning and education.

However, nations and cultures compete to develop and improve science and technology by acquiring information with every opportunity they can get. Not all of these ways and options they embark on advancing knowledge and power through science and technology are appropriate; some who are intoxicated and craving power due to unhealthy competition attempt to gain knowledge and strength through improper means, which negatively affects society. Science should be a gift to man and not a means to wrought evil in society. Some of the adverse effects involved are:

1. It has brought about unhealthy competition for power and control as nations engage in conflicts and war by using sophisticated military arsenals against each other.

2. It has brought about industrial pollution of gas and oil harmful to man and the ecosystem.

3. Science has caused some animals to face extinction, as poaching and hunting animals for medicine and other scientific purposes has increased.

4. The depletion of the ozone layer by gas flares and smog and the intrusion of desertification because of cutting down trees has affected the ecological environment.

5. The abuse of drugs has made the rate of crime rise in the world.

6. Earthquakes, earth tremors, and other disasters are consequences of possible damages done to the earth by innovations and using some civil and military machines.


God's Interaction with Man and Science

The Bible reveals and explains in some ways how God interacts with man and science in the course of history and inspired teachings, all written for us to glorify God as we live a life worthy of His grace. It is beautiful for a humble man to appreciate the supreme God for His sovereignty and interplay with the dealings of all that He has created, hardly do we find such men. In one of the economics concepts, the Invisible Hand Theory, as proposed by Adam Smith, describes how the economy reaches equilibrium in per capita income, social benefits, employment, and living standard of people through the unseen interaction of the market, as individuals engage in their businesses without government interference. The term "Invisible Hand" is a metaphor implying an undetectable force that operates in the economy. Moreover, it could be the working of God in the social lives of people and their relationship with their economic exercises. We should learn to accept that God is operating and making things and has not slumbered in his efforts and dealings with His creation. Naturally, man is proud of his research findings and innovations while ignoring that all these are privileges from God.

Humanity, to an extent, has failed to acknowledge the sovereignty of God's interaction with man and science activities in the universe. Someone might ask how, but it can be seen in how people relate with one another and their environment; there are increases in social vices everywhere in the world. Some activities of individuals and industries contribute to hazards generated through science to bring disorder to the world.

The big question still comes to mind, where is God in the whole of science and its activity? Some persons have begun to reason how does science come to be? Who established science and its principles? What are we not conscious of in the activities of science? What or who is behind all that is happening in the universe?

Furthermore, it continues until we learn to humble ourselves and recognise that there is a spiritual being. God is a spirit and seeks only those willing to worship him in spirit and truth, as explained in the book of John 4:24. We need to acknowledge God's spiritual presence and force, which cannot be identified as natural. Therefore, being conscious in the spirit is necessary for man to know where God interacts with us through science and its activities. A precise answer to this question is that God is a spirit, and He is in the spirit. We are in a physical realm of science and natural influences of matter, space and time. Man is therefore limited in their responsibilities and actions by matter, space and time. These factors do not constrain God because he operates not in the physical realm but the spiritual realm. Unfortunately, some have concluded that God is the universe operational system and not a living being but works as principles and processes to lead man to the right path of life. Watchman Nee also said that there are specific principles from which no one who tries to serve the Lord can deviate. It is, therefore, a wrong notion, and it should not be accepted, for God is a spirit and a living being.

Nevertheless, this notion can be corrected that God has created a universal system of principles and spiritual processes to regulate the universe, science and humanity. He works not as a system but as a living being, and he has perfectly controlled emotions, thoughts and wisdom. The Bible explained that God created us in His image and likeness, which implies that God is the perfection of our spiritual identity. Moreover, through the life of His only begotten son Jesus Christ, he has revealed Himself.

The Bible reveals in the book of Isaiah 45:15, which says, "Truly You are God who hides, oh God of Israel, the Savior!" From this scriptural verse, it can be explained that God works behind the scene of the physical world and science and its activities. However, God tends to reveal His sovereignty and glory by satisfying man with miraculous and wondrous happenings and circumstances in the physical world to draw man's attention.

Besides, no one can boast that he knows God perfectly well; for one to say so is a fallacy. God cannot be reasoned with human knowledge, neither can anyone comprehend the ways of God (Isaiah 55:8-9). Except if He chooses to show His glory and character through the scriptures and circumstances of life (Deuteronomy 29:29; 1 Corinthians 2:9-14).


There have been many errors in science research and scientific theories like the relativity theory, evolutionary theory, phrenology and many more. Most times because some scientists disapprove of the spiritual presence of God. God has provided science for man to grow in wisdom and worship Him for his marvellous work. God has given man the chance to apply the effect of science responsibly for His glory. Hence man should do likewise in living according to God's principles and ways through the teachings of the scriptures to enjoy the privileges of science and technology. Therefore, humanity needs to acknowledge and appreciate the sovereignty of God. With the gracious understanding that God dwells in the spiritual realm, and we should be humble to honour him. So that God can reveal better findings in all the sectors of life as associated with science.


Watchman Nee, 1990. Worship God. Allecingie Parkway Richmond, Virginia

Christian Fellowship Publishers.

© 2021 Chukwuemeka Chinedu

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