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'The Lion King': Theology and Biblical References

Margaret Minnicks has been an online writer for many years. She writes about various topics including celebrities and entertainment.


Disney's long-running Broadway musical The Lion King is still a favorite. It has a lot of theology and biblical references in it, but most people don't recognize them. Many themes are seen throughout the production whether intentional or unintentional.

The Lion King is a coming of age story for the lion cub Simba who grows up before our eyes. In fact, the production has three Simbas: a young Simba, a teenage Simba, and an adult Simba.

Each show has superb acting, elegant costumes, beautiful music, precision dancing, and many theological themes.

What is theology?

"Theology" is the study of God and things relating to God. There are many theological references in The Lion King from the beginning to the end, in the middle and surely in the final scene.

Whether intentional or unintentional, the theological themes include the following:

  • references to God
  • creation
  • the Bible
  • Christian values and beliefs
  • circle of life (birth, death, and the spirit of the dead)

The Nativity Scene

The very first scene can be compared to the nativity scene when Jesus was born. All the animals are summoned to Pride Rock to see the newborn cub, much like the animals that were there when Jesus was born.

  • The land animals represent the shepherds in the fields.
  • The birds of the air represent the angelic host in the air.
  • The wise baboon lifting up the baby cub represents the wise men who arrived to see Jesus much later.

All the animals bowed down, worshipped, and honored the newborn prince because he was expected to be king of Pride Land one day.

Satan in The Lion King

Mufasa was the reigning king, but his jealous brother, Scar, wanted the throne himself. Therefore, he plotted to rid the two people who stood in his way: his brother Mufasa and his nephew Simba.

One day he got Simba alone telling him he had a surprise for him. He told Simba to wait and practice roaring while he went to get his father. In the meantime, Scar planned for Simba to be attacked by hyenas. When Mufasa came to protect his son, Scar pushed the king over the cliff and he was killed. However, he told Simba that it was Simba's fault.

Evil Scar instructed Simba to run away and never return. Scar also told the hyenas to go after Simba and kill him, but Simba ran ahead of the hyenas and escaped.

With the two heirs to the throne out of the way, Scar usurped the throne and began to reign himself.

The Prodigal Son in The Lion King

Simba ends up exhausted and sleeping in a wasteland. He is awakened by a meerkat and a warthog who befriends him for years. They live a carefree life called Hakuna Matata which means "no worries." Simba is instructed to eat the grass and straw from the ground and live a carefree life like the meerkat and warthog.

Simba puts his past behind him until his friend Nala shows up and convinces him he is king and insists that he return to reign because Scar had allowed Pride Land to become desolate with no food and no water and the people were starving and dying.

At first, Simba refused to go back until he saw an image of his deceased father who told him to acknowledge who he was. Like the prodigal son, Simba "came to his senses." Something rose up in him and he took on a new demeanor. He suddenly realized he was king. So, like the prodigal son, he returned home (Luke 15:11-32).

Leaving Home Like Jacob, Joseph and Moses

In the Bible, three Old Testament characters fled from their homes like Simba.

  1. After tricking his father to bless him, Jacob left home because he was afraid of his twin brother, Esau whose birthright he had stolen. He lived in a far away place for many years. He later returned home.
  2. Joseph did not flee from his home, but at the age of 17, his jealous brothers sold him into slavery and he ended up in Egypt. Joseph never returned home, but at the age of 33 when he was second in command, he sent for his family to join him.
  3. Moses killed an Egyptian and fled to Midian to tend Jethro's sheep. He was away from home until God met him at the burning bush and told him to go back home to Egypt to deliver the people out of slavery.

Like Simba, Jacob and Moses returned home. Joseph died but had requested that his bones be returned home (Exodus 13:19).


Zia Uddin from UK on January 03, 2019:

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Yes there is another site, im still experimenting with it. However, we cant post urls or web address on here so i'll contact you on one of your social media sites soon to let you know if its any good.

Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on January 03, 2019:

Zia, I think it was intentional. A lot of movies have some theology in them. However, not everybody sees it.

I am getting a number of views from I wish I had known about it sooner. I definitely like it better than Pinterest.

Are you aware of similar sites I might not be aware of?

Zia Uddin from UK on January 03, 2019:

That was something new to learn, didn't had a single clue or thought about this movie having hidden religious signs of Christianity. The storyline of Lion King does indeed say something. Do you think it was intentional or a coincidence?

Jess on August 11, 2015:

This is an interesting analogy; but I believe the theology in Lion King is more of seeing the beauty in returning to the Earth and the life that ensues. That, and also it's a direct reference to Hamlet.

Betti on February 24, 2015:

Stands back from the keyboard in amanemezt! Thanks!

peanutroaster from New England on March 12, 2012:

All of these stories get told over and over...

Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on March 12, 2012:

Peanutroaster, thanks for reading and commenting on "Theology of The Lion King." You, too, have done a great analogy. Consider writing a hub about it and we can link the two articles.

I saw that The Lion King has some similarities to Shakespeare's "Hamlet." However, I decided to stick with the bibical similiarities.

peanutroaster from New England on March 12, 2012:

Saw the play in Ft. Meyers Florida excellent. Lion King retells the tale of the young soon to be king who tries to shirk his destiny just like Shakespeare's King Henry IV. In Shakespeare's version the character of Falstaff is interchangeable with the fun loving mere cat and hog characters.

Disney makes no secret of the fact that TLK is very similar to Shakespeare's "Hamlet" in a large number of instances. Some parallels include:

A self-doubting, sorrowful hero

The hero's father, the rightful king, murdered by the hero's evil brother, who then usurps the throne

Exile of the hero when he realizes his life is in danger (from his uncle in one case, from the pride in the other)

Company for the hero in exile in the form of two comic, buffoonish characters

The ghost of the hero's father appears to him and commands him to take back what is rightfully his

Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on March 12, 2012:

Thanks, Dave, for reading and commenting on "Theology in The Lion King." The Broadway production was here in Richmond for two weeks for 32 sold-out shows. I went with my family and enjoyed it very much.

Yes, I have been quite busy writing for other sites and loving the experience, but I never gave up my Hubpages account.

I guess you could call me the "prodigal daughter." (smile)

Dave Mathews from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA on March 12, 2012:

revmjm: It's been a long time since I've read from you in Hub or in comments. Guess you've been busy with other things. Welcome Back!

Thank you for showing the analogy between the Lion King and the various stories of the Bible. Not everyone could make the various distinctions in the show as you have.

Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on March 11, 2012:

Thanks, Matt, for reading "Theology in The Lion King" and for voting UP!

Matt Stan from Colorado on March 11, 2012:

Great hub, voted Up! Thanks

Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on March 11, 2012:

Thanks a lot SubRon7 for your kind remark. I enjoyed "The Lion King" very much here in Richmond, VA.

James W. Nelson from eastern North Dakota on March 10, 2012:

Very beautiful hub, Revmjm, and the costumes were very believable as animals, even though the people were obvious too. Long time no see, my friend, you were one of my first followers.

Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on March 10, 2012:

Reginald, thanks for reading "Theology in The Lion King." I saw the play Wednesday night. I enjoyed it very much and have been reflecting on it since then.

Reginald Boswell from Huntsville, Alabama on March 10, 2012:

Enjoyed reading this Hub voted up!

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