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The Contribution of Adi Shankaracharya to Renew and Revive the Great Religion, Hinduism; His Notion About Casteism.

"Jaideep Chahal" earned a degree in Computer Science, but was later convinced by Hindu sacred texts, and gained vast knowledge of Vedas.

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Deliberate conversion, loot, religion-based genocide had become an atavistic urge of Indian adversary, delving into the history in which mass destruction had been practised for forcefully converting people or the modern era, where missionaries are being used to persuade people for conversion. Hinduism acquired a staunch approach for not giving up from those deadly raids, deliberate conversion intentions that started to occur since time immemorial but always hit back not by taking revenge physically but remain invincible by protecting itself with persistency of great sages, omniscience philosophers who anchored Hinduism by keeping its scriptures widely popular. A prominent instance is Adi Shankracharya, who educated himself in Vedic knowledge at an early age, getting a vast experience of robust reasoning to defeat their opponents during debates. Adi Shankara was an eminent debater during his era, taking and getting challenges from different sacred reformers but none was succeeded to get the victory, thanks to Adi's decent reasoning power and strong arguments. Reasoning is a significant instrument that can prove the truth explicitly, according to the Advaita school. Adi digested several sacred texts- some are from the Bhagavad Geeta, Brahma Sutras, and the remaining from the Upanishads, expressing them through Bashyas ( commentaries). Adi Shankara did not confine himself to merely philosophical thinking that helped him to revive the value, doctrines, and tradition of Hinduism; he was also a practical reformer, purifying the worship of the Goddess. Vivekachudamani, a great Hindu philosophical book, has written by Adi Shankra, manifesting an eclectic range of sacred texts, arguments, and Hindu-based philosophical thoughts, the majority of them were taken from Bhagavad Geeta. As a contribution to extending the religion more widely, Adi Shankra authored a hundred stotrams, and these verses can be used in the form of Bhajans by Hindu devotees, majority of the stotrams contribute to Puranic gods, and some are sung in praise of holy rivers, remaining are devoted to spiritual themes. Most of the stotrams are still listened to in different regions in India as they are sung with several language translations to be easily understandable according to his worshippers' indigenous language.

A marvellous, critical answer that changed Adi's mind on Casteism, the dubious practice of untouchability.

This is believed that Adi jettisoned the belief of following the caste system: the divinity for everyone as it manifested with an ultimate soul that can be worshipped by each caste equally, and many practices of eradicating the ossified caste discrimination and untouchability had been done by their disciples. However, Adi Shankra was not born with the egalitarian notion of not treating everyone in their castes based but was convinced by an outcaste Chandala, a lower caste who had to live outside of the village, disposing of those bodies who didn't have any family members, this Chandala met Adi during his back arrival from Varanasi, and Adi tried to move aside by walking on the untouchability intention. After seeing this incident, Chandala replied, "Both of us have different external shapes, but internally there's a pure, equally identical soul." the immaculate articulation of the Chandala dumbfounded Adi for a moment, and thus Adi Shankra accepted Chandala as his Guru. The social practices may have been accepted if we seek the actual beauty of castes: arranging marriage according to their castes, celebrating festivals, cultural events that are perhaps not iniquitous for other castes, Adi believed. Profession on the basis of their ethnicity, nevertheless, doesn't exist in the actual form of Rig Veda, but later interpolation brought the caste remarks. Nonetheless, casteism isn't an intrinsic part of Hinduism but derived from the spawn efforts of invaders who intended the creation of lucrative business by dividing this absolute, purely ultimate religion. According to Adi's belief, whether anyone belongs to a privileged caste or a lower one should be given equal importance, equal value, and rights. The existence of caste discrimination has been grotesquely derived from the competitive zeal of showing their castes superior to others, and this pompous attitude could be blamed for the destruction of a dynamic religion, Hinduism.

There are innumerable practices that can be adopted by today era Hindus.

Adi's venerable Hindu philosophy can underpin a "modern Hindu" spiritual knowledge if they passionately understand his authored sacred texts, his several, diverse thoughts, which articulated by Adi Shankra in the form of the Stotrams. For instance, Adi asserted that the accomplishment of higher consciousness can be achieved by every individual through the study of the scriptures: the Puranas and the epics, meditation, fasting, and worship, and these eclectic practices should be the routine of every Hindu to maintain their spiritual essence. A supreme power to be acquired requires maintenance of the thinking spiritually: non-violence, non-greedy, neither the involvement in any lust lurks nor in the theft activity. This idea delivered a subtle impact on Mahatma Gandhi; he mentioned, " Non-violence is common to all religions, but it has found the highest expression and application in Hinduism." Being an avid follower of Adi Shankara, I suggest reading all of his sacred literary works that support Hinduism robustly and should visit the temples and muths established by him in many corners of India.

© 2022 Jaideep Chahal

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