This is religious article. Dnyaneshwari granth is the main basis of warkari sect.
Samadhi of Dnyaneshwar Maharaj
Dnyaneshwari Is Important For Warkari
The worship of the Warakaris of Pandharpur is a kind of community worship. In order to gain prestige as a religion, one has to be a deity. There needs to be a method of worship. The deity of the Warkari sect is Shri Vitthal, who is the incarnation of Shri Krishna. They have a form of worship. The Warkari sect is the sect of the people who visit Pandharpur.
Wari is one of the main rituals of Warakaris. The Warkari sect has got the status of an independent religion. A religion needs to have its own standard scripture. That scripture is considered sacred. Just as the Christian 'Bible' is a scripture. The Quran is the holy book of Muslims. Guru Granth Sahib is the scripture of Sikhs. There are so many scriptures of different religions in the world. Everyone believe that scripture.
We believe that all the text in that text is true. As long as there is no standard text, that religion does not get the status of an independent religion. It is considered as folklore. They are very religious. We worship many gods and goddesses. There are so many devotees in the society. They have a method of worship, but their scriptures are not independent, so their religion does not have the status of an independent religion.
Until Sant Dnyaneshwar Maharaj, Warakari sect was such a folk religion. During his time, the Warakari sect received scriptures. Which text? Who wrote? So the name of that book is Dnyaneshwari Granth. This scripture wrote by Dnyaneshwar Maharaj, hence it is called 'Dnyaneshwari'. This book is also called 'Bhavarthadipika'. This scripture was written by Dnyaneshwar Maharaj and it was accepted as a scripture by the Warakari of that time.
Let's see why this scripture was recognized as a scripture, what is its form. Dnyaneshwari is nothing but Lord Krishna preached while the soldiers of Kauravas and Pandavas were standing in front of each other for battle at Kurukshetra. Arjuna thought at the time, is this war right or wrong? These are our brothers. This is not our enemy. Arjuna told Shri Krushna how to fight them. Then Shri Krushna preaching to Arjuna, Lord Krishna motivated him for war and we call what Sri Krishna preached as 'Srimad Bhagavad Gita'. Dnyaneshwar Maharaj decided to explain the meaning of this book in Marathi language.
Srimad Bhagavad Gita 'is in Sanskrit language, available in verses. Dnyaneshwar Maharaj explained the meaning of this book in Marathi and in the form of poems. The book is 'Dnyaneshwari'. So the Marathi language got a good book, as well as a good poem. But the question arises as to why it was accepted by the Warakaris as a scripture. What is the origin of this scripture, this is the advice given by Lord Krishna to Arjuna. It is a scripture based on Lord Krishna and Vitthal is the idol incarnation of Lord Krishna. Therefore, the scripture of Lord Krishna is the same as that of Vitthal. 'Shrimadbhagavadgita' is also of Vitthal and Vitthal is the deity of Warakaris. Therefore, Warakaris had no problem in accepting Dnyaneshwari as a scripture. Because, this scripture belongs to Lord Krishna and Lord Krishna is the incarnation of Vishnu. Vitthal is the incarnation of Lord Krishna.
So this is a sect of Vaishnavism, there is no reason to argue at all. 'Srimadbhagavadgita' is in Sanskrit language. In the 13th century, most people did not understand Sanskrit. How to tell them 'Srimadbhagavad Gita'? Will they know this scripture? Those who did not know Sanskrit were the followers of Warakari sect.
Groups of Warkari
Importance of Wari
The Warakari sect is a sect of men, women and all people. At that time the Brahmin class was in large numbers and only the Brahmin class was proficient in Sanskrit. The common man had no knowledge of Sanskrit language. Therefore, for such people, Dnyaneshwar Maharaj wrote the meaning of the book Shrimandbhagavadgita in Marathi as Dnyaneshwari. So that the common people should understand the Gita. Dnyaneshwari was accepted by the Warakari sect. Thus the deity of the Warkari sect is Shri Vitthal and the method of worship of Shri Vitthal is Wari and the scripture of the Warakari is 'Dnyaneshwari'.
Thus the Warakari sect came to perfection. Shri Sant Bahinabai says that the foundation of Dnyandev was created because the history of Warkari sect started from Dnyaneshwar Maharaj. Since there is no scripture before Dnyaneshwar Maharaj, it becomes pre-history. The true history of the sect begins with the revelation of scriptures from them. So the sayings of Saint Bahinabai are correct. The deity, the method of worship and the scriptures thus appear in full form in the Warkari sect.
Therefore, Dnyaneshwari is the basis of all knowledge of Warakaris. All the contemporary and later Dnyaneshwar Maharaj have been repeatedly praised. Everyone knows that we perform Aarti of Gods and Goddesses every day. But Bahinabai herself has written Dnyaneshwari's Aarti. Aarti of a book is a matter of curiosity. Therefore, Dnyaneshwari is of great importance in the Warkari sect.
Warakaris go to Pandharpur, so we call it Wari. This is a community worship as all the Warakaris go together. Warakaris do not go to Wari alone, but some people come together and go in groups. That group is called Dindi. Dindi is a small form of Warkari sect and Wari of Pandharpur. The person who has a harp around his neck is the head of Dindi.
He is the director of Dindi. According to him, Dindi walks to Pandharpur. He is known as Vinekari. Dindi is the name of Veena. Dindi means harp. Because of its importance, the group came to be known as Dindi. On the way to Wari, Warkari is called Abhang. Warakari Abhang sings in unison.
The instruments that are played while chanting Abhang in the bhajans of these Warakaris are called Mridang or Pakhwaj. Warakaris have a special bhajan chal. In kirtan, they call different types of abhanga chali. For them, the instrument is a pakhwaj. A Vinekari is a part of Dindi. There is only one Vinekari in Dindi, but there can be more than one Pakhwaj player.
The rest of the people in Dindi have a musical instrument in their hands, which is the tal. Mridang, Pakhwaj and Veena have one tone. In this way the Warakari of Pandhari create a kind of Nadabrahma. This is seen in the journey of Nadabrahma Warakaris. The line of such Warakaris goes on. Sometimes several dindas come together under one broad umbrella. They call the broader organization is Fada (organization). Most of the dindas are associated with some kind of fada. They have an independent existence. But, many dindas are under one Fada. So the concept of Phad is very important. It brought the name of Saint Namdev Maharaj.
The entire Phad (organization) program is scheduled on which day and in which village to stay. It is very strictly determined. Their rules are followed with priority. So the Phad organization is just as important. Tukaram Maharaj says that whoever comes to our Fad never goes back and disappointed. Everyone gets satisfaction.
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