Skip to main content

The New Jerusalem—a Pattern for Living—the Gems as Viewed Through the Breastplate

Tamarajo is an avid Bible scholar who loves nothing more than seeking out the treasures in God's Word and sharing them with others.


The Gems as a Representative of Submitted to God Followers

John's book of Revelation records a complete description of the New Jerusalem, including a list of gem foundation stones that we will focus on in this study.

And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

— Revelation 21:10-21

This heavenly depiction is more than a fantasy home to look forward to at the end of a believer's journey. It is the blueprint of an entire Christian life lived for God.

Much like the Old Testament Tabernacle, where every detail spoke of salvation through a sacrificial system that Christ would fulfill, this structure's elements will also have something to say about a life lived in fellowship with God because of that fulfillment. Both structures' main goals and focus are to dwell with God eternal.

The heavenly city of Revelation consists of the individual lives of believers.

For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, you are God’s building.

— I Corinthians 3:9

And It is also a picture and symbol of how God was able to take collective sinful humanity and bring forth a new and beautiful creation.

. . . you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

— I Peter 2:5

Every foundation and gate of the New Jerusalem represents people that were not perfect but submitted themselves and surrendered their lives to the Lord Jesus Christ, whose name means salvation. And in the end, the Lord creates a beautiful and suitable habitation in their lives.

So it is with us. Our individual lives may not bear much beauty from our mistakes and the effects of sins committed against us. But as we place our faith, trust, and hope in the saving work of Jesus' death for our sins, the sins committed against us, and in His resurrection, we can believe that we will be resurrected and transformed into a beautiful new and perfect creation. Paul reassures us in his letter to the Romans that God will work all of it out for good.

. . . we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.

— Romans 8:28

In his letter to the Ephesians, Paul also speaks of our being newly created for good works.

For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.

— Ephesians 2:10

The twelve foundation stones that supported this apocalyptic holy city/temple include the application to the Christian life. The twelve disciples represented by these stones exhibit how submitted lives transformed and governed by Christ are a testimony and witness of God's glory and goodness. Each layer reflects various forms and facets of His grace, like gems that reflect unique color and light through their compositions.

This lesson will view the twelve foundation stones through the Old Testament garment worn by the temple's high priest, which also includes twelve stones. When viewed together, it will add yet another detailed layer of life application.

This particular garment was called "The breastplate of judgment." The twelve gemstones represented the twelve tribes of Israel. These twelve were also written on the New Jerusalem gates with slight differences. Two tribes are omitted, Dan and Ephraim, and two re-enter the count (Levi and Joseph).

Dan and Ephraim are omitted from the Revelation list because their reflection became defiled. In the case of Ephraim, King Jeroboam led the northern tribes into an idolatrous rebellion.

Then Jeroboam built Shechem in the mountains of Ephraim and dwelt there. Also, he went out from there and built Penuel. And Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now the kingdom may return to the house of David: If these people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of the Lord at Jerusalem, then the heart of this people will turn back to their lord, Rehoboam king of Judah, and they will kill me and go back to Rehoboam king of Judah.”

Therefore the king asked advice, made two calves of gold, and said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt!” And he set up one in Bethel (ruled by Ephraim), and the other he put in Dan. Now, this thing became a sin, for the people went to worship before the one as far as Dan. He made shrines on the high places, and made priests from every class of people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

— I Kings 12:25-31

Scroll to Continue

In the book of Hosea, God confronts Ephraim concerning his idolatry.

Ephraim is joined to idols,
Let him alone.
Their drink is rebellion,
They commit harlotry continually.
Her rulers dearly love dishonor.

— Hosea 4:17-18

Dan also set up an idolatrous system of worship in the book of Judges.

And the people of Dan set up the carved image for themselves, and Jonathan the son of Gershom, son of Moses, and his sons were priests to the tribe of the Danites until the day of the captivity of the land. So they set up Micah's carved image that he made, as long as the house of God was at Shiloh.

— Judges 18:30-31

Both tribes invented and supported an ulterior worship center other than God's designated one and erected carved images and calves of gold to worship. They also were not mindful of the priestly requirements that God had ordained.

We saw this golden calf scene once before in Israel's history, and 3000 people died at that event. We shall have no other gods before Him.

The twelve tribes of Israel engraved on the stones of the high priestly garment called the breastplate.

The twelve tribes of Israel engraved on the stones of the high priestly garment called the breastplate.

The Breastplate

The high priestly breastplate included the names of the twelve tribes of Israel and a corresponding stone. Each looked forward to a time when the apostles and prophets would reflect the gem-like qualities of lives lived out from the principles we will soon learn from them.

In this study, we will relate the tribal names with their meanings. Each tribe and stone will have something to say about the foundations of walking out our faith as we journey through the wilderness of this earthly life with an eye to the eternal.

The high priest wore the breast piece on the part of the body where internal organs reside. The functions of these organs are to manage the inner workings and processes of the body. We will examine how these gems and tribes tell us about our Christian life's internal operations and results.

The breastplate was over the heart, which also offers us the imagery of God's people being placed very near and dear to His Heart. Its processes also give us an illustration of restoration and refreshment. The heart is an organ that receives oxygen-poor blood from the veins and sends out oxygen-rich blood as it passes through the heart and is then sent through the arteries to nourish the rest of the body. Just as when we reach the heart of God in worship, we become revived, nourished, and ready to share what we have received from Him with the rest of the body.

. . . from whom all the body, nourished and knit together by joints and ligaments, grows with the increase that is from God.

— Colossians 2:19

We are purified and revived by drawing near through the cleansed blood of Christ.

Having contact with God nourishes us and knits us together.

The breast piece shows us a progression of our walk into God's presence and the results of that encounter.


The Colors

In Exodus chapter 28, we find detailed instructions for designing this priestly garment.

And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod (the item upon which the breastplate was placed). thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it . . .

Gold in Scripture represents the believer's genuine faith tried in the fire of testing, trial, tribulation, and persecution resulting in godliness.

In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while, if need be, you have been grieved by various trials, that the genuineness of your faith, being much more precious than gold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ, whom having not seen you love. Though now you do not see Him, yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, receiving the end of your faith—the salvation of your souls.

— I Peter 1:6-9

Classic white linen is, similarly, noted for its purity. It comes from the flax plant and is known to be the world's strongest natural fiber, making it a durable fabric. It also has antibacterial properties.

White garments, like gold, are associated with purity, obedience, and faithfulness to God.

He who overcomes shall be clothed in white garments, and I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life, but I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels.

— Revelation 3:5

Interestingly, the Laodiceans in Revelation are counseled concerning both of these elements in the letter written to this church. The contents bring together the relationship of suffering and purity between the two.

Because you say, ‘I am rich, have become wealthy, and have need of nothing’—and do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked— I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see. As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten. Therefore be zealous and repent.

— Revelation 3:17-19

The three middle colors of blue, purple, and scarlet will explain how Christ, our High priest fulfilled each element, representing our overcoming through faith in God's sacrifice. These three colors will define what is at the center of a godly and righteous life. We will first look at the two exterior colors as we did with the gold and linen.

Blue is the color of heavenly eternal things. (This idea will be studied further in the Sapphire section.)

Then Moses went up, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire (blue) stone, and it was like the very heavens in its clarity.

— Exodus 24:9-11

This color depicts Jesus as the Son of God who came from heaven to earth.

I (Jesus) am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.

— John 6:51

Scarlet is strongly associated with the blood sacrifice required to cleanse and purify us from our sins.

Though your sins are like scarlet,
They shall be as white as snow;
Though they are red like crimson,
They shall be as wool.

— Isaiah 1:18

It was God's Son from heaven that accomplished this for us. This color depicts Jesus as the Son of Man who came to the earth.

how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

— Hebrews 9:14

Eden began with heaven and earth connected until sin separated the two. We can see how godliness and purity are the results of the pure and precious blood of Christ presented on the heavenly altar.

. . . according to the law, almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood, there is no remission. Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us.

— Hebrews 9:22-24

If we combine blue with red, we have the middle color, purple, representing royalty. The writer of Hebrews in the verse above explains how we were reconnected with the eternal God through the blood of His Son and made fit for heaven. Purple depicts Jesus as the King of Kings and Lord of Lord over all heaven (blue) and earth (red).


The Dimensions

The priestly garment was made according to the following dimensions.

Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof.

— Exodus 28

This measurement, too, matches the New Jerusalem temple.

The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal.

— Revelation 21:16

The cube connects with the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle, which was a perfect square. Author J Preston Eby reveals the significance of a square and its spiritual application in the following writing.

There are only two cubes described in scripture. One is the Holy of Holies in the Old Testament Tabernacle and the other is the New Jerusalem. The perfect cube in the Holy of Holies finds its fulfillment in the City of God. A cube is the most perfect figure, being equal on all sides = finite perfection. It is the most comprehensive and holds the most. Nothing contains as much as a cube. It speaks of perfection and fullness. It was in the Holy of Holies where God was met and the High Priest was in His presence. It is God's presence that is perfect and fulfilling and nothing can contain as much as His presence does. It is in His presence that we want to be.

Next, the stones are listed on the breastplate instructions.

And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

— Exodus 28:15‭-‬21


The Order of Encampment and Dispatch

The order of tribes corresponding with the stones will be taken from Numbers 2:3-33. It is here where the tribes are listed in order of their encampment around the Tabernacle. With all the tribes surrounding it, the Tabernacle was the heart and center of worship.

This arrangement was also the order the tribes were dispatched in their marching procession. This order of dispatch applied to cases of wilderness travel and military engagements. (Numbers 10:11-28)

The Numbers chapter ten account also gives the order of dispatch of the priesthood. The priesthood was dispersed between each of the sets of tribes. It is a helpful note that the Ark of the Covenant carried by the Levites (Moses, Aaron, and sons) were technically the first to move forward, even before the first tribe was dispatched.

The Ark symbolizes God's presence and is noted three times in concert with this wilderness Tabernacle journeying.

The Lord your God, who goes before you, He will fight for you, according to all He did for you in Egypt before your eyes, and in the wilderness where you saw how the Lord your God carried you, as a man carries his son, in all the way that you went until you came to this place.’

— Deuteronomy 1: 30-31

“Hear, O Israel: You are to cross over the Jordan today, and go in to dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourself, cities great and fortified up to heaven, a people great and tall, the descendants of the Anakim, whom you know, and of whom you heard it said, ‘Who can stand before the descendants of Anak?’ Therefore understand today that the Lord your God is He who goes over before you as a consuming fire.

— Deuteronomy 9:1-3

The Lord your God Himself crosses over before you; He will destroy these nations from before you, and you shall dispossess them. Joshua (type of Jesus) himself crosses over before you, just as the Lord has said.

— Deuteronomy 31:3

The three mentions are significant because three is the number of eternal spiritual things. Our journey is a spiritual one in which human accomplishment will amount to nothing.

Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’
Says the Lord of host.

— zechariah 4:6

The dispatch protocol followed an east, south, and west order, which follows the pattern of the sun's course in a day's rising in the east and its setting in the west. This arrangement illustrates fixing our eyes on the "Son" Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith.

This wordplay between "sun" and "Son" actually occurs in the book of Malachi, where the "Sun of Righteousness" is none other than the Messiah, Son of God.

But to you who fear My name
The Sun of Righteousness shall arise
With healing in His wings . . .

— Malachi 4:2

In Revelation, this order is reversed to east, north, south, and west because the physical sun is no longer needed, nor is the pattern. (Revelation 21:13)

And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

— Revelation 22:5

The remaining sections of this article will showcase each Gem with its tribe and the Christ-following application.



The first tribe listed in the encampment and dispatch was the tribe of Judah, which in Hebrew means "praise" or thanksgiving." When Jacob was old and dying, He prophesied over each son. The following was the word he gave to Judah.

. . . your hand will be upon the neck of your enemy" paraphrase: Praise will be the hand upon the neck of your enemy.

— Genesis 49:8

Praise is presented as a weapon in the above verse. Jesus connects praise with a similar thought in Matthew's Gospel.

. . . “Do You hear what these are saying?” And Jesus said to them, “Yes. Have you never read,

Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants You have perfected praise’?

— Matthew 21:16

Jesus is quoting from the Old Testament Psalms, which reads a bit differently but helps us translate more clearly what He meant.

Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants You have ordained strength, Because of Your enemies, That You may silence the enemy and the avenger.

— Psalm 8:2

The word "strength" above translates as praise in Matthew chapter 21. We have two lessons here. Praise strengthens us and silences our enemies.

In military order, Judah was dispatched first. In life's battles, praise should be sent forth first, too.

The ruby stone matched this tribe. The following are characteristics of rubies that connect with Judah's name meaning and provide us with further spiritual applications.

  • The ruby is known as the leader of precious stones, just as Judah was the leader during military battles. The first order of business in spiritual warfare is to praise and worship. Praise acknowledges that the battle belongs to the Lord and not ourselves, as is exampled in the story of Jehoshaphat in 2 Chronicles 20. Worshipers were the first to be dispatched to war in that scene.
  • Rubies are rarer than top-quality diamonds. Praise is also rare, especially in the midst of a battle, so we are commanded to offer a sacrifice of praise.

Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name.

— Hebrews 13:15

  • The ruby is one of the most durable stones that exist. When we worship, we become durable and impenetrable to the enemy.

It is God who avenges me, And subdues the peoples under me; He delivers me from my enemies. You also lift me up above those who rise against me;You have delivered me from the violent man. Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the Gentiles, And sing praises to Your name.

— II Samuel 22:48

  • The Hebrew name for ruby means red like wine. Red in Scripture generally speaks of blood, which is symbolized by wine. Wine in Scripture is also used in connection with the Holy Spirit and is associated with joy.

. . . do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation; but be filled with the Spirit

— Ephesians 5:18

The ruby stone indicates that the first issue that needs to be dealt with is the forgiveness of sin through the blood of Jesus. When we have been cleansed by the blood of Jesus, we receive the joy of the Holy Spirit and thereby praise God.

Judah and its corresponding stone show us that praise is a sacrifice and a very powerful weapon. It is also our first step into the presence of God.

Make a joyful shout to the LORD, all you lands! Serve the LORD with gladness; Come before His presence with singing. Know that the LORD, He is God; It is He who has made us, and not we ourselves; We are His people and the sheep of His pasture. Enter into His gates with thanksgiving, And into His courts with praise. Be thankful to Him, and bless His name. For the LORD is good; His mercy is everlasting, And His truth endures to all generations.

— Psalm 100:1-4

Praise is a powerful weapon whereby Jericho's walls fell. The walls were 6 ft wide outside and 12 ft wide on the inside.

The Power in Sound Frequency

Scientifically speaking, sound has a frequency, and specific sound frequencies can break things. I recall a Memorex commercial where Ella Fitzgerald hit a note that shattered glass. Is it possible that the frequency of praise is what shook the walls of Jericho down? Could it be that the frequency of our praise tunes us into God and invites His presence, which shakes down everything hindering our victory?

Praise concerns our mouths and what we say. As we move along with each tribe and stone, we will see how this applies to various senses and how we use them.

By Captmondo (Own work (photo)) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

By Captmondo (Own work (photo)) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The second tribe we will look at is Issachar. His name means work, hire, or reward and refers to our service. Issachar's name in Hebrew begins with a "yod," and from a pictograph perspective, represents a hand symbolizing work.

Jacob's prophecy for Issachar was the following.

"He is a strong donkey crouching between two burdens."

— Genesis 49:14

A donkey is known as a beast of burden in Scripture. Issachar (our service) is positioned between "praise" represented by the ruby just before it and "abiding" represented by Zebulun right after it. (abiding is the next tribe we will study). Our Christian service should be centered on the worship of God and resting in Him. There is a balance between reverencing Him and resting in Him.

Issachar's stone was a Topaz. Topaz is so soft and can lose its polish if not carefully used. Our gifts of service can lose their luster if not used under the direction and counsel of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God. We must remain soft and not abrasive for our service to be effective.

Do all things without complaining and disputing, that you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world,

— Philippians 2:14-15

Gems shine when they capture the light and reflect it. Our service should reflect God's love toward others.

Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart.

— I Peter 1:22

A pure heart is only interested in pleasing God.

. . . with all lowliness and gentleness, with long-suffering, bearing with one another in love, endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.

— Ephesians 4:2-3

The love of God results in the love of people, which leads to peace and rest for all.

And let us not grow weary while doing good, for in due season we shall reap if we do not lose heart.

— Galatians 6:9

Weariness in serving often results from serving ourselves with other motives than to worship Him.

The first two stones parallel the two commandments upon which Jesus said the entire Christian life hinged.

Jesus said to him, “You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

— Matthew 22:37-40

Loving the Lord is fitting with Praise and is directed towards God. Loving our neighbor is the fullest expression of loving God. In other words, loving our neighbor is the equivalent of loving Him. Jesus said that he who has done these things to the least of these had done them unto Him.

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service.

— Romans 12:1



The third tribe is Zebulun, and his name means dwelling, habitation, or abiding. These characteristics are reflective of our thought life. It has to do with where our thoughts camp and reside. Jacob's blessing was the following.

"He will dwell by the seashore."

— Genesis 49:13

The following are some interesting facts about the benefits of living by the sea, all having to do with abiding, resting, and dwelling.

  • The sound of waves alters the wave patterns in the brain and causes them to change to a slow frequency, which promotes relaxation. The sound of waves is now being used and coupled with the music in relaxation CDs.
  • Sea air is charged with negative ions, which increase our ability to absorb oxygen and help regulate serotonin levels. Low serotonin levels are linked to depression and anxiety disorders.
  • Seawater is also beneficial because it contains magnesium, which affects our nerves and is a natural stress reducer. Bathing in seawater is known to be relaxing and is replicated in spas. It opens our pores, removes toxins from our bodies, and releases trapped fluids that cause inflammation.

Exposure to sunlight is also associated with spending time by the sea and contains similar benefits.

  • Sunshine is considered relaxing as well as a mood booster. It also affects our endocrine system, which is responsible for releasing endorphins. Endorphins could be regarded as a happy hormone that helps us feel good, relaxed, and unstressed.
  • Sunlight also contains Vitamin D, which boosts our immune system keeping us healthy and happy.

When we praise God and serve Him by serving others, we can enter into His rest because these activities express our expressions of our faith in Him.

For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His.

— Hebrews 4:10

Jesus shows us that we cannot love others without Him, and the key is to rest in His love. We cannot rest when trying to abide in the approval of fellow humans or the confined places of self-sufficiency. Anything other than resting in Jesus results in trying to make something happen to serve our agendas or feed our insatiable insecurities. We rest when we abide in Him, worshiping Him and His greatness and serving Him and Him alone.

Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me. “I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.

— John 15:4-5

He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High Shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

— Psalm 91:1

You will keep him in perfect peace, Whose mind is stayed on You, Because he trusts in You.

— Isaiah 26:3

The Hebrew word "stayed" in the above verse comes with the concept of a "life framed, formed, and propped by His thoughts." It is a pottery term closely connected with our imagination.

Our wholeness and rest hinge upon what we say (Judah/praise), what we do (Issachar/reward for work), and what we think (Zebulun/abide).

The stone for the tribe of Zebulun is a Carbuncle, and the Hebrew meaning of this word is flashing," lightning, gleaming, or glitter, indicating that abiding with God will cause us to shine. Moses illustrated this for us when he was up on Mount Sinai.

Now it was so, when Moses came down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the Testimony were in Moses’ hand when he came down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him.

— Exodus 34:29

Moses' face was shining after abiding in the presence of God.

A similar event occurred in the New Testament in the book of Acts when the religious rulers confronted Peter and John for preaching Jesus and the resurrection. Peter boldly argued their case and stood firm before them. In the discourse, it was observed that Peter and John had been with Jesus.

Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were uneducated and untrained men, they marveled. And they realized that they had been with Jesus.

— Acts 4:13

This stone is also noted for its beauty when it's transparent. Likewise, we are beautiful to God when transparent, hiding nothing. This type of transparency is a place of rest when we can be our authentic selves with Him and not be ashamed anymore. A lot of our striving is a method of hiding ourselves.

But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.

— I John 1:7



The next tribe is Reuben, whose name means "See ye a son." Jacob's prophecy over him was the following.

. . . my firstborn, my might, the first sign of my strength, excelling in honor, and excelling in power.

— Genesis 49:3

This name closely connects us with a picture of Jesus, the only begotten Son of God, and concerns what we are beholding with our eyes.

In Praising Him (Judah), in offering ourselves to Him in service (Issachar), and as our thoughts abide in Him (Zebulun), we are to keep our eyes on Him. (Reuben). John the Baptist urges us to

. . . “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

— John 1:29

The writer of Hebrews similarly advises.

. . . looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

— Hebrews 12:2

Following Jesus will require our natural and spiritual eyes, focus, and attention.

The emerald was the stone representing this tribe and symbolized love, rebirth, and growth. Love and rebirth are associated with the "Son of God." We grow as we behold Him.

When the Israelites were in the wilderness and murmured and complained about their living conditions, fiery serpents came to bite them. Moses lifted a serpent on a pole, and the people had to look at it to be healed. This scene illustrates the healing of our lives by Jesus being lifted up on the cross for our sins.

No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.

— John 3:13-15

Green is the most comfortable and soothing color to the human eye. For this reason, Surgical gowns are green, and Hospitals use green in their patient rooms. Watch repair shops use green countertops for their workstations to ease the eyes of repairers. If we look at creation itself, predominantly green, we can see the love of God attempting to soothe and comfort us all around.

He makes me to lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside the still waters.

— Psalm 23:2

Rob Lavinsky,  CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Rob Lavinsky, CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Simeon and Levi—Sapphire

The next tribes listed are Simeon and Levi. These two will be interconnected because Jacob blessed them this way, and Levi becomes the priesthood that does not receive their own territory in the encampment. Simeon's name means hearing, and Levi's name means joining or attaching and has to do with how we hear in association or attachment with our obedience. Jesus makes this clear in Luke's Gospel.

"take heed how you hear.

— Luke 8:18...

Mark's version of this account connects us with the action and obedience part of how we hear. Passive hearing simply won't do.

Then He said to them, “Take heed what you hear. With the same measure you use, it will be measured to you."

— Mark 4:24

Jacob's prophecy to both Simeon and Levi was the following.

Simeon and Levi are brethren.

— Genesis 49:5

Hearing connected with obedience are brothers that are attached and work together.

Tying this together with our other tribe names, beginning with Judah, We praise (Judah) Him with what we say. We offer ourselves to Him in sacrificial service (Issachar). Our thoughts abide (Zebulun) in Him, and we behold (Reuben) Him. And now we listen (Simeon) to Him with the attachment (Levi) of obedience.

Andy McIlree, in his book Garments for Glory, offers us an application of the combination of Reuben and Simeon.

Alongside the tribe of Reuben stretched out the camp of Simeon, combining the God who sees with the God who hears, both of which were anticipated when He said, "I have surely seen the oppression of my people and have heard their cry . . . He looks and listens for reciprocated love from His own as they look and listen to Him . . . This is the pattern from the moment of salvation, that seeing and hearing by faith allows us to see the Son and hear Him too.

The ear is an organ that receives, and as we say, serve, think, and dwell in Him, we learn to hear, receive, and understand the truth. That truth becomes inscribed in our hearts, and deep meaning is attached (remember Levi) to it as all the other functions line up.

"He who has an ear to hear" is mentioned 14 times in the new testament and is the implication of obedience.

“Therefore whoever hears these sayings of Mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man who built his house on the rock:

— Matthew 7:24

The Old Testament Hebrew word "hear" is strongly associated with implicit obedience. Hearing and obeying is sometimes a foreign concept to the Western world. We give mental assent to many things we hear without intending to do anything with them. We are much like the Athenians in Biblical times.

. . . they (the Athenians) spent their time in nothing else but either to tell or to hear some new thing.

— Acts 17:21

Levi represented the priesthood. The priesthood temporarily connected God and His people through proper worship and sacrifices until the true mediator Jesus, our ultimate and eternal High Priest (Heb. 2:17), would come. He was entirely obedient in doing only what He heard from the Father.

. . . as the Father gave Me commandment, so I do.

— Jesus (John 14:31)

The stone representing this tribe is the sapphire and will symbolize these very same concepts of hearing and obeying and connecting us with their tribal names. The sapphire is blue and is the color of heaven, illustrating how our ears hear from above and not from the transient things of the earth.

Listen carefully to Me, and eat what is good,
And let your soul delight itself in abundance.
Incline your ear, and come to Me.
Hear, and your soul shall live . . .

...For My thoughts are not your thoughts,
Nor are your ways My ways,” says the Lord.
“For as the heavens are higher than the earth,
So are My ways higher than your ways,
And My thoughts than your thoughts.

— Isaiah 55:2-3, 8-9

Forever, O Lord, Your word is settled in heaven.

— Psalm 119:89

In ancient times, sapphire was also used as an engagement ring, symbolizing faithfulness and loyalty. In connection with Christ and His church (Rev 21), real intimacy represented by the marriage relationship must include a listening ear coupled with faithful and loyal obedience.

If you love Me, keep (hear and obey) My commandments.

— John 14:15

The giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai was very much an engagement agreement. God laid the terms of the relationship and set them in stone. Recall that Eve was unfaithful with her ear when she listened to the serpent.

In these very same terms, the heavenly city presents as a faithful bride and her husband.

Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

— Revelation 21:2

It is also evident that hearing is a means of inscribing, in our memory, the things we hear. The literal root meaning of sapphire means to "inscribe" and "commune." The Jewish Midrash states that the Ten Commandments were Inscribed on stones of sapphire.

“Our eternal hopes are built upon the justice and the faithfulness of God, which is clear and cloudless as the sapphire.”

— Charles Spurgeon


Ten Commandments on Sapphire Stones

In an online article by David Asscherick titled "The Blue Stone," the author shows how the Scriptures reveal the likelihood of the sapphire commandment stones. He builds his case using Exodus chapter 24.

Moses went up, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and it was like the very heavens in its clarity . . . Then the Lord said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain and be there; and I will give you tablets of (the) stone, and the law and commandments which I have written.

— Exodus 24:9-10,12

The literal translation of "I will give you tablets of stone" should read "I will give you tablets of the stone," "the" implying a particular stone, not a random rock from the mount. The Scripture suggests that the stones were obtained from the paved sapphire that was like the heavens in clarity.

Ezekiel twice envisions this as coming from God's very throne in his cryptic experience in God's presence.

. . . above the firmament over their heads (heaven) was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like a sapphire stone.

— Ezekiel 1:26

. . . there in the firmament that was above the head (heaven) of the cherubim,there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having the appearance of the likeness of a throne. . .

— Ezekiel 10:1

Heaven is My throne And earth is My footstool . . .

— Isaiah 66:1


The Blue Tassel (Tzitzit)

We can see the strong possibility that God used the sapphire stone from His very throne in heaven to communicate the will of His Kingdom to be obeyed on the earth. He reinforces this in a garment accessory that He commanded the Israelite men to wear in Numbers chapter 15.

. . . the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel: Tell them to make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a blue thread in the tassels of the corners.

— Numbers 15:38

The blue thread's purpose is revealed in this portion of Scripture and makes the blue sapphire heavenly commandments connect once again.

. . . you shall have the tassel, that you may look upon it and remember all the commandments of the Lord and do them . . .

— Numbers 15:39

The blue thread reminded them, presently and daily, of the commands God had given them on the stones of sapphire, which also called back to mind their "heavenly" source.

The author also gives a rich example from Revelation17 about the results of leaving the commands of God out of our Christian life. John describes the woman on a beast as a woman of harlotry. He then makes a note of the colors in which she is arrayed.

The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet and adorned with gold.

— Revelation 17:4

In Exodus chapter 28, God gives the priesthood instructions on how they should be dressed and notes three colors that they should be clothed in.

. . . upon its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, all around its hem, and bells of gold between them all around.

— Exodus 28:33

In comparison, there is one missing color referring to the woman, blue. The missing color blue reveals that her harlotry stems from leaving out God's divine commands.

Finally, the sapphire was a stone reserved for kings and priests in the ancient world.

But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

— I Peter 2:9

Rob Lavinsky,  CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Rob Lavinsky, CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The next tribe is Gad, meaning to crowd upon, attack, or overcome. Jacob prophesied to him, "he will be attacked by raiders, but he will attack them at their heels.

For whatever is born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.

— I John 5:4

When we worship God, Serve Him, have our thoughts resting upon Him, and we are hearing from Him, we are ready for battle to overcome our spiritual enemies, the world (day-to-day life), the flesh (internal struggles), and the devil (unseen spiritual warfare)

And do not stay there yourselves, but pursue your enemies, and attack their rear guard. Do not allow them to enter their cities, for the LORD your God has delivered them into your hand.”

— Joshua 10:19

Our enemies are not people.

For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Ephesians 6:12

The diamond is the gem given to the tribe of Gad. It is remarkable for its hardness.

For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty in God for pulling down strongholds,

— II Corinthians 10:4

The diamond is made of graphite, a very soft substance and the most breakable. After it is transformed into a diamond, it becomes one of the hardest substances.

But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things which are mighty; and the base things of the world and the things which are despised God has chosen, and the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are, that no flesh should glory in His presence.

— I Corinthians 1:27-29

And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

— Romans 12:2

The transforming process turns the soft graphite into a hard diamond.

. . . ye are strong, and the word of God abideth in you, and ye have overcome the wicked one.

— I John 2:14

Have I not commanded you? Be strong and of good courage; do not be afraid, nor be dismayed, for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.”

— Joshua 1:9

Diamonds are so hard that they are used as engraving tools and are the most brilliant precious stones.

The root meaning of the word diamond in Hebrew is to break down or overcome.

The book of Revelation records several benefits of an overcomer:

  • Eat from the tree of life (eternity) Rev. 2:7
  • Will not die the second death Rev. 2:11
  • Eat of the hidden manna Rev. 2:17
  • Power over the nations Rev. 2:26
  • Clothed in white raiment, Rev. 3:5
  • Will be a pillar in the temple Rev. 3:12
  • Will get to sit with Him on the throne Rev. 3:21
  • The Lord is an overcomer. Rev. 17:14
Rob Lavinsky,  CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Rob Lavinsky, CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The next tribe is Ephraim's tribe, and his name means double fruit or abundant fruit. This tribe's name speaks of the results and benefits of overcoming. Jacob's prophecy was,

"In you, all Israel will bless."

— Genesis 48:20

The prophets Isaiah and Zechariah prophesy about a double blessing for God's people.

Instead of your shame you shall have double honor, And instead of confusion they shall rejoice in their portion. Therefore in their land they shall possess double; Everlasting joy shall be theirs.

— Isaiah 61:7

Return to the stronghold, You prisoners of hope. Even today I declare ThatI will restore double to you.

Zecariah 9:12

The New Testament application is discovered in Paul's letter to the Galatians.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control . . .

— Galatians 5:22

A life fully submitted to God, overcoming by the blood of the lamb by the word of our testimony, and loving our lives not unto death will produce fruit.

The stone given to Ephraim was a Ligure or Jacinth. Its literal Hebrew meaning means to "raise up," "bear," "offer," or "take," symbolizing grapes bearing fruit.

“I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.

— John 15:5

But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.

— Romans 6:22

By David Rix Eibonvale (self-made - [GFDL ( or CC-BY-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

By David Rix Eibonvale (self-made - [GFDL ( or CC-BY-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The next tribe is Manasseh, whose name means "causing to forget" Jacob's prophecy was . . .

"In you shall all Israel bless saying God make you as Ephraim and Manasseh."

— Genesis 48:20

After we have engaged our mouth to praise (Judah), our actions are geared to serve (Issachar). Our thoughts are also made to abide in Him (Zebulun) as we fix our eyes upon Jesus (Reuben). As we have listened and obeyed Him (Simeon/Levi), He has defeated our enemies (Gad). We are now in a position to bear fruit (Ephraim). Producing fruit causes us to forget our previous pain (Manasseh). Our lives, thoughts, ways, and attitudes are now superimposing over the old life thoughts, methods, attitudes, and behaviors, just like recording over an old cassette tape. New habits become formed.

Every valley shall be exalted And every mountain and hill brought low; The crooked places shall be made straight And the rough places smooth . . .

— Isaiah 40:4

Premature babies' brains are smooth when they are born. They develop grooves as they grow, learn, and begin to make associations with various things, relationships, and experiences. This process continues throughout our lives. Our brains start to make valleys or grooves and mountains formed by thought patterns. These can be for good or for evil. God says that he will correct the places that aren't right and remap our minds.

Listen, O daughter, Consider and incline your ear; Forget your own people also, and your father’s house; So the King will greatly desire your beauty; Because He is your Lord, worship Him.

— Psalm 45:10-11

We are to forget all previous forms of influence and focus on Him and experience Him.

“Do not fear, for you will not be ashamed; Neither be disgraced, for you will not be put to shame; For you will forget the shame of your youth, And will not remember the reproach of your widowhood anymore.

— Isaiah 54:4

Manasseh is represented with the agate. The agate has opaque layers and bands found in the cavity of host rocks. It is similar to a skull encasing our minds. The layers and bands are established thought patterns. The Hebrew root meaning of this word is "To carry away" or "take captive."

For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh. For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty in God for pulling down strongholds,casting down arguments and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God, bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ

— II Corinthians 10:3-5

The way to forget the past is by taking thoughts captive.

I, Jonathan Zander [GFDL (, CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or CC-BY-SA-2.5 (], via Wikimedia Commons

I, Jonathan Zander [GFDL (, CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or CC-BY-SA-2.5 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The next tribe's name is Benjamin, and his name means son of my right hand and speaks of a position of power. Jacob's prophecy was the following.

"He would devour prey and plunder."

— Genesis 49:27

The right hand of power applies to our reigning with Christ, discussed in the book of Revelation.

Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.

— Revelation 20:6

And have made us kings and priests to our God; And we shall reign on the earth.”

— Revelation 5:10

Paul also weighs in on this similar thought.

If we endure, We shall also reign with Him. If we deny Him, He also will deny us.

— II Timothy 2:12

The tribe of Benjamin's stone is an Amethyst, whose literal meaning is to bind firmly.

No one can enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man. And then he will plunder his house.

— Mark 3:27

In Greek, the word "amethyst" means "no intoxication," which leads to an interesting connection with our responsibility to our position of being God's kings and priests.

It is not for kings, O Lemuel,
It is not for kings to drink wine,
Nor for princes intoxicating drink;
Lest they drink and forget the law,
And pervert the justice of all the afflicted.

— Proverbs 31:4-5

The New Testament addresses this issue and offers an alternative ruling influence.

. . . do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation; but be filled with the Spirit,

— Ephesians 5:18

Rob Lavinsky,  CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Rob Lavinsky, CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The next tribe is the tribe of Dan. His name means "to judge" or "vindicate." Jacob's prophecy was that

". . . he "will provide justice for His people."

— Genesis 49:16

Christ has vindicated us according to the Messianic prophecy of the prophet Isaiah.

He is near who justifies Me; Who will contend with Me? Let us stand together. Who is My adversary? Let him come near Me. Surely the Lord GOD will help Me; Who is he who will condemn Me? Indeed they will all grow old like a garment; The moth will eat them up.

— Isaiah 50:8-9

Once again, this translates to our new positions in Him.

Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?

— I Corinthians 6:3

The stone set for Dan was a Beryl. This stone is used for eyeglass lenses. Judgment is the ability to discern and see things accurately. Solomon understood this responsibility when he appealed to God for help ruling His people.

Your servant is in the midst of Your people whom You have chosen, a great people, too numerous to be numbered or counted. Therefore give to Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people, that I may discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours.

— I Kings 3:8-10

When our hearts are set to praise Him (Judah), serve Him (Issachar), abide in Him (Zebulun), Behold Him (Reuben), Ears tuned to hear Him (Simeon/Levi), Overcoming our fleshly lives (Gad), Bearing fruit (Manasseh), and in position to rule and reign with Him. We can now judge, for we can see and discern things accurately. (Dan)

Rob Lavinsky,  CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Rob Lavinsky, CC-BY-SA-3.0 [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons


The next tribe is the tribe of Asher, and his name means "happy" and "rich" and is the result of all of the above. Jacob's blessing was the following.

". . . his food will be rich, delicacies fit for a king."

— Genesis 49:20

A Messianic view of the Song of Solomon offers us a similar picture of provision from the lover of our souls.

He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.

— Song of Solomon 2:4

The eternal banquet for His beloved believers is described in John's Revelation.

Then he said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’” And he said to me, “These are the true sayings of God.”

— Revelation 19:9

We will be satisfied.

Oh, taste and see that the LORD is good; Blessed is the man who trusts in Him!

— Psalm 34:8

Asher's stone was onyx. The root meaning of onyx is a millstone or stumbling stone. Jesus was a stumbling block for unbelievers.

Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,”

I Peter 2:7

...but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness . . .

— I Corinthians 1:23

The prophet Isaiah prays that the stumbling block will be removed for the repentant.

And one shall say, “Heap it up! Heap it up! Prepare the way, Take the stumbling block out of the way of My people.”

— Isaiah 57:14

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons


The final noted tribe is Naphtali, whose name is "wrestling." Jacob's blessing was the following.

"a doe set free that bears fruitful fawns."

— Genesis 49:21

Our only wrestling is one of faith.

Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.”

— John 6:29

The writer of Hebrews expresses this position of faith as "rest" and describes a type of diligence to enter into it.

Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience.

— Hebrews 4:11

Sometimes we wrestle with entering rest. Jacob illustrated this idea for us when he didn't let go of the Angel of the Lord until He was blessed. This last name encourages us never to give up, and never quit. Endure to the end.

But he who endures to the end shall be saved.

— Matthew 24:13

And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. But he who endures to the end shall be saved.

— Mark 13:13

Jasper is Naphtali's gem; its literal meaning is brilliant transparent light.

“The sun shall no longer be your light by day, Nor for brightness shall the moon give light to you; But the LORD will be to you an everlasting light, And your God your glory.

— Isaiah 60:19-20

The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light.

— Revelation 21:23

There shall be no night there: They need no lamp nor light of the sun, for the Lord God gives them light. And they shall reign forever and ever.

— Revelation 22:5


This study shows the progression or cycle of the Christian life. Each gem is reciprocal. The things He gives us are to reflect Him. Christ did and was all of these things, and we are to follow Him.

God's original plan was that humankind would rule with Him under the influence of His own heavenly rule. This thought gains expression in the number of tribes surrounding the Tabernacle that contained the heart of God in its most inner place, the Holy of Holies.

Twelve is the number of God's

  • divine administration,
  • divine, authority
  • and His divine appointment

All of the above refers to the earth.

This concept can be explained even further by multiples of three and four. The number four in the Bible categorizes the transient earthly kingdom. The number three represents the divine eternal kingdom.

The tapestry of God's plan becomes undeniably evident in tying all of these things together.

© 2010 Tamarajo


Tamarajo (author) on June 04, 2012:

Shalom Ann, I am pleased that you have been enjoying the articles. His Word is so full of all the insight and wisdom we so desperately need.

I rejoice at Your word

As one who finds great treasure ~ Psalm 119:162

Thank you for your prayer, visit, and encouraging comment

Ann on June 02, 2012:

Shalom ! Thank you so much for all the insights and wisdom from the articles. You don't know how much Im looking for bible studies like this . I'm truly blessed and finding ur hub is like finding gold . Thanks to Holy Spirit that works through you . May Jesus bless you abundantly and give u more wisdom . I m looking fwd to read more . Shalom from Singapore !

Tamarajo (author) on May 31, 2012:

Thank you Craig for your additional insight and correction. I will be definitely be doing some further digging. I do welcome your input and always want to present accurately.

I especially like the revelation of the shoulder stone representing Joseph representing Messiah Yahushua our burden bearer. It is especially relevant personally to me right now.

I will take a careful look at refining the article.

Blessed by your visit and insightful comment thank you for reading.

Shalom to you as well. Have a blessed day.

Craig on May 31, 2012:

Hi, I am always interested at seeing various views on the 12 stones and their orders as I do firmly believe that the true connection between each and the 12 tribes names are vital for us as we recognise our true roots in Messiah, our High Priest who bears Yisra'el on his Breastplate and on his shoulders! Having said that, I do commend you for your insight into the various gems - however I disagree slightly as to the allocation of each stone. this is why I say this. It is clear in Shemoth (Exodus) that the two shoulder stones were to have the names of the tribes of Yisra'el on, with 6 on each - ACCORDING TO THEIR BIRTH! Then the instruction for the breastplate is given to have the 4 rows of 3 each according to the names of the tribes as are set in stone (also according to birthright!) therefore this would, in my view, be the correct ordering of the tribes and then one can link the stones to each *from right to left*:

row1 - Reuben, Shim'on, Lewi

row2 - Yehudah, Dan, Naphtali

row3 - Gad, Asher, Yissaskar

row4 - Zebulun, Yoseph, Binyamin

and therefore the stones as:

row 1 - ruby (sardius), topaz, emerald (carbuncle)

row2 - Turqoise, sapphire, diamond

row 3 - Jacinth (ligure), agate, amethyst

row4 - beryl, shoham (onyx), jasper

What you will notice is that the shoham (onyx) stone represents Yoseph and this is a wonderful picture of Messiah Yahushua who bears the burdens of His brothers as Yoseph did and the shoulder garments stones testify to this by also being shoham stones as a wonder picture of how Messiah would have the government on His shoulders as Yoseph too was made ruler in Mitsrayim (Egypt)

What is very interesting to seek out is the relation of each of these stones to that on the foundation in Revelation 21 which tells us that 12 stones are the apostles, with the 12 gates having the names of the 12 tribes of Yisra'el on them and also looking at Ezekiel 48 with the 12 gates of the City.

keep digging and much shall be revealed

Shalom to you

Tamarajo (author) on January 31, 2011:

Hello again no body. I don't mind at all. Share as you wish.

This was one of the most difficult yet funnest studies I have ever done (the breast plate and the gems). As I went along trying to make the connections one thing began to agree with the other.

The thing I love about the Word is that it always agrees with itself. You can pull it up a hundred different ways and the message is always the same. It is similar to accounting and hair cutting with it's checks and balances.

God wants us to get.


Thank you for visiting commenting and sharing.

Have a blessed day.

Robert E Smith from Rochester, New York on January 31, 2011:

The girl has talent. Loved the article and I have someone in mind that may be reached with this. Pray it does. I hope you don't mind I am sharing it on Facebook. I will remove it if you want but I think that it will be used mightily. Love you sister.

Tamarajo (author) on January 08, 2011:

Hello His daughter I do love it!! glad you do too : )

Thank you again for stopping by and commenting.

His daughter on January 05, 2011:

Just a continuation of the wonderful gems hidden in God's Word for us to go and dig out. Don't you just love it!! Keep it up!

Tamarajo (author) on January 03, 2011:

Hi Judi so glad you enjoyed. Always blessed by your visit.

thank you for your thoughtful comment.

Judicastro from birmingham, Alabama on January 03, 2011:

Tamarajo, what a great hub, I love this! I have bookmarked it so I can go back and read the whole series. Great work dear sister!

Tamarajo (author) on January 03, 2011:

Hi Chin Chin,

I am glad you captured the essence of the article that is the basics of walking out our life of faith. That has been the focus of a new season for me as well.

Yes it was lengthy. Thank you for taking the time to read it. I was nervous that if I separated them the connection and conclusion would get lost.

Blessed by your visit.

Tamarajo (author) on January 03, 2011:

Hi Cristina Studying His Word is my chief joy. I am glad you enjoyed this study. It is a lot of info to digest all at once though I know.

Thank you for reading and the encouraging comment.

Chin chin from Philippines on January 02, 2011:

It was a lengthy one, Tamarajo, but it's worth the read. A timely reading for me as I begin the New Year and reminds me the basics of how to live the Christian life that would surely be pleasing to God. Again you have amazed me with this expository teaching. God bless you for sharing.

Cristina Santander from Manila on January 02, 2011:

Great hub with great insights to ponder about.Thank you for always sharing your great studies of God's Word with us here at Hubpages. Blessings and regards. I also take this opportunity to greet you a happy and blessed New Year!

Tamarajo (author) on December 29, 2010:

Hi Betty,

Yes it is a lot of information and a bit overwhelming for one hub but I didn't want to split it up because each one kind of hinges on another. I was afraid that if I broke them up their connections and conclusion would or could be missed.

I really do enjoy the depths of His Word and could dive into it every moment if I could

Blessed by your visit and comment Betty

Betty Johansen on December 28, 2010:

Wow, Tamarajo, you could preach 12 sermons with the content from this hub. Your depth and insight are awesome! Thank you for sharing your wisdom from the Word.

Tamarajo (author) on December 28, 2010:

I am blessed by your visit Gus : ) Thank you for taking the time to read it and glad you were blessed by it.

Thank you for your encouraging comment.

Gustave Kilthau from USA on December 28, 2010:

Tamarajo - Now THAT is an article that everyone should truly enjoy. I really liked it a lot. History that I had never read before with a different perspective of persons, images, and all. Thanks in depth.

Gus :-)~

Tamarajo (author) on December 28, 2010:

Yes Dave it is fascinating and you make a great observation because the the foundations of the temple were laid on the 12 apostles and represented by the colored stones and the names above the gates were the tribes of Israel which were represented by colored stones in the breastplate of the High Priest.

I am thinking that the stones in the Breastplate representing the 12 tribes looked forward to the 12 men that would be the beginning of the new eternal nation just as the 12 tribes were the beginning of a new earthly nation.

I also have some other stirrings about even deeper meanings concerning personality but they are not fully developed and would like wait for further development of that revelation and confirmation before I go there.

Thanks Dave for your visit and insightful comment.

Dave Mathews from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA on December 28, 2010:

Thank you for the insight into the twelve tribes it is fascinating. It got me to asking the question to myself whether or not Jesus 12 Apostles might be representative of the 12 Tribes. Maybe you could research this and see.

Tamarajo (author) on December 28, 2010:

Thank you for visiting lifegate.

I know it was a lengthy one and didn't quite know how to split it up. I'm going to leave it for a couple of weeks for digestion before I post part 5 and possibly attempt to obtain the images to go with it.

Thanks for commenting.

William Kovacic from Pleasant Gap, PA on December 28, 2010:


Thanks for sharing your knowledge with us here on HubPages. You've given me much to study. Thank you for taking the time to prepare it.

Tamarajo (author) on December 28, 2010:

I agree Brooke. It would make the hub much more visually interesting. I actually thought to do that but couldn't figure out how to get the images of each without copyright infringement issues. I try to stick to using my own images, A clip Art program I purchased, and photos I have documented permission to use.

I will work on this and add them as I am able to obtain them. I was hoping that Hubpages offered colored fonts. I was going to at least highlight the name of the tribe in the color of the gem.

What I found most interesting about the uniqueness of some of the gems was the Hebrew root meanings that so closely agreed with meaning of the tribe name.

Thank you for your visit and useful input.

Brooke Lorren from Mesa, Arizona on December 27, 2010:

If you could find pictures of each of the gems by each name, it would be better. Some of these gems I don't know anything about outside of the Bible.

Related Articles