Main Characters in 2 Kings
The Main Events in the Book of Second Kings (II Kings)
II Kings 1
After Ahab King of Israel died, a neighboring country Moab rebelled against Israel. Ahaziah the new King of Israel injures himself and sends a servant to inquire of Baal-Zebub the false god of Ekron whether he the king will recover from the injury. The Lord sends Elijah the prophet to meet Ahaziah's servant and ask why the king would consult the false god rather than the Lord. Elijah told the servant that Ahaziah would die and never get out of the bed. Ahaziah became angry and sent a captain with a company of fifty men to bring Elijah to see him. Elijah called down fire on the captain and his men and they were consumed by the flames. Ahaziah sent another group of fifty and they too were consumed by fire. Ahaziah sent and third delegation and the captain of the troops fell on his knees and pleaded for his life and the Lord sends Elijah to meet with the king. Elijah repeated his former words saying that the king would die in his bed for consulting Baal-Zebub rather than the Almighty God. Ahaziah died and was succeeded Joram.
II Kings 2
Elijah and Elisha travel from Gilgal to Bethel to Jericho and finally cross the Jordan River. Elijah grants Elisha a double portion of his spirit. Elijah is taken up to heaven on a chariot of fire. Elisha sees it, picks up Elijah's cloak which had fallen on the ground, strikes the water of the Jordan, and crosses over the Jordan River on dry ground. Elisha heals the water supply for a small town. Elisha is jeered by some young men and the youths are mauled by two bears.
II Kings 3
Joram another son Ahab replaced his brother Ahaziah as king of Israel. During that time Moab revolted against the king of Israel. Joram king of Israel asked Jehoshaphat the king of Judah and the king of Edom to fight Moab with him. Elisha provides water for the troops. The three kings subdued the king of Moab who offered his eldest son as a sacrifice on a city wall.
II Kings 4
A widow cries out to Elisha for help and the Lord helps the women pay off her debts by filling all her jars with oil to sell. Later, Elisha travels through a place called Shunem where a rich women offers him a meal and eventually provides Elisha a room to stay in whenever he goes through her village. Elisha decides to repay the woman for all her kindness and tells her she was going to have a son. One day after she gave birth and the child grew, the boy began having headaches and died. The woman was distraught and called for Elisha, whom she blamed for giving her a child and then taking him away through premature death. Elisha took the boy and raised him from the dead. Elisha provides food for a company of prophets. Another time, a man brought 20 loaves of bread to Elisha; Elisha had the man give it to the people, but he complained that there would not be enough to feed all of them. Elisha assured the man that there would be more than enough and in fact they ate and had leftovers.
II Kings 5
A commander of the Aramean army named Naaman was a great man, but contracted leprosy. Naaman had an Israelite maidservant who advised the commander to go see the prophet who lived in Samaria (a region of Israel). Naaman went to the king Israel who thought the commander was trying to pick a quarrel. Elisha sent word to send Naaman to him. Elisha directed Naaman to go dip his body in the Jordan River, but the Aramean commander objected and went away angry. One of Naaman's other servants convinces him to do what Elisha told him which Naaman does and he is healed. Afterward, Naaman dedicated himself to the Lord God of Israel. Naaman wants to give a gift to Elisha, but Elisha refuses. Elisha's aide Gehazi secretly went after Naaman and deceived the commander to give Gehazi three sets of clothing. Elisha pronounces judgment on Gehazi's actions and Gehazi contracts leprosy.
II Kings 6
Elisha a prophet of Israel recovers a borrowed ax head by making it float. Elisha spoils the plans of the king of Aram against Israel. The king of Aram sends an army to capture Elisha; The Lord protects Elisha with an army of hosts. Elisha redirects the Aramean army to Samaria and directs the king of Israel to feed his Aramean enemies. Ben-Hadad the king of Aram besieged Samaria in Israel and cut off the food supply. The king of Israel sends a servant to kill Elisha.
II Kings 7
Elisha declares the end of the famine. Four Israelite men with skin diseases cross over to the Aramean camp and find it vacant (the Lord caused the Arameans to flee in the night). The four men enter the vacated camp and find food, gold and silver. The king of Israel to investigate and confirm the report of the four men. The people of Israel captured the plunder from the Aramean camp and had food to eat.
II Kings 8
Elisha tells the Shunammite woman that the famine will continue for seven years and directs her to flee from Israel; she settled in the land of the Philistines. After seven years, the Shunammite woman returned and petitioned to have her land returned to her. Gehazi the servant of Elisha tells the king of Israel the story of how Elisha raised the woman's son from the dead and the king agrees orders his officials to return her land. Elisha visits Ben-Hadad king of Aram and tells the king's servant Hazael that he will replace Ben-Hadad as king. Elisha also tells how Hazael will inflict pain on the people of Israel. Jehoram replaces his father Jehoshaphat as king of Judah and does evil like the kings of Israel. Jehoram ruled Judah for eight years and was replaced by his son Ahaziah. Ahaziah reigned one year and did evil in the manner of Ahab and other kings of Israel. Ahazaizh joined Joram the king Israel to fight against Hazael king of Aram. Joram the king of Israel was wounded by the Arameans.
II Kings 9
Elisha the prophet of Israel sends the son of another prophet to anoint a man named Jehu as king of Israel and tells him to destroy everyone from the household of Ahab including Queen Jezebel. Jehu kills Joram king of Israel, Ahaziah king of Judah, and Jezebel.
II Kings 10
Jehu petitions the people of Jezreel to kill the 70 remaining members of Ahab's clan. Jehu kills the relative's of Ahaziah king of Judah. Jehu kills the Baal worshippers but did not eliminate the high places established by Jeroboam. The Lord allows Hazael king of Aram to capture some of Israel's territory. Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria for 28 years and was replaced by his son Jehoahaz.
II Kings 11
Athaliah, Ahaziah's mother, annihilated all the royal heirs of Judah, but Jehosheba rescues Joash the youngest son of Ahaziah. Joash remained in hiding for six years as Athaliah ruled Judah.
II Kings 12
Joash becomes king of Judah. Joash directs the priests to repair the temple. Hazael king of Aram captures the Philistine territory of Gath and turns to attack Judah. Joash took all the sacred objects handed down from his forefathers and gave them to Hazael. Hazael leaves Jerusalem aone. Joash ends his reign after 40 years.
II Kings 13
Jehoahaz son of Jehu becomes king of Israel and reigns for 17 years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord and the Lord allows Hazael king of Aram to beseige Israel. The Lord rescues Israel from the oppression of Aram, but the Israelites do not stop following the wicked practices of their first king Jeroboam. Jehoash takes over as king of Israel in the place of his Jehoahaz. Before he died, Elisha the prophet blessed Jehoash king of Israel and prophesies victory for Israel over Aram. Elisha died. Sometime later some Israelites through a deadman into Elisha's tomb and the man came back to life. Ben-Hadad replaces his father Hazael as king of Aram. Jehoash recaptures Israelite towns from Ben-Hadad.
II Kings 14
Amaziah replaces his father Joash as king of Judah. Amaziah reigned as king of Judah for 29 years. Amaziah did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. He defeated the Edomites. Amaziah calls out Jehoash king of Israel to fight. Israel routed Judah and Jehoash broke down the wall of Jerusalem and took all the gold and silver and other articles from the temple of the Lord. Jehoash king of Israel died and was replaced by his son Jerobaom II. Amaziah King of Judah died and was replaced by his son Azariah. Jeroboam II reigned in Israel for 41 years and restored the boundaries of Israel as predicted by Jonah the prophet. Jeroboam II king of Israel died and was replaced by his son Zechariah.
II Kings 15
Azariah reigned as king of Judah for 52 years and did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. Azariah was stricken with leprosy. He died and was replaced by Jotham his son as King of Judah. Zechariah replaces his father Jeroboam II as king of Israel and reigns in Samaria for six months. Shallum assasinates Zechariah and replaces him as king of Israel in Samaria and reigns for one month. Menahem attacks and assassinates Shallum and becomes king of Israel in Samaria. Menahem reigned for ten years and did evil in the sight of the Lord like the other kings of Israel. Pul king of Assyria invaded Israel and Menahem began paying tribute to Assyria which he raised by taxing the people. Menahem's son Pekahiah succeeded him as king and reigned in Samaria for two years. Pekah, one of Pekahiah's chief officers, conspired against him and assassinated him and reigned in Samaria 20 years. Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria invades Israel , takes many towns in the northern Israel, and deports the people to Assyria. Hoshea conspires against Pekah succeeded him as king of Israel. Jotham son of Uzziah becomes king of Judah at age 25 and reigns in Jerusalem for 16 years. Jotham is succeeded as king of Judah by his son Ahaz.
II Kings 16
Ahaz takes over as King of Judah, but does not do what is right in the eyes of God. Ahaz walks in the ways of the kings of Israel and sacrificed some of his sons in the fire. Rezin king of Aram and Pekah king of Israel attack Judah and take back some of their lost territories. Ahaz king of Judah offers to become a vassal of Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria if the Assyrian king would rescue Judah from the hand of Rezin and Pekah. King Ahaz has a replica of a foreign altar erected in Jerusalem. Ahaz orders Uriah the priest to offer sacrifices on the replica of the foreign altar. King Ahaz died and was succeeded by his son Hezekiah as king of Judah.
II Kings 17
Hoshea becomes king of Israel and reigned in Samaria for nine years. Shalmaneser king of Assyria attacks Hoshea who had been a vassal of Assyria and laid seige to Samaria for three years. Samaria falls to Assyria and all the remaining people are deported throughout Assyria's vast empire. The Israelites were displaced because of their sin against God and because they refused to listen to his warnings through the prophets. The king of Assyria resettled peoples from other cultures in Samaria.
II Kings 18
Hezekiah succeeds his father Ahaz as king of Judah and does what is right in the eyes of the Lord. He reigned in Jerusalem for 29 years. Hezekiah removed the high places throughout Judah. Sennacherib king of Assyria attacks and captures the towns of Judah and threatens to take Jerusalem.
II Kings 19
King Hezekiah goes to the Temple of the Lord and cries out to God to deliver Jerusalem from the king of Assyria. Hezekiah sends messengers to the prophet Isaiah to pray for God to save the people of Jerusalem. Isaiah sends a message back to Hezekiah to not be afraid. Sennacherib king of Assyria threatens Hezekiah again. King Hezekiah prays to God and Isaiah prophesies Sennacherib's fall. The angel of the Lord puts to death 185,000 Assyrian soldiers. Sennacherib returns to Ninevah and is assassinated sons.
II Kings 20
King Hezekiah of Judah becomes ill and prays for God's mercy. God sends Isaiah the prophet to Hezekiah to tell him he will recover from his illness. Hezekiah shows all the treasures of his kingdom to envoys from Babylon. The Lord sends Isaiah the prophet to Hezekiah to tell him that Babylon will one day take Judah.
II Kings 21
Manasseh becomes king of Judah and reigned in Jerusalem for 55 years. Manasseh did evil in the eyes of the Lord by constructing altars to Baal and Asherah poles in the temple courts and bowing to the starry hosts. Because of Manasseh's evil deeds the Lord decides to wipe out Jerusalem. Amon succeeds Manasseh his father as King of Judah and does evil in the eyes of the Lord.
II Kings 22
Josiah replaces his father Amon as king of Judah. Josiah commissions repairs to the temple in Jerusalem. Those repairing the temple recover the Book of the Law and takeand read it to king Josiah. Josiah realized that God's wrath was against Judah because of the kings before him did not carry out the requirements of the Book of the Law. Huldah the prophetess confirms that God's wrath was set against Judah but prophesied that the judgment would not come until after Josiah's lifetime.
II Kings 23
Josiah reads the Book of the Covenant (Law) to all the people living in Jerusalem. Josiah renews the covenant to follow the Lord and keeps his commandments. Josiah orders the cleansing of the temple from all the foreign idols placed their by his father before him. Josiah desecrates all the high places throughout the territory of Judah. Josiah stops the practice of sacrificing sons and daughters in the fire in honor of the idol Molech and destroys the altar of the golden calf in Bethel erected by Jeroboam the first king of Israel. King Josiah also destroys the high places in the northern territories of Israel as according to prophecy. Josiah orders the people to celebrate the Passover as decreed by the Lord and written down in the Book of the Covenant. Josiah gets rid of all the mediums and spiritists in Judah and Jerusalem. Even though Josiah humbled himself before the Lord and destroyed all the idol worship in Judah and Jerusalem God was not willing to relent from his judgment to send Judah into exile for the past sins of the kings before him. Josiah was killed in battle by Neco Pharoah of Egypt. Jehoahaz becomes king of Judah and does evil in the eyes of the Lord. Neco Pharoah of Egypt captures Jehoahaz and places Jehoahaz's brother Eliakim on the throne of Judah. Eliakim's name is changed to Jehoiakim and he pays tribute to the Pharoah of Egypt. Jehoiakim reigned in Jersualem nine years and did evil in the eyes of the Lord.
II Kings 24
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon invades Judah and Jehoiakim becomes his vassal. Jehoiakim rebels against Nebuchadnezzar and the Lord sends raiders from surrounding countries against Judah. The king of Babylon takes the territories of Egypt. Jehoiachin becomes king of Judah and reigned in Jerusalem for three months. King Nebuchnezzar of Babylon lays seige to Jerusalem and Jehoiachin surrenders to him along with his royal family. Nebuchadnezzar took all the treasures from the temple of the Lord and the royal palace and carries them off to exile in Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar places Jehoiachin's uncle Mattaniah on the throne of Jerusalem and changes Mattaniah's name to Zedekiah. Zedekiah reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. zzedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
II Kings 25
Nebuchadnezzar marched against Jerusalem again and built seige works all around it. Zedekiah attempts to escape but the army of Babylon captured him and Nebuchadnezzar killed his family and put out his eyes. Nebuzaradan commander of Babylon's imperial guard set fire to Jerusalem including the temple of the Lord. All the people left in Jerusalem are carried into exile to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar appoints Gedaliah as governor of Judah, but Gedaliah is assassinated by a band of survivors in Judah. Many of the remaining people flee to Egypt in fear of retribution from the king of Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar's replacement Evil-Merodach releases Jehoiachin from prison and Jehoiachin dines at the table of the king of Babylon for the rest of his life.
anonymous on July 07, 2011:
i have my synthesis of the scripture now, this is very helpful to me because i do not need to read the whole book of Kings. thank you very much...