Concept of the 'Bhagvad Gita'
Philosophy behind The Bhagavad Gita
The Bhagvad Gita, also known as The Song of the Wisdom of the Lord, is a Bhagvatam or ancient Indian philosophical treatise on ethical duties, self-actualization, and materialism. It is usually quoted as the eleventh chapter of the tenth Yantra of the Mahabharata. In this treatise, Lord Krishna teaches his pupils in the science of Yoga that Karma or the consequences of past actions are determined by the conduct of future actions. This chapter of the Yantra describes the theory and concepts behind "eternal laws". It teaches the social scientists that a being may be eternal but at the same time may be subjected to karma (the consequences of previous actions) at various stages of its life.
Opposed to the traditional concept
This concept is opposed to the traditional concept of a single and final separation of the soul from the body at death. According to the Gita, there are various paths or planes through which the soul can pass from the world of existence to the next. However, the soul cannot abide in the lower planes or hells if it is not purified by performing penances and undergoing training in the different disciplines of Yoga. Hence, it is important for the sage of this stage imbibe and perform the various Yogic principles of discipline in order to transcend the base principles of conventional society.
Teaches the concept of 'Karma'
The Gita teaches the concept of Karma that was popularly conceived by the sage Shastra. According to him, there is nothing that can be done by the human society to avoid the consequences of past actions. Society is responsible for everything because the social contract signed at birth has certain consequences that cannot be escaped or reversed. Hence, these social conventions must be strictly observed without compromising one's individual identity.
The concept of 'Castelessness'
The concept of "castelessness" is also explained in the Gita. It means complete removal of physical attributes like clothes, hair, and other such material things from the inside. In the previous births, these factors have been considered as the inevitable constituents of the human nature. However, modern society has conditioned people think in terms of appearance. It has conditioned them to believe in the concepts of beauty and ugliness according to societal conventions and custom.
The wisdom of 'Yoga'
According to the wisdom of Yoga, a man should live a life of purity, loving kindness, truthfulness, and patience. The society we live in today is full of inconsistencies are being noticed even at the time of its formation. People are selfish, malicious, negligent, lustful, malicious, and so forth. The society is full of violence, cruelty, and crime. Even the friends of such people are not protected from such crimes and their lives are being ruined every day. Hence, humanity has to think in terms of living with self-discipline and living with honesty and uprightness.
The Concept of 'Brahma-The Creator of The Universe'
The Gita teaches the concept of Brahma, the creator of the universe and the protector of all creatures on this earth. It says that humans are the reflection of Brahma and the universe is Brahman (the father of the universe). People are born in the realm of Brahma but Brahma created the world and created beings to populate this world. The Gita says that through the efforts of the sage called Shastra (the wise teacher) living a disciplined life and following the instructions of his teacher, humans can reach the level of Brahma. Therefore, the Gita is a manual for the wise called "Bhagvatam" or wise men. The concept of a brahmana is based on the original teachings of the Hindu scriptures.
The gita says that Brahmana is a path of intellectual learning that leads to ultimate liberation. The society based on brahmana is seen in various parts of India and it includes Maharas, Jains, Buddhists, priests, and people from all castes, backgrounds, and social status. The society of a brahmana is a non-profit organization. It does not involve profit-making but aims at helping the poor and less fortunate in the society. The gita says that the brahmana system includes five precepts: moral conduct, truthfulness, purity, truthfulness, and non-violence. The five precepts are meant to make one a fit vessel to take on the ocean of life.
In recent times, some modern writers have tried to bring the Bhagvad Gita into the current debate about poverty and economic inequality. In their view the gita has a more utilitarianistic goal in mind which is to provide information on the ways in which to live a good, peaceful, and ethical life to lead as a well-lived, happy, and peaceful individual. The central idea of the gita is that knowledge is power and that the more one understands the less power he wields in the society.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Surajit Roy
Surajit Roy (author) from Kolkata, India on September 26, 2021:
Thank you sir for your appreciation.
Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on September 26, 2021:
A good article explaining Gita lessons in an easy language. Thanks