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Shahanshah-e-Hind (Emperor of India) Babur, the Babur Nama and Babri Masjid

MG is an air warrior and a global traveler who loves to visit and explore new places

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Emperor Babur

Emperor Babur

Babar and Hindustan

Shahanshah e Hindustan- Babur or Babar's real name was Zahir-ud-Din Mohammad. He is an important figure in Indian history. Zahir-ud-Din Mohammad has left behind a mixed legacy. For many Muslims, Babar is a great hero. In contrast, many consider Babar as a destroyer of temples. Babar ruled only for four years and died in 1530. His name is in the news in India because of a mosque that is alleged to have been constructed after destroying a Hindu temple in the city of Ayodhya,126 km from Lucknow.

Babar's life in Hindustan starts from the year 1526, when he invaded India and fought the First Battle of Panipat. He was opposed by Ibrahim Lodhi who ruled the Delhi Sultanate. The battle has been well documented but Babar had a powerful weapon in the form of Canon and he defeated Lodhi.

Babar was a descendant of the great warrior Timur-Lang who is famous as a conqueror and sacked Delhi in 1398. Babar had the same blood and he came from a lineage that believed in violence and the power of the sword. Along with his military qualities, the Moghul was also a writer. He wrote his autobiography called the Babur Nama and if you read it you will find it gives a picture of a man who loved poetry and gardens and the beautiful things thrown up by nature. The Chronicle has great historical value. and gives a vivid account of his reign.

The Babur Nama reveals a dark patch that perhaps Babur was gay. Many historians have contended that Babar had a relationship with a man named Babari. They opine that the name of Babari was given to the Mosque built on the ruins of the temple at Ayodhya.

Babar established a dynasty that ruled India for 300. It was destroyed by the British when the last emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was captured by the British, his sons shot dead and he himself exiled to Rangoon, where he died.

What was Babur's rule like? what sort of man was he? For this information, the Babur Nama is a great source. Almost one-third of this book is devoted to India. A reading of the book reveals that Babur had no compunction of killing anybody, even those men who had surrendered to him. The Babur Nama records that he built pyramids of the skulls of his opponents. The Babur Nama also records that he built gardens and fountains as Babur was very fond of gardens.


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Babur and Babri masjid

Babur is alleged to have destroyed an ancient Hindu temple at Ayodhya but a reading of the Babur Nama is a surprise, as there is no mention in the book of any destruction of a Hindu Temple and erection of a Mosque on its ruins. It is possible that the Babur Nama has some passages missing but there is no direct reference to the destruction of the temple. It is well known that the Hindus rever Ayodhya as the birthplace of the God Ram. Historical evidence does reveal the existence of an ancient temple at the site.

There is a small engraving at the Babri Masjid site, which says that this Mosque was built by Mir Baqavi a general of the Army of Babur, after destroying a Hindu temple. This is the only proof that a General of Babur's Army destroyed the ancient temple which may have been existence at this place. However, there are some very significant facts about the Babri Masjid. it does not appear to be a proper Masjid as there is no open place( courtyard) for prayers and there is no place to wash oneself before going for prayers.

The Mosque was thus never used for prayers and the situation continued for centuries. In 1947 some idols of Ram and Laxman were placed in the Mosque and the Muslims were tolerant of this. After 1947 when India became free the militant Hindu organizations led by the Hindu Mahasabha began to campaign for the restoration of the old temple.

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Riots and Supreme Court judgement.

In 1992, Mobs led by some Hindu leaders surged to Ayodhya and the Mosque was razed to the earth. Hindus celebrated that as the liberation of the holy birthplace of Lord Rama. But the act had repercussions and the 31 million Muslims of Utterpradesh had a sense of great loss. This signaled mass-scale rioting and hundreds were killed.

The matter was referred to the Supreme court and a bench of the SC headed by the Chief Justice give a historic decision. This was after consultation with historical experts and the Archeological Survey of India (ASI). The ASI came to the conclusion that an ancient temple did exist at the site and it was probably razed and a mosque built on it. In its judgment, the Supreme Court handed over the land for the construction of a temple to the action committee. It also gave compensation to the Muslim community by way of 5 acres of land some distance away to construct a mosque.

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Last Word

The destruction of one mosque in India led to widespread anger among many people in the subcontinent. As a repercussion, in Pakistan over 100 Hindu temples were razed to the ground. This action was not condemned by anybody, yet the destruction of one mosque which also was not being used as a mosque has brought forth unprecedented condemnation.

This shows the lopsided view of secularism in the world. There was also large-scale rioting in India by the Muslim community leading to the terrible bomb blasts in Mumbai on 26/11. There is one inalienable fact that most Muslim rulers in the subcontinent destroyed Hindu temples and built mosques on them. This process was only stopped when the British ruled India.

The British ensured that the Sikh gurdwara in Chandni chowk, in Delhi, where the ninth guru Teg Bahadur was beheaded by Aurangzeb in 1675 and was being used by Muslims was handed back to the Sikhs. The famous Sis Ganj gurdwara adorns the place as a remembrance to the Guru.

Comments

MG Singh emge (author) from Singapore on June 07, 2021:

Tom, thanks, caste is the bugbear of the Hindus and was also responsible for their defeat in various battles as only the Kshatriya could bear arms and the others were just sitting idly. There is also no doubt that caste was a factor in the conversion of many Hindus to Islam and also to Christianity.

MG Singh emge (author) from Singapore on June 07, 2021:

Thank you David for commenting, yes Tipu had committed many atrocities in the Malabar region. He was ultimately defeated by the British and killed and the British restored it back to the Hindu ruler.

David Isaac on June 07, 2021:

The Muslim rulers also destroyed many churches and the biggest culprit was Sultan Tipu. He destroyed hundreds of churches in the Malabar region of Kerala. This was an interesting article.

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