An Artist's Analogy Of The Separation Of Abraham From Hagar
This combined, chronological text has been adapted from standard translations to English of hadith literature, a transliteration of the Qur'an, and the Hebrew of the Masoretic, Samaritan, and Dead Sea Scroll Torah sources. Square brackets indicate an interpolation, round are explanatory or differences between combined sources. Sources are denoted in standard form for biblical material, S for the Quran, SaB for Sahih Al-Bukhari, and the later tradition of Ibn Kathir's separation hadith is IK.
(1) [Abraham, and his people, travelled east and south.] (2) Abraham walked through cultivated land, desert, and mountains, until he reached the desert of Arabia. (3) And Sarah saw Hargar, “the Egyptian,” [with] the son whom she-had-brought-forth unto Abraham, in-violation.
(4) And she said to Abraham, “Remove this female slave, and her son!”
(5) And that thing was maddeningly harsh in the eyes of Abraham on account of the cause of his son.
(6) And God said to Abraham, “May it not be harsh in your eyes on account of the boy, and because of your female slave. All that Sarah has said to you, hear (and obey) her voice. For in (another) will seed unto thee be proclaimed. (7) And the son of this female slave I will also appoint as a great nation, for he [is] your seed.”
(8) And Abraham said to God, “I-wish-that Yishmael shall-live, before-Thee!”
(9) And God said, “In truth, Sarah, your woman, shall bring forth a son to you, and you shall call his name Yitzhak, and I will cause My Covenant to arise with him, unto a time-indefinite covenant, moreover, to his seed hereafter. (10) So, as to Yishmael, I have heard thee. Behold, I bless him,
and make him fruitful, and will greatly, greatly increase him. He shall bring forth twelve imams (leaders), and I will make him a great nation.”
(11) As would have been the touch of snow in the heat of harvest, such is an emissary faithful to his sender. He who refreshes his lord's soul. (12) [They are] clouds (and wind), (but of a spirit) of promise, no-rain-falls-to-reach-land. Such it is for a boasting man (by lying) (in a falsified-gift).
(13) “I will also cause My Covenant to arise with Yitzhak, whom Sarah shall bring forth to thee, unto an appointed time in this following year.”
(14) And arising early at the break of day, Abraham took up bread, and a water container. (15) And [they] came to an uncultivated valley having no fruit, no trees, no food, nor water. The valley had no hint of life. After Abraham had helped his woman and child to dismount he left them with a small amount of food, being barely sufficient for two days, and water. (16) Then, giving it to Hargar, placing it on her shoulder, the child also, so casting her away. (17) Under a tree, (18) when he had reached Makkah (Bakkah), he made her sit, (19) and headed-back in-the-direction-they-had-come, (20) from a place near the [ancient site of the] Kaaba, on the site of Zamzam, the highest point of the holy-site.
(21) Yishmael's mother followed him, (22) asking, “Where are you going Abraham, leaving us in this valley, where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything?”
She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her. (23) Abraham maintained his silence and continued to distance himself from her as she repeated her actions, to no avail. Finally she concluded that he was not acting on his own volition.
(24) And, when they reached Kada', she called to him from behind, “Oh Abraham, to whom are you leaving us?”
He called out, “To God!”
(25) [Then] she asked him, “Did God command you to do this?”
He answered, “Yes!”
(26) She said, “I am satisfied to be with God!”
(27) She called [again], “Then we are not to be lost! (28) May God be with us!”
(29) (And) (she) returned (30) to her place and started drinking water from the water-skin, and her milk increased for her child.
(31) At the same time Abraham walked on until he reached the Thaniya (crack-in-the-rock) where he was no longer visible to them.
He proceeded to face the Kaaba, and raised both hands to invoke God, making the following supplication, (32) “Our Adon, indeed I have settled [some] from-amongst my seed in a valley, absent of cultivation, near Your Sacred-House. Our Adon, that they may establish the formal-prayers, so make the hearts of men incline unto them, and provide them with the fruits, that they may be grateful. (33) Our Adon, indeed You know what we conceal, and what we pronounce-openly. And not a single thing [remains] hidden from God, in the Earth, and naught in the sky (above).
(34) (And when) Abraham said, “Adonay, make this city a refuge, and keep me and my sons aside-from worshiping the idols. (35) My Adon, they have certainly led astray many from-amongst humanity. So whoever follows me, then, indeed, he [is] of me, and whoever disobeys me, then indeed, You [are] Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (36) All the homage for God, The One, who has granted me Yishmael, and Yitzhak, in old age. Indeed, Adonay [is] All-Hearer [of] the supplication. (37) My Adon, make me an initiator of the formal-prayer, and from my seed. Moreover, our Adon, accept my supplication. (38) Our Adon, forgive me, and my parents, and the believers, the Day the account will [be] established.”
(1) INTERPOLATION, (2) IK(b), (3) Gen.21:9, (4) Gen.21:10a, (5) Gen.21:11, (6) Gen.21:12, (7) DSS/Sam. Gen.21:13, (8) DSS/Sam. Gen.17:18, (9) DSS/Sam. Gen.17:19, (10) Gen.17:20, (11) Prov.25:13, (12) Prov.25:14, (13) Gen.17:21, (14) Gen.21:14a, (15) IK(c), (16) Gen.21:14b, (17) SaB, Vol.4,#583d, #584e, (18) SaB, Vol.4,#584d, (19) SaB, Vol.4,#583i, #584f, (20) SaB, Vol.4,#583c,e, (21) SaB, Vol.4,#583j, #584g, (22) SaB, Vol.4,#583k, (23) IK(f), (24) SaB, Vol.4,#584h, (25) SaB, Vol.4,#583l/IK(h), (26) SaB, Vol.4,#584i, (27) SaB, Vol.4, #583m/IK(i), (28) IK(j), (29) SaB, Vol.4,#583n, #584j, (30) SaB, Vol.4,#584k, (31) SaB, Vol.4,#583o, (32) S14:37/SaB, Vol.4,#583p, (33) S14:38, (34) S14:35, (35) S14:36, (36) S14:39, (37) S14:40, (38) S14:41.
Gen.17:20-Prov.25:14: For, as Isaiah testifies, the word of God came to a descendant of Abraham, and this is the gift which leads to a universal Truth (Isa.29:12). For the words of Yeshua ben Miriam testify to a prophet by the established biblical wording of Moses (Deut.18:18, John16:13). Yet they deny the meaning of its contents. The Jewish reading (Rashi) is that these, who are the twelve, shall dissipate as clouds and wind. Their success and failure represents the state of their nation.
IK(d): Hargar's food (dates - Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol.4,#583h, 584b) was for two days, her water for less.
Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol.4,#583k: Ab-raam, that one [is indeed] Abraham (1Chron.1:27). As, Ab-raam, Yishmael being conceived outside the promise of the Mosaic Covenant, he was willing to sacrifice his first son to the desert. As Abraham he was willing to sacrifice his first son to the altar. The prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), according to Islamic tradition, declared, “I am the son of the two sacrificed.” The gist of the hadith appears to have been preserved, although there have been a number of variants, meaning herein lies a weak chain (Al-Tabari, Tarikh, Tafsir – S37:107, Al-Hakim, Mustadrak, Al-Khila'i, Khila'iyyat, Abu Nu'aym, Ma'rifat al-Sahaba, c.Mu'awiya, Ibn 'Asakir, Tarikh Dimashq, Ibn Marduyah & Al-Tha'alibi, per Al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur, Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin, The Sacrificial Son of Abraham, World Press, 2 Jan., 2012).
Separation Of Hagar (B)
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