Skip to main content

Revolutionary Buddha



Gautama Buddha is an extraordinary personality.On one hand he is a great scholar, philosopher, scientist, psychologist, humanist and on the other hand a great revolutionary and social reformer.These two aspects of his personality are actually derived from the same source. His preached religion is a worthwhile philosophy of life. He saw this world and life from a materialistic point of view, realized it through his own experience, judged it through scientific analysis and tried to propagate the truth of his experience.His social reform was An expression of his philosophy, and a strong application of his humanism.This social reform made him a great revolutionary.His revolution is not an armed revolution,it is a characteristic one Revolution, its weapons are non-violence,love and compassion.

Prince To Beggar Buddha's Exodus

Buddha's revolutionary life began with his exodus.Indian society was very strict during Buddha's time.This strict social discipline is insignificant.By giving up all the comforts and comforts of a prince to become a beggar.Coming out is also a kind of revolution—a big challenge.Buddha had tremendous confidence.Because of this confidence he left home,tasted the nectar of Nirvana and he has been able to perform the difficult task of social reform with great success amidst various complications.

Revolution Through Peaceful Methods By Buddha

Buddha is the only humanist great man in the world who first initiated a bloodless revolution through peaceful methods of non-violence and compassion of love without weapons,which today's philanthropic people can very logically follow.This revolution of Buddha is armed much more important than the revolution. Armed revolutions come and go suddenly. Its results are temporary.But unarmed revolution comes slowly, its results are permanent.The purpose of Buddha's revolution is not only to make the environment of society beautiful and healthy;To improve human mind And character development too. Herein lies the hallmark of his revolution.

Buddha's Reform Ideology Against Ancient Indian Caste System

Buddha's revolution was initiated by his various social reforming duties.The most important step in his social reform is the abolition of Arya-Arya,Brahmin-Abrahman, high-low, in a word, discrimination between people and caste system.In this case he severely attacked the Brahmins of ancient India. Brahmins then claimed to be superior in society by birth and inheritance of ancient Brahmanism.

According to one legend, Brahmins are born directly from the mouth of Brahma or the Supreme Lord, Kshatriyas are born from the arms, Vaishyas are born from the lower part of the loins, and Shudras are born from the roots of the feet.Buddha strongly protested against this claim of superiority of the Brahmins in terms of birth and easily refuted this claim.He declared,Brahmanism does not depend on reason,it depends only on character.So according to Buddha the perfection of character of anyone can become a Brahmin because character is what makes a person human or inhuman.The true identity of a person is not birth, but character.Such is the relationship of Buddha with the Brahmins,And there are many interesting stories about conflicts.But through these stories, the true form of Buddha's doctrine is revealed more clearly.One day,Buddha came to a Brahmin with an alms bag,advised to do The Buddha, undeterred, said that he was a cultivator like a Brahmin,but instead of cultivating the land, he cultivated his mind and thereby produced a crop that was the giver of eternal peace.Brahmin was very upset and impressed by this and with great care offered food to Buddha.

According to another story-
A Brahmin was looking for a pious person to offer prasad(Palace) after his daily Yagya(Meditation).Finding the Buddha under a tree nearby, the Brahmin asked to know the identity of the Buddha's race. In his reply, Buddha said: Why the question of race, talk about character.Because the true character is the identity of man.

Buddha Emphasise On Moral Character

The Buddha's emphasis on character is one of the main features of Buddhism.The question of moral character is therefore very large in Buddhism.It is essential for everyone to have good character for the religious life, for freedom from suffering. According to the Buddha, fools think that bathing in the Ganges is virtuous, that all sins are washed away.but a sinner, whose mind is evil, polluted and full of hatred, his sins are not washed away even by the waters of the hundred Ganges.He who is kind to all living beings, does not speak falsely and does not envy living beings and does not accept given gifts,What is the use of those who have a pure heart, abandoning interests, going to Gaya?Any water is near him water.

Scroll to Continue

Love And Mercy Shaped Buddha's Revolution

The purpose of Buddha's revolution was not only to establish unity between Brahmins and non-Brahmins but also to give equal rights to all in spiritual life.Lower castes especially Shudras and girls had no rights in religious or spiritual life.Buddha was the first to give them this right. Many of the neglected lower classes of the society were given a place by the Buddha without hesitation in his Sangha(Organisation)in birth place of Buddha,Kapilavastur a barber named Upali,a sweeper named Sunita were from the lower classes.It is said that the invitation of the Kshatriya king of Kunthagar was excluded and Buddha ate rotten meat while dining at the house of a commoner named Unna,and this caused the Buddha's death.

What greater example of mercy and love can there be than Buddha was to the common people?

Buddha's Love For Common People Was Revolutionary

The history of Buddha's love for common people does not end here.At that time disregarding social norms,given entering rights the lower classes and socially hated girls in his association Buddha created a new history.Girls also had no religious rights then like the lower class people.Buddha brought them this right.Among the Buddhist nuns,names like Kundalakeshi,Bhadra,Kripalini, Dharmadatta, etc. were specially used to preach in gatherings and their sermons and sayings recorded in the form of poetry are noteworthy. In Buddhism, they are all known as 'thor' placed in the association.Among them,the names of Paramasundari Amrapali, Shrima and Ardhakesi are particularly noteworthy.

Banning Animal Killing Was A Revolutionary Idea By Buddha

Buddha's contribution to the abolition of animal killing and animal sacrifice in ancient India is outstanding.One day while passing through the royal palace,the Buddha saw a group of men driving a flock of rams, including a bloody lamb, advancing.Purpose,the king himself sacrifice them in some religious festival in the presence of Bimbisar.The Buddha was greatly grieved at this and went to the festival-place with the bloody lamb in his lap.Pointing out the absurdity of animal sacrifice, he told the priests present that if there is any spiritual gain by killing a small lamb, then killing a human being can lead to more spiritual progress.Like talk like work.Buddha himself at the sacrificial place he raised his head.Buddha was however forcibly removed from there. King Bimbisara's heart melted at this and on that day he issued an order banning animal sacrifices in religious festivals. This is Buddha's revolutionary social reform.

Establishing Pali As Mother Tongue By Buddha

Buddha's infinite kindness and love towards the common man is more evident from his preaching through the Pali language.Sanskrit was the language of the nobility then.

Language of Brahmins and Pandits.Religious activities were performed in this language.It was beyond the understanding of the common people of the society. Buddha made Pali understandable to common people.He preached his doctrine in Pali language. Buddha was the first to give the status of mother tongue.This is no small achievement.

Buddha's Revolutionary Idea Of Democracy

Another great contribution of Buddha to protect the rights of common people is the promotion of democracy.In ancient India,there was an era of monarchy.Democracy was completely unknown and unknown.It is the Buddha himself who votes for the important matters of his Sangha and Buddhist Vihara through popular democratic method of decision-making. Another great proof that the Buddha was a devoted worshiper of democracy is that before his death he did not entrust the management of the Sangha to anyone in his stead, although he could have given.If he wished anyone of his brothers brothers could be nominated.But he did not do that.After his death,Buddhism was divided into various branches.

Even as a prince, Buddha had extraordinary kindness and love for common people.And he struggled for the interests and rights of these common people and he wrote a new history through bloodless revolution.Buddha's message is a message of universal love and compassion, non-violence and friendship.May he inspire by these immortal words to establish for all living beings and human beings,this is the greatest desire today.

© 2022 MD Khalid Hasan

Related Articles