Skip to main content

Recognizing Signs of Spiritual Abuse in a Church

Carola is a Christian writer and author of several books. She writes about Christian living, relationships, and other related topics.


Church. It can be a place where people are loved, supported, and taught about God, Christianity, and the Bible. For some people, the word “church” means disappointment, disillusionment, and hurt. A cult - a place where they were gossiped about, judged, ridiculed, controlled, or shunned. A place where people experienced spiritual abuse.

Spiritual abuse is a church or religious organization that violates the rights of individuals who are looking for a relationship with God, Biblical teaching, and inspired leadership.

A church is supposed to be a safe place that follows God’s instruction to: “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind' and, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'” (Luke 10:27). Some churches have done a lot of harm by not following Jesus’ command to treat others with love. They pursue their own selfish ambitions, go against Biblical principles, and emotionally damage their congregations.

Koresh's compound burning in Waco

Koresh's compound burning in Waco

Websites on spiritual abuse abound with terrible tales of people who have been emotionally devastated by religious organizations. Sadly, the very word “church” is so painful that some people cringe at the thought of ever attending a fellowship. And who can forget the sight of the Jonestown suicides or the Branch Davidian’s stronghold burning in Waco?

Using love as a measurement, how do we avoid unhealthy and abusive churches that may be cults in disguise? Here are some characteristics that help us measure the health of a church.

Characteristics of a Spiritual Abuse in a Church

Members Follow a Charismatic Leader Rather Than God

The followers put their leader on a pedestal and are convinced he can do no wrong, even when he blatantly goes against Christian teachings. The followers fervently believe that this leader is God’s representative on earth and that the leader’s words come from God.

These leaders may make subtle changes over time that go against scripture. The deluded followers explain away, ignore, or deny their leaders' blatant immoral and harmful acts. The leaders are somehow considered to be exempt from the standards inflicted on the membership and are not held accountable for their actions.

An extreme example of this is the president of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church), Warren Jeffs. He was charged with numerous charges including incest and sexual misconduct with a minor. He was convicted of two felony counts of child sexual assault in 2007.

Former FLDS members have also accused him of extreme control, forcing young girls into marriage, and verbal and physical abuse. Despite this, Jeff’s church group still steadfastly believes that he is a prophet appointed by God and believes that he has not done anything wrong.

A healthy church follows God, not man. The apostle Paul scolded the Corinthian church for following the apostles instead of following after Christ (1 Corinthians 1:10-17). We are all one body.

Leaders Claim to Speak for God

Some leaders claim to speak for God so they can push their own agenda. They are motivated by a need to feed their massive ego, bask in people's adoration, and control others. They bend the scriptures to fit their twisted doctrines.

An Unhealthy Church Preaches That It Is the Only “True” Church

These churches teach that they are the only ones who are right in spiritual matters. They take swift disciplinary action against anyone who doesn’t agree with them. They never admit they are wrong about anything. These groups will use shame, guilt, or the threat of being disfellowshipped to keep their members in line. This belief may attract self-righteous people who feel superior to a world that doesn’t conform to their way of thinking.

Unhealthy Churches Isolate their Members From the World

These churches may teach that the world is an evil place and that their fellowship is the only safe place where members are guaranteed to get to heaven. Their teachings are based on a fear of punishment rather than the love of God. These churches set strict rules and teach that anyone who doe not fall in line with them is heading straight for hell.

Healthy churches allow the leading of the Holy Spirit to reveal God’s truth and follow the principles revealed in scripture. These churches are willing to admit their mistakes, apologize, and correct their wrongs.

Scroll to Continue

Unhealthy Churches Control Every Aspect of their Member’s Lives

God gave Christians free will and discernment through the Holy Spirit, but unhealthy churches take away that right. They dictate everything from how many hours to pray or do Bible Study to what hairstyle women should wear. They may have very definite ideas about the role of women and insist women do not work, and force them to conform to strict dress codes.

Some followers who are attracted to this kind of setting are looking for easy answers to deep spiritual matters and feel more comfortable with black and white thinking. They want clear rules and regulations. There are no shades of grey here. They want someone to tell them what to do rather than make decisions for themselves based on Christian principles.

God can’t be put in a box, however. A healthy church that truly seeks God knows that many of God’s ways are mysterious and beyond our limited human comprehension. That is why we must rely on God for guidance in this life and be prepared to make changes as He leads us.

Unhealthy Churches Are Quick to Judge and Punish, and Show no Mercy

They humiliate, scold, punish, and disfellowship their members at the least provocation. They rule by shame, fear, manipulation, and intimidation.

A healthy church respects the rights of individuals to choose how they want to live their lives while gently guiding them to live in accordance with the ten commandments and scriptural principles. If their leaders decide to confront someone who is sinning, they do so gently and in love – acting with the person’s best interests.

Unhealthy Churches are Self-Centered

They gather money to enrich their leaders and push their own agendas. Some church leaders may make false claims of serving the needy to collect money and achieve their own selfish ends.

Unhealthy Churches Hurt People

Many people who have been hurt by churches feel like they can never trust Christians or attend one again. Just mentioning the word church causes pain. Some churches hurt and abuse people, in some extreme cases, even putting their lives in danger. Some organizations ignore complaints by victims and allow perpetrators to continue their criminal behavior. They cover up these crimes, mainly so that they do not look bad in the eyes of the world.

There are many spiritually abused victims who are turning to support from others who have been hurt by churches. There are forums on some of these sites where people can share their stories and realize they are not alone.

However, if the pain from the spiritual abuse continues for a long time, it means that these people have not dealt with the damage. If the mental anguish remains the same, it may be that the hurts have become strongholds in their lives - a toxic poison that seeps through every aspect of daily living. A stronghold like this continues to inflict pain long after the person has left the unhealthy, abusive church and corrupts their view of Christianity.

The Road to Healing

It is extremely difficult for someone whose trust has been violated in this way to heal from being hurt by a church. Church is supposed to be a safe place that faithfully teaches and follows the tenants of Christianity, not an abusive, destructive force. Victims can, however, heal if they are willing to let go of their pain and desire for vengeance and forgive the perpetrators.

Forgiveness is the way that victims can put the abuse behind them and begin the journey to spiritual healing. Forgiveness does not mean the church’s behavior is OK. Church leaders should be held accountable, especially if laws have been broken. We should not seek vengeance, however. God is a just God, and He promises to avenge His people.


Churches are far from perfect because they are filled with imperfect human beings. There are always going to be people who are critical, judgmental, controlling, and nasty. Their presence does not automatically mean a church is unhealthy - unless they are the majority and in most places of leadership.

Church can be a wonderful place where Christians encourage and teach one another about God and build strong friendships with other Christians. Church also offers everyone unique opportunities to fellowship and serve. Christians need to continually pray that their churches will support their members in their walk with Christ in healthy ways. The apostle Paul tells Christians not to forsake meeting together (Hebrews 10:25).

A healthy church can be a true blessing in everyone's lives and encourage Christians in their Christian walk, if they let it.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2013 Carola Finch


Jackie from Detroit on March 20, 2018:

Healthy churches would encourage their members to stay away from the world and its desires (1st John 2:15-17, Romans 12:1, Titus 2:11,12). Unhealthy churches are totally involved in worldly pursuits, politics and ungodliness.

Serenity Miller from Brookings, SD on June 01, 2015:

Thank you for sharing this overview. To be sure, far too many people continue to be hurt by church systems, sometimes even by churches that ARE seeking God's will. It's easy to shrug off the problem of "fallen humanity" without properly acknowledging the harm done by those who should know better and those who do know better.

Rosualdo Ponce from Gawad Kalinga Village Ticad, Bantayan, Cebu, Philippines on March 13, 2015:

A very informative and useful hub. Thank you for this great insights. Since hypocrisy is inevitable within the church, Christians should not believe every spirit but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world (1 John 4:1). Weak Christians believe on the knowledge power of their leaders rather than the revelation from the Holy Spirit. They think their leaders were infallible. Leaders control their will instead of God.

Hannah David Cini from Nottingham on March 01, 2015:

So very true, it is sad to see people abused in the name of God and I know a few people who have been turned away from Christianity because of bad experiences. I really liked the ending focusing on what church can be.

Carola Finch (author) from Ontario, Canada on April 07, 2014:

Thanks for sharing. I took most of my info from postings on the websites of spiritual abuse survivors because not much seems to be written on this subject.

deorganicchurch from Newark, DE on April 07, 2014:

This is a good hub that provides accurate information about churches engaging in spiritual abuse. I know. I went to one for over 20 years, and most of the practices described in this article were practiced at that church. What is baffling is that there was some very good preaching at this church even though behind the scenes many sins were being committed by the leaders. Just because the preaching is powerful doesn't mean that the pastor isn't stepping outside of his biblical role. An abusive church usually has a senior pastor that is an absolute control over all aspects of the church. If you see a godly elder pushed out of the church then slandered because he is not in agreement with the senior pastor, a red flag should go up in your mind. Abusive pastors make themselves right and everyone else wrong. Some of them will even lie about the departing elder to cover their tracks. I found out after the fact that this is what happened in my church. For years I thought these departing elders were in rebellion to the "true Church of God." I found out years later that they confronted the pastor regarding issues that were out of line, and he got rid of them.

Carola Finch (author) from Ontario, Canada on May 28, 2013:

Thank you for sharing. I believe that we can't measure a church by the few rotten apples that are bound to turn up in every congregation. Instead, we need to evaluate a good church by how much they as a leadership and congregation as a whole truly express the love of God and follow Christ's teachings. I have seen a very legalistic church change, apologize for its mistakes, and completely turn around, mainly through the prayers of its members. Please don't give up.

KayTee on May 28, 2013:

I grew up PK, and am now 43. I have not yet found a good church, and the one I most recently attended, that I thought was 'home' - my first home church as an adult ever - behaved as badly and hurt me worse than all the others. I don't think I really believe there are good ones out there anymore. And 43 years... I gave it a good go, ya know?

Carola Finch (author) from Ontario, Canada on March 21, 2013:

Thanks for sharing.

Carola Finch (author) from Ontario, Canada on March 21, 2013:

Thank you.

charlie from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth in between the oceans on March 21, 2013:

excellent and much needed in these days.

Carola Finch (author) from Ontario, Canada on March 21, 2013:

Thanks for sharing.

Banned cause of PISSANTS Promisem and Dean Traylor on March 21, 2013:

Very well said ! Many so called "churches" aren't churches at all but dens of iniquity. There is really only one Church of the living God but individual "churches" may be out of balance or led astray (or just differ on minor issues which the Apostle Paul warned us to not allow that to divide us) and it is important to make that distinction because there are no churches without hypocrits, no organizations or groups anywhere on earth that contain no hypocrits. Human beings are diverse in all aspects of their being and so why shouldn't churches have a diversity in their behaviors, worship and ministries...but not their core beliefs.

Related Articles