Pearl Gemstone benefits
The English word ‘Pearl’ comes from Middle English and from old French ‘Perle’.
The Greek word is Margarites. In ancient times, these were considered holy pearl names and Mararita was often used for baby girls of the pious and for beautified saints in the Christian lands.
Female forms of Margarites=Pearl
Italian: Margherita and Rita
French: Marguerite and Margot
German: Margarethe, Gretchen and Gretal
English: Margaret, Marjorie, Madge and Margie
Men's titles derived from Margarites=Pearl
Gareth and Garrett
Two patron saints who were rechristened as "pearls," were:
St. Margaret Aethling of Scotland
Margeret, "the pearl of Bohemia," beloved of the Danes.
A pearl is a hard,lustrous spherical mass,whiter or bluish grey,formed within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle) of a living oyster or bivalre mollusc. Just like the shell of a mollusk, a pearl is made up of calciumcarbonate in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers. The ideal pearl is perfectly rounded and smooth, but many other shapes of pearls occur. The finest quality natural pearls have been highly valued as gemstones and objects of beauty for many centuries, and because of this, the word pearl has become a metaphor for something very rare, fine, admirable, valuable or genuine.
Valuable pearls occur in the ocean, but they are now very rare. Cultured or farmed pearls from pearl oysters make up the majority of those that are currently sold in the international markets. Pearls from the sea are valued more highly than freshwater pearls. Imitation or fake pearls are also widely sold in inexpensive costume jewelry, but the quality of their iridescence is usually very poor and, generally speaking, artificial pearls are easily distinguished from genuine pearls. Pearls have been harvested and cultivated primarily for use in jewelry, but in the past they were also stitched onto formal or ornamental clothing worn on special occasions. Pearls have also been crushed and used in cosmetics, medicines, or in paint formulations.
Cultured Pearl is artificially created by planting a core or nucleus into pearl oysters. Today almost all pearls used for jewelry are cultured. They are usually harvested three years after planting, but it can take up to as long as six years before a pearl is produced. This process was first developed by KokichiMikimoto in Japan. He patented it in 1896.
The nucleus is generally a polished bead made from a missel shell. Along with a small scrap of mantle tissue from another oyester to serve as an irritant, it is surgically implanted near the oyester’s genitals. Oyesters that survive the subsequent surgery to remove the finished pearl are often implanted with a new, larger nucleus. They are then returned to water for another three years of growth.
Fresh Water Pearl is produced in fresh water (mainly in China). They are oblong and, due to lack of hardness, wear out very fast and lose their luster.
Pearl found in
The finest pearls are found in the Persian Gulf. Other notable sources of fine-quality pearls are the Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka, the waters off Celebes, Indonesia, and the islands of the South Pacific. In the Americas the Gulf of California, the Gulf of Mexico, and the waters of the Pacific coast of Mexico have yielded dark-hued pearls with a metallic sheen as well as white pearls of good quality.
Freshwater mussels in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere have produced pearls of great value, as for example those from the Mississippi River. Pearling is a carefully fostered industry in central Europe, and the forest streams of Bavaria, in particular, are the source of choice pearls. Freshwater pearling in China has been known from before 1000 BC.
Recent Pearl Production