The Jewish Religious Text- The Torah
The Jewish religious text, named the Torah, outlines many of the varying degrees of the religion as a whole. Widely accepted as the first monotheistic religion established in the world, the Torah has many important elements when comparing it to the Quran. First and foremost, the Torah introduced the concept of a one Creator--a huge contrast to the polytheism traditionally practiced in Greco-Roman tradition. As a result, the Jewish people were isolated, persecuted, and treated terribly for their “new” belief system. As a consequence, monotheism became the norm, and both Christianity and Islam emerged.
The Holy Text of the Islamic People - The Quran
The Quran- The Central Religious Text of Islam
The Quran is the central religious text of the religion Islam. A text which Muslims believe to be the verbatim word of God. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Many parallels can be drawn between what is written in the Quran and other present day religions. Muslims believe that the Quran is the “recitation” of God. In Judeo-Christian tradition, parallels can be drawn between what is written in the Quran and what is believed by both Jewish and Christian followers today.
Read About the Different Religions Around the World
Muhammad and the Quran
The Quran, very easily the longest of any of the three major religious texts, is less of a contrast--contrary to popular belief, primarily due to radical Islam portrayed so frequently in the media. In fact as a text, the Quran incorporates all the major prophets with little exception. Moses and Jesus of Nazareth are portrayed as extremely important figures in the Quran, however, the harsh contrast between the sacred Islamic text compared to the other two is the incorporation of the prophet Muhammad. He is the central and most important prophet in the Islamic faith, placed above Jesus and Moses, which is the main problem when considering the three main religions.
Although at first glance the religions may seem very different, this is a common misconception--Islam has deference for Moses and Jesus of Nazareth, while adding the peaceful teachings of the other prophet Mohammad, left out of the other two texts, and causing much of the modern controversy.
Quran Manuscript from the Seventh Century
More About the Quran
The Quran consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura.
The Quran, as a very sharp contrast to both Jewish and Christian religious texts, recognizes many “prophets” of varying degrees of importance as vessels of the word of God, rather than the traditions found in both Jewish and Christian texts.
Muslims regard the Quran as a sacred miracle of Muhammad, delivered via the angel Gabriel. The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in both the Jewish and the Christian scriptures.
Commonalities Between the Torah, the Quran and the Bible
Religious Symbols of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Judaism's Influence on Christianity
Religious text in the Christian faith actually includes the Torah, however re-brands it as the Old Testament. Featuring such centralized figures as Abraham and Moses, the Christian faith added other elements to the monotheistic Jewish religion that caused people to branch away from the Temple.
Referring to the prophet--and literal Son of God--Jesus of Nazareth is written to have been born of a Virgin Mother, and conceived by God. Although Jesus was a Jewish man, and is said to be a direct descendant of King Solomon himself, many members of the Jewish faith did not follow this belief.
After Jesus was persecuted and killed for his teachings, his followers recorded his miracles, Gospel’s, acts, and teachings and compiled them all into the New Testament of the Bible, what is now regarded as one of Christianity’s main religious texts.
The New Testament combined the Torah with the teachings of Jesus Christ, his disciples and his followers. The Bible, which is the main religious text of Christianity, is compiled of the Torah and the New Testament. The books of the New Testament were recorded by four different people--Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These are known as the Gospels in the Christian church.
Muhammad's Interaction with the Jewish People
Muhammad interacted much with Jews in Medina when he migrated there. He included them in treaties, as well as the constitution he authored for the city of Medina.
The second Islamic Caliph Omar conquered Jerusalem, ending the ban on Jews from entering the holy city. Omar even aided in reconstructing the sacred Temple of Solomon that was destroyed by the Romans.
When the early Muslims underwent a terrible persecution at Mecca, Muhammad told some of his followers to seek asylum in the Christian kingdom of Abyssinia. The Meccan authorities attempted to get them deported by using their military ties.
The King of Abyssinia refused the deportation after learning that the Quran was the only non-Christian scripture that considered Mary to be a virgin and that considered Jesus to be the Messiah to the Israelites.
Religious Affiliation Poll
Historical Similarities Between Islam and Judaism
There are many historical similarities between Islam and Judaism. Judaism has many of the same prophets as early Islam, however it does not recognize later prophets, such as Isa, Yahya and Muhammad. Both religions recognize most of the prophets in the Torah.
Both Islam and Judaism are monotheistic religions- faiths that worship only one god.
In both the Quran and the Torah the people are described as being chosen by Allah. Both holy books also reference a holy land, sacred to the Islamic people, as well as the Jewish people.
Both the Islamic people and the Jewish people are descendants of Abraham according to their sacred scripture. The Islamic people born from Ishmael, and the Jewish people born from Isaac.
Ahmed Salad on August 27, 2015:
In your Religious Affiliation Polling, where it says "yes, I am Islam" there is no such a thing yes, I am Islam because if you are a follower of Islam then you are a Muslim. For example, there is yes, I am a Buddhist, not yes, I am a Buddha! Do you see the difference?
That is my humble correction.
amer786 from Los Angeles on March 21, 2014:
@theomajor, just wanted to point out for consideration that whereas the popular notion among Muslims regarding verses 4:157-158 is that the Messiah’s (peace be on him) soul was raised up to heaven, an examination of the term of R’faa used in this verse by cross-reference to other verses in The Quran puts reveals that it is really referring to a ‘raising in ranks’ or to ‘exalt’. I have given an exposition of those verses in my hub below about 2/3 of the way down in the section titled: “The Raising Up to Heaven, so what does it mean?” Also, the verse 3:56 sheds light on this where Allah gives Jesus death (alluding to a natural death) and then raises his rank (the great legacy of his that established and survives to this day some 2,000 years later).
The problem with the theory that The Messiah somehow encountered death at that point, and with the look-alike theory, is that then the Jews who sought to discredit The Messiah would affirm their position that he died an accursed death and thus could not have been the Messiah. Remember, the Quran says that he only “appeared” to them as having died, and that they were in uncertainty about it. That appearance then cannot be via swapping bodies and souls which would amount to deception on part of God and certainty in the aims of Jesus’s (pbuh) adversaries. Also, in verse 23:50 it says, “We made the Son of Mary and his mother a sign, and gave them refuge . . .”. The refuge then would have to be from the only known predicament.
I don’t want to digress too much from the spirit of this Hub, but even in this area there is a lot of agreement between The Quran and The Gospels. But that is a broad body of material-- if interested, I have a hub on the subject . . .
Kathleen Odenthal (author) from Bridgewater on March 20, 2014:
Not offended at all! I appreciate your feedback and insights as they help me, and my readers learn more. I thank you for your time reading my article and understand that my poll doesn't fit everyone. I will try to edit it though. Thanks for reading and commenting!
theomajor from New Zealand on March 20, 2014:
I enjoyed the general concept of your work. I was drawn to your poll but immediately found it was not applicable to me. I would suggest you change the poll so it asks which major religious works the reader identifies with. For me I am a Follower Of The Way Of Christ Jesus and believe in all the prophets (Surah 2:285, 4:150,152).
The New Testament work Acts Of The Apostles includes a number of references that show the apostles, including Paul, never ceased Temple worship.
Christian and Talmudic texts maintain that Jesus, son of Mary, was killed. The Qur'an (in it's pure Arabic form) is consistent with the message in the last canonical gospel (the only gnostic bible gospel) that the Messiah's soul was taken by God (John 19:30, Surah 4:157-158). Even the Roman soldiers were uncertain whether he was alive or dead. Therefore they impaled him. The two men beside the Messiah were given a hastened form of crucifixion; their legs were broken. Not so for Christ.
I believe there is a consensus amongst scholars that the first bible, the Latin Vulgate, was published not long before the revelation of the Qur'an.
In no branch of Islam that I am aware of is Muhammad deemed superior to the Messiah. The Qur'an certainly says no such thing although Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, is mentioned more often since he is the messanger chosen for the Deen Of Islam.
Please do not be offended by my analysis.
Kathleen Odenthal (author) from Bridgewater on March 19, 2014:
Thank you for this very insightful comment! Peace and blessings!
amer786 from Los Angeles on March 19, 2014:
Peace and blessings to you Kathleen, much enjoyed your hub.
It would serve to mention here that Muhammad (peace be on him) interacted much with Jews in Medina when he migrated there and included them in treaties and the constitution he authored for the city of Medina. Later, the second Islamic Caliph Omar conquered Jerusalem and ended the ban on Jews from entering the city, he even aided in reconstructing the Temple of Solomon destroyed by the Romans.
When the early Muslims underwent a terrible persecution at Mecca, Muhammad (pbuh) told some of his followers to seek asylum in the Christian kingdom of Abyssinia. The Meccan authorities, using political ties, attempted to get them deported back but the King of Abyssinia refused apparently after having learnt that the Holy Quran was the only non-Christian scripture that held Mary to be a virgin and holy and Jesus (pbuh) as The Messiah to the Israelites.