Questions and Answers about the Crucifixion of Christ
How did the Romans soldiers 'mock' Jesus? (Purple cloak, crown of thorns, spit on, "King of the Jews", ...)
Who had to carry the cross of Jesus? (Simon of Cyrene)
Where was Jesus crucified? (Calvary)
What the soldiers did with his clothes? (Divide and give away the robe)
What was on the sign above the cross? (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews)
What Jesus had done, why he deserved the punishment? (Nothing, he was innocent)
What did Jesus pray on the cross for his enemies? (Father forgive them, For they know not what they do.)
What happened at 12 clock for three hours? (Darkness)
Why had God abandoned Jesus? (Because he bore our sins)
How can we be forgiven? (Ask God for forgiveness)
What Jesus said shortly before his death? (It is finished)
What did Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus do? (They buried Jesus)
Additional material: 7 Words of Jesus on the Cross
"Father, forgive them for they know not what they do." (Luke 23:34)
"Verily I say unto thee. Today shalt thou be with me in paradise" (Luke 23:43)
"Woman, behold your son!" And "See, that's your mother!" (John 19:26-27)
"My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Mark 15:34)
"I thirst." (John 19:28)
"It is finished." (John 19:30)
"Father, I commend my spirit into thy hands" (Luke 23:46)
Who Was Jesus Really?
Jesus' words on the cross are a traditional collection of seven short phrases uttered by Jesus during the crucifixion , just before he died, gathered from the four Gospels . The phrases included in a form of Christian meditation which is particularly used in Lent , Holy Week and on Good Friday .
Jesus - the last day
Let us now, to speak the language movie clip in action and quickly throw us of what, according to Geza Vermes production, happening from Thursday evening April 6 (or Nisan as the month was called at the time) until early afternoon the next day in 30 CE
(1) On Thursday, Jesus eats a simple meal with his apostles. It will be their last meal together.
(2) Jesus is arrested by an armed unit of the Jewish temple police led by Judas and sent by the chief priests.
(3) Jesus is brought to the former high priest Annas for questioning and sent him to Caiaphas the high priest house where he was detained overnight.
(4) On Friday morning keeps the council deliberated and decides to put Jesus before the Roman governor's court on charges of sedition.
(5) The governor Pontius Pilate listens to the accusations of sedition emanating from Jesus's claim that he was the King of the Jews, but choose to treat the case as part of the customary Passover amnesty. The meeting Jewish crowd voting then to Barabbas, not Jesus, will set free.
(6) Jesus judged by Pilate to be crucified and the Jewish priests leaving the site.
(7) Before he was crucified, Jesus is tortured, made to look ridiculous and beaten by the Roman soldiers.
(8) Simon of Cyrene is forced to help Jesus carry the cross to Golgotha.
(9) Jesus was crucified at 12 noon on Friday.
(10) Jesus is heard just before he dies cry in their mother tongue Aramaic: "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" ("My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? '), And he died at three o'clock the same day in the presence by a small group of women from Galilee. Neither his apostles or his family are then present.
(11) With the permission of Pilate put Joseph of Arimateia, one of the members of the council - or does Joseph together with Nicodemus - Jesus' body in a nyuthuggen rock tomb just before the Easter feast and Saturday's fixed.
There ends the Passion. The stories of resurrection opens a new chapter in Jesus' biography and is not processed by Geza Vermes. At least not in the book The Passion.
Jesus - from existential preacher to universal theologian
"In comparison with Jesus' dynamic religion appears to Christianity as belonging to a completely different world," writes Geza Vermes. According to his research was the Jesus who lived and worked in Galilee no theologian, but an existential preacher who urged his followers to rethink their lives. For this earthy Galilean prophet, God is what God is doing, no more no less.
Jesus was firmly rooted in the Jewish religion, and deeply convinced of the Mosaic law's centrality and enduring validity. He just had the good fortune or misfortune - however you see it - to come forward at a time when the land of Israel was under Roman occupation. He did not react to it with adaptation, something that the religious establishment advocated, nor with armed struggle, as the Zealots demanded. His answer to that was enough to rely on God. The promise of God's kingdom and a coming messianic childbirth was for Jesus is nothing more than an internal jew affair. Jesus was far from being a political leader, but the Roman occupation forces perceived him as such and crucified him as "King of the Jews."
The Jesus that emerges in the Gospels is quite another. This is probably largely because they were written in a time - between 70 and 110 years after the birth of Jesus, therefore, and after the Temple in Jerusalem destroyed - then it differently was to distance itself from Judaism. Hence the obvious attempts in the Gospels to downplay Jesus 'Jewishness while Rome and Pilate's contribution to Jesus' death was reduced and membership in the new church was presented as consistent with loyalty to the Emperor and the Roman Empire. Geza Vermes writes: "The evangelization was during this time is no longer directed to the Jews but to the inhabitants of the Greek-speaking world. It allows Jews in the Gospels, on the whole is portrayed as enemies of Jesus and his faithful crowd. "
Question: How long hung Jesus on the cross?
Jesus was crucified at nine o'clock in the morning ("the third hour" according to Jewish time) and died at three o'clock ("ninth hour" ). That means he hung on the cross for about six hours before he died. Exactly when he was then taken down from the cross, we know not, but because they were in a hurry to put his dead body in the tomb before sunset, when the Sabbath began, would have taken him down soon after the Roman guards found that he was dead.