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Mahabharat : An Epic Saga
The Mahabharat is one of the best saga and one of the longest saga in the world. No one can deny that it is one of the greatest epics we have on the earth. It is the longest epic in the world. It has more than 74000 verses and more than 1.8 million words. Mahabharat was written by Ved Vyasa. Originally Mahabharat was written in the Sanskrit language. Now it has been translated into many languages in the world.
Mahabharat teaches us religion, what is wrong and what is not, it teaches us bravery, honesty, fight against the evil forces, respect and family values. Mahabharat has a solution for each and everything and we can easily relate some of the lessons from Mahabharat to modern era problems to get solutions. It provides perfect scenarios to understand all the lessons in a very easy way.
Mahabharat contains the whole Geeta, which gives the best philosophical lesson in the easiest way you can. Mahabharat along with Geeta gives answers to any question in the world.
Democracy and Deplomacy in Mahabharat
Mahabharat started with king Bharat. King Bharat was ruling the kingdom of Kuru. We can see that Mahabharat teaches us to give an opportunity to the deserving person and not to your son only. This is how democracy works. In a democracy, only the deserving person should get a chance to a capable person. This follows when Bheeshma announces King Pandu as his successor even though Dhritrashtra. The same thing happened when King Dhritrashtra announces Yudhisthira as his successor and not to his son Duryodhana. This was unfortunately changed when king Dhritrashtra was being brainwashed by Shakuni.
Krishna gave some of the best lessons of democracy and diplomacy throughout in Mahabharat. Sakuni was a great diplomat too but he was on the negative side. Sakuni supported Kauravas and Krishna supported Pandavas and Arjun.
Mahabharat : An Epic
Five Pandavas and Hundread Kauravas
Mahabharat is a story of the power struggle between Pandavas and Kauravas, two groups of cousin brothers.
Pandavas were the son of King Pandu and his two queens Kunti and Madri. Pandavas were actually sons of Gods as King Pandu had a curse to not make any physical relation with anyone. Five Pandavas are Yudhisthir, Bhhema, Arjuna, Sahdev, and Nakul. Kunti also had one more son from Sun. His name was Karna. Kunti left him as he was born before her marriage. Later a Charioteer of Bheesma's chariot found him and adopt him as a son.
King Dhritrastra's son called Kauravas. They were 100 brothers. King Duryodhna's queen Gandhari gave born to an amateur baby. Gandhari was blessed from Eishi Ved Vyas to get 100 sons. So, Rishi Vyas suggested to cut the amateur flash into 100 pieces and kept them in jars full of oil. Gandhari wants to have a daughter too so Ved Vyas created 101 jars. From these 101 jars, King Dhritarashtra had 100 sons and a daughter.
Kingdoms during Mahabharat Time
There were many kingdoms during the Mahabharat era in India. Big kingdoms are Hastinapur, Vidarbha, and Panchal. Other small kingdoms are Kosal, Kashi, Aang, Indraprasth and Gandhar.
Hastinapur kingdom ruled by Kuru. Satyavati and Bheesma worked together as combined caretaker of Hastinapur. Hastinapur won other small kingdoms around it such as Anga and Indraprastha.
Vedic Time Indian Kingdoms
Guru Dronacharya: The Mighty Guru
Drona was the guru of Pandavas and Kauravas. Drona was a great archer and he was a master of all military arts and strategies. He gave training to Pandavas and Kauravas.
Eklavya was a minor cast student of Drona. He actually wanted to learn from Drona but he knew he cannot get it from Drona as he teaches only Prince. Drona refused Eklavya and asked his thumb as his Gurudakshina (Fees that Guru asks from student). Without the thumb, one cannot do archery but still, Eklavya cut his thumb from his own hand for his Guru.
Guru Drona played a vital role in Mahabharat. His favorite and the best student was Arjun. Although Drona took part in war from the Kaurava side.
Krishna And Arjuna in Kurushetra
Arjun and The Krishna
Arjun is one of the best characters in the Mahabharat. He was the third Pandav and was a son of Indra and Kunti. He was the best archer of his time and the best student of Guru Dronacharya.
He played a very important role in the Kurukshetra war. He was the only one who knows how to break a war strategy called "Chakravyuh". He had four wives; Draupadi, Subhadra,
Krishna was the best friend of Arjuna. Arjun also married Krishna's younger sister Subhadra. Krishna played a very important role in motivating Pandavas and especially Arjuna. Krishna gave a great lesson to Arjuna regarding Karma which is known as Geeta. Geeta has an answer for every question on the earth. Krishna's philosophy is one of my favorite. Krishna tried to make peace between both parties but it did not work out because of Duryodhana and Shakuni. Shakuni and Krishna were diplomats from Kauravas and Pandavas camp respectively.
The War of Mahabharat
The war of Mahabharat is known as one of the biggest war in ancient India. It lasted 18 days and involved almost all kingdoms present at that time in the Indian subcontinent. It was a war between Pandavas and Kauravas.
Krishna played a great role in the war. He offered either himself unarmed or his army. Arjun and Duryodhana both went to Krishna to accept their choice on the offer. Duryodhan wanted to choose Krishna's army and Arjun wanted unarmed Krishna. Krishna gave Arjuna first chance, and he chooses unarmed Krishna. Arjun knew that victory will be on Krishna's side only. Duryodhana got a second chance but he was happy to get Krishna's army. Krishna became Charioteer of Arjuna.
Pandava's army includes Five Pandavas, Drupad, Shikhandi, dhristadhrumn, Satyaki, and Kekaya. Kaurava's army includes hundreds of Kauravas, Guru Drona, Bheesma, Karna and Sakuni. The Mahabharat war lasted 18 days and it killed 18 akshauhini army. 1 akshauhini army consists of 21,870 chariots, 21,870 elephants, 65,610 horses and 109,350 infantry. so Imagine how big the army was, and all these get killed in this war.
Must See - Mahabharat Tunes
Mahabharat is a great epic of India. It is a Hindu religious epic but it gives a great lesson to all mankind. It provides lessons for democracy, diplomacy, truth, and honesty. Mahabharat also showcases great manufacturing, construction, and technology advances in that era. It shows we have to fight for what is truth. I think Mahabharat has an answer for all our modern era questions.
ktnptl (author) from Atlanta, GA on April 11, 2020:
Thanks, Sanjay. Karna is one of my favorites as well. He was the greatest warrior who did not get a chance to show his mighty as much as Arjun got.
Sanjay Desai on April 11, 2020:
I liked Karan's character because he kept the friendship till his last breath... I
ktnptl (author) from Atlanta, GA on May 19, 2015:
I appreciate Akriti, Mahabharata is one of my favorite and there are many things we can learn from The Mahabharata.
Akriti Mattu from Shimla, India on May 19, 2015:
It is so impressive to see an individual from a foreign land write about Mahabharat. As an Indian, i loved your post and your knowledge on the subject. Voted up :-)
ktnptl (author) from Atlanta, GA on July 23, 2014:
Indeed, one can consider and relate their life with any one of the character easily.
Ardhendu Dey from Jamshedpur on July 23, 2014:
Mahabharat is indeed a wonderful epic. It perfectly portrays the condition of the real society and helps to distinguish between the right and the wrong correctly.